17th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,
Emmanuel SwedenborgEmmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619, French
Economist, Politician
Shaykh Aḥmad SirhindīShaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī
26 June 1564, Indian
Islamic scholar

Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
John LawJohn Law
21 April 1671, Scottish
economist, banker, statistician

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher
Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

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Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German, Polish
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university
Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626, Italian
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de MontfortSaint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort
31 January 1673, French
Priest

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician

Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier
Jacques-Bénigne BossuetJacques-Bénigne Bossuet
27 September 1627, French
Priest, Historian, Theologian, Writer, Cleric,

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

William WhistonWilliam Whiston
09 December 1667, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Historian, University

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer
François FénelonFrançois Fénelon
06 August 1651, French
Theologian

Baltasar GracianBaltasar Gracian
08 January 1601, Spanish
Prose writer

Richard BaxterRichard Baxter
12 November 1615, British
Poet

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher
Robert BurtonRobert Burton
08 February 1577, British
Scholar

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson
08 August 1694, Irish, British
philosopher, economist
Gurdās, BhāīGurdās, Bhāī
1551 AD, Indian
Sikh writer

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,
Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
04 April 1646, French
Archaeologist

Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

John GrauntJohn Graunt
24 April 1620, British
Statistician
William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
07 November 1687, British
Physician

Henry VaughanHenry Vaughan
17 April 1621, Welsh
Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer

Sir Robert FilmerSir Robert Filmer
1588 AD, British
Political scientist

Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian
Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher
Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian
Thomas TraherneThomas Traherne
10 October 1636, British
Poet

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer
Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian

Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer
Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

Manasseh ben IsraelManasseh ben Israel
1604 AD, Portuguese
Rabbi
Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian

Thomas MunThomas Mun
17 June 1571, British
Writer

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

Jeremy TaylorJeremy Taylor
15 August 1613, British
Author
Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian
James HarringtonJames Harrington
03 January 1611, British
British philosopher

António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher
John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist

Engelbert KaempferEngelbert Kaempfer
16 September 1651, German
Naturalist

John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist

Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Joseph GlanvillJoseph Glanvill
1636 AD, British
Philosopher
Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian

Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher
Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet

Baha' al-din al-'AmiliBaha' al-din al-'Amili
18 February 1547, Iranian, Lebanese
islamic Scholar
Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier
Richard BentleyRichard Bentley
27 January 1662, British
Theologian