The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British
Mathematician

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
Military & Political Leader

AkbarAkbar
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

ShivajiShivaji
19 February 1627, Indian
King
Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German
Composer

BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer
AurangzebAurangzeb
04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish
Ruler

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France
William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England

James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer

RembrandtRembrandt
15 July 1606, Dutch
Painter

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre
John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer
Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France

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Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian
Warrior

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch
Scientist

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Mariam-uz-ZamaniMariam-uz-Zamani
1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife
Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Abigail Masham, Baroness MashamAbigail Masham, Baroness Masham
1670 AD, British
Courtier
Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
Painter
Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
Trader

John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal
Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British
 

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain

Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
31 July 1574, French
Explorer

El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek
Painter
Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son
Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British
Pirate

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law
Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
01 September 1653, German
Composer, Organist and Teacher
Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch
Mathematician

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Composer
John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British
poet

Claudio MonteverdiClaudio Monteverdi
15 May 1567, Italian
Composer
John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher

Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
17 December 1619, German
Military Leader

Abel TasmanAbel Tasman
1603 AD, Dutch
Navigator

Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial
Domenico ScarlattiDomenico Scarlatti
26 October 1685, Italian
Musical Composer
Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619, French
Dramatist and Playwright

Antonio StradivariAntonio Stradivari
1644 AD, Italian
Luthier

Susanna HallSusanna Hall
26 May 1583, British
William Shakespeare's Daughter
Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

James OglethorpeJames Oglethorpe
22 December 1696, British
Founder of the colony of Georgia

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat
17 August 1601, French
Lawyer

TitubaTituba
1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave

John HarrisonJohn Harrison
03 April 1693, British
 
Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

Anne BradstreetAnne Bradstreet
20 March 1612, British
Poet
William ByrdWilliam Byrd
1543 AD, British
Music composer

Jean-Baptiste LullyJean-Baptiste Lully
28 November 1632, French, Italian
Composer

George FoxGeorge Fox
30 June 1624, British
Author
Joseph AddisonJoseph Addison
01 May 1672, British
Essayist & Poet

Aphra BehnAphra Behn
10 July 1640, British
Playwright
Giovanni Antonio CanalCanaletto
28 October 1697, Italian
Painter

Jan van RiebeeckJan van Riebeeck
21 April 1619, Dutch
Dutch Colonial Administrator

Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656, Indian
Eighth Sikh Guru

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625, Italian
Astronomer and Mathematician
Guru Har RaiGuru Har Rai
16 January 1630, Indian
Seventh Sikh Guru

Jean-Philippe RameauJean-Philippe Rameau
25 September 1683, French
Music composer and theorist
Andrew MarvellAndrew Marvell
31 March 1621, British
Poet

Arcangelo CorelliArcangelo Corelli
17 February 1653, Italian
Composer
Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Matthew HenryMatthew Henry
18 October 1662, British
Author
Jacob BernoulliJacob Bernoulli
27 December 1654, Swiss
Mathematician