Women Botanists

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Throughout history, there have been many women botanists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female botanists such as Lynn Margulis, Marie Stopes, Janaki Ammal, Agnes Arber, Gertrude Jekyll.The women botanists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & India and many more countries.
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 1 
Lynn Margulis
6
Birthdate: March 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: November 22, 2011

Lynn Margulis was an evolutionary theorist, biologist, educator, and science author. She was a modern proponent of the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Along with British chemist James Lovelock, Margulis was the co-developer of the Gaia hypothesis. She was a strong critic of neo-Darwinism. In 2001, she was honored with the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. 

 2 
Marie Stopes
(Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists)
Marie Stopes
4
Birthdate: October 15, 1880
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: October 2, 1958

Apart from being a successful botanist, Marie Stopes was also a popular activist, known for her contribution to the feminist cause. A leading supporter of birth control, she established the UK’s first clinic for family planning. She was also known for her books Married Love and Wise Parenthood.

 3 
Eva Ekeblad
(Swedish Agronomist Known for Discovering a Method in 1746 to Make Alcohol and Flour From Potatoes)
Eva Ekeblad
6
Birthdate: July 10, 1724
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: May 15, 1786

Eva Ekeblad was a Swedish countess, agronomist, salon hostess, and scientist. In 1746, she discovered a method to make flour and alcohol from potatoes which earned her popularity. Her discovery made her the first female inductee of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1748.

 4 
Gertrude Jekyll
(Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction writer, Botanist, Architect)
Gertrude Jekyll
8
Birthdate: November 29, 1843
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London
Died: December 8, 1932

Landscape architect Gertrude Jekyll was born into an affluent family and grew up in a refined environment, learning music and traveling. Initially interested in painting, she gave it up to focus on gardening when she developed eyesight problems. She built around 400 gardens and also collaborated with Sir Edwin Lutyens.

Anna Atkins
3

Apart from being a botanist, Anna Atkins was also known for releasing some of the first botanical photographs. The daughter of a scientist, she also illustrated her father’s written works. She remains the first-known person to have used photography for a scientific purpose. She was also part of the London Botanical Society.

 6 
Ynes Mexia
(Mexican-American Botanist Best Known For Her Large Collection of Plants)
Ynes Mexia
5
Birthdate: May 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: July 12, 1938

Ynes Mexia was a Mexican-American botanist best remembered for her large collection of specimens of plants and flora originating from the sites of Mexico, Peru, and Colombia. She collected more than 150,000 specimens over a period of 16 years, during which she encountered various challenges, including dangerous terrain, poisonous berries, earthquakes, and bogs. 

 7 
Janaki Ammal
(Botanist)
Janaki Ammal
7
Birthdate: 1897 AD
Birthplace: Thalassery
Died: 1984 AD

Janaki Ammal was an Indian botanist whose work concerning phytogeography, cytogenetics, and plant breeding earned her India's fourth-highest honor, the Padma Shri, in 1977. She is credited with improving India’s indigenous sugarcane varieties. She also helped analyze sugarcane's geographical distribution across India.

 8 
Ruth Patrick
(Limnologist and Botanist Who Developing Methods to Evaluate the Health of Freshwater Ecosystems)
Ruth Patrick
7
Birthdate: November 26, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Topeka, Kansas, United States
Died: September 23, 2013

Ruth Patrick was an American limnologist and botanist who specialized in freshwater ecology and diatoms. She is best remembered for developing methods to evaluate the health of freshwater ecosystems. She is also credited with founding numerous research facilities. She won many awards, including the National Medal of Science. Ruth Patrick is a National Women's Hall of Fame inductee.

 9 
Katherine Esau
(German-American Botanist Known for Her Work on Plant Anatomy)
Katherine Esau
4
Birthdate: April 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dnipro, Ukraine
Died: June 4, 1997

Katherine Esau was a German-American botanist best remembered for her work on plant anatomy, for which she was honored with the prestigious National Medal of Science by President George Bush in 1989. Katherine Esau also made significant contributions as an author, lecturer, and scientist. 

 10 
Agnes Arber
(Botanist)
Agnes Arber
2
Birthdate: February 23, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London
Died: March 22, 1960

British botanist Agnes Arber is best remembered for her research on the anatomy of monocotyledons. She also scripted history as the first elected female member of the Fellow of The Royal Society. Her paleobotanist husband had also taught her at Cambridge. Her later works were mostly on plant philosophy.

 11 
Emma Lucy Braun
(Distinguished Botanist and Ecologist Reputed as an Expert on the Forests of Eastern United States)
Emma Lucy Braun
2
Birthdate: April 19, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
Died: March 5, 1971
 12 
Elizabeth Gertrude Britton
(Botanist, Educator, and Bryologist Who Played a Key Role in creating the famous 'New York Botanical Garden')
Elizabeth Gertrude Britton
1
Birthdate: January 9, 1858
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 25, 1934

Elizabeth Gertrude Britton was an American botanist, educator, and bryologist. She is best remembered for playing an important role, along with her husband Nathaniel Lord Britton, in creating the famous New York Botanical Garden. Elizabeth Gertrude Britton is also credited with laying the foundation of the American Bryological and Lichenological Society.

 13 
Mary Vaux Walcott
(American Artist and Naturalist Reputed as ‘Audubon of Botany’, Noted For Her Water-colour Paintings of Wildflowers)
Mary Vaux Walcott
1
Birthdate: July 31, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 22, 1940
 14 
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps
(American Educator, Scientist, Author, and Editor)
Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1793
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 15, 1884

Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps was an American educator, scientist, author, and editor. She is best remembered for her botany writings, which influenced several other American women to be botanists like her daughter Augusta Newton Foote Arnold and contemporary Eunice Newton Foote. Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps' long life was dedicated to the education of women, especially young women.

 15 
Catherine Furbish
0
Birthdate: May 9, 1834
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Exeter, New Hampshire, United States
Died: December 6, 1931
 16 
Elsa Matilde Zardini
(Argentine-Paraguayan Botanist Known for Her Research on the Flora of the Plata Basin)
Elsa Matilde Zardini
0
Birthdate: June 9, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: La Plata, Argentina

Argentine-Paraguayan botanist is known for her explorations in the US and South America. She also worked as an associate curator and a researcher at the Missouri Botanical Garden and was a student of celebrated Argentinian botanist Ángel Lulio Cabrera. She has been an expert on the flora of the Plata basin.