Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Botanists, including Charles Darwin, George Washington Carver, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Matthias Jakob Schleiden and Jan Smuts.
Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809, British
Naturalist
George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose
30 November 1858, Indian
Physicist

Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
1897 AD, Indian
Botanist
Birbal SahniBirbal Sahni
1891 AD, Indian
Palaeobotanist

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825, Australian, German
Botanist and Geographer

Hugo von MohlHugo von Mohl
08 April 1805, German
Botanist
Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879, British
Botanist

Li Ching-YuenLi Ching-Yuen
Chinese
Herbalist
Jan SmutsJan Smuts
24 May 1870, South African
Botanist, Officer, Lawyer

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
13 November 1887, Russian
botanist, biologist, explorer, geneticist,

David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
19 January 1851, American
Botanist, Peace activist, Zoologist,

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
11 August 1865, American
Forestry scientist

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
05 April 1804, German
Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University
Joel Roberts PoinsettJoel Roberts Poinsett
02 March 1779, American
Physician

Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
07 March 1849, American
Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener,

Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
02 October 1854, Scottish
Biologist

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
30 June 1817, British
Botanist
Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
16 March 1851, Dutch
Microbiologist

David DouglasDavid Douglas
25 June 1799, Scottish
Botanist
Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
28 October 1864, Russian
Botanist

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
29 November 1843, British
Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction

Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
16 February 1848, Dutch
Botanist, Biologist, Geneticist, University
Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
12 April 1748, French
Botanist

Joseph Banks RhineJoseph Banks Rhine
29 September 1895, American
Botanist
Asa GrayAsa Gray
18 November 1810, American
Curator, Botanist, University teacher

Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
16 August 1848, British
Botanist

Lester Frank WardLester Frank Ward
18 June 1841, American
Botanist
Augustin Pyrame de CandolleAugustin Pyrame de Candolle
04 February 1778, Swiss
Botanist

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Elias Magnus FriesElias Magnus Fries
15 August 1794, Swedish
Mycologist
Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
14 May 1872, Italian, Russian
Botanist

Ynes MexiaYnes Mexia
24 May 1870, Mexican, American
Botanist

Lorenz OkenLorenz Oken
01 August 1779, German
Naturalist

Carl CorrensCarl Correns
19 September 1864, German
Botanist
Pierre-Joseph RedoutéPierre-Joseph Redouté
10 July 1759, Belgian
Painter
Heinrich Anton de BaryHeinrich Anton de Bary
26 January 1831, German
Botanist

David FairchildDavid Fairchild
07 April 1869, American
Botanist

Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
07 April 1727, French
Botanist

John LindleyJohn Lindley
05 February 1799, British
Botanist
Wilhelm Ludvig JohannsenWilhelm Ludvig Johannsen
03 February 1857, Danish
Botanist

Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
12 June 1858, British
Botanist

Frederic Edward ClementsFrederic Edward Clements
16 September 1874, American
Botanist and ecologist

Karl Friedrich Philipp von MartiusKarl Friedrich Philipp von Martius
17 April 1794, German
Botanist

Julius von SachsJulius von Sachs
02 October 1832, German
Botanist
Ludwig von KöchelLudwig von Köchel
14 January 1800, Austrian
Austrian musician

George BenthamGeorge Bentham
22 September 1800, British
Botanist
Carl NägeliCarl Nägeli
27 March 1817, Swiss
Botanist

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
06 July 1785, British
Botanist

Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
05 January 1786, British
Botanist
Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
19 January 1737, French
Writer

John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
08 April 1783, Scottish
Botanist
Gottlieb HaberlandtGottlieb Haberlandt
28 November 1854, Austrian
Botanist

Henri DutrochetHenri Dutrochet
14 November 1776, French
Physician

Catharine Parr TraillCatharine Parr Traill
09 January 1802, Canadian, British
Author

André MichauxAndré Michaux
08 March 1746, French
Botanist

Erich von TschermakErich von Tschermak
15 November 1871, Austrian
Agronomist
John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
06 February 1796, British
Priest

Adolf EnglerAdolf Engler
25 March 1844, German, Polish
Botanist

Emma Lucy BraunEmma Lucy Braun
19 April 1889, American
Botanist and ecologist

Henry Nicholas RidleyHenry Nicholas Ridley
10 December 1855, British
Botanist
Katherine EsauKatherine Esau
03 April 1898, German, American
Botanist

José Celestino MutisJosé Celestino Mutis
06 April 1732, Spanish
Spanish botanist
Johannes Eugenius Bülow WarmingJohannes Eugenius Bülow Warming
03 November 1841, Danish
Danish botanist

Joseph Gottlieb KölreuterJoseph Gottlieb Kölreuter
27 April 1733, German
Botanist

George EngelmannGeorge Engelmann
02 February 1809, German, American
Botanist
Wilhelm HofmeisterWilhelm Hofmeister
18 May 1824, German
Biologist

Andreas Franz Wilhelm SchimperAndreas Franz Wilhelm Schimper
12 May 1856, German
Botanist
Henry Chandler CowlesHenry Chandler Cowles
27 February 1869, American
Botanist

Charles EliotCharles Eliot
08 January 1862, British
Diplomat

Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786, Italian
Astronomer
John TorreyJohn Torrey
15 August 1796, American
Botanist

Thomas Andrew KnightThomas Andrew Knight
12 August 1759, British
Botanist
Alexander BraunAlexander Braun
10 May 1805, German
Botanist

Alphonse Pyrame de CandolleAlphonse Pyrame de Candolle
28 October 1806, Swiss, French
Botanist

Georg August SchweinfurthGeorg August Schweinfurth
29 December 1836, German, Latvian
Botanist

Julius NieuwlandJulius Nieuwland
14 February 1878, Belgian, American
Priest
Gerhard RohlfsGerhard Rohlfs
14 April 1831, German
Explorer
August W. EichlerAugust W. Eichler
22 April 1839, German
Botanist

Francisco de Paula MarínFrancisco de Paula Marín
25 November 1774, Spanish
Nobleman

Wilhelm PfefferWilhelm Pfeffer
09 March 1845, German
Botanist

Adolphe-Théodore BrongniartAdolphe-Théodore Brongniart
14 January 1801, French
Botanist
Almira Hart Lincoln PhelpsAlmira Hart Lincoln Phelps
15 July 1793, American
Educator

Mary Vaux WalcottMary Vaux Walcott
31 July 1860, American
Artist

Stephan EndlicherStephan Endlicher
24 June 1804, Austrian
Botanist

Pierre-Marie-Alexis MillardetPierre-Marie-Alexis Millardet
13 December 1838, French
Botanist

Charles Edwin BesseyCharles Edwin Bessey
21 May 1845, American
Botanist
Elizabeth Gertrude BrittonElizabeth Gertrude Britton
09 January 1858, American
Botanist

Albert Francis BlakesleeAlbert Francis Blakeslee
09 November 1874, American
Botanist
Christian Konrad SprengelChristian Konrad Sprengel
22 September 1750, German
Naturalist

Charles-François Brisseau de MirbelCharles-François Brisseau de Mirbel
27 March 1776, French
Botanist
Edward Murray EastEdward Murray East
04 October 1879, American
Geneticist
James Hingston TuckeyJames Hingston Tuckey
31 July 1776, Irish
Explorer