Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Astronomers, including Carl Friedrich Gauss, Georges Lemaître, Edwin Hubble, Pierre-Simon Laplace and Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician

Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician
Otto Wilhelm von StruveOtto Wilhelm von Struve
07 May 1819, German

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science
Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble
20 November 1889, American

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736, French, Italian
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University
William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Scientist,

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
13 March 1855, American
Astronomer, Mathematician

Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
14 February 1898, Swiss, American
Astronomer, Physicist, University teacher
François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist
Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Politician

August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius

Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek
02 January 1873
Astronomer, Historian of science, Philosopher,

Ernst AbbeErnst Abbe
23 January 1840
Physicist, Astronomer, University teacher
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
12 March 1835, Canadian, American
Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist,
John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher

Camille FlammarionCamille Flammarion
26 February 1842, French
astronomer, writer, balloonist, science fiction

George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845, British
Mathematician, Astronomer

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher
Harlow ShapleyHarlow Shapley
02 November 1885, American

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

George Ellery HaleGeorge Ellery Hale
29 June 1868, American
Astronomer, Journalist

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Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Johann Gottfried GalleJohann Gottfried Galle
09 June 1812, German, Polish
Astronomer, University teacher

Vesto SlipherVesto Slipher
11 November 1875, American
Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

James NasmythJames Nasmyth
19 August 1808, British
Astronomer, Engineer

William Parsons, 3rd Earl of RosseWilliam Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
17 June 1800
Astronomer, Politician
Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau
23 September 1819, French
Physicist, Astronomer

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
Carl Otto LamplandCarl Otto Lampland
29 December 1873, American