Famous 19th Century Biochemists

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Biochemists, including Louis Pasteur, Friedrich Miescher, Yellapragada Subbarow, Gerhard Domagk and Gerty Cori.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  

 2 Gerty Cori

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Prague
Died: October 26, 1957

Austro-Hungarian-American biochemist Gerty Cori is best-known for discovering the course of catalytic conversion of glycogen with her husband Carl Ferdinand Cori for which they jointly won the 1947 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. With this Gerty became the third woman to win a Nobel in science and the first to win it in this category.

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 3 Friedrich Miescher

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biologist, Biochemist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 13, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Basel
Died: August 26, 1895

 4 Selman Waksman

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Discoverer of Streptomycin
Birthdate: July 22, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nova Pryluka, Ukraine
Died: August 16, 1973
Nobel Prize-winning Ukrainian-American biochemist and microbiologist Selman Waksman revolutionized science with his pathbreaking discovery of a number of antibiotics. His research on soil microbes helped in the discovery of streptomycin, the first successful treatment of tuberculosis, though he was sued by his student Albert Schatz for stealing credits.

 5 Yellapragada Subbarow

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bhimavaram
Died: August 9, 1948

Yellapragada Subbarow was an Indian biochemist who is credited with developing methotrexate, an immune-system suppressant and chemotherapy agent which is widely used to treat autoimmune diseases and cancer. He also helped American plant physiologist Benjamin Duggar discover chlortetracycline, the world's first tetracycline antibiotic.

 6 Alexander Oparin

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: biologist, biochemist, chemist
Birthdate: March 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Uglich
Died: April 21, 1980

 7 Gerhard Domagk

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Biochemist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Łagów
Died: April 24, 1964

Nobel Prize-winning German pathologist and bacteriologist Gerhard Domagk is best remembered for his pathbreaking discovery of Prontosil, the first sulfonamide antibiotic. The Nazis, however, didn’t allow him to accept the Nobel Prize immediately and detained him briefly instead. He had also served as a soldier in World War I.

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 8 Frederick Gowland Hopkins

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: English biochemist
Birthdate: June 20, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Eastbourne
Died: May 16, 1947

 9 John James Rickard Macleod

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist & Physiologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clunie, Perthshire, Scotland
Died: March 16, 1935

John James Rickard Macleod was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist. Even though his research covered diverse topics in physiology and biochemistry, he is best remembered for his work in carbohydrate metabolism. He played a major role in the discovery and isolation of insulin, for which he shared the 1923 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frederick Banting.  

 10 Albrecht Kossel

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: September 16, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany
Died: July 5, 1927

Albrecht Kossel was a German biochemist whose work in ascertaining nucleic acids' chemical composition earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910. Kossel is also remembered for conducting prominent research into protein's composition. His work influenced several other important researchers like Henry Drysdale Dakin, Edwin B. Hart, Friedrich Miescher, and Felix Hoppe-Seyler.

 11 Otto Fritz Meyerhof

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Physician and Biochemist
Birthdate: April 12, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: October 6, 1951

Otto Fritz Meyerhof was a German physician and biochemist. He studied medicine in Strasbourg and Heidelberg and later became a professor at the University of Kiel. He jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine with Archibald Vivian Hill in 1922. He became one of the directors of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research in 1929. 

 12 Edward Calvin Kendall

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: March 8, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: South Norwalk, Connecticut, USA
Died: May 4, 1972

Nobel Prize-winning chemist Edward Calvin Kendall is best known for his work on isolating thyroxine, or the thyroid hormone, and for crystallizing glutathione. He also revolutionized medical science by curing rheumatoid arthritis with cortisone, the steroid hormone he discovered. He was also associated with the Mayo Foundation and Princeton University.

 13 Heinrich Otto Wieland

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Father of Biochemistry
Birthdate: June 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: August 5, 1957

Heinrich Otto Wieland was a German chemist known for his research into bile acids, for which he won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He studied under prominent chemist and professor Johannes Thiele at the University of Munich. He had a brilliant academic career and worked actively to protect Jewish students after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws.

 14 Anselme Payen

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 6, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 12, 1871

French chemist Anselme Payen is known for co-discovering the first enzyme diastase, and for discovering the carbohydrate cellulose. He broke the Dutch monopoly for borax by developing a method to synthesize borax from soda and boric acid; developed a method to determine nitrogen and methods for refining sugar; and invented a decolorimeter.

 15 Henrik Dam

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 21, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Copenhagen
Died: April 17, 1976

 16 Arthur Harden

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 12, 1865
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Manchester, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Died: June 17, 1940

 17 Lafayette Mendel

Louis Pasteur.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 5, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Delhi, New York, United States
Died: December 9, 1935

Lafayette Mendel was a biochemist who collaborated with fellow biochemist Thomas B. Osborne to study the roles of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine, and tryptophan in nutrition. A brilliant man, he was appointed full professor of physiological chemistry at Yale University when he was just 31. Later on, he was appointed Sterling Professor of Physiological Chemistry.