Famous 17th Century Artists & Painters

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 1 
Rembrandt
(One of the Greatest Visual Artists in the History of Art)
Rembrandt
7
Birthdate: July 15, 1606
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 4, 1669

Rembrandt was a Dutch printmaker, painter, and draughtsman. A master in three major art media, Rembrandt is widely considered the most important visual artist in Dutch art history and one of the greatest of all time. He is also considered the greatest etcher in the history of printmaking. His life and work inspired several films, including the 1936 movie Rembrandt.

 2 
Caravaggio
(One of the Most Prominent Italian Painters of His Generation)
Caravaggio
16
Birthdate: September 29, 1571
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: July 18, 1610
Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio is best remembered for his influence on the Baroque style of painting. He pioneered a tactic known as tenebrism, and combined light and darkness to create his masterpieces. He was known for his erratic and aggressive nature and died under mysterious circumstances.
 3 
Johannes Vermeer
(One of the Greatest Painters of the Dutch Golden Age)
Johannes Vermeer
10
Birthdate: October 31, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Delft, Netherlands
Died: December 15, 1675

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch painter renowned for his use of light in paintings. Although he did not achieve fame during his lifetime, Vermeer's works gained popularity in the 19th century. Today, Vermeer is often counted among the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Over the years, Vermeer's work has inspired artists like Wilhelm Hammershoi and Thomas Wilmer Dewing.

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 4 
Peter Paul Rubens
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the Flemish Baroque Tradition)
Peter Paul Rubens
7
Birthdate: June 28, 1577
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Siegen, Germany
Died: May 30, 1640

Peter Paul Rubens is considered the most influential artist of the Flemish Baroque tradition. He lived during the Dutch Golden Age. His style of art emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He painted altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings and also drew cartoons for the Flemish tapestry workshops. He was a classically educated humanist scholar as well.

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 5 
El Greco
(Greek Painter, Sculptor and Architect of the Spanish Renaissance)
El Greco
7
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.
Diego Velázquez (Painter)
4
Birthdate: 1599 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: August 6, 1660

Diego Velázquez was a Spanish painter who served as the most important artist in King Philip IV's court. The leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age, Velázquez's work served as a model for impressionist and realist painters of the 19th century. In the 20th century, personalities like Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso re-interpreted some of Velázquez's most iconic images.

 7 
Artemisia Gentileschi
(One of the Most Progressive and Expressive Painters of Her Generation)
Artemisia Gentileschi
11
Birthdate: July 8, 1593
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 1652 AD
Italian Baroque painter Artemisia Gentileschi was a prominent artist of the 17th century. She was the first female member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno and was known for her depiction of the female form. She was raped by painter Agostino Tassi and participated in a 7-month trial.
 8 
Claude Lorrain
(French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era)
Claude Lorrain
3
Birthdate: 1600 AD
Birthplace: Chamagne, France
Died: November 23, 1682
 9 
Francisco de Zurbarán
(Spanish Painter Known Primarily for His Religious Paintings Depicting Monks, Nuns, and Martyrs, and for His Still-Lifes)
Francisco de Zurbarán
3
Birthdate: November 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Fuente de Cantos, Spain
Died: August 27, 1664

Francisco de Zurbarán was a Spanish painter known primarily for his religious paintings depicting monks, nuns, and martyrs. He was also famous for his still-lifes. His forceful use of the chiaroscuro style of painting gained him the nickname "Spanish Caravaggio." He was much respected during his lifetime and was appointed painter to King Philip IV.  

 10 
Frans Hals
(Dutch Golden Age Painter Who is Known for His Loose Painterly Brushwork)
Frans Hals
4
Birthdate: 1582 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 26, 1666

One of the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age of painting, Frans Hals is renowned for his individual and group portraits as well as for his genre work paintings. He is known for loose painterly brushwork, colourful palette and lively style of painting. His work played a key role in the development of 17th century group portraiture.

 11 
Georges de La Tour
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vic-sur-Seille
Died: January 30, 1652
 12 
Anthony van Dyck
(Flemish Baroque Artist)
Anthony van Dyck
5
Birthdate: March 22, 1599
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: December 9, 1641

Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who started painting at an early age before going on to become the leading court painter in England. Although he is best remembered for painting the aristocracy, van Dyck also painted biblical and mythological subjects. In 1632, Anthony van Dyck received a knighthood from Charles I.

 13 
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
(Spanish Baroque Painter, Best Known for His Religious Works)
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
5
Birthdate: January 1, 1617
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: April 3, 1682

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo was a Spanish Baroque painter. He is most famous for his religious works. He also produced numerous paintings of contemporary women and children, especially of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars. He had many followers and pupils and was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art). 

