17th Century Intellectuals & Academics
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Intellectuals & Academics, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603, British, American
Theologian

Giambattista della PortaGiambattista della Porta
01 November 1535, Italian
Scholar, Polymath
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Emmanuel SwedenborgEmmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist
Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Jean-Baptiste ColbertJean-Baptiste Colbert
29 August 1619, French
Economist, Politician
Shaykh Aḥmad SirhindīShaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī
26 June 1564, Indian
Islamic scholar

John LawJohn Law
21 April 1671, Scottish
economist, banker, statistician

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Isaac WattsIsaac Watts
17 July 1674, British
Theologian

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher
Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German, Polish
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university

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Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de MontfortSaint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort
31 January 1673, French
Priest
Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626, Italian
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Robert BurtonRobert Burton
08 February 1577, British
Scholar

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Jacques-Bénigne BossuetJacques-Bénigne Bossuet
27 September 1627, French
Priest, Historian, Theologian, Writer, Cleric,
Baltasar GracianBaltasar Gracian
08 January 1601, Spanish
Prose writer
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier

Elisabeth of the PalatinateElisabeth of the Palatinate
26 December 1618, German
Philosopher

François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer
Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

James PrinsepJames Prinsep
20 August 1799, British
Antiquarian

Henry VaughanHenry Vaughan
17 April 1621, Welsh
Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer

Richard HookerRichard Hooker
25 March 1554, British
Theologian

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician
Richard BaxterRichard Baxter
12 November 1615, British
Poet

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian

François FénelonFrançois Fénelon
06 August 1651, French
Theologian

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer
Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson
08 August 1694, Irish, British
philosopher, economist

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Sir Robert FilmerSir Robert Filmer
1588 AD, British
Political scientist

Antoine GallandAntoine Galland
04 April 1646, French
Archaeologist
John GrauntJohn Graunt
24 April 1620, British
Statistician

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

FirishtaFirishta
1560 AD, Indian, Iranian
Historian

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

Jean MeslierJean Meslier
15 June 1664, French
Priest
William WhistonWilliam Whiston
09 December 1667, British
Mathematician, Physicist, Historian, University

Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Felipe Guaman Poma de AyalaFelipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
1535 AD, Peruvian
Chronicler
Gurdās, BhāīGurdās, Bhāī
1551 AD, Indian
Sikh writer

Theodore BezaTheodore Beza
24 June 1519, Swiss, French
Theologian
Thomas TraherneThomas Traherne
10 October 1636, British
Poet

William CamdenWilliam Camden
02 May 1551, British
Historian

Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University
Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer

Jeremy TaylorJeremy Taylor
15 August 1613, British
Author
Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher

Manasseh ben IsraelManasseh ben Israel
1604 AD, Portuguese
Rabbi

Philipp SpenerPhilipp Spener
13 January 1635, German, French
Writer

William StukeleyWilliam Stukeley
07 November 1687, British
Physician
Charles HodgeCharles Hodge
27 December 1797, American
Theologian
John SeldenJohn Selden
16 December 1584, British
Jurist

Samuel DanielSamuel Daniel
1562 AD, British
Poet

Joseph Justus ScaligerJoseph Justus Scaliger
05 August 1540, French
Scholar

John FlorioJohn Florio
1553 AD, British
Linguist
John Tradescant the ElderJohn Tradescant the Elder
1570 AD, British
Naturalist

Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier

James HarringtonJames Harrington
03 January 1611, British
British philosopher

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,

Thomas MunThomas Mun
17 June 1571, British
Writer
Engelbert KaempferEngelbert Kaempfer
16 September 1651, German
Naturalist

António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat
Jan SwammerdamJan Swammerdam
12 February 1637, German, Dutch
Biologist

Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher
Richard BentleyRichard Bentley
27 January 1662, British
Theologian
Josiah ChildJosiah Child
1630 AD, British
Merchant