Famous 19th Century Organic Chemists

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 1 Dmitri Mendeleev

Dmitri Mendeleev.
4
Famous As: Inventor of Periodic Table
Birthdate: February 8, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tobolsk
Died: February 2, 1907
Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev created the Periodic Law and his version of the Periodic Table of Elements that revolutionized the field of chemistry. His table was independent of German chemist Julius Lothar Meyer’s version of the table. Mendeleev also assisted in the development of the first oil refinery in Russia.

 2 Aleksandr Borodin

Dmitri Mendeleev.
4
Famous As: Composer, Chemist
Birthdate: November 12, 1833
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg
Died: February 27, 1887

Aleksandr Borodin was a Russian musical composer. He was one of the popular 19th-century group of musicians known as The Five, who worked together to create a national style of classical music. A chemist and doctor by profession, Borodin also made important contributions to organic chemistry. His best known work as a chemist is his work pertaining to organic synthesis.

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 3 Chaim Weizmann

Dmitri Mendeleev.
4
Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: November 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Motal
Died: November 9, 1952

Born in Russia, biochemist Chaim Weizmann was a World Zionist Organization leader and later also became the first president of Israel. He had a major role in the Balfour Declaration. Remembered for his research on industrial fermentation, gasoline, and rubber, he also helped establish the Weizmann Institute.

 4 Wallace Carothers

Dmitri Mendeleev.
3
Famous As: Inventor of Neoprene & Nylon
Birthdate: April 27, 1896
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Burlington, Iowa, United States
Died: April 29, 1937

 5 Adolf von Baeyer

Dmitri Mendeleev.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 31, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: August 20, 1917

Adolf von Baeyer was a German chemist who is best known for synthesizing indigo. Interested in science from a young age,  he studied chemistry at the University of Heidelberg, where his mentor was the prominent organic chemist August Kekulé. He went on to have a successful career and received the 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

 6 Hans Fischer

Dmitri Mendeleev.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 27, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Höchst on Main, Germany
Died: March 31, 1945

Hans Fischer was a German organic chemist best known for his research into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll, for which he was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. During the early years of his career, he worked at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under Emil Fischer. He later pursued an academic career. 

 7 Hermann Staudinger

Dmitri Mendeleev.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 23, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Worms, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Died: September 8, 1965

Hermann Staudinger was a German organic chemist whose demonstration of the existence of polymers earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1953. He also played a key role in the development of pyrethroid insecticides as he was able to explain clearly the molecular structures of pyrethrin I and pyrethrin II. Hermann Staudinger is also credited with discovering ketenes. 

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 8 Victor Grignard

Dmitri Mendeleev.
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 6, 1871
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cherbourg-Octeville, France
Died: December 13, 1935

Victor Grignard was a French chemist whose discovery of the Grignard Reagent earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1912. Subsequently, he was honored with a medal of the Legion of Honour, the highest French order of merit. As a chemist, he also played an important role during the First World War.

 9 Robert Robinson

Dmitri Mendeleev.
2
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: September 13, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England
Died: February 8, 1975

 10 Hermann Emil Fischer

Dmitri Mendeleev.
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 9, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Euskirchen
Died: July 15, 1919

Hermann Emil Fischer was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902. He is credited with discovering the Fischer esterification, which is named in his honor. He is also credited with developing the Fischer projection, which was originally used for the depiction of carbohydrates. Several chemical reactions and concepts like Fischer glycosidation are named after him.

 11 Paul Sabatier

Dmitri Mendeleev.
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 5, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Carcassonne, France
Died: August 14, 1941

Paul Sabatier was a French chemist known for his work improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals. Along with Victor Grignard, he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1912. He is also remembered for developing what is now known as the Sabatier process and the Sabatier principle of catalysis. 

 12 Georg Wittig

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Organic Chemist
Birthdate: June 16, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 26, 1987

 13 Tadeusz Reichstein

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 20, 1897
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Włocławek, Poland
Died: August 1, 1996

 14 Norman Haworth

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 19, 1883
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chorley, Lancashire, England
Died: March 19, 1950

 15 Otto Diels

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 23, 1876
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, German Empire
Died: March 7, 1954

 16 Heinrich Otto Wieland

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Father of Biochemistry
Birthdate: June 4, 1877
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: August 5, 1957

Heinrich Otto Wieland was a German chemist known for his research into bile acids, for which he won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He studied under prominent chemist and professor Johannes Thiele at the University of Munich. He had a brilliant academic career and worked actively to protect Jewish students after the passage of the Nuremberg Laws.

 17 Otto Wallach

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 27, 1847
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Königsberg
Died: February 26, 1931

 18 Paul Karrer

Dmitri Mendeleev.
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 21, 1889
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: June 18, 1971