19th Century Mathematicians
Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Mathematicians, including George Boole, Ada Lovelace, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Lewis Carroll and David Hilbert.
Srinivasa RamanujanSrinivasa Ramanujan
22 December 1887, Indian
Mathematician
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872, British, Welsh
Philosopher

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832, British
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845, German, Russian
Mathematician

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862, German
Mathematician
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882, German
Physicist

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877, British
Mathematician
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861, British, American
Mathematician, Philosopher

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815, British
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826, German
Mathematician

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811, French
Mathematician

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768, French
Mathematician & Physicist
Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857, British
Medical doctor

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer
Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789, French
Mathematician

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician

Niels Henrik AbelNiels Henrik Abel
05 August 1802, Norwegian
Mathematician
John VennJohn Venn
04 August 1834, British
Mathematician

Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864, German
 
Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804, German
Mathematician

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815, German
Mathematician

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
26 June 1824, British
Mathematician, Physicist

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831, German
Mathematician
Sir George Stokes, 1st BaronetSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet
13 August 1819, British
Mathematician
Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752, French
Mathematician

Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805, German
Mathematician

William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862, British
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Christian DopplerChristian Doppler
29 November 1803, Austrian
Mathematician & Physicist
Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley
16 August 1821, British
Mathematician

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Igor Yevgenyevich TammIgor Tamm
08 July 1895, Russian
Physicist

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite
24 December 1822, French
Mathematician

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

John Hasbrouck Van VleckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck
13 March 1899, American
Physicist, Mathematician
Paul BernaysPaul Bernays
17 October 1888, Swiss
Mathematician

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne
14 February 1896, British
Astrophysicist
Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896, German
Mathematician

James MaxwellJames Maxwell
13 June 1831, Scottish
Mathematician & Physicist

Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician
Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare
29 April 1854, French
Mathematician and Philosopher
Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein
25 April 1849, German
Mathematician

Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
09 November 1885, German
Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

James Clerk MaxwellJames Clerk Maxwell
British, Scottish
 

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce
10 September 1839, American
Mathematician, Philosopher, Logician, Pragmatist,
Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890, British
Mathematician, Geneticist, Statistician

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859, Austrian, Czech, German
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Norbert WienerNorbert Wiener
26 November 1894, American
Mathematician, Autobiographer, University teacher,

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,
Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848, German
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,

Charles Proteus SteinmetzCharles Proteus Steinmetz
09 April 1865, German, American
Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer,

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Scientist,

José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset
09 May 1883, Spanish
Philosopher, Educationist, Writer, University
Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside
18 May 1850, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Telegraphy

Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
Russian
 

Emanuel LaskerEmanuel Lasker
German, Polish
 
Josiah Willard GibbsJosiah Willard Gibbs
American
 

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist

Hermann WeylHermann Weyl
09 November 1885, German, American
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, University

Charles WheatstoneCharles Wheatstone
06 February 1802, British
Cryptographer, Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer,

John Edensor LittlewoodJohn Edensor Littlewood
09 June 1885, British
Mathematician, University teacher
S. R. RanganathanS. R. Ranganathan
09 August 1892, Indian
Mathematician, Librarian, Academic
Percival LowellPercival Lowell
13 March 1855, American
Astronomer, Mathematician

Andrey MarkovAndrey Markov
02 June 1856, Russian
mathematician, statistician, university teacher

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Alastair DennistonAlastair Denniston
01 December 1881, British
Field hockey player, Cryptographer, Mathematician
Léon WalrasLéon Walras
16 December 1834, French
Economist, University teacher, Mathematician

Felix KleinFelix Klein
25 April 1849, German
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Paul EhrenfestPaul Ehrenfest
18 January 1880, Austrian
Physicist, Theoretical physicist, University

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Rudolf ClausiusRudolf Clausius
02 January 1822, German
Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician,
Stefan BanachStefan Banach
30 March 1892, Polish
Mathematician, University teacher

Pafnuty ChebyshevPafnuty Chebyshev
04 May 1821, Russian
mathematician, statistician
Jerzy NeymanJerzy Neyman
16 April 1894, Polish
Mathematician, Philosopher, Statistician

Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Alexander FriedmannAlexander Friedmann
16 June 1888, Russian
Mathematician, Physicist
Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753, French
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German
 
Leopold KroneckerLeopold Kronecker
07 December 1823, German, Polish
Mathematician, University teacher

Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
12 March 1835, Canadian, American
Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist,

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746, French
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Harry NyquistHarry Nyquist
07 February 1889, Swedish, American
Physicist, Computer scientist, Engineer,
Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Politician

John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher
Constantin CarathéodoryConstantin Carathéodory
13 September 1873, Greek
mathematician, university teacher

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue
28 June 1875, French
Mathematician, Professor
Aleksandr LyapunovAleksandr Lyapunov
06 June 1857, Russian
mathematician, physicist

George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845, British
Mathematician, Astronomer
Solomon LefschetzSolomon Lefschetz
03 September 1884, American
Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher