Famous 19th Century Meteorologists

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 1 
Gregor Mendel
(Know for Creating the science of Genetics)
Gregor Mendel
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Birthdate: July 20, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Died: January 6, 1884

A scientist, meteorologist, mathematician, and biologist, Gregor Mendel is considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. He conducted a series of experiments on pea plants between 1856 and 1863, establishing many rules of heredity. Besides his work on pea plants, he also described novel plant species and conducted experiments with hawkweed and honeybees.

 2 
Alfred Wegener
(German Climatologist and Geophysicist Known for His 'Continental Drift Theory')
Alfred Wegener
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Birthdate: November 1, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: November 1, 1930

In the early 1900s, meteorologist Alfred Wegener did not find too many takers for his theory that all the continents of the world had initially been a single mass named Pangaea and that continental drift had caused them to split apart. Wegener died on his fourth expedition in Greenland.

 3 
James Glaisher
(Meteorologists)
James Glaisher
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Birthdate: April 7, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotherhithe, London, England
Died: February 7, 1903

Renowned meteorologist and aeronaut James Glaisher was a pioneer of balloon flights and had penned the iconic book Travels in the Air. He had also contributed to the formation of the Meteorological Society and the Aeronautical Society of Britain. The 2019 movie The Aeronauts depicts his exploits as a balloonist.

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 4 
Wilson Bentley
(First Known Person to Take Detailed Photographs of Snowflakes)
Wilson Bentley
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Birthdate: February 9, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jericho, Vermont, United States
Died: December 23, 1931
 5 
William Morris Davis
(Geographer, Geologist, Meteorologist)
William Morris Davis
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Birthdate: February 12, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 5, 1934
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
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Birthdate: February 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Glencorse, Scotland
Died: November 15, 1959

Scottish physicist, meteorologist and Nobel Laureate Charles Thomson Rees Wilson is noted for inventing the cloud chamber particle detector, also referred to as Wilson cloud chamber, used for visualizing the passage of ionizing radiation. It played a significant role in the area of experimental particle physics between the 1920s and 1950s.

 7 
Lewis Fry Richardson
(Former Mathematician, physicist, meteorologist noted for his pioneering work concerning fractals and a method for solving a system of linear equations known as modified Richardson iteration)
Lewis Fry Richardson
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Birthdate: October 11, 1881
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
Died: September 30, 1953

British physicist, meteorologist, mathematician, psychologist and pacifist Lewis Fry Richardson was the first to apply modern mathematical techniques of weather forecasting to predict weather accurately. He also pioneered the use of similar methods in studying reasons of wars and the way to stop them. He proposed the iterative method called modified Richardson iteration for solving a system of linear equations.

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 8 
Vilhelm Bjerknes
(Physicist)
Vilhelm Bjerknes
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Birthdate: March 14, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oslo, Norway
Died: April 9, 1951

Vilhelm Bjerknes was a Norwegian meteorologist and physicist who is counted among the pioneers of the present-day practice of weather forecasting. The primitive equations, which are used today in numerical climate modeling and weather prediction, were formulated by him. Vilhelm Bjerknes also developed the Bergen School of Meteorology, which played a major role in advancing meteorology in the early-20th century.

 9 
Angelo Secchi
(Astronomer)
Angelo Secchi
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Birthdate: June 28, 1818
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Reggio Emilia, Italy
Died: February 26, 1878

A pioneer in astronomical spectroscopy, Italian Jesuit priest and astronomer Angelo Secchi was among the first scientists who authoritatively stated that the Sun is a star. Notable contributions of Secchi, who served as director of the observatory at the Roman College for nearly three decades, includes discovering three comets and solar spicules; and inventing Secchi disk, heliospectrograph and telespectroscope.

 10 
William Ferrel
(Meteorologist)
William Ferrel
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Birthdate: January 29, 1817
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 18, 1891

Though mostly self-taught, William Ferrel grew up to be a school teacher and later joined the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac. He was later part of the U.S. Army’s Signal Service and is best remembered for his meteorological research and his explanation of the deflection of air currents on Earth.

 11 
Thomas Corwin Mendenhall
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Birthdate: October 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hanoverton, Ohio, United States
Died: March 23, 1924
 12 
Jacob Bjerknes
(Meteorologist)
Jacob Bjerknes
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Birthdate: November 2, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: July 7, 1975

Jacob Bjerknes was a Norwegian American meteorologist known for his works on the dynamics of the polar front and the mechanism for north-south heat transport. He was the son of meteorologist Vilhelm Bjerknes. Jacob Bjerknes began his career working under his father and later pursued an academic career. He was a recipient of the Royal Meteorological Society’s Symons Gold Medal. 

