Women Economists

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Throughout history, there have been many women economists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female economists such as Rosa Luxemburg, Simone Weil, Emily Greene Balch, Emma Georgina Rothschild, Ester Boserup.The women economists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Vote for Your Favourite Women Economists
 1 
Elinor Ostrom
(Economist, Political scientist, University teacher)
Elinor Ostrom
4
Birthdate: August 7, 1933
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Los Angeles
Died: June 12, 2012
 2 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
9
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
4
Birthdate: May 17, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina

The queen consort of the Netherlands, Queen Máxima is the daughter of Argentine politician Jorge Zorreguieta. She initially worked in the sales departments of HDFC and Deutsche Bank. She apparently didn’t know she was meeting a prince when she met her husband, King Willem-Alexander, at the Seville Spring Fair.

 4 
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
(Nigerian-American Economist Who Has Served in Several Ministerial Positions in Nigeria)
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
6
Birthdate: June 13, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ogwashi Ukwu, Nigeria
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala is a Nigerian-American economist and political figure. She served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2006 before serving as the Coordinating Minister for the Economy of Nigeria from 17 August 2011 to 29 May 2015. Ngozi also served as the Minister of Finance on two separate occasions; from 2003 to 2006 and again from 2011 to 2015.
 5 
Esther Duflo
(American-French Economist)
Esther Duflo
5
Birthdate: October 25, 1972
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France

Esther Duflo is a French–American economist. She is credited with co-founding the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, a global research center that works towards reducing poverty worldwide. In 2019, she shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Michael Kremer and Abhijit Banerjee for their efforts to reduce poverty.

 6 
Yulia Navalnaya
(Economist)
Yulia Navalnaya
5
Birthdate: July 24, 1976
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Born to a scientist father, Yulia Navalnaya grew up to be an acclaimed economist. She met her husband, lawyer and Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, while vacationing in Turkey. She has since been beside him through a number of tumultuous events, including his alleged poisoning by Russian officials.

 7 
Joan Robinson
(British Economist Known for Her Wide-Ranging Contributions to Economic Theory)
Joan Robinson
3
Birthdate: October 31, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Surrey, England
Died: August 5, 1983

Post-Keynesian economist Joan Robinson specialized in monetary economics and is remembered for her research and academic activities in India, China, and Korea. Initially a Cambridge lecturer, she later taught at Girton College and became the first woman to be made an honorary fellow of King's College.

 8 
Anita Bose Pfaff
(Economist)
Anita Bose Pfaff
5
Birthdate: November 29, 1942
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Anita Bose Pfaff is an economist and the only daughter of Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and his Austrian wife/companion Emilie Schenkl. Anita was just 4 months old when Netaji left them to fight against the British with Japan’s help. Anita was singlehandedly raised by Emilie.
 9 
Sonali Deraniyagala
(Memoirist, Economist)
Sonali Deraniyagala
4
Birthdate: 1964 AD
Birthplace: Colombo, Sri Lanka
 10 
Kristalina Georgieva
(Bulgarian Economist and Managing Director of the 'International Monetary Fund')
Kristalina Georgieva
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sofia, Bulgaria

Bulgarian environmental economist Kristalina Georgieva, the MD of IMF, believes developed nations should help low-income countries to prevent the Great Divergence. Her career boasts of a stint at the World Bank Group. She made it to the 2020 Time 100 and was named the European of the Year in 2010.

 11 
Janet Yellen
(78th United States Secretary of the Treasury)
Janet Yellen
7
Birthdate: August 13, 1946
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States

Economist Janet Yellen has had an illustrious career as an academic and researcher, and has taught at Harvard University and other reputed institutes. After chairing the Federal Reserve for 4 years, she is now the United States Secretary of the Treasury. She is married to Nobel-winning economist George Akerlof.

 12 
Emma Georgina Rothschild
(Economic historian, Historian, University teacher, Economist)
Emma Georgina Rothschild
4
Birthdate: May 16, 1948
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London

Apart from being one of the heiresses of the affluent Rothschild banking family, Emma Georgina Rothschild is also a famous economic historian, a Harvard professor, and a former United Nations Foundation board member. She has also worked at MIT and Cambridge and is married to Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen.

 13 
Dambisa Moyo
(Economist)
Dambisa Moyo
4
Birthdate: February 2, 1969
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lusaka, Zambia
 14 
Hina Rabbani Khar
(Diplomat, Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist)
Hina Rabbani Khar
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Multan

Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani politician who became the first woman and the youngest person to serve as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan; she was in the office from 2011 to 2013. Prior to serving as the Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar also became the first female politician to present the national budget in 2009 while serving as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan.   

