Famous 19th Century Physiologists

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physiologists, including Wilhelm Wundt, Theodor Schwann, Otto Heinrich Warburg, Claude Bernard and Albert Szent-Györgyi.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Physiologists

 1 Wilhelm Wundt

Wilhelm Wundt
6
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: August 16, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: August 31, 1920

Wilhelm Wundt was a German physiologist, professor, and philosopher. He is often counted among the founders of modern psychology and is widely considered the father of experimental psychology. He is also credited with founding the first laboratory for psychological research, which he founded at the University of Leipzig in 1879.

 2 Theodor Schwann

Theodor Schwann
4
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 7, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Neuss, Germany
Died: January 11, 1882

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist and physician best remembered for his important contributions to biology. He is credited with discovering the Schwann cells, which is named after him. He is also credited with discovering pepsin and the organic nature of yeast. Theodor Schwann also invented the term metabolism.

 3 Otto Heinrich Warburg

Otto Heinrich Warburg
6
Famous As: Physiologist & Physician
Birthdate: October 8, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Freiburg, Baden, German Empire
Died: August 1, 1970

Otto Heinrich Warburg was a German medical doctor and physiologist. In 1931, his discovery of the nature of the respiratory enzyme earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He also played an important role during World War I where he served as an officer in the cavalry regiment; he was honored with the Iron Cross for bravery.

Recommended Lists:

 4 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach
6
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 11, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gotha, Germany
Died: January 22, 1840

A pioneer of physical anthropology, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach laid down one of the first racial classification systems for humans after studying human skulls, dividing mankind into five racial groups. Born into a family of academics, he was a prodigy. He was against scientific racism, though his theory promoted the degenerative hypothesis.

 5 Albert Szent-Györgyi

Albert Szent-Györgyi
4
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: October 22, 1986

Born in Budapest, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Albert Szent-Györgyi shot himself in the arm while serving in World War II, so that he could be sent back home, and then studied medicine. While he is remembered for first isolating vitamin C, unknown to many, he was also a skilled pianist.

 6 Claude Bernard

Claude Bernard
6
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 12, 1813
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Julien, France
Died: February 10, 1878

Claude Bernard was a French physiologist whose scientific experiments led to several important discoveries. He is credited with coining the phrase milieu intérieur, which refers to the extracellular fluid (ECF) environment. He also pioneered the use of a blinded experiment to eliminate various experimental biases.

 7 Emil Adolf von Behring

Emil Adolf von Behring
6
Famous As: German physiologist
Birthdate: March 15, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ławice
Died: March 31, 1917

Nobel Prize-winning German physiologist Emil Adolf von Behring is remembered as a pioneer of immunology for his research on serum therapy developed an antitoxin to cure diphtheria. One of the 13 children of his parents, he had studied medicine at a military academy due to lack of funds.

You May Like

 8 Charles Scott Sherrington

Charles Scott Sherrington
3
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: November 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Islington
Died: March 4, 1952

 9 Nicolae Paulescu

Nicolae Paulescu
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 30, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: July 17, 1931

 10 Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: April 28, 1858

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and comparative anatomist. Known for his discoveries and his capability to synthesize knowledge, Müller made important contributions to the field of physiology. He also mentored physiologists and scientists like Hermann von Helmholtz, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Ernst Haeckel, and Ernst Wilhelm Brücke.

 11 Walter Bradford Cannon

Walter Bradford Cannon
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 1, 1945

 12 John Scott Haldane

John Scott Haldane
3
Famous As: Inventor, Physiologist
Birthdate: May 3, 1860
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: March 15, 1936

 13 Charles Richet

Charles Richet
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 25, 1850
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 4, 1935

Charles Richet was a French physiologist remembered for his pioneering work in immunology. He is acclaimed for his work on anaphylaxis, which earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913. He was also interested in the study of the paranormal. A proponent of eugenics, Richet was in charge of the French Eugenics Society for six years.

 14 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille

Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
3
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 22, 1797
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 26, 1869

 15 John James Rickard Macleod

John James Rickard Macleod
3
Famous As: Biochemist & Physiologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clunie, Perthshire, Scotland
Died: March 16, 1935

John James Rickard Macleod was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist. Even though his research covered diverse topics in physiology and biochemistry, he is best remembered for his work in carbohydrate metabolism. He played a major role in the discovery and isolation of insulin, for which he shared the 1923 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frederick Banting.  

 16 Bernardo Houssay

Bernardo Houssay
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 10, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: September 21, 1971

 17 Ernest Starling

Ernest Starling
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 17, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 2, 1927

 18 E. Morton Jellinek

E. Morton Jellinek
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 22, 1963

 19 Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard

Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard
3
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: April 8, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Port Louis, Mauritius
Died: April 2, 1894

 20 Albert von Kölliker

Albert von Kölliker
3
Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: July 6, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: November 2, 1905

 21 Emil Heinrich Du Bois-Reymond

Emil Heinrich Du Bois-Reymond
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 7, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 26, 1896

 22 Robert Remak

Robert Remak
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1815
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 29, 1865

German embryologist and neurologist Robert Remak is known for pathbreaking scientific feats such as the discovery of the Remak’s ganglia and the use of electrotherapy to treat nervous ailments. He also named the three layers of the embryo, the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. His Jewish origin deprived him from valid recognition.

