19th Century Mathematicians
Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Mathematicians, including George Boole, Ada Lovelace, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Lewis Carroll and David Hilbert.
Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811, French
Mathematician
David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German
Mathematician

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
Mathematician

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian
Mathematician
Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Physicist

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German
Mathematician

Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Father of Cybernetics

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer
Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician

Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel
05 August 1802, Norwegian
Mathematician
Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864, German
 

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804, German
Mathematician
Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician

John VennJohn Venn
04 August 1834, British
Mathematician

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815, German
Mathematician
Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805, German
Mathematician

Sir George Stokes, 1st BaronetSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet
13 August 1819, British
Mathematician
Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831, German
Mathematician

William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862, British
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
29 November 1803, Austrian
Mathematician & Physicist
Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley
16 August 1821, British
Mathematician

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Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
26 June 1824, British
Mathematician, Physicist
Charles HermiteCharles Hermite
24 December 1822, French
Mathematician

Igor Yevgenyevich TammIgor Tamm
08 July 1895, Russian
Physicist

John Hasbrouck Van VleckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck
13 March 1899, American
Physicist, Mathematician

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne
14 February 1896, British
Astrophysicist
Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Mathematician
Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896, German
Mathematician

James MaxwellJames Maxwell
13 June 1831, Scottish
Mathematician & Physicist

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare
29 April 1854, French
Mathematician and Philosopher

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician
Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician

Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
09 November 1885, German
Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician

Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein
25 April 1849, German
Mathematician

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

James Clerk MaxwellJames Clerk Maxwell
13 June 1831, British, Scottish
Scientist
Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside
18 May 1850, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Telegraphy

Emanuel LaskerEmanuel Lasker
German, Polish
 

Jacques HadamardJacques Hadamard
08 December 1865, French
Mathematician
Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University

Josiah Willard GibbsJosiah Willard Gibbs
11 February 1839, American
Scientist

Charles Proteus SteinmetzCharles Proteus Steinmetz
09 April 1865, German, American
Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer,

John Edensor LittlewoodJohn Edensor Littlewood
09 June 1885, British
Mathematician, University teacher
Paul EhrenfestPaul Ehrenfest
18 January 1880, Austrian
Physicist, Theoretical physicist, University

Andrey MarkovAndrey Markov
14 June 1856, Russian
Mathematician

Maurice René FréchetMaurice René Fréchet
02 September 1878, French
Mathematician

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician
Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
28 May 1879, Croatian, Serbian
Mathematician

Léon WalrasLéon Walras
16 December 1834, French
Economist, University teacher, Mathematician
François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
13 March 1855, American
Astronomer, Mathematician

Pafnuty ChebyshevPafnuty Chebyshev
04 May 1821, Russian
mathematician, statistician
Stefan BanachStefan Banach
30 March 1892, Polish
Mathematician, University teacher

Rudolf ClausiusRudolf Clausius
02 January 1822, German
Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician,
Jerzy NeymanJerzy Neyman
16 April 1894, Polish
Mathematician, Philosopher, Statistician

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Bernard BolzanoBernard Bolzano
05 October 1781, Czech
Mathematician

Élie CartanÉlie Cartan
French
 
August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German
 

Richard von MisesRichard von Mises
19 April 1883, Austrian
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, Engineer,

Leopold KroneckerLeopold Kronecker
07 December 1823, German, Polish
Mathematician, University teacher

William Kingdon CliffordWilliam Kingdon Clifford
04 May 1845, British
Mathematician
Harry NyquistHarry Nyquist
07 February 1889, Swedish, American
Physicist, Computer scientist, Engineer,
Marcel GrossmannMarcel Grossmann
09 April 1878, Swiss
Mathematician

Aleksandr LyapunovAleksandr Lyapunov
06 June 1857, Russian
mathematician, physicist

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue
28 June 1875, French
Mathematician

Louis BachelierLouis Bachelier
11 March 1870, French
Mathematician, Economist, Non-fiction writer
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
12 March 1835, Canadian, American
Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist,

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801, British
Mathematician

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811, French
Astronomer

Constantin CarathéodoryConstantin Carathéodory
13 September 1873, Greek
mathematician, university teacher

Pavel FlorenskyPavel Florensky
22 January 1882, Russian
Theologian
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

Richard CourantRichard Courant
08 January 1888, German
Mathematician, University teacher
Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Alastair DennistonAlastair Denniston
01 December 1881, British
Field hockey player, Cryptographer, Mathematician
Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer
Hermann GrassmannHermann Grassmann
15 April 1809, German, Polish
Polymath