 15 
Carmen Reinhart
(Economist)
Carmen Reinhart
2
Birthdate: October 7, 1955
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Havana, Cuba
 16 
Hilda Gadea
(Economist, Communist leader and was Che Guevara's first wife)
Hilda Gadea
4
Birthdate: March 21, 1925
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Died: February 11, 1974
 17 
Vicky Pryce
(Economist)
Vicky Pryce
3
Birthdate: 1952
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Athens, Greece
 18 
Elvira Nabiullina
(Chairwoman of the Bank of Russia since 2013, Former Minister of Economic Development of Russia)
Elvira Nabiullina
2
Birthdate: October 29, 1963
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ufa, Russia

The first woman to serve as the governor of the Central Bank of Russia, Elvira Nabiullina has also been an economic advisor to Russian president Vladamir Putin. The daughter of a factory manager mother and a driver father, she made it to the Forbes Power Women 2020 list.

 19 
Mariana Mazzucato
3
Birthdate: June 16, 1968
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Award-winning economist and University College London professor Mariana Mazzucato was born to a physicist father in Italy. She has also held academic posts at institutes such as the University of Sussex. She is best known for her research on economic innovation and has penned books such as The Entrepreneurial State.

 20 
Deirdre McCloskey
(Economist, Professor, Teacher)
Deirdre McCloskey
3
Birthdate: September 11, 1942
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ann Arbor
 21 
Anna Schwartz
(Economist)
Anna Schwartz
2
Birthdate: November 11, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: The Bronx, New York, United States
Died: June 21, 2012
 22 
Tansu Çiller
(22nd Prime Minister of Turkey)
Tansu Çiller
3
Birthdate: May 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
 23 
Zeti Akhtar Aziz
(Economist, Banker)
Zeti Akhtar Aziz
0
Birthdate: August 26, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Johor Bahru, Johor, Malayan Union
 24 
Ester Boserup
(Danish Economist Known for Her Theory of Agricultural Intensification)
Ester Boserup
3
Birthdate: May 18, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Frederiksberg, Denmark
Died: September 24, 1999

Ester Boserup was a Danish economist best remembered for her work at the United Nations and other international organizations. She worked towards establishing equal rights for women in all spheres of life. In 1989, Ester Boserup was inducted into the US National Academy of Sciences.

 25 
Ingrida Šimonytė
(The Prime Minister of Lithuania)
Ingrida Šimonytė
2
Birthdate: November 15, 1974
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vilnius, Lithuania

Ingrida Šimonytė is a Lithuanian economist and politician. She is the current Prime Minister of Lithuania. An influential politician, Šimonytė also served as the Minister of Finance from 7 July 2009 to 13 December 2012. In 2019 and 2020, Ingrida Šimonytė was named Delfi Women of the Year.

 26 
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
(Indonesia's Finance Minister Who Previously Headed the World Bank Group)
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
2
Birthdate: August 26, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tanjung Karang, Indonesia

Indonesia’s incumbent finance minister, Sri Mulyani Indrawati also serves as the 1st Vice Heads of National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia Steering Committee. She has previously also been the managing director and COO of the World Bank Group. She is known for promoting gender equality.

 27 
Judith Martin
(Economist, Journalist)
Judith Martin
2
Birthdate: September 13, 1938
Sun Sign: Virgo
 28 
Christina Romer
(Economist, University teacher)
Christina  Romer
2
Birthdate: December 25, 1958
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Alton
 29 
Barbara Bergmann
(Economist)
Barbara Bergmann
1
Birthdate: July 20, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: April 5, 2015
 30 
Ellen Swallow Richards
(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)
Ellen Swallow Richards
2
Birthdate: December 3, 1842
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dunstable
Died: March 30, 1911
 31 
Mercedes Aráoz
(Politician)
Mercedes Aráoz
2
Birthdate: August 5, 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
 32 
Nadia Calviño
(Economist, Politician)
Nadia Calviño
2
Birthdate: October 3, 1968
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: A Coruña, Spain
 33 
Miatta Fahnbulleh
0
Birthdate: November 19, 1979
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Liberia
 34 
Julia Cagé
(Economist)
Julia Cagé
2
Birthdate: February 17, 1984
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Metz, France

French economist Julia Cagé specializes in political economy, industrial organization and economic history.  An Assistant Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at Sciences Po Paris, she is also a research affiliate at the Center for Economic and Policy Research and the Co-director of the "Evaluation of Democracy" research group of the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies.  

