The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British
Mathematician
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

AkbarAkbar
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

ShivajiShivaji
19 February 1630, Indian
King
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher
Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

BlackbeardBlackbeard
 , British
Pirate

Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer

AurangzebAurangzeb
04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor
Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German
Composer

William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England

James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish
Ruler
Mariam-uz-ZamaniMariam-uz-Zamani
1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife

RembrandtRembrandt
15 July 1606, Dutch
Painter

Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia
Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre

John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the
Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

PowhatanPowhatan
17 June 1545, American
Native American Leader

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

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Ahmed IAhmed I
18 April 1590, Turkish
Ottoman Emperor
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian
Warrior

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru
Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

Henry EveryHenry Every
23 August 1659, British
Pirate

Charles XII of SwedenCharles XII of Sweden
17 June 1682, Swedish
King of Sweden

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer
Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
Painter

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist

Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
Trader
Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne
Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher

Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635, British, Welsh
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal
Henrietta Maria of FranceHenrietta Maria of France
25 November 1609, French
Queen of England

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch
Scientist
Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British
 

Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British
Pirate

Kangxi EmperorKangxi Emperor
04 May 1654, Chinese
Emperor

John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader

Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria
22 September 1601, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife
Gustavus Adolphus of SwedenGustavus Adolphus of Sweden
09 December 1594, Swedish
King

Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain
Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister

Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Philip III of SpainPhilip III of Spain
14 April 1578, Spanish
King
John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher

El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek
Painter
Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial

Sophia of HanoverSophia of Hanover
14 October 1630, German
Heiress of Great Britain

Gian Lorenzo BerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini
07 December 1598, Italian
Architect
Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
17 December 1619, German
Military Leader

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher
Richard CromwellRichard Cromwell
04 October 1626, British
Statesman

TukaramTukaram
1608 AD, Indian
Saint, Poet

John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British
poet

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
01 September 1653, German
Composer, Organist and Teacher
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
13 August 1574, French
Explorer
TitubaTituba
1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch
Mathematician

Anne of DenmarkAnne of Denmark
12 December 1574, Danish, British
Queen of England

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Philippe II, Duke of OrléansPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans
02 August 1674, French
Regent

Abel TasmanAbel Tasman
1603 AD, Dutch
Navigator

Charles PerraultCharles Perrault
12 January 1628, French
Author

Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619, French
Dramatist and Playwright
Antonio StradivariAntonio Stradivari
1644 AD, Italian
Luthier

Sabbatai ZeviSabbatai Zevi
01 August 1626, Turkish
Rabbi
Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Composer

Claudio MonteverdiClaudio Monteverdi
15 May 1567, Italian
Composer
Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656, Indian
Eighth Sikh Guru
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman EmperorFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
09 July 1578, Austrian
Holy Roman Emperor