Chemistry has been one of the foremost important disciplines of science. Of all the scientists working in this field or branch of science, chemists are the most important contributors. They specialize in the field with their job involving studying the chemical nature of substances and examining their behaviour in different situations and different conditions. Chemists also are involved in understanding the composition and properties of unknown substances, using them further in practical applications in industries. Since chemicals play a vital role in virtually all types of industries, chemists are employed in various industrial establishments, including plastics, medicines, pharmaceuticals, paints and so on. The role of a chemist is mostly involved in laboratory research. Over the years, chemists have voluminously contributed in this field of study. The 19th century saw some of the greatest of chemists rise in number. Be it the Swiss Nobel laureate Alfred Werner who founded coordination chemistry or German Nobel prize winner Carl Bosch who developed the Haber Bosch process for high pressure synthesis of ammonia, 19th century has had legendary chemists whose contributions have been magnanimous in the field. Check this segment and discover some of the most important and famous chemists of the 19th century.
Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

Polish

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

27 December 1822

French

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev

08 February 1834

Russian

Alfred NobelAlfred Nobel

21 October 1833

Swedish

Fritz HaberFritz Haber

09 December 1868

German

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie

12 September 1897

French

Svante ArrheniusSvante Arrhenius

19 February 1859

Swedish

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian

11 April 1899

American

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann

27 November 1874

British

Otto HahnOtto Hahn

08 March 1879

German

Prafulla Chandra RayPrafulla Chandra Ray

02 August 1861

Indian

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen

30 March 1811

German

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Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland

14 November 1863

Belgian,American

Irving LangmuirIrving Langmuir

31 January 1881

American

Shanti Swaroop BhatnagarShanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

21 February 1894

Indian

William RamsayWilliam Ramsay

02 October 1852

British

Harold UreyHarold Urey

29 April 1893

American

Carl Bosch Carl Bosch

27 August 1874

German

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William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg

02 July 1862

British

Peter DebyePeter Debye

24 March 1884

American

Wallace Hume Carothers Wallace Carothers

27 April 1896

American

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer

31 October 1835

German

Wilhelm OstwaldWilhelm Ostwald

02 September 1853

German

Walther NernstWalther Nernst

25 June 1864

German

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Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy

02 September 1877

British

Henri MoissanHenri Moissan

28 September 1852

French

François Auguste Victor GrignardVictor Grignard

06 May 1871

French

Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland

04 June 1877

German

Hermann Emil FischerHermann Emil Fischer

09 October 1852

German

Hermann StaudingerHermann Staudinger

23 March 1881

German

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Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler

26 November 1898

German

Paul Hermann MüllerPaul Hermann Müller

12 January 1899

Swiss

Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner

20 May 1860

German

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston

01 September 1877

British

Alfred WernerAlfred Werner

12 December 1866

Swiss

Norman HaworthNorman Haworth

19 March 1883

British

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Robert Sanderson Mulliken Robert S. Mulliken

07 June 1896

American

James B. Sumner James B. Sumner

19 November 1887

American

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer

27 July 1881

German

Edward Calvin KendallEdward Calvin Kendall

08 March 1886

American

Georg WittigGeorg Wittig

16 June 1897

German

Otto DielsOtto Diels

23 January 1876

German

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Theodore William RichardsTheodore William Richards

31 January 1868

American

Otto WallachOtto Wallach

27 March 1847

German

Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius

11 October 1884

German

Tadeusz ReichsteinTadeusz Reichstein

20 July 1897

Polish

Paul KarrerPaul Karrer

21 April 1889

Swiss

Odd HasselOdd Hassel

17 May 1897

Norwegian

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Ronald George Wreyford NorrishRonald George Wreyford Norrish

09 November 1897

British

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden

12 October 1865

British

Paul SabatierPaul Sabatier

05 November 1854

French

Paul WaldenPaul Walden

26 July 1863

German,Latvian

Max VolmerMax Volmer

03 May 1885

German

Robert Robinson Robert Robinson

13 September 1886

British

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Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin

12 November 1833

Russian

James Young ChemistJames Young (Chemist)

13 July 1811

Scottish

Alexander BorodinAlexander Borodin

12 November 1833

Russian

Charles GoodyearCharles Goodyear

29 December 1800

American

Joseph SwanJoseph Swan

31 October 1828

British

John PembertonJohn Pemberton

08 July 1831

American

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Justus von LiebigJustus von Liebig

12 May 1803

German

Gilbert N. LewisGilbert N. Lewis

23 October 1875

American

Charles Martin HallCharles Martin Hall

06 December 1863

American

William CrookesWilliam Crookes

17 June 1832

British

Michael PolanyiMichael Polanyi

11 March 1891

Hungarian

Friedrich MiescherFriedrich Miescher

13 August 1844

Swiss

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Paul LangevinPaul Langevin

23 January 1872

French

Julius Lothar MeyerJulius Lothar Meyer

19 August 1830

German

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer

06 March 1787

German

August Wilhelm von HofmannAugust Wilhelm von Hofmann

08 April 1818

German

Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr

21 June 1870

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo

31 May 1819

British,American

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James DewarJames Dewar

20 September 1842

British,Scottish

Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards

03 December 1842

American

Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes

29 December 1813

British

Felix HoffmannFelix Hoffmann

21 January 1868

German

George de HevesyGeorge de Hevesy

01 August 1885

Hungarian,Swedish

Charles PfizerCharles Pfizer

22 March 1824

German

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Michel Eugène ChevreulMichel Eugène Chevreul

31 August 1786

French

Maud MentenMaud Menten

20 March 1879

Canadian

Herbert Henry DowHerbert Henry Dow

26 February 1866

American