Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Mathematicians, including George Boole, Ada Lovelace, Srinivasa Ramanujan, James Clerk Maxwell and Bertrand Russell

19th Century Mathematicians
Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Mathematicians, including George Boole, Ada Lovelace, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Lewis Carroll and David Hilbert.
George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

08 December 1864

Lincoln

British

Scorpio

Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan

22 December 1887

26 April 1920

Erode

Indian

Sagittarius

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace

10 December 1815

27 November 1852

London

British

Sagittarius

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

02 February 1970

Trellech, Monmouthshire, UK

British,Welsh

Taurus

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll

27 January 1832

14 January 1898

England

British

Aquarius

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor

03 March 1845

06 January 1918

Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

German,Russian

Pisces

David HilbertDavid Hilbert

23 January 1862

14 February 1943

Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)

German

Aquarius

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

05 March 1827

Beaumont-en-Auge

French

Aries

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare

29 April 1854

17 July 1912

Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France

French

Taurus

William Thomson, 1st Baron KelvinWilliam Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast

British

Cancer

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether

23 March 1882

14 April 1935

Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

German

Aries

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann

17 September 1826

20 July 1866

Breselenz

German

Virgo

Max BornMax Born

11 December 1882

05 January 1970

Wrocław

German

Sagittarius

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

30 December 1947

Ramsgate, Kent, England

British,American

Aquarius

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

French

Aries

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

31 May 1832

Bourg-la-Reine, French Empire

French

Scorpio

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy

07 February 1877

01 December 1947

Cranleigh, United Kingdom

British

Aquarius

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast, Ireland

British

Cancer

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

French

Leo

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

22 November 1944

Kendal

British

Capricorn

Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski

22 June 1864

12 January 1909

Aleksota, Kingdom of Poland

German

Cancer

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

27 June 1831

Paris

French

Aries

Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel

05 August 1802

06 April 1829

Finnøy

Norwegian

Leo

Ronald RossRonald Ross

13 May 1857

16 September 1932

Almora

British

Taurus

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass

31 October 1815

19 February 1897

Ennigerloh

German

Scorpio

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre

18 September 1752

10 January 1833

Paris, France

French

Virgo

John VennJohn Venn

04 August 1834

04 April 1923

Kingston upon Hull

British

Leo

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind

06 October 1831

12 February 1916

Braunschweig, Germany

German

Libra

Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

13 February 1805

05 May 1859

Düren

German

Aquarius

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

10 December 1804

18 February 1851

Potsdam, Germany

German

Sagittarius

Sir George Stokes, 1st BaronetSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet

