17th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619, French
Economist, Politician

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,
Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher

Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian
Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Lawrence of BrindisiLawrence of Brindisi
22 July 1559, Italian
Saint
António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626, Italian
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Richard BaxterRichard Baxter
12 November 1615, British
Poet
Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction

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Jacques-Bénigne BossuetJacques-Bénigne Bossuet
27 September 1627, French
Priest, Historian, Theologian, Writer, Cleric,
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer
François FénelonFrançois Fénelon
06 August 1651, French
Theologian
James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer
Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist

Jeremy TaylorJeremy Taylor
15 August 1613, British
Author
Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian
John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
04 April 1646, French
Archaeologist

Henry VaughanHenry Vaughan
17 April 1621, Welsh
Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer

FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer
Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
07 November 1687, British
Physician

Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian
William WhistonWilliam Whiston
09 December 1667, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Historian, University

John GrauntJohn Graunt
24 April 1620, British
Statistician
Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Thomas TraherneThomas Traherne
10 October 1636, British
Poet

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,
Jan SwammerdamJan Swammerdam
12 February 1637, German, Dutch
Biologist

Josiah ChildJosiah Child
1630 AD, British
Merchant
John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist

Antoine ArnauldAntoine Arnauld
06 February 1612, French
Philosopher

John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist
Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler
Richard BentleyRichard Bentley
27 January 1662, British
Theologian

Johann KuhnauJohann Kuhnau
06 April 1660, German
Polymath

Isaac CasaubonIsaac Casaubon
18 February 1559, Swiss
Scholar

Engelbert KaempferEngelbert Kaempfer
16 September 1651, German
Naturalist
Ralph CudworthRalph Cudworth
1617 AD, British
Philosopher
Henry MoreHenry More
12 October 1614, British
Philosopher

Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher

Charles du Fresne, sieur du CangeCharles du Fresne, sieur du Cange
18 December 1610, French
Historian

Georg Ernst StahlGeorg Ernst Stahl
22 October 1659, German
Chemist
John StowJohn Stow
1525 AD, British
Historian

Huang ZongxiHuang Zongxi
24 September 1610, Chinese
Naturalist

Jan Huyghen van LinschotenJan Huyghen van Linschoten
1563 AD, Dutch
Merchant

Paolo SarpiPaolo Sarpi
14 August 1552, Italian
Historian

Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet
Juan de MarianaJuan de Mariana
25 September 1536, Spanish
Priest

August Hermann FranckeAugust Hermann Francke
22 March 1663, German
Theologian
Caesar BaroniusCaesar Baronius
30 August 1538, Italian
Historian

José de AcostaJosé de Acosta
30 September 1540, Spanish
Missionary
Philipp SpenerPhilipp Spener
13 January 1635, German, French
Writer
Hermann Samuel ReimarusHermann Samuel Reimarus
22 December 1694, German
Philosopher