Famous 19th Century Meteorologists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel
4
Famous As: Meteorologist, Mathematician, Biologist
Birthdate: July 20, 1822
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hynčice, Vražné, Czechia
Died: January 6, 1884

A scientist, meteorologist, mathematician, and biologist, Gregor Mendel is considered the founder of the modern science of genetics. He conducted a series of experiments on pea plants between 1856 and 1863, establishing many rules of heredity. Besides his work on pea plants, he also described novel plant species and conducted experiments with hawkweed and honeybees.

 2 Alfred Wegener

Alfred Wegener
4
Famous As: Polar Researcher
Birthdate: November 1, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: November 1, 1930

In the early 1900s, meteorologist Alfred Wegener did not find too many takers for his theory that all the continents of the world had initially been a single mass named Pangaea and that continental drift had caused them to split apart. Wegener died on his fourth expedition in Greenland.

 3 James Glaisher

James Glaisher
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Famous As: Meteorologists
Birthdate: April 7, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotherhithe, London, England
Died: February 7, 1903

Renowned meteorologist and aeronaut James Glaisher was a pioneer of balloon flights and had penned the iconic book Travels in the Air. He had also contributed to the formation of the Meteorological Society and the Aeronautical Society of Britain. The 2019 movie The Aeronauts depicts his exploits as a balloonist.

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 4 Matthew Fontaine Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 14, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States
Died: February 1, 1873

American astronomer, naval officer, oceanographer and author Matthew Fontaine Maury, who first served the United States Navy and then the Confederacy States Navy, made significant contributions in oceanography. His book Physical Geography of the Sea is counted among the first comprehensive books on oceanography. Navies and merchant marines across the world adopted his uniform system of recording oceanographic data.

 5 Wilson Bentley

Wilson Bentley
3
Famous As: Farmer, Photographer, Meteorologist
Birthdate: February 9, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jericho
Died: December 23, 1931

 6 Lewis Fry Richardson

Lewis Fry Richardson
3
Famous As: Paramedic, Cartographer, Mathematician, Psychologist, Physicist, Meteorologist
Birthdate: October 11, 1881
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne
Died: September 30, 1953

British physicist, meteorologist, mathematician, psychologist and pacifist Lewis Fry Richardson was the first to apply modern mathematical techniques of weather forecasting to predict weather accurately. He also pioneered the use of similar methods in studying reasons of wars and the way to stop them. He proposed the iterative method called modified Richardson iteration for solving a system of linear equations.

 7 William Morris Davis

William Morris Davis
3
Famous As: Geographer, Geologist, Meteorologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 5, 1934
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 8 G. I. Taylor

G. I. Taylor
8
Famous As: Physicist, Engineer, Mathematician, Meteorologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1886
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: England
Died: June 27, 1975

G. I. Taylor was a British physicist and mathematician. He was a key figure in fluid dynamics and wave theory. He worked on the development of supersonic aircraft while serving on the Aeronautical Research Committee. Counted among the most notable scientists of the 20th century, he was the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Franklin Medal. 

 9 Charles Thomson Rees Wilson

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Midlothian, Scotland
Died: November 15, 1959

Scottish physicist, meteorologist and Nobel Laureate Charles Thomson Rees Wilson is noted for inventing the cloud chamber particle detector, also referred to as Wilson cloud chamber, used for visualizing the passage of ionizing radiation. It played a significant role in the area of experimental particle physics between the 1920s and 1950s.

 10 Thomas Corwin Mendenhall

Thomas Corwin Mendenhall
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 4, 1841
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hanoverton, Ohio, United States
Died: March 23, 1924

 11 Vilhelm Bjerknes

Vilhelm Bjerknes
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 14, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oslo, Norway
Died: April 9, 1951

 12 Angelo Secchi

Angelo Secchi
2
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: June 28, 1818
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Reggio Emilia, Italy
Died: February 26, 1878

A pioneer in astronomical spectroscopy, Italian Jesuit priest and astronomer Angelo Secchi was among the first scientists who authoritatively stated that the Sun is a star. Notable contributions of Secchi, who served as director of the observatory at the Roman College for nearly three decades, includes discovering three comets and solar spicules; and inventing Secchi disk, heliospectrograph and telespectroscope.

 13 William Ferrel

William Ferrel
2
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: January 29, 1817
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 18, 1891

Though mostly self-taught, William Ferrel grew up to be a school teacher and later joined the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac. He was later part of the U.S. Army’s Signal Service and is best remembered for his meteorological research and his explanation of the deflection of air currents on Earth.

 14 Jacob Bjerknes

Jacob Bjerknes
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: November 2, 1897
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: July 7, 1975

 15 Cleveland Abbe

Cleveland Abbe
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: December 3, 1838
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: October 28, 1916

 16 Léon Teisserenc de Bort

Léon Teisserenc de Bort
2
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 2, 1913

 17 C. H. D. Buys Ballot

C. H. D. Buys Ballot
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 10, 1817
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kloetinge, Netherlands
Died: February 3, 1890

 18 Rudolf Geiger

Rudolf Geiger
2
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: August 24, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Erlangen, Germany
Died: January 22, 1981

 19 Carl-Gustaf Rossby

Carl-Gustaf Rossby
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: December 28, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: August 19, 1957

 20 Jean-André Deluc

Jean-André Deluc
1
Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: February 8, 1727
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: November 7, 1817

 21 Balfour Stewart

Balfour Stewart
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 1, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: December 19, 1887

Scottish meteorologist and geophysicist Balfour Stewart is best remembered for his research on radiant energy and terrestrial magnetism. Initially a trader, he later joined the Kew Observatory as an assistant and eventually became its director. The Unseen Universe remains one of his best-known written works.

 22 Napier Shaw

Napier Shaw
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: March 4, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: March 23, 1945

 23 John Aitken

John Aitken
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: September 18, 1839
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Falkirk, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Died: November 14, 1919

British meteorologist and physicist John Aitken is best remembered for his research on the microscopic particles now known as the Aitken nuclei and their role in the condensation of water vapor. However, health issues kept him confined to his home laboratory and prevented him from taking up significant positions.

 24 Tor Bergeron

Tor Bergeron
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Godstone, Surrey, England
Died: June 13, 1977

 25 Robert Emden

Robert Emden
1
Famous As: Astrophysicist
Birthdate: March 4, 1862
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: St. Gallen, Switzerland
Died: October 8, 1940

 26 James Pollard Espy

James Pollard Espy
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: May 9, 1785
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Westmorland County, Canada
Died: January 24, 1860

 27 Thomas Stewart Traill

Thomas Stewart Traill
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 29, 1781
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orkney, Scotland
Died: July 30, 1862

Thomas Stewart Traill had donned many hats. Initially a practicing physician, he was also interested in zoology and helped John James Audubon publish The Birds of America. He was also a chemist and a meteorologist and spent his life teaching at the University of Edinburgh. He also edited Encyclopædia Britannica’s 8th edition.

 28 Sverre Petterssen

Sverre Petterssen
1
Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: February 19, 1898
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hadsel, Norway
Died: December 31, 1974

 29 Alexander Buchan

Alexander Buchan
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: April 11, 1829
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: May 13, 1907

 30 George James Symons

George James Symons
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: August 6, 1838
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 10, 1900

 31 Hugh Robert Mill

Hugh Robert Mill
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: May 28, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Thurso, Scotland
Died: April 5, 1950

 32 William Henry Dines

William Henry Dines
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: August 5, 1855
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 24, 1927