Famous 19th Century Biochemists

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Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Biochemists, including Louis Pasteur, Friedrich Miescher, Yellapragada Subbarow, Gerhard Domagk and Gerty Cori.
Vote for Your Favourite 19th Century Biochemists
 1 
Gerty Cori
(Biochemist)
Gerty Cori
3
Birthdate: August 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: October 26, 1957

Austro-Hungarian-American biochemist Gerty Cori is best-known for discovering the course of catalytic conversion of glycogen with her husband Carl Ferdinand Cori for which they jointly won the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. With this Gerty became the third woman to win a Nobel in science and the first to win it in this category.

 2 
Friedrich Miescher
(First Scientist to Isolate Nucleic Acid in 1869)
Friedrich Miescher
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: August 26, 1895

Apart from being the first to discover nucleic acid, Swiss biochemist Friedrich Miescher also isolated protamine, a protein associated with nucleic acid. Born to a scientifically rich family, he initially wished to become a doctor, but rendered partially deaf due to typhoid, he later chose physiological chemistry.

 3 
Frederick Gowland Hopkins
(English Biochemist Whose Discovery of Vitamins Earned Him 'Nobel Prize in Medicine' in 1929)
Frederick Gowland Hopkins
2
Birthdate: June 20, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Eastbourne, England
Died: May 16, 1947

Frederick Gowland Hopkins was an English biochemist whose discovery of vitamins earned him the prestigious 1929 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He also received other prestigious awards like the Royal Medal and Copley Medal. He is also credited with discovering the amino acid tryptophan. From 1930 to 1935, Frederick Gowland Hopkins served as the President of the Royal Society.

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 4 
Yellapragada Subbarow
3
Birthdate: January 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bhimavaram
Died: August 9, 1948

Yellapragada Subbarow was an Indian biochemist who is credited with developing methotrexate, an immune-system suppressant and chemotherapy agent which is widely used to treat autoimmune diseases and cancer. He also helped American plant physiologist Benjamin Duggar discover chlortetracycline, the world's first tetracycline antibiotic.

 5 
Phoebus Levene
(Biochemist)
Phoebus Levene
2
Birthdate: February 25, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Žagarė, Lithuania
Died: September 6, 1940

A Lithuanian Jew, Phoebus Levene moved with his family to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitic attacks. While he initially studied medicine, Levene later focused on biochemistry. Known for his path-breaking research on nucleic acids, he worked at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research for over three decades.

 6 
John James Rickard Macleod
(British Biochemist and Physiologist Who Co-Discovered 'Insulin' and Worked on 'Carbohydrate Metabolism')
John James Rickard Macleod
2
Birthdate: September 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clunie, Perthshire, Scotland
Died: March 16, 1935

John James Rickard Macleod was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist. Even though his research covered diverse topics in physiology and biochemistry, he is best remembered for his work in carbohydrate metabolism. He played a major role in the discovery and isolation of insulin, for which he shared the 1923 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frederick Banting.  

 7 
Albrecht Kossel
(Biochemist)
Albrecht Kossel
2
Birthdate: September 16, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany
Died: July 5, 1927

Albrecht Kossel was a German biochemist whose work in ascertaining nucleic acids' chemical composition earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910. Kossel is also remembered for conducting prominent research into protein's composition. His work influenced several other important researchers like Henry Drysdale Dakin, Edwin B. Hart, Friedrich Miescher, and Felix Hoppe-Seyler.

 8 
Max Henius
(Biochemist)
Max Henius
0
Birthdate: June 16, 1859
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Aalborg, Denmark
Died: November 15, 1935
 9 
Edward Calvin Kendall
1
Birthdate: March 8, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: South Norwalk, Connecticut, USA
Died: May 4, 1972

Nobel Prize-winning chemist Edward Calvin Kendall is best known for his work on isolating thyroxine, or the thyroid hormone, and for crystallizing glutathione. He also revolutionized medical science by curing rheumatoid arthritis with cortisone, the steroid hormone he discovered. He was also associated with the Mayo Foundation and Princeton University.

 10 
Heinrich Otto Wieland
(Father of Biochemistry)
Heinrich Otto Wieland
1
Birthdate: June 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: August 5, 1957

Heinrich Otto Wieland was a German chemist known for his research into bile acids, for which he won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He studied under prominent chemist and professor Johannes Thiele at the University of Munich. He had a brilliant academic career and worked actively to protect Jewish students after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws.

 11 
Anselme Payen
(French Chemist Known for Discovering the 'Enzyme Diastase' and the Carbohydrate 'Cellulose')
Anselme Payen
1
Birthdate: January 6, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 12, 1871

French chemist Anselme Payen is known for co-discovering the first enzyme diastase, and for discovering the carbohydrate cellulose. He broke the Dutch monopoly for borax by developing a method to synthesize borax from soda and boric acid; developed a method to determine nitrogen and methods for refining sugar; and invented a decolorimeter.

 12 
Henrik Dam
(Biochemist)
Henrik Dam
1
Birthdate: February 21, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Copenhagen
Died: April 17, 1976
 13 
John Jacob Abel
(American Biochemist and Pharmacologist Known for His Contributions to a Modern Understanding of the Ductless, or Endocrine, Glands)
John Jacob Abel
1
Birthdate: May 19, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Died: May 26, 1938

John Jacob Abel was a biochemist and pharmacologist who established the pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. While at Hopkins, he made several important medical advancements. He made significant contributions in the field of hormone extraction and founded the Journal of Biological Chemistry. He was a recipient of the Conne Medal and the Kober Medal. 

 14 
Per Teodor Cleve
1
Birthdate: February 10, 1840
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: June 18, 1905

Per Teodor Cleve was a Swedish biologist, chemist, oceanographer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for his discovery of holmium and thulium. He is also credited with discovering aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids. Per Teodor Cleve is also remembered for his service as professor of general and agricultural chemistry at Uppsala University. His contributions were honored with the Davy Medal.

 15 
Arthur Harden
(British Biochemist & Winner of 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry)
Arthur Harden
1
Birthdate: October 12, 1865
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Manchester, Lancashire, England
Died: June 17, 1940

Arthur Harden was a British biochemist best remembered for winning the prestigious 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his investigations into the fermentative enzymes and fermentation of sugar. He shared the award with German-born Swedish biochemist Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin. Arthur Harden is also remembered as a Biochemical Society's founding member.

 16 
Adolf Windaus
(Chemist)
Adolf Windaus
0
Birthdate: December 25, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 9, 1959
 17 
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
(Mathematician)
Dorothy Maud Wrinch
0
Birthdate: September 12, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: February 11, 1976
 18 
Lafayette Mendel
(Biochemist)
Lafayette Mendel
0
Birthdate: February 5, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Delhi, New York, United States
Died: December 9, 1935

Lafayette Mendel was a biochemist who collaborated with fellow biochemist Thomas B. Osborne to study the roles of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine, and tryptophan in nutrition. A brilliant man, he was appointed full professor of physiological chemistry at Yale University when he was just 31. Later on, he was appointed Sterling Professor of Physiological Chemistry.

 19 
Muriel Wheldale Onslow
(British Biochemist Known for Her Work Concerning the Biochemistry of Anthocyanin Pigment Molecules)
Muriel Wheldale Onslow
0
Birthdate: March 31, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: May 19, 1932

Muriel Wheldale Onslow was a British biochemist. She is best remembered for her work concerning the biochemistry of anthocyanin pigment molecules. Wheldale Onslow was also one of the first women to be appointed as a lecturer at Cambridge.