Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Astronomers, including Carl Friedrich Gauss, Georges Lemaître, Edwin Hubble, Pierre-Simon Laplace and Joseph-Louis Lagrange.
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749, French
Scientist
Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître
17 July 1894, Belgian
Scientist & Priest

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738, German, British
Astronomer, Composer

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882, British
Astronomer

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician

Edwin Powell HubbleEdwin Powell Hubble
20 November 1889, American
Astronomer & Mathematician

Otto Wilhelm von StruveOtto Wilhelm von Struve
07 May 1819, German
Astronomer
Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton
04 August 1805, Irish
Physicist, Astronomer and Mathematician

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
30 April 1777, German
Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781, French
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University
François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786, Spanish, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University
Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
14 February 1898, Swiss, American
Astronomer, Physicist, University teacher

Samuel Pierpont LangleySamuel Pierpont Langley
22 August 1834, American
Astronomer

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
13 March 1855, American
Astronomer, Mathematician
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
14 January 1806, American
Astronomer

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811, French
Astronomer, Mathematician, Politician
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
12 March 1835, Canadian, American
Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist,

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787, German
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist

Ernst AbbeErnst Abbe
23 January 1840
Physicist, Astronomer, University teacher

August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German
 
Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
22 July 1784, German
Astronomer, Mathematician, University teacher
Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek
02 January 1873
Astronomer, Historian of science, Philosopher,

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Astronomer

Harlow ShapleyHarlow Shapley
02 November 1885, American
Astronomer

John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819, British
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher
George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845, British
Mathematician, Astronomer

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Nathaniel BowditchNathaniel Bowditch
26 March 1773, American
Mathematician, Astronomer, Actuary, Physicist,

Camille FlammarionCamille Flammarion
26 February 1842, French
astronomer, writer, balloonist, science fiction

Willem de SitterWillem de Sitter
06 May 1872, Dutch
Mathematician

Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Astronomer
George Ellery HaleGeorge Ellery Hale
29 June 1868, American
Astronomer, Journalist

Johann Gottfried GalleJohann Gottfried Galle
09 June 1812, German, Polish
Astronomer, University teacher
Vesto SlipherVesto Slipher
11 November 1875, American
Astronomer

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774, French
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

James NasmythJames Nasmyth
19 August 1808, British
Astronomer, Engineer
Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
30 September 1891, Russian
Scientist

William Parsons, 3rd Earl of RosseWilliam Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
17 June 1800
Astronomer, Politician
Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau
23 September 1819, French
Physicist, Astronomer

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
French
 

Ernest William BrownErnest William Brown
29 November 1866, British
Mathematician

Carl Otto LamplandCarl Otto Lampland
29 December 1873, American
Astronomer