2 Rosa Luxemburg(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
The queen consort of the Netherlands, Queen Máxima is the daughter of Argentine politician Jorge Zorreguieta. She initially worked in the sales departments of HDFC and Deutsche Bank. She apparently didn’t know she was meeting a prince when she met her husband, King Willem-Alexander, at the Seville Spring Fair.
4 Anita Bose Pfaff(Economist)
5 Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala(7th Director-General of the World Trade Organization)
6 Esther Duflo(American-French Economist)
Esther Duflo is a French–American economist. She is credited with co-founding the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, a global research center that works towards reducing poverty worldwide. In 2019, she shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Michael Kremer and Abhijit Banerjee for their efforts to reduce poverty.
7 Joan Robinson(Economist)
Post-Keynesian economist Joan Robinson specialized in monetary economics and is remembered for her research and academic activities in India, China, and Korea. Initially a Cambridge lecturer, she later taught at Girton College and became the first woman to be made an honorary fellow of King's College.
8 Sonali Deraniyagala(Memoirist, Economist)
9 Kristalina Georgieva(Managing Director of the IMF)
Bulgarian environmental economist Kristalina Georgieva, the MD of IMF, believes developed nations should help low-income countries to prevent the Great Divergence. Her career boasts of a stint at the World Bank Group. She made it to the 2020 Time 100 and was named the European of the Year in 2010.
10 Yulia Navalnaya(Economist)
Born to a scientist father, Yulia Navalnaya grew up to be an acclaimed economist. She met her husband, lawyer and Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, while vacationing in Turkey. She has since been beside him through a number of tumultuous events, including his alleged poisoning by Russian officials.
11 Janet Yellen(78th United States Secretary of the Treasury)
Economist Janet Yellen has had an illustrious career as an academic and researcher, and has taught at Harvard University and other reputed institutes. After chairing the Federal Reserve for 4 years, she is now the United States Secretary of the Treasury. She is married to Nobel-winning economist George Akerlof.
12 Emma Georgina Rothschild(Economic historian, Historian, University teacher, Economist)
Apart from being one of the heiresses of the affluent Rothschild banking family, Emma Georgina Rothschild is also a famous economic historian, a Harvard professor, and a former United Nations Foundation board member. She has also worked at MIT and Cambridge and is married to Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen.
13 Hilda Gadea(Economist, Communist leader and was Che Guevara's first wife)
14 Dambisa Moyo(Economist)
15 Hina Rabbani Khar(Diplomat, Politician, Entrepreneur, Economist)
Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani politician who became the first woman and the youngest person to serve as the Foreign Minister of Pakistan; she was in the office from 2011 to 2013. Prior to serving as the Foreign Minister, Hina Rabbani Khar also became the first female politician to present the national budget in 2009 while serving as the Minister of Finance of Pakistan.
16 Carmen Reinhart(Economist)
17 Vicky Pryce(Economist)
18 Sahra Wagenknecht(Politician)
Apart from being an economist and a politician, Sahra Wagenknecht has also proved herself as a fine journalist and author, with books such as Capitalism in a Coma. She has previously represented, Die Linke, or the Left Party, as its leader in the German Bundestag, and has been the leader of the opposition.
19 Zeti Akhtar Aziz(Economist, Banker)
20 Anna Schwartz(Economist)
21 Mariana Mazzucato(Economist)
Award-winning economist and University College London professor Mariana Mazzucato was born to a physicist father in Italy. She has also held academic posts at institutes such as the University of Sussex. She is best known for her research on economic innovation and has penned books such as The Entrepreneurial State.
22 Elvira Nabiullina(Chairwoman of the Bank of Russia since 2013, Former Minister of Economic Development of Russia)
The first woman to serve as the governor of the Central Bank of Russia, Elvira Nabiullina has also been an economic advisor to Russian president Vladamir Putin. The daughter of a factory manager mother and a driver father, she made it to the Forbes Power Women 2020 list.
23 Deirdre McCloskey(Economist, Professor, Teacher)
24 Ingrida Šimonytė(Prime Minister)
25 Tansu Çiller(22nd Prime Minister of Turkey)
26 Ester Boserup(Economist)
Ester Boserup was a Danish economist best remembered for her work at the United Nations and other international organizations. She worked towards establishing equal rights for women in all spheres of life. In 1989, Ester Boserup was inducted into the US National Academy of Sciences.
27 Sri Mulyani Indrawati(1st Vice Heads of National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia Steering Committee)
28 Judith Martin(Economist, Journalist)
29 Christiane Taubira(Politician)
French left-wing politician Christiane Taubira has been the French minister of justice. A French Guianese by birth, she co-established the Caricoop Agricultural Association. The author of Slavery Explained to My Daughter, she lent her name to a law that prohibited Atlantic slave trade. She also legalized same-sex marriages in France.
30 Christina Romer(Economist, University teacher)
31 Barbara Bergmann(Economist)
32 Ellen Swallow Richards(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)
33 Mercedes Aráoz(Politician)
34 Nadia Calviño(Economist, Politician)
35 Julia Cagé(Economist)
French economist Julia Cagé specializes in political economy, industrial organization and economic history. An Assistant Professor of Economics in the Department of Economics at Sciences Po Paris, she is also a research affiliate at the Center for Economic and Policy Research and the Co-director of the "Evaluation of Democracy" research group of the Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies.
36 Miatta Fahnbulleh(Economist)
37 Christina H. Paxson(Economist)
38 Margaret Hassan(Aid worker who had worked in Iraq for many years until she was abducted and murdered by unidentified kidnappers in Iraq)
Irish-born aid worker Margaret Hassan, who was also referred to as Madam Margaret, remained in Baghdad during the 1991 Gulf War, and joined the international humanitarian agency called CARE International that year. She worked in Iraq for several years and became head of Iraqi operations for CARE in 2004. The same year, she was kidnapped and murdered by unidentified kidnappers.
39 Susan Athey(Economist)
40 Rosabeth Moss Kanter(Professor)
41 Noreena Hertz(Economist, Journalist)
English academic, economist, author and broadcaster Noreena Hertz serves as Economics Editor of ITV News, chief Europe correspondent of Sirius XM and Honorary Professor at the UCL Institute for Global Prosperity. She hosts the MegaHertz: London Calling show on Sirius XM Insight channel. She launched the Mayday for Nurses campaign and penned books like The Silent Takeover and Generation K.
42 Emily Greene Balch(Social Activist)
43 Epsy Campbell Barr(Politician)
44 Saara Kuugongelwa(Politician, Economist)
45 Stefanie Stantcheva(Economist)
Stefanie Stantcheva is a French economist currently working as a professor of economics at Harvard University. Her research mainly focuses on public finance, and she is a member of the French Council of Economic Analysis. She is an associate editor of the Journal of Political Economy and the American Economic Review. She received the Elaine Bennett Research Prize in 2020.