 14 
Jean-Antoine Watteau
(Former Painter whose notable works include Embarkation for Cythera, L'Enseigne de Gersaint)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1684
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Valenciennes, France
Died: July 18, 1721
 15 
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
(One of the Greatest Sculptors of the 17th Century)
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
4
Birthdate: December 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: November 28, 1680
Son of sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, introduced the Baroque style of sculpture to the world. Known for his masterpieces such as Apollo and Daphne and David, he excelled in depicting the fine details of skin and hair in his marble creations. His commissioned creations include St. Peter's baldachin.
 16 
Carel Fabritius
(Dutch Painter Known for His Works ‘A View of Delft’, ‘The Goldfinch’ and ‘The Sentry’)
Carel Fabritius
3
Birthdate: February 27, 1622
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Middenbeemster, Dutch Republic
Died: October 12, 1654

Born to a schoolteacher and part-time painter father, Dutch painter Carel Fabritius learned painting from Rembrandt. A pioneer of the 17th-century Delft movement, he died in the deadly 1654 Delft gunpowder magazine explosion that ravaged most of the city and almost all his works. The Goldfinch remains his best-known work.

 17 
Guido Reni
(Italian Baroque Painter Who Belonged to the Bolognese School)
Guido Reni
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1575
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 18, 1642

Italian Baroque painter Guido Reni was a major figure of the Bolognese School. His subjects were predominantly mythological and religious figures. Initially inspired by Annibale Carracci, he later deviated to lighter colors and free brushwork. His iconic works include the fresco Aurora and the composition Atalanta and Hippomenes.

 18 
Annibale Carracci
(Italian Painter Known for His Works: ‘Butcher's Shop’, ‘The Beaneater’ and ‘An Allegory of Truth and Time’)
Annibale Carracci
4
Birthdate: November 3, 1560
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 15, 1609

Born to a tailor, Annibale Carracci set up a painters’ studio named Accademia degli Incamminati with his brother and cousin, thus establishing the famous Carracci family of painters. A significant figure of the Baroque movement, he is remembered for his iconic works such as Domine, Quo Vadis?

 19 
Jan Brueghel the Elder
3
Birthdate: 1568 AD
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 13, 1625

Flemish painter Jan Brueghel the Elder is perhaps best remembered for his floral still lifes and landscapes. The second son of legendary Flemish artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, he was also nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel and "Flower" Brueghel and was a court painter of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

 20 
Charles Le Brun
(17th Century French Painter and One of the Greatest French Artists of All Time)
Charles Le Brun
4
Birthdate: February 24, 1619
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 12, 1690

Charles Le Brun was a French physiognomist, painter, and art theorist. He served as the director of many popular art schools of his time. He also served as the court painter to Louis the Great, who called him the greatest French artist. An influential artist of 17th-century France, Charles Le Brun's works are still preserved in the popular Louvre Museum. 

 21 
Jacob van Ruisdael
3
Birthdate: 1628 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: March 10, 1682
 22 
Jan Steen
(Golden Age painter)
Jan Steen
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1626
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: February 3, 1679

Jan Steen was a Dutch Golden Age painter, counted among the leading genre painters of the 17th century. Born into a wealthy family, he received training under prominent painter Nicolaes Knupfer. For several years, he worked with renowned landscape painter Jan van Goyen, whose daughter he later married. He painted portraits, still life, and historical, mythological, and religious scenes.

Pieter Brueghel the Younger
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1564
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: October 10, 1636

Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Younger was the eldest son of legendary Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Mostly known for re-creating his father’s works, he also created numerous original paintings, mostly depicting rural life. His works now adorn museums in cities such as Paris and Amsterdam.

 24 
Godfrey Kneller
4
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723
 25 
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility)
Hyacinthe Rigaud
4
Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743
 26 
John Lyly
(Writer)
John Lyly
3
Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: October 31, 1606
 27 
Gerard van Honthorst
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1592
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: April 27, 1656
 28 
Jusepe de Ribera
(Spanish Tenebrist Painter Known for His Depictions of Religious and Mythological Subjects)
Jusepe de Ribera
7
Birthdate: January 12, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Xàtiva, Spain
Died: September 2, 1652

Jusepe de Ribera was a Spanish-Valencian Tenebrist painter and printmaker. He was also called Lo Spagnoletto ("the Little Spaniard") by his contemporaries. Little is known about his early life, though it is believed he studied at the Academy of Saint Luke. He spent several years of his career in Italy and was a leading painter in Naples.

 29 
Salvator Rosa
(Italian Baroque Painter Known for Romanticized Landscapes and History Paintings)
Salvator Rosa
4
Birthdate: June 20, 1615
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arenella, Naples, Italy
Died: March 15, 1673

Baroque painter and poet Salvator Rosa was born near Naples, to a land surveyor father, who wanted him to become a priest or a lawyer. However, Rosa deviated to art. Initially devoted to landscapes, he later focused on religious art. He is remembered as a pioneer of the Neapolitan school.

 30 
Philippe de Champaigne
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1602
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: August 12, 1674
 31 
Peter Lely
(Painter of Dutch Origin Who Became Leading Portrait Painter to the Court of England)
Peter Lely
3
Birthdate: September 14, 1618
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Soest, Germany
Died: November 30, 1680
 32 
Guercino
(Italian Baroque Draftsman and Painter)
Guercino
3
Birthdate: February 8, 1591
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cento, Italy
Died: December 22, 1666
Guercino was an Italian Baroque draftsman and painter who was active in Bologna and Rome. Many of his drawings are well known for their luminosity and lively style. Born into a family of peasant farmers, Guercino went on to become one of the most prominent painters of his generation. Among his pupils were Giuseppe Bonati, Giulio Coralli, and Sebastiano Bombelli.
 33 
Agostino Tassi
3
Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: PePonzano Romano, Italy
Died: February 25, 1644
David Teniers the Younger
3
Birthdate: December 15, 1610
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: April 25, 1690

David Teniers the Younger was a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman, printmaker, staffage painter, miniaturist painter, copyist, and art curator. A prolific and versatile artist, Teniers was considered an innovator in a variety of genres such as genre painting, history painting, portrait, landscape painting, and still life. Today, he is remembered as the most important Flemish genre painter of his generation.

 35 
Grinling Gibbons
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1648
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 3, 1721
 36 
Elisabetta Sirani
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1638
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 28, 1665
 37 
Judith Leyster
3
Birthdate: July 28, 1609
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: February 10, 1660
 38 
Juan de Pareja
(Spanish Portrait Painter)
Juan de Pareja
3
Birthdate: 1606 AD
Birthplace: Antequera, Málaga, Spain
Died: 1670 AD

Born into slavery, Juan de Pareja began his artistic career assisting his master, painter Diego Velázquez, in his workshop, painting Portrait of Agustín Moreto while in slavery. Freed in 1650, which came into effect four years later, he continued to work as an independent painter, very soon developing his own style, creating masterpieces like The Calling of Saint Matthew.

 39 
Pieter de Hooch
(Dutch painter)
Pieter de Hooch
3
Birthdate: December 20, 1629
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1684
 40 
Nicholas Hilliard
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the Elizabethan Period)
Nicholas Hilliard
3
Birthdate: 1547 AD
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: January 7, 1619
 41 
Jacob Jordaens
(Former Flemish painter known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits)
Jacob Jordaens
3
Birthdate: May 19, 1593
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: October 18, 1678

Flemish painter Jacob Jordaens was a major part of the Flemish Baroque movement. He is best remembered for his works such as Allegory of Fertility and known for his signature use of warm colors and scenes inspired by proverbs, mythology, allegories. He also designed many tapestries.

 42 
Andrea Pozzo
(Italian Painter Known for His Grandiose Frescoes Using Quadratura Technique to Create 3D Illusion on Flat Surfaces)
Andrea Pozzo
3
Birthdate: November 30, 1642
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Trento, Italy
Died: August 31, 1709
Baroque painter, architect, and writer Andrea Pozzo is best remembered for his signature architectural illusionist painting, through which he created illusions of three-dimensional structures such as domes, on flat ceilings. His works adorned structures such as the St. Ignatius's Church. He was also a Jesuit brother.
 43 
Pieter Claesz
(Painter)
Pieter Claesz
3
Birthdate: 1597 AD
Birthplace: Berchem, Antwerp, Belgium
Died: January 1, 1661

Pieter Claesz was a Dutch painter of still lifes who flourished during the Dutch Golden Age. He is best remembered for his work alongside other important Dutch Golden Age artist Willem Claesz Heda. Pieter Claesz and Heda worked in Haarlem and are credited with founding a well-known tradition of still life painting in the city. 

 44 
Pietro da Cortona
(Former Baroque painter and architect)
Pietro da Cortona
3
Birthdate: November 1, 1596
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cortona, Italy
Died: May 16, 1669
 45 
Luca Giordano
(Italian Painter and Printmaker in Etching)
Luca Giordano
3
Birthdate: October 18, 1634
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: January 3, 1705
Luca Giordano was an Italian painter and printmaker in etching. Renowned for creating artworks that were fluent and decorative, Giordano worked successfully in places like Florence, Rome, Spain, and Venice. Luca Giordano influenced many painters of his time. Among his pupils were Nicola Malinconico, Nunzio Ferraiuoli, Juan Antonio Boujas, and Paolo de Matteis.
 46 
Clara Peeters
(Painter)
Clara Peeters
4
Birthdate: 1594 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: 1659 AD

Clara Peeters was a Flemish painter from Antwerp known for her still-life works. Active in both the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic, she is the most famous female Flemish artist of her era. She was one of the few women artists working professionally in 17th-century Europe. She is believed to have been a wealthy and successful artist.  

 47 
Gerrit Dou
(Painter)
Gerrit Dou
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1613
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: February 9, 1675
 48 
Antonio Corradini
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: August 12, 1752

Antonio Corradini was an Italian Rococo sculptor from Venice best known for his sculpture Veiled Truth (also called Modesty or Chastity). After spending much of his career as a migrant artist traveling to different parts of Europe, he was made court sculptor for Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in Vienna. He resumed traveling after the emperor’s death. 

 49 
Rachel Ruysch
(Painter)
Rachel Ruysch
3
Birthdate: June 3, 1664
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: August 12, 1750
 50 
Gabriël Metsu
3
Birthdate: 1629
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 24, 1667