 23 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen

Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen
2
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: February 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 11, 1927

 24 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
4
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Delitzsch, Germany
Died: June 27, 1876

 25 Nathaniel Kleitman

Nathaniel Kleitman
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moldova
Died: August 13, 1999

 26 Carl Gustav Carus

Carl Gustav Carus
4
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: January 3, 1789
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: July 28, 1869

 27 Sir Patrick Manson

Sir Patrick Manson
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 3, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died: April 9, 1922

Best remembered as the founder of the domain of tropical medicine, parasitologist Sir Patrick Manson also had a degree in law. He practiced medicine in places such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China and was the man behind the formation of the University of Hong Kong. He was later knighted, too.

 28 Paul Bert

Paul Bert
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Auxerre, France
Died: November 11, 1886

 29 Jean Pierre Flourens

Jean Pierre Flourens
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 13, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Maureilhan, France
Died: December 6, 1867

 30 Ewald Hering

Ewald Hering
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 5, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gersdorf, Germany
Died: January 26, 1918

 31 François Magendie

François Magendie
4
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 6, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: October 7, 1855

 32 Julius von Sachs

Julius von Sachs
4
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: October 2, 1832
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: May 29, 1897

 33 John Boyd Orr

John Boyd Orr
2
Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: September 23, 1880
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kilmaurs, Scotland
Died: June 25, 1971

Apart from being a scientist and physician, John Boyd Orr also conducted ground-breaking research on nutrition. The Nobel Peace Prize winner, who was known for his campaigns to end world hunger, had also served the British army and navy as a medical officer. He was later knighted, too.

 34 Henri Dutrochet

Henri Dutrochet
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 14, 1776
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Néon, France
Died: February 4, 1847

 35 Shiga Kiyoshi

Shiga Kiyoshi
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Miyagi, Japan
Died: January 25, 1957

 36 William Bayliss

William Bayliss
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: May 2, 1860
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wolverhampton, England
Died: August 27, 1924

 37 Lawrence Joseph Henderson

Lawrence Joseph Henderson
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lynn, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 10, 1942

A Harvard alumnus, Lawrence Joseph Henderson was associated with the Harvard Medical School for almost four decades. His chief contribution as a biochemist was his proposal of the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation, which calculates the acid–base equilibria of substances. He also penned the iconic work The Fitness of the Environment.

 38 Carl Ludwig

Carl Ludwig
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 29, 1816
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Witzenhausen, Germany
Died: April 23, 1895

 39 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke

Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 6, 1819
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 7, 1892

Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke was a German physician and physiologist. He studied medicine at the University of Berlin. Together with Emil Du Bois-Reymond, Hermann von Helmholtz and others, he founded the Physikalische Gesellschaft (Physical Society) in Berlin. He had a successful academic career and is remembered for his research on the nature of cells and studies of albumin. 

 40 Jacques Loeb

Jacques Loeb
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 7, 1859
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mayen, Germany
Died: February 11, 1924

 41 Michael Foster

Michael Foster
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: March 8, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Huntingdon, England
Died: January 29, 1907

 42 Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer

Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: June 2, 1850
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hornsey, England
Died: March 29, 1935

 43 Felix Hoppe-Seyler

Felix Hoppe-Seyler
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 26, 1825
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Freyburg, Germany
Died: August 10, 1895

 44 Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet

Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie, 1st Baronet
1
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: June 9, 1783
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: West Winterslow, England
Died: October 21, 1862

 45 André Frédéric Cournand

André Frédéric Cournand
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 19, 1988

 46 Ludwig Büchner

Ludwig Büchner
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: March 29, 1824
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: May 1, 1899

Ludwig Büchner was a German philosopher, physiologist, and physician. He was one of the exponents of 19th-century scientific materialism. He studied at the University of Strasbourg, the University of Würzburg, and the University of Vienna before becoming a lecturer in medicine. As an exponent of scientific materialism, he founded the "German Freethinkers League" ("Deutsche Freidenkerbund") in Frankfurt.  

 47 Dickinson W. Richards

Dickinson W. Richards
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: City of Orange, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 23, 1973

 48 Emil Christian Hansen

Emil Christian Hansen
1
Famous As: Mycologist
Birthdate: May 8, 1842
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ribe, Denmark
Died: August 27, 1909

 49 Marshall Hall

Marshall Hall
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 18, 1790
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Basford, England
Died: August 11, 1857

Marshall Hall was an English physician, neurologist, and physiologist. He is credited with contributing immensely to the theory of reflex arc. Hall also wrote many books on neurological diseases, such as epilepsy and apoplexy (stroke). An ardent supporter of the abolitionist movement, Marshall Hall was inducted into the American Philosophical Society (APS) in 1853.

 50 Carl von Voit

Carl von Voit
0
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 31, 1831
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Amberg, Germany
Died: January 31, 1908