17th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619, French
Economist, Politician
Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher

Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor
Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Jacques-Bénigne BossuetJacques-Bénigne Bossuet
27 September 1627, French
Priest, Historian, Theologian, Writer, Cleric,
Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626, Italian
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest
Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction

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Richard BaxterRichard Baxter
12 November 1615, British
Poet
Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
François FénelonFrançois Fénelon
06 August 1651, French
Theologian
Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher
Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian
Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
04 April 1646, French
Archaeologist

Henry VaughanHenry Vaughan
17 April 1621, Welsh
Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier

Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian
FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

John GrauntJohn Graunt
24 April 1620, British
Statistician
Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer

Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer

Madame de La FayetteMadame de La Fayette
18 March 1634, French
Writer, Salon-holder, Novelist, Screenwriter,

Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

Jan SwammerdamJan Swammerdam
12 February 1637, German, Dutch
Biologist
William WhistonWilliam Whiston
09 December 1667, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Historian, University

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher
Jeremy TaylorJeremy Taylor
15 August 1613, British
Author

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher
Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler

Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher

Thomas TraherneThomas Traherne
10 October 1636, British
Poet
William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
07 November 1687, British
Physician

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,
Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle
11 February 1657, French
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, Playwright, Satirist,

Antoine ArnauldAntoine Arnauld
06 February 1612, French
Philosopher

Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist
Richard BentleyRichard Bentley
27 January 1662, British
Theologian

António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat
Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Charles du Fresne, sieur du CangeCharles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
18 December 1610, French
Historian

Henry MoreHenry More
12 October 1614, British
Philosopher

Juan de MarianaJuan de Mariana
25 September 1536, Spanish
Priest
John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist
Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet

Georg Ernst StahlGeorg Ernst Stahl
22 October 1659, German
Chemist

Thomas MunThomas Mun
17 June 1571, British
Writer

Hermann Samuel ReimarusHermann Samuel Reimarus
22 December 1694, German
Philosopher
Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian

Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant

Philipp SpenerPhilipp Spener
13 January 1635, German, French
Writer

Joseph GlanvillJoseph Glanvill
1636 AD, British
Philosopher
John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian

Huang ZongxiHuang Zongxi
24 September 1610, Chinese
Naturalist
Josiah ChildJosiah Child
1630 AD, British
Merchant

Ralph CudworthRalph Cudworth
1617 AD, British
Philosopher
Lawrence of BrindisiLawrence of Brindisi
22 July 1559, Italian
Saint
Bernard de MontfauconBernard de Montfaucon
13 January 1655, French
Scholar