Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Astronomers, including Carl Friedrich Gauss, Georges Lemaître, Edwin Hubble, Pierre-Simon Laplace and Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist
Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician
Otto Wilhelm von StruveOtto Wilhelm von Struve
07 May 1819, German
Astronomer

Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science

Margaret BurbidgeMargaret Burbidge
12 August 1919, British, American
Astrophysicist

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
13 March 1855, American
Astronomer, Mathematician
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
14 January 1806, American
Astronomer

Samuel Pierpont LangleySamuel Pierpont Langley
22 August 1834, American
Astronomer

Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
14 February 1898, Swiss, American
Astronomer, Physicist, University teacher

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,
Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
28 May 1879, Croatian, Serbian
Mathematician

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist
Camille FlammarionCamille Flammarion
26 February 1842, French
astronomer, writer, balloonist, science fiction

Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek
02 January 1873
Astronomer, Historian of science, Philosopher,

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Astronomer
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
12 March 1835, Canadian, American
Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist,

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801, British
Mathematician
August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German
 

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811, French
Astronomer

Ernst AbbeErnst Abbe
23 January 1840
Physicist, Astronomer, University teacher
Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

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Harlow ShapleyHarlow Shapley
02 November 1885, American
Astronomer
Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer

George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845, British
Barrister

James JeansJames Jeans
11 September 1877, British
Physicist

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil
Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Astronomer
George Ellery HaleGeorge Ellery Hale
29 June 1868, American
Astronomer, Journalist

Vesto SlipherVesto Slipher
11 November 1875, American
Astronomer

Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau
23 September 1819, French
Physicist, Astronomer

William Parsons, 3rd Earl of RosseWilliam Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
17 June 1800
Astronomer, Politician
Johann Gottfried GalleJohann Gottfried Galle
09 June 1812, German, Polish
Astronomer, University teacher

Willem de SitterWillem de Sitter
06 May 1872, Dutch
Mathematician

James NasmythJames Nasmyth
19 August 1808, British
Astronomer, Engineer

John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher

Harold JeffreysHarold Jeffreys
22 April 1891, British
Mathematical statistician
Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
30 September 1891, Russian
Scientist

Norman LockyerNorman Lockyer
17 May 1836, British
Astronomer
Edward Charles PickeringEdward Charles Pickering
19 July 1846, American
Astronomer

William HugginsWilliam Huggins
07 February 1824, British
Astronomer

Richard Christopher CarringtonRichard Christopher Carrington
26 May 1826, British
Astronomer
Angelo SecchiAngelo Secchi
28 June 1818, Italian
Astronomer

Edward SabineEdward Sabine
14 October 1788, Irish
Astronomer
Otto StruveOtto Struve
12 August 1897, American, Russian
Astronomer

William Wallace CampbellWilliam Wallace Campbell
11 April 1862, American
Astronomer

Frank Watson DysonFrank Watson Dyson
08 January 1868, British
Astronomer

Henry DraperHenry Draper
07 March 1837, American
Doctor

Warren De la RueWarren De la Rue
15 January 1815, Guernsey, British
Astronomer
Joseph NicolletJoseph Nicollet
24 July 1786, French
Geographer

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 

Isaac RobertsIsaac Roberts
27 January 1829, Welsh
Engineer

William FerrelWilliam Ferrel
29 January 1817, American
Meteorologist
George William HillGeorge William Hill
03 March 1838, American
Astronomer

Alexis BouvardAlexis Bouvard
27 June 1767, French
Astronomer
Bernhard SchmidtBernhard Schmidt
11 April 1879, German, Estonian
Optician

John Louis Emil DreyerJohn Louis Emil Dreyer
13 February 1852, Danish, British
Astronomer

A. E. DouglassA. E. Douglass
05 July 1867, American
Astronomer
Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774, British
Astronomer

Ernest William BrownErnest William Brown
29 November 1866, British
Mathematician
Yrjö VäisäläYrjö Väisälä
06 September 1891, Finnish
Astronomer

Benjamin Apthorp GouldBenjamin Apthorp Gould
27 September 1824, American
Astronomer

John PondJohn Pond
1767 AD, British
Astronomer
Franz Xaver von ZachFranz Xaver von Zach
04 June 1754, Hungarian
Astronomer

Wilhelm BeerWilhelm Beer
04 January 1797, German
Banker
Robert Grant AitkenRobert Grant Aitken
31 December 1864, American
Astronomer

Peter Andreas HansenPeter Andreas Hansen
08 December 1795, German, Danish
Astronomer

Walter Sydney AdamsWalter Sydney Adams
20 December 1876, American
Astronomer

Friedrich Wilhelm ArgelanderFriedrich Wilhelm Argelander
22 March 1799, German
Astronomer
Herbert Hall TurnerHerbert Hall Turner
13 August 1861, British
Astronomer
Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786, Italian
Astronomer

William Cranch BondWilliam Cranch Bond
09 September 1789, American
Astronomer

Bernard LyotBernard Lyot
27 February 1897, French
Astronomer

Charles Dillon PerrineCharles Dillon Perrine
28 July 1867, American
Astronomer
Heinrich SchwabeHeinrich Schwabe
25 October 1789, German
Astronomer

Charles-Eugène DelaunayCharles-Eugène Delaunay
09 April 1816, French
Astronomer

Carl August von SteinheilCarl August von Steinheil
12 October 1801, German, French
Physicist

James ChallisJames Challis
12 December 1803, British
Physicist

Johann Heinrich von MädlerJohann Heinrich von Mädler
29 May 1794, German
Astronomer
Marcel MinnaertMarcel Minnaert
12 February 1893, Dutch
Astronomer

Mary Watson WhitneyMary Watson Whitney
11 September 1847, American
Astronomer
Sarah Frances WhitingSarah Frances Whiting
23 August 1847, American
Astronomer

Charles Augustus YoungCharles Augustus Young
15 December 1834, American
Astronomer
Edward TroughtonEdward Troughton
1753 AD, British
Instrument maker
Robert Julius TrumplerRobert Julius Trumpler
02 October 1886, American
Astronomer