The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England
Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British
Mathematician

Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
ShivajiShivaji
19 February 1630, Indian
King

AkbarAkbar
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
Military & Political Leader

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

AurangzebAurangzeb
04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor
Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German
Composer

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish
Ruler

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian
Warrior
BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England
James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer

RembrandtRembrandt
15 July 1606, Dutch
Painter
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the

Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

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Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France

Mariam-uz-ZamaniMariam-uz-Zamani
1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist
Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife

Abigail Masham, Baroness MashamAbigail Masham, Baroness Masham
1670 AD, British
Courtier
Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
Painter

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia

Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch
Scientist

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
Trader
Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria
22 September 1601, Spanish, French
Queen of France

Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British
 

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain
El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek
Painter

Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Gian Lorenzo BerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini
07 December 1598, Italian
Architect

Philippe II, Duke of OrléansPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans
02 August 1674, French
Regent
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
13 August 1574, French
Explorer

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son
John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
01 September 1653, German
Composer, Organist and Teacher

Philip III of SpainPhilip III of Spain
14 April 1578, Spanish
King
Kangxi EmperorKangxi Emperor
04 May 1654, Chinese
Emperor

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Henry EveryHenry Every
23 August 1659, British
Pirate

Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British
Pirate

Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635, British, Welsh
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Henrietta Maria of FranceHenrietta Maria of France
25 November 1609, French
Queen of England
John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British
poet

Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Composer

Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch
Mathematician
Anne of DenmarkAnne of Denmark
12 December 1574, Danish, British
Queen of England

Claudio MonteverdiClaudio Monteverdi
15 May 1567, Italian
Composer

John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher

Charles PerraultCharles Perrault
12 January 1628, French
Author

Ahmed IAhmed I
18 April 1590, Turkish
Ottoman Emperor
Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial

Domenico ScarlattiDomenico Scarlatti
26 October 1685, Italian
Musical Composer
Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
17 December 1619, German
Military Leader

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD, Indian
Saint, Poet

Abel TasmanAbel Tasman
1603 AD, Dutch
Navigator
Evangelista TorricelliEvangelista Torricelli
15 October 1608, Italian
Physicist

Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619, French
Dramatist and Playwright
Sophia of HanoverSophia of Hanover
14 October 1630, German
Heiress of Great Britain

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
Astronomer

Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656, Indian
Eighth Sikh Guru

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat
17 August 1601, French
Lawyer
Antonio StradivariAntonio Stradivari
1644 AD, Italian
Luthier

Susanna HallSusanna Hall
26 May 1583, British
William Shakespeare's Daughter
Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

TitubaTituba
1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave
Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

John HarrisonJohn Harrison
03 April 1693, British
 
Guru Har RaiGuru Har Rai
16 January 1630, Indian
Seventh Sikh Guru