 13 
Cleveland Abbe
(Meteorologist)
Cleveland Abbe
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Birthdate: December 3, 1838
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: October 28, 1916
 14 
Léon Teisserenc de Bort
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Birthdate: November 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 2, 1913
 15 
C. H. D. Buys Ballot
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Birthdate: October 10, 1817
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kloetinge, Netherlands
Died: February 3, 1890
 16 
Rudolf Geiger
(Meteorologist)
Rudolf Geiger
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Birthdate: August 24, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Erlangen, Germany
Died: January 22, 1981
 17 
Carl-Gustaf Rossby
(Meteorologist)
Carl-Gustaf Rossby
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Birthdate: December 28, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: August 19, 1957

Carl-Gustaf Rossby was a Swedish-born American meteorologist. He played an important role during the Second World War, organizing the training of military meteorologists. Over the course of his career, Carl-Gustaf Rossby was honored with many prestigious awards such as the Applied Meteorology Award from the American Meteorological Society in 1959.

 18 
Jean-André Deluc
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Birthdate: February 8, 1727
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: November 7, 1817

Copley Medal-winning geologist and meteorologist Jean-André Deluc had initially studied math and natural sciences, before embarking on business tours across Europe. In course of time, he gathered a huge collection of fossils and minerals. His research areas included the mercury barometer. He was later named a fellow of the Royal Society.

 19 
Napier Shaw
(Meteorologist)
Napier Shaw
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Birthdate: March 4, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: March 23, 1945
 20 
Balfour Stewart
(Physicist)
Balfour Stewart
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Birthdate: November 1, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: December 19, 1887

Scottish meteorologist and geophysicist Balfour Stewart is best remembered for his research on radiant energy and terrestrial magnetism. Initially a trader, he later joined the Kew Observatory as an assistant and eventually became its director. The Unseen Universe remains one of his best-known written works.

 21 
John Aitken
(Meteorologist)
John Aitken
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Birthdate: September 18, 1839
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Falkirk, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Died: November 14, 1919

British meteorologist and physicist John Aitken is best remembered for his research on the microscopic particles now known as the Aitken nuclei and their role in the condensation of water vapor. However, health issues kept him confined to his home laboratory and prevented him from taking up significant positions.

 22 
Tor Bergeron
(Meteorologist)
Tor Bergeron
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Birthdate: August 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Godstone, Surrey, England
Died: June 13, 1977
 23 
Robert Emden
(Astrophysicist)
Robert Emden
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Birthdate: March 4, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St. Gallen, Switzerland
Died: October 8, 1940
 24 
James Pollard Espy
(Meteorologist)
James Pollard Espy
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Birthdate: May 9, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Westmorland County, Canada
Died: January 24, 1860
 25 
Thomas Stewart Traill
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Birthdate: October 29, 1781
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orkney, Scotland
Died: July 30, 1862

Thomas Stewart Traill had donned many hats. Initially a practicing physician, he was also interested in zoology and helped John James Audubon publish The Birds of America. He was also a chemist and a meteorologist and spent his life teaching at the University of Edinburgh. He also edited Encyclopædia Britannica’s 8th edition.

 26 
Sverre Petterssen
(Meteorologist)
Sverre Petterssen
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Birthdate: February 19, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hadsel, Norway
Died: December 31, 1974

Sverre Petterssen was a Norwegian meteorologist. He was well known for his work in the field of weather analysis and forecasting. He was a member of the Bergen School of Meteorology and worked as a weather officer in the Norwegian Air Force for many years. He served as a weather forecaster for bombing raids during World War II. 

 27 
Alexander Buchan
(Meteorologist)
Alexander Buchan
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Birthdate: April 11, 1829
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: May 13, 1907
 28 
George James Symons
(Meteorologist)
George James Symons
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Birthdate: August 6, 1838
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 10, 1900
 29 
Hugh Robert Mill
(Geographer)
Hugh Robert Mill
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Birthdate: May 28, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Thurso, Scotland
Died: April 5, 1950
 30 
William Henry Dines
(Meteorologist)
William Henry Dines
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Birthdate: August 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 24, 1927