Sune Bergström Biography
Birthday: January 10, 1916 (Capricorn)
Born In: Stockholm, Sweden
Sune Bergström was a Swedish biochemist who was one of the co-recipients of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine; he won the award for his discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related substances. Bergström spent most of his working life researching on prostaglandin at Karolinska Institute. He was introduced to the topic by Ulf von Euler, who at that time was working on it. Impressed by Bergström’s work on lipoxygenase, Euler gave him some prostaglandin extracts to purify. However, he could not take up the work immediately because soon after the incident, he first went to Switzerland with a research fellowship and then joined University of Lund, where the infrastructure for research work needed to be rebuilt. Nonetheless, he soon gathered around him a team of young scientists and with them began his work on prostaglandin. Later, on getting a call from Karolinska Institute, he moved to Stockholm with his whole team and continued his research on prostaglandin. Subsequently, they not only identified six different prostaglandins, but also described their chemical structure. Later, he began to work on its clinical applications. The importance of his work was such that in spite of being the Chairman of the Board of Directors at the Nobel Foundation, he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John R. Vane.