The 17th century was a politically chaotic period in almost all parts of the world. Several great military conflicts took place including the Thirty Years' War, the Great Turkish War, and the Dutch-Portuguese War which led to the emergence of military leaders like Gustav II Adolf and Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna, and other important political personnel like John III Sobieski and Mehmed IV. European politics were majorly controlled by Louis XIV and the period marked in earnest the European colonization of the Americas. The 17th century was also an important one in the scientific field. It saw the birth of Blaise Pascal, the French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pierre de Fermat, Robert Hooke, Sir Isaac Newton, and Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz were also prominent scientists born in this era. The world of music and fine arts was enriched by the birth of the likes of Dieterich Buxtehude, Danish-German composer and Francesco Cavalli, Venetian opera composer. Artists like André Le Nôtre, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer were also born in this era. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 17th century.
Elizabeth I of EnglandElizabeth I of England
07 September 1533, British
Queen of England
19 February 1630, Indian

Anne, Queen of Great BritainAnne, Queen of Great Britain
06 February 1665, British
Queen of Britan

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton
04 January 1643, British

Charles I of EnglandCharles I of England
19 November 1600, British
King of England

Louis XIV of FranceLouis XIV of France
05 September 1638, French
King of France
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel

Oliver CromwellOliver Cromwell
25 April 1599, British
Military & Political Leader

04 November 1618, Indian
Mughal Emperor
14 October 1542, Indian
Mughal Emperor

George I of Great BritainGeorge I of Great Britain
28 May 1660, German
King of Britain
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

George II of Great BritainGeorge II of Great Britain
30 October 1683, German, British
Former King of Great Britain & Ireland

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
31 March 1685, German

Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666, Indian

Maria Theresa of SpainMaria Theresa of Spain
10 September 1638, Spanish, French
Queen of France
Charles II of SpainCharles II of Spain
06 November 1661, Spanish

Philippe I, Duke of OrléansPhilippe I, Duke of Orléans
21 September 1640, French
Son of Louis XIII of France

21 November 1694, French

William III of EnglandWilliam III of England
04 November 1650, Dutch
King of England
James II Of England James II of England
14 October 1633, British
King of England

Peter the GreatPeter the Great
09 June 1672, Russian
First Emperor of Russia
 , British

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British

Elizabeth BáthoryElizabeth Báthory
07 August 1560, Hungarian
Countess, Serial Killer
15 July 1606, Dutch

John MiltonJohn Milton
09 December 1608, British
Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British

Henry IV of FranceHenry IV of France
13 December 1553, French
King of France, King of Navarre

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Sarah Churchill, Duchess of MarlboroughSarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough
05 June 1660, British
Close Friend of Queen Anne

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Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher
Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571, German
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Louis XIII of FranceLouis XIII of France
27 September 1601, French
King of France

1542 AD, Indian
Akbar's Third Wife

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
30 November 1667, Irish
Author and Satirist
Johannes VermeerJohannes Vermeer
31 October 1632, Dutch
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French

Mary II of EnglandMary II of England
30 April 1662, British
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe
13 September 1660, British
Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British

Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria
22 September 1601, Spanish, French
Queen of France

Philip IV of SpainPhilip IV of Spain
08 April 1605, Spanish, Portuguese
King of Portugal

Gian Lorenzo BerniniGian Lorenzo Bernini
07 December 1598, Italian

Abigail Masham, Baroness MashamAbigail Masham, Baroness Masham
1670 AD, British
Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
21 May 1688, British

Antonie van LeeuwenhoekAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
24 October 1632, Dutch
Henry HudsonHenry Hudson
1565 AD, British
Navigator and Explorer

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621, Indian
Ninth Sikh Guru

Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys
23 February 1633, British
Member of Parliament
El GrecoEl Greco
01 October 1541, Spanish, Greek

Philippe II, Duke of OrléansPhilippe II, Duke of Orléans
02 August 1674, French
Robert WalpoleRobert Walpole
26 August 1676, British
First Prime Minister of Great Britain

John Churchill, 1st Duke of MarlboroughJohn Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
26 May 1650, British
Military Leader

14 April 1675, Indian
Regent of Maratha Empire

Thomas RolfeThomas Rolfe
30 January 1615, American
Pocahontas' Son

Johann PachelbelJohann Pachelbel
01 September 1653, German
Composer, Organist and Teacher
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Catherine I of RussiaCatherine I of Russia
15 April 1684, Russian
Empress of Russia

Henry EveryHenry Every
23 August 1659, British

Philip III of SpainPhilip III of Spain
14 April 1578, Spanish
Kangxi EmperorKangxi Emperor
04 May 1654, Chinese

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain
13 August 1574, French

Henry MorganHenry Morgan
24 January 1635, British, Welsh
Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica

Henrietta Maria of FranceHenrietta Maria of France
25 November 1609, French
Queen of England
Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de MaintenonFrançoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon
27 November 1635, French
Louis XIV of France's Wife

Giles CoreyGiles Corey
31 July 1611, American
Accused in Salem Witch Trial
Charles VaneCharles Vane
1680 AD, British

Anne of DenmarkAnne of Denmark
12 December 1574, Danish, British
Queen of England

John DrydenJohn Dryden
09 August 1631, British
Cyrano de BergeracCyrano de Bergerac
06 March 1619, French
Dramatist and Playwright

1608 AD, Indian
Saint, Poet
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British

Christiaan HuygensChristiaan Huygens
14 April 1629, Dutch

1674 AD, Barbadian
17th Century Slave

Henry PurcellHenry Purcell
10 September 1659, British
Cotton MatherCotton Mather
12 February 1663, American
Church Minister
Ahmed IAhmed I
18 April 1590, Turkish
Ottoman Emperor

John BunyanJohn Bunyan
28 November 1628, British
Writer, Preacher

Charles PerraultCharles Perrault
12 January 1628, French

Claudio MonteverdiClaudio Monteverdi
15 May 1567, Italian
Prince Rupert of the RhinePrince Rupert of the Rhine
17 December 1619, German
Military Leader

Abel TasmanAbel Tasman
1603 AD, Dutch

Alexander SelkirkAlexander Selkirk
1676 AD, British, Scottish

Antonio StradivariAntonio Stradivari
1644 AD, Italian

Susanna HallSusanna Hall
26 May 1583, British
William Shakespeare's Daughter
Sophia of HanoverSophia of Hanover
14 October 1630, German
Heiress of Great Britain

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Murad IVMurad IV
26 July 1612, Turkish
Ottoman Sultan

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat
17 August 1601, French
Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656, British
John HarrisonJohn Harrison
03 April 1693, British