The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England
Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

 , British

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British

Charles IICharles II
29 May 1630, British
King of England, Scotland & Ireland
George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland
19 February 1630, Indian

14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
English Statesman

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu
31 January 1543, Japanese
Military Leader

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German

Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish
Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia

Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer

04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor
William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England

21 November 1694, French
James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism
15 July 1606, Dutch

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre

John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the

1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife
Antonio Lucio VivaldiAntonio Lucio Vivaldi
04 March 1678, Italian

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Ahmed IAhmed I
18 April 1590, Turkish
Ottoman Emperor
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British

Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France
Henry EveryHenry Every
23 August 1659, British

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian

Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru
Philip V of SpainPhilip V of Spain
19 December 1683, French
King of Spain

Sophia of HanoverSophia of Hanover
14 October 1630, German
Heiress of Great Britain

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
John SmithJohn Smith
06 January 1580, British

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain

Charles XII of SwedenCharles XII of Sweden
17 June 1682, Swedish
King of Sweden

Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal
Kangxi EmperorKangxi Emperor
04 May 1654, Chinese

Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Alexander SelkirkAlexander Selkirk
1676 AD, British, Scottish

Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria
22 September 1601, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635, British, Welsh
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica

Gustavus Adolphus of SwedenGustavus Adolphus of Sweden
09 December 1594, Swedish
Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament

John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader
Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife

Philip III of SpainPhilip III of Spain
14 April 1578, Spanish

Gian Lorenzo BerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini
07 December 1598, Italian
15 January 1622, French
Playwright, Actor and Stage Manager

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial

El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek

Anne of DenmarkAnne of Denmark
12 December 1574, Danish, British
Queen of England

29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist, Philosopher, Christian Mystic and
Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son
Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister

John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British

Richard CromwellRichard Cromwell
04 October 1626, British

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
13 August 1574, French

1608 AD, Indian
Saint, Poet

Susanna HallSusanna Hall
26 May 1583, British
William Shakespeare's Daughter

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British

William AdamsWilliam Adams
24 September 1564, British
First ever Western Samurai
John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher

1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave
Philippe II, Duke of OrléansPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans
02 August 1674, French

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law
Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619, French
Dramatist and Playwright