13 August 1819

01 February 1903

Skreen

British

Leo

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler

29 November 1803

17 March 1853

Salzburg, Austria

Austrian

Sagittarius

William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg

02 July 1862

10 March 1942

Wigton

British

Cancer

Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley

16 August 1821

26 January 1895

Richmond, Surrey, UK

British

Leo

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire

German

Taurus

Igor Yevgenyevich TammIgor Tamm

08 July 1895

12 April 1971

Vladivostok, Russian Empire

Soviet Russian

Cancer

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite

24 December 1822

14 January 1901

Dieuze

French

Capricorn

John Hasbrouck Van VleckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck

13 March 1899

27 October 1980

Middletown, Connecticut

American

Pisces

James MaxwellJames Maxwell

13 June 1831

05 November 1879

Edinburgh, Scotland

Scottish

Gemini

Paul BernaysPaul Bernays

17 October 1888

18 September 1977

London

Swiss

Libra

Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel

31 December 1896

04 April 1981

Berlin, German Empire

German

Capricorn

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne

14 February 1896

21 September 1950

Kingston upon Hull

British

Aquarius

Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton

04 August 1805

02 September 1865

Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Irish,British

Leo

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble

20 November 1889

28 September 1953

Marshfield, Missouri, USA

American

Scorpio

Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein

25 April 1849

22 June 1925

Düsseldorf

German

Taurus

Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

09 November 1885

08 December 1955

Elmshorn

German

Scorpio

James Clerk MaxwellJames Clerk Maxwell

British,Scottish

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig

German

Taurus

Ronald FisherRonald Fisher

17 February 1890

29 July 1962

East Finchley

British

Aquarius

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce

10 September 1839

19 April 1914

Cambridge

American

Virgo

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl

08 April 1859

27 April 1938

Prostějov

Austrian,German

Aries

Mary Everest BooleMary Everest Boole

1832 AD

1916 AD

Wickwar

British

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin

French

Aquarius

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener

26 November 1894

18 March 1964

Columbia

American

Sagittarius

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege

08 November 1848

26 July 1925

Wismar

German

Scorpio

Emanuel LaskerEmanuel Lasker

German

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler

29 May 1880

08 May 1936

Blankenburg

German

Gemini

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson

27 March 1857

27 April 1936

London

British

Aries

Josiah Willard GibbsJosiah Willard Gibbs

American

William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton

04 August 1805

02 September 1865

Dublin

Leo

José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset

09 May 1883

18 October 1955

Madrid

Spanish

Taurus

Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside

18 May 1850

03 February 1925

Camden Town

British

Taurus

Charles WheatstoneCharles Wheatstone

06 February 1802

19 October 1875

Gloucester

British

Aquarius

Percival LowellPercival Lowell

13 March 1855

12 November 1916

Boston

American

Pisces

Andrey MarkovAndrey Markov

02 June 1856

20 July 1922

Ryazan

Russian

Gemini

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Paris

French

Gemini

William Lawrence BraggWilliam Lawrence Bragg

31 March 1890

01 July 1971

Adelaide

Australian,British

Aries

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

25 April 1840

Pithiviers

French

Gemini

Hermann WeylHermann Weyl

09 November 1885

09 December 1955

Elmshorn

American

Scorpio

Pafnuty ChebyshevPafnuty Chebyshev

04 May 1821

26 November 1894

Borovsk

Russian

Taurus

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot

13 May 1753

02 August 1823

Nolay

French

Taurus

Felix KleinFelix Klein

25 April 1849

22 June 1925

Düsseldorf

Taurus

Charles Proteus SteinmetzCharles Proteus Steinmetz

09 April 1865

26 October 1923

Wrocław

German,American

Aries

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild

09 October 1873

11 May 1916

Frankfurt

Libra

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

26 December 1780

28 November 1872

Jedburgh

British,Scottish

Capricorn

Stefan BanachStefan Banach

30 March 1892

31 August 1945

Kraków

Aries

Johannes Diderik van der WaalsJohannes Diderik van der Waals

23 November 1837

08 March 1923

Leiden

Sagittarius

Rudolf ClausiusRudolf Clausius

02 January 1822

24 August 1888

Koszalin

Capricorn

Harry NyquistHarry Nyquist

07 February 1889

04 April 1976

Kil Municipality

Swedish,American

Aquarius

Léon WalrasLéon Walras

16 December 1834

05 January 1910

Évreux

French

Sagittarius

August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius

German

Jerzy NeymanJerzy Neyman

16 April 1894

05 August 1981

Bender

Polish

Aries

Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano

27 August 1858

20 April 1932

Cuneo

Virgo

Aleksandr LyapunovAleksandr Lyapunov

06 June 1857

03 November 1918

Yaroslavl

Russian

Gemini

François AragoFrançois Arago

26 February 1786

02 October 1853

Estagel

Spanish,French

Pisces

Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb

12 March 1835

11 July 1909

Nova Scotia

Canadian,American

Pisces

Alastair DennistonAlastair Denniston

01 December 1881

01 January 1961

Greenock

British

Sagittarius

Leopold KroneckerLeopold Kronecker

07 December 1823

29 December 1891

Legnica

German

Sagittarius

S. R. RanganathanS. R. Ranganathan

09 August 1892

27 September 1972

Sirkazhi

Indian

Leo

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier

11 March 1811

23 September 1877

Saint-Lô

French

Pisces

Paul EhrenfestPaul Ehrenfest

18 January 1880

25 September 1933

Vienna

Austrian

Capricorn

Martin Wilhelm KuttaMartin Wilhelm Kutta

German

Alexander FriedmannAlexander Friedmann

16 June 1888

16 September 1925

Saint Petersburg

Gemini

Élie CartanÉlie Cartan

French

George DarwinGeorge Darwin

09 July 1845

07 December 1912

London Borough of Bromley

British

Cancer

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy

27 July 1801

02 January 1892

Alnwick

Leo

Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch

26 March 1773

16 March 1838

Salem

American

Aries

Warren WeaverWarren Weaver

17 June 1894

24 November 1978

Wisconsin

American

Gemini

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue

28 June 1875

26 July 1942

Beauvais

French

Cancer

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