 35 
Christina H. Paxson
2
Birthdate: February 6, 1960
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: United States
 36 
Susan Athey
(Economist)
Susan Athey
1
Birthdate: November 29, 1970
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
 37 
Noreena Hertz
(Economist, Journalist)
Noreena Hertz
2
Birthdate: September 24, 1967
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London

English academic, economist, author and broadcaster Noreena Hertz serves as Economics Editor of ITV News, chief Europe correspondent of Sirius XM and Honorary Professor at the UCL Institute for Global Prosperity. She hosts the MegaHertz: London Calling show on Sirius XM Insight channel. She launched the Mayday for Nurses campaign and penned books like The Silent Takeover and Generation K.

 38 
Emily Greene Balch
(Central Leader of the 'Women's International League for Peace and Freedom' & Winner of 1946 Nobel Peace Prize)
Emily Greene Balch
1
Birthdate: January 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston
Died: January 9, 1961
 39 
Margaret Hassan
(Aid worker who had worked in Iraq for many years until she was abducted and murdered by unidentified kidnappers in Iraq)
Margaret Hassan
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1945
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 8, 2004

Irish-born aid worker Margaret Hassan, who was also referred to as Madam Margaret, remained in Baghdad during the 1991 Gulf War, and joined the international humanitarian agency called CARE International that year. She worked in Iraq for several years and became head of Iraqi operations for CARE in 2004. The same year, she was kidnapped and murdered by unidentified kidnappers.

 40 
Epsy Campbell Barr
(Politician)
Epsy Campbell Barr
1
Birthdate: July 4, 1963
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: San José, Costa Rica
 41 
Rosabeth Moss Kanter
2
Birthdate: March 15, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cleveland, Ohio, United States
 42 
Saara Kuugongelwa
(Politician, Economist)
Saara Kuugongelwa
0
Birthdate: October 12, 1967
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Otamanzi Constituency, Namibia
 43 
Bogolo Joy Kenewendo
(Economist, Politician)
Bogolo Joy Kenewendo
1
Birthdate: 1987 AD
Birthplace: Motopi Village in the Boteti Area
 44 
Stefanie Stantcheva
1
Birthplace: Bulgaria

Stefanie Stantcheva is a French economist currently working as a professor of economics at Harvard University. Her research mainly focuses on public finance, and she is a member of the French Council of Economic Analysis. She is an associate editor of the Journal of Political Economy and the American Economic Review. She received the Elaine Bennett Research Prize in 2020. 

 45 
Edith Abbott
(Economist)
Edith Abbott
1
Birthdate: September 26, 1876
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grand Island, Nebraska, United States
Died: July 28, 1957
 46 
Mari Elka Pangestu
(Indonesian Economist and Political Figure)
Mari Elka Pangestu
1
Birthdate: October 23, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Jakarta, Indonesia

Mari Elka Pangestu is an Indonesian economist and political figure. She is currently working for the World Bank where she is serving as the managing director of the institution's Development Policy and Partnerships. An important political leader, Mari Elka Pangestu also served as the Minister of Tourism and Creative Economy from 2011 to 2014.

 47 
Zorana Mihajlovic
(Politician)
Zorana Mihajlovic
2
Birthdate: May 5, 1970
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
 48 
Tatyana Golikova
(Politician, Economist)
Tatyana Golikova
2
Birthdate: February 9, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mytishchi, Russia

From being the chief economist of the Russian finance ministry to serving as the deputy prime minister for social policy, Tatyana Golikova has done it all. Known as Miss Budget in popular media, she specializes in labor economics. She was also named Madam Arbidol for her alleged association with Pharmstandard.

 49 
Marie-Reine Hassen
(Economist and Politician)
Marie-Reine Hassen
1
Birthdate: 1954 AD
Birthplace: Central African Republic
 50 
Mimi Kodheli
(Albania's First Female Defense Minister)
Mimi Kodheli
2
Birthdate: September 11, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tirana, Albania

A Member of the Albanian Parliament, Mimi Kodheli has also scripted history as the first female politician to hold the post of Albania’s minister of defense. She also heads the NATO Parliamentary Assembly as its vice president. The Socialist Party politician is a skilled economist, too.