Edmond H. Fischer Biography
(Swiss-American Biochemist and Winner of 1992 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Birthday: April 6, 1920 (Aries)
Born In: Shanghai, China
Edmond Henri Fischer was Swiss American biochemist, who, along with Edwin G. Krebs, won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was born in Shanghai International Settlement (China) to Austro-French parents. When he was seven years old, he was sent to Geneva for his education. Brought up in a boarding school, far away from his parents, he did remarkably well in school and also learnt to play the piano so well that for a time he also thought of becoming a professional musician. After receiving his school leaving certificate, he first decided to study microbiology. As the field was not yet developed in Europe he was persuaded to take up chemistry. In the end, he studied both chemistry and biology, doing his doctoral work on alpha-amylase at the University of Geneva. Afterwards, he shifted to the United States and joined University of Washington as Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry. There he teamed up with Professor Edwin Gerhard Krebs and began working on enzymology of glycogen phosphorylase. Ultimately they discovered reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism. Much later they received Nobel Prize for it. Fisher remained with the University of Washington all through his working life, serving as professor emeritus after retirement.