The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan
Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British
Mathematician

Charles IICharles II
29 May 1630, British
King of England, Scotland & Ireland

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland
Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer

AkbarAkbar
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor
Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer
BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia

ShivajiShivaji
19 February 1630, Indian
King

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German
Composer

AurangzebAurangzeb
04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor
Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian
Warrior

Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish
Ruler

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism
William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher
René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England

Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre
Mariam-uz-ZamaniMariam-uz-Zamani
1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France
John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the

RembrandtRembrandt
15 July 1606, Dutch
Painter

Antonio Lucio VivaldiAntonio Lucio Vivaldi
04 March 1678, Italian
Composer
Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru

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Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer
Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France
Ahmed IAhmed I
18 April 1590, Turkish
Ottoman Emperor

Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
Painter
Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

John SmithJohn Smith
06 January 1580, British
Explorer

Philip V of SpainPhilip V of Spain
19 December 1683, French
King of Spain
Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
Trader
Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain

Charles XII of SwedenCharles XII of Sweden
17 June 1682, Swedish
King of Sweden
Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Military Leader
Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch
Scientist

Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal

Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British
 

Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria
22 September 1601, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Gustavus Adolphus of SwedenGustavus Adolphus of Sweden
09 December 1594, Swedish
King

Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

Kangxi EmperorKangxi Emperor
04 May 1654, Chinese
Emperor
Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife
Sophia of HanoverSophia of Hanover
14 October 1630, German
Heiress of Great Britain

Henry EveryHenry Every
23 August 1659, British
Pirate

MoliereMoliere
15 January 1622, French
Playwright, Actor and Stage Manager
Gian Lorenzo BerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini
07 December 1598, Italian
Architect

Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635, British, Welsh
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British
Pirate

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader
Philip III of SpainPhilip III of Spain
14 April 1578, Spanish
King

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son
El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek
Painter

Richard CromwellRichard Cromwell
04 October 1626, British
Statesman

Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
13 August 1574, French
Explorer

Anne of DenmarkAnne of Denmark
12 December 1574, Danish, British
Queen of England
Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
01 September 1653, German
Composer, Organist and Teacher
Martin de PorresMartin de Porres
09 December 1579, Peruvian
Saint

Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister

John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British
poet

Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Composer
TitubaTituba
1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave

Henrietta Maria of FranceHenrietta Maria of France
25 November 1609, French
Queen of England

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Susanna HallSusanna Hall
26 May 1583, British
William Shakespeare's Daughter

Philippe II, Duke of OrléansPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans
02 August 1674, French
Regent
Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch
Mathematician

Charles PerraultCharles Perrault
12 January 1628, French
Author
Sir Christopher WrenSir Christopher Wren
20 October 1632, British
Architect

John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
17 December 1619, German
Military Leader