Famous People Of The 17th Century

The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 

William Shakespeare
113
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: April 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Died: April 23, 1616

 2 
Isaac Newton
(Formulated the Laws of Motion & Universal Gravitation)

Isaac Newton
70
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: January 4, 1643
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lincolnshire, England
Died: March 31, 1727

 3 
Galileo Galilei
(Astronomer)

Galileo Galilei
50
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: January 8, 1642

 4 
Elizabeth I of England
(Queen of England)

Elizabeth I of England
29
Birthdate: September 7, 1533
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palace of Placentia
Died: March 24, 1603
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 5 
Blackbeard
(Pirate)

Blackbeard
14
Listed In: Criminals
Birthdate: 1680 AD
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: November 22, 1718
Height: 6'5" (196 cm)

 6 

Johann Sebastian Bach
10
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 31, 1685
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Eisenach, Germany
Died: July 28, 1750

 7 
John Locke
(Philosopher)

John Locke
22
Birthdate: August 29, 1632
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: October 28, 1704
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 8 
René Déscartes
(Former Philosopher known as father of modern philosophy)

René Déscartes
10
Birthdate: March 31, 1596
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Descartes, France
Died: February 11, 1650

 9 
Elizabeth Báthory
(Countess, Serial Killer)

Elizabeth Báthory
16
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 7, 1560
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Nyírbátor, Hungary
Died: August 21, 1614

 10 
Francis Bacon
(Philosopher, Politician)

Francis Bacon
15
Birthdate: January 22, 1561
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: York House, London, England
Died: April 9, 1626
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 11 
Peter the Great
(First Emperor of Russia)

Peter the Great
17
Birthdate: June 9, 1672
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: February 8, 1725
Height: 6'8" (203 cm)

 12 
Shivaji
(1st Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire (1674-80))

Shivaji
23
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Maharashtra, India
Died: April 3, 1680

 13 
Charles II
(King of Scotland (1649-51), King of England (1660-85))

Charles II
14
Birthdate: May 29, 1630
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London, England
Died: February 6, 1685
Height: 6'1" (185 cm)

 14 
Akbar
(Mughal Emperor (1556-1605))

Akbar
39
Birthdate: October 15, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)

 15 
George II of Great Britain
(King of Great Britain & Ireland (1727-1760))

George II of Great Britain
8
Birthdate: November 10, 1683
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: October 25, 1760

 16 
Rembrandt
(Painter)

Rembrandt
7
Birthdate: July 15, 1606
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 4, 1669

 17 
Blaise Pascal
(One of the Greatest Mathematicians of All Time Who Invented the Mechanical Calculator)

Blaise Pascal
2
Birthdate: June 19, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Clermont-Ferrand, France
Died: August 19, 1662

 18 
Henry IV of France
(King of France (1589-1610))

Henry IV of France
6
Birthdate: December 13, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pau, France
Died: May 14, 1610

 19 

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
8
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 4, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: July 28, 1741

 20 
Johannes Kepler
(Astronomer Best Known for his Laws of Plantery Motion)

Johannes Kepler
8
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Weil der Stadt, Germany
Died: November 15, 1630

 21 
Thomas Hobbes
(Philosopher)

Thomas Hobbes
9
Birthdate: April 5, 1588
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Westport, Wiltshire, England
Died: December 4, 1679

 22 
Charles I of England
(King of England, Scotland & Ireland from 1625 to 1649)

Charles I of England
12
Birthdate: November 19, 1600
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dunfermline Palace, Dunfermline, Scotland
Died: January 30, 1649
Height: 5'4" (163 cm)

 23 

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
2
Birthdate: October 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: August 26, 1723

 24 
Miyamoto Musashi
(Swordsman & Philosopher)

Miyamoto Musashi
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 1, 1584
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Harima Province, Japan
Died: May 19, 1645

 25 
Charles II of Spain
(King of Spain (1665-1700))

Charles II of Spain
6
Birthdate: November 6, 1661
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: November 1, 1700

 26 
Caravaggio
(Painter)

Caravaggio
7
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610

 27 
John Smith
(Explorer)

John Smith
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 6, 1580
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lincolnshire, England
Died: June 21, 1631

 28 
Walter Raleigh
(Politician, Writer, Explorer)

Walter Raleigh
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1552 AD
Birthplace: Hayes Barton, England
Died: October 29, 1618

 29 

John Milton
14
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: December 9, 1608
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cheapside, London, England
Died: November 8, 1674

 30 
Anne, Queen of Great Britain
(Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707 – 1714))

Anne, Queen of Great Britain
18
Birthdate: February 1, 1665
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: St James's Palace, Westminster, England
Died: August 1, 1714

 31 
Jonathan Swift
(Satirist & Author of 'Gulliver's Travels',' A Tale of a Tub' and 'A Modest Proposal')

Jonathan Swift
12
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 30, 1667
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: October 19, 1745

 32 
Louis XIV of France
(King of France (1643-1715))

Louis XIV of France
15
Birthdate: September 5, 1638
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: September 1, 1715

 33 
Louis XIII of France
(King of France)

Louis XIII of France
5
Birthdate: September 27, 1601
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Château de Fontainebleau, Fontainebleau, France
Died: May 14, 1643

 34 

Johannes Vermeer
7
Birthdate: September 27, 1601, 1632
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: November 30, 1675

 35 

Guru Gobind Singh
4
Birthdate: December 22, 1666
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Patna, India
Died: October 7, 1708

 36 
Henry Hudson
(Navigator and Explorer)

Henry Hudson
6
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1565 AD
Birthplace: England, United Kingdom
Died: 1611 AD

 37 
Baruch Spinoza
(Philosopher)

Baruch Spinoza
14
Birthdate: November 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: February 21, 1677

 38 
Robert Hooke
(Philosopher)

Robert Hooke
8
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Died: March 3, 1703

 39 
Mariam-uz-Zamani
(Akbar's Third Wife)

Mariam-uz-Zamani
9
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Died: May 19, 1623

 40 
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
(Son of Louis XIII of France)

Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 21, 1640
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: June 9, 1701

 41 
Aurangzeb
(Mughal Emperor (1658-1707))

Aurangzeb
24
Birthdate: November 3, 1618
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dahod, Gujarat, India
Died: March 3, 1707

 42 
Mary II of England
(Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1694))

Mary II of England
5
Birthdate: April 30, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 28, 1694

 43 
Oliver Cromwell
(English Statesman)

Oliver Cromwell
19
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658

 44 

Samuel de Champlain
5
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 13, 1574
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hiers-Brouage, Marennes-Hiers-Brouage, France
Died: December 25, 1635

 45 
William Penn
(Writer)

William Penn
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 14, 1644
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 30, 1718

 46 
El Greco
(Painter)

El Greco
2
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614

 47 

Guru Tegh Bahadur
75
Birthdate: April 1, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Amritsar, India
Died: October 31, 1675

 48 

Artemisia Gentileschi
5
Birthdate: July 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 1652 AD

 49 
Nader Shah
(Shah of Iran (1736-47))

Nader Shah
6
Birthdate: October 22, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dargaz, Iran
Died: June 19, 1747

 50 
Moliere
(Playwright)

Moliere
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 15, 1622
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rue Saint Honoré, Paris, France
Died: February 17, 1673