The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
(Queen of Britan)

06 February 1665

British

Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
(Queen of England)

07 September 1533

British

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
(Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer)

04 January 1643

British

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
(King of England, Scotland and Ireland)

19 November 1600

British

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
(King of France)

05 September 1638

French

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
(Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel Scientist, Physicist)

15 February 1564

Italian

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
(King of Britain)

28 May 1660

German

ShivajiShivaji
(King)

19 February 1627

Indian

AkbarAkbar
(Mughal Emperor)

14 October 1542

Indian

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
(Former King of Great Britain & Ireland)

30 October 1683

German,British

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
(Military & Political Leader)

25 April 1599

British

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
(Composer)

31 March 1685

German

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John LockeJohn Locke
(Father of Classical Liberalism)

29 August 1632

British

William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
(King of England)

04 November 1650

Dutch

James II Of England James II of England
(King of England)

14 October 1633

British

VoltaireVoltaire
(Writer)

21 November 1694

French

AurangzebAurangzeb
(Mughal Emperor)

04 November 1618

Indian

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
(Countess, Serial Killer)

07 August 1560

Hungarian

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Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
(Philosopher)

22 January 1561

British

Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
(Ruler)

06 November 1661

Spanish

BlackbeardBlackbeard
(Pirate)

British

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
(Warrior)

22 December 1666

Indian

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
(First Emperor of Russia)

09 June 1672

Russian

RembrandtRembrandt
(Painter)

15 July 1606

Dutch

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Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
(Philosopher)

05 April 1588

British

John MiltonJohn Milton
(Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the Commonwealth of England.)

09 December 1608

British

Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
(King of France, King of Navarre)

13 December 1553

French

Mariam-uz-ZamaniMariam-uz-Zamani
(Akbar's Third Wife)

1542 AD

Indian

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
(Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer)

27 December 1571

German

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
(French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Philosopher)

19 June 1623

French

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Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
(Dutch philosopher)

24 November 1632

Dutch

Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
(Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland)

30 April 1662

British

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
(Son of Louis XIII of France)

21 September 1640

French

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
(Painter)

31 October 1632

Dutch

Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
(King of France)

27 September 1601

French

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
(Author and Satirist)

30 November 1667

Irish

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Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
(Philosopher)

18 January 1689

French

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
(Philosopher)

28 July 1635

British

William PennWilliam Penn
(Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania)

14 October 1644

British

Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
(Navigator and Explorer)

1565 AD

British

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
(Trader)

13 September 1660

British

Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
(Explorer)

31 July 1574

French

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Alexander PopeAlexander Pope

21 May 1688

British

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
(Scientist)

24 October 1632

Dutch

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
(First Prime Minister of Great Britain)

26 August 1676

British

El GrecoEl Greco
(Painter)

01 October 1541

Spanish,Greek

Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
(Member of Parliament)

23 February 1633

British

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
(Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law)

25 January 1627

Irish,British

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Giles CoreyGiles Corey
(Accused in Salem Witch Trial)

31 July 1611

American

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
(Ninth Sikh Guru)

01 April 1621

Indian

Murad IVMurad IV
(Ottoman Sultan)

26 July 1612

Turkish

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
(Pocahontas' Son)

30 January 1615

American

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
(Composer, Organist and Teacher)

01 September 1653

German

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
(Mathematician)

14 April 1629

Dutch

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Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
(Composer)

10 September 1659

British

Cotton MatherCotton Mather
(Church Minister)

12 February 1663

American

Claudio MonteverdiClaudio Monteverdi
(Composer)

15 May 1567

Italian

John DrydenJohn Dryden
(poet)

09 August 1631

British

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
(philosopher)

12 March 1685

Irish,British

Abel TasmanAbel Tasman
(Navigator)

1603 AD

Dutch

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Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
(Dramatist and Playwright)

06 March 1619

French

Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
(Military Leader)

17 December 1619

German

TitubaTituba
(17th Century Slave)

1674 AD

Barbadian

Antonio StradivariAntonio Stradivari
(Luthier)

1644 AD

Italian

John BunyanJohn Bunyan
(Writer, Preacher)

28 November 1628

British

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
(Astronomer)

08 November 1656

British

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John HarrisonJohn Harrison

03 April 1693

British

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat
(Lawyer)

17 August 1601

French

Domenico ScarlattiDomenico Scarlatti
(Musical Composer)

26 October 1685

Italian

James OglethorpeJames Oglethorpe
(Founder of the colony of Georgia)

22 December 1696

British

William ByrdWilliam Byrd
(Music composer)

1543 AD

British

Jean-Baptiste LullyJean-Baptiste Lully
(Composer)

28 November 1632

French,Italian

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Aphra BehnAphra Behn
(Playwright)

10 July 1640

British

Joseph AddisonJoseph Addison
(Essayist & Poet)

01 May 1672

British

Anne BradstreetAnne Bradstreet
(Poet)

20 March 1612

British