17th Century Leaders

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 1 Tokugawa Ieyasu

Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: January 31, 1543
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Okazaki Castle, Mikawa (now Okazaki, Japan)
Died: June 1, 1616

Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. He is considered one of the three "Great Unifiers" of Japan. He was the son of Matsudaira Hirotada, a minor local warlord. He grew up to be an ambitious young man with exemplary leadership qualities and eventually founded the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. 

 2 Shivaji

Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shivneri
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

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 3 Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell.
Famous As: English Statesman
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.

 4 James II of England

James II of England.
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: October 14, 1633
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London
Died: September 16, 1701

James II of England reigned as the king of Ireland, Scotland, and England from 1685 to 1688. His deposition as king, caused by the Glorious Revolution of 1688, ended a century of civil and political strife by establishing the principle that Parliament would be preferred over the Crown as opposed to the principles of divine right of kings and absolutism.

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 5 Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys.
Famous As: Member of Parliament
Birthdate: February 23, 1633
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 26, 1703

 6 Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole.
Famous As: First Prime Minister of Great Britain
Birthdate: August 26, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk
Died: March 18, 1745

 7 Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan.
Famous As: Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanrumney, Glamorgan
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

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 8 William III of England

William III of England.
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: November 4, 1650
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Binnenhof, South Holland
Died: March 8, 1702
King William III of England, son of William II, Prince of Orange, was also known as William of Orange. A staunch Protestant, he is remembered for his joint rule with his wife, Queen Mary II, and for his exploits such as the Glorious Revolution and the Nine Years' War.

 9 Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Prince Rupert of the Rhine.
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: December 17, 1619
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague
Died: November 29, 1682

Prince Rupert of the Rhine was a German-English admiral, army officer, colonial governor, and scientist. Renowned for his energy and quick-thinking, Rupert made long-lasting and impressive contributions to the doctrine and development of the Royal Navy. He is also credited with shaping modern Canada's political geography. 

 10 Richard Cromwell

Richard Cromwell.
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: October 4, 1626
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Died: July 12, 1712

 11 Johan de Witt

Johan de Witt
Famous As: Mathematician, Politician
Birthdate: September 24, 1625
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dordrecht
Died: August 20, 1672

 12 John III Sobieski

John III Sobieski
Famous As: Military leader, Politician
Birthdate: August 17, 1629
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Olesko
Died: June 17, 1696

 13 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 9, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: May 5, 1705

Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.

 14 Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 1, 1563
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: May 24, 1612

 15 Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan
Famous As: Ottoman sultana
Birthdate: 1589 AD
Birthplace: Tinos, Republic of Venice (currently the territory of Greece)
Died: September 2, 1651

 16 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle

René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: November 21, 1643
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rouen
Died: March 19, 1687

 17 Akbar

Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: October 14, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Umarkot, Pakistan
Died: October 27, 1605

Akbar, the third Mughal emperor, played an important role in inculcating Persian culture into the Indian subcontinent. Akbar is considered one of the most important rulers of the Mughal Empire, an empire that seeped foreign ideas and culture into medieval India, the effects of which are still visible in modern-day India, especially in the northern parts of the country.

 18 Charles II

Charles II.
Famous As: King of England, Scotland & Ireland
Birthdate: May 29, 1630
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St James's Palace
Died: February 6, 1685
Charles II, son of King Charles I of England, ruled England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660 to 1685. He was initially defeated by Oliver Cromwell and forced to go into exile, but returned to England after Cromwell’s death. He introduced the Clarendon Code and later sided with the Tories.

 19 Peter Stuyvesant

Peter Stuyvesant
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1592 AD
Birthplace: Peperga, Friesland, Netherlands
Died: July 31, 1672

 20 James Oglethorpe

James Oglethorpe.
Famous As: Founder of the colony of Georgia
Birthdate: December 22, 1696
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Surrey
Died: June 30, 1785

 21 Robert Catesby

Robert Catesby
Famous As: Conspirator
Birthdate: March 3, 1572
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lapworth, England
Died: November 8, 1605

 22 Myles Standish

Myles Standish
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Lancashire, United Kingdom
Died: October 3, 1656

 23 Jan van Riebeeck

Jan van Riebeeck.
Famous As: Dutch Colonial Administrator
Birthdate: April 21, 1619
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Culemborg
Died: January 18, 1677

Jan van Riebeeck was a Dutch colonial administrator and navigator. He is credited with founding the Dutch Cape Colony and Cape Town. Jan van Riebeeck is of historical and cultural importance to South Africa as many South Africans consider him the founding father of their country. Several South African villages and towns have streets named after Van Riebeeck.

 24 Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Famous As: Economist, Politician
Birthdate: August 29, 1619
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Reims
Died: September 6, 1683

Born into a merchant family in France, Jean-Baptiste Colbert grew up to hold various administrative posts. Patronized by Cardinal Mazarin, he became affluent and later became one of the most efficient administrators during the regime of Louis XIV. He also established the French merchant navy.

 25 Malhar Rao Holkar

Malhar Rao Holkar
Birthdate: March 16, 1693
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jejuri
Died: April 20, 1766

 26 Daniel Morgan

Daniel Morgan
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 6, 1736
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 6, 1802

 27 Shunzhi Emperor

Shunzhi Emperor
Famous As: Emperor of China
Birthdate: March 15, 1638
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mukden Palace, Shenyang, China
Died: February 5, 1661

Shunzhi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty was the first Qing ruler of China proper. Shunzhi relied on Buddhist priests and eunuch officials. While some believe he had died of smallpox, others state he had retired to a monastery to cope with the death of his favorite consort.

 28 Louis, Duke of Burgundy

Louis, Duke of Burgundy
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 16, 1682
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Versailles, France
Died: February 18, 1712

 29 Charles James Fox

Charles James Fox
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 24, 1749
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westminster, England
Died: September 13, 1806

 30 Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 13, 1608
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz
Died: April 2, 1657

 31 Christian IV of Denmark

Christian IV of Denmark
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 12, 1577
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød, Denmark
Died: February 28, 1648

 32 Hong Taiji

Hong Taiji
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: November 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Manchuria, China
Died: September 21, 1643

Hong Taiji reigned as the khan of the Later Jin from 1626 to 1636. He is credited with establishing the Qing dynasty and reigned as its emperor from 1636 to 1643. He also played a major role in consolidating the empire founded by his father Nurhaci. Over the years, Hong Taiji has been portrayed in many TV series and films.

 33 Ivan V of Russia

Ivan V of Russia
Famous As: monarch
Birthdate: August 27, 1666
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: January 29, 1696

 34 George Villiers

George Villiers
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leicestershire
Died: August 23, 1628

 35 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.
Famous As: King
Birthdate: December 9, 1594
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 6, 1632

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned as the King of Sweden from 30 October 1611 until his death on 6 November 1632, at the age of 37. He is credited with transforming Sweden into a great European power. Considered one of the greatest modern military commanders, Gustavus Adolphus turned Sweden into one of Europe's primary military forces during the Thirty Years' War.

 36 Powhatan

Famous As: Native American Leader
Birthdate: June 17, 1545
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Virginia, United States
Died: March 31, 1618

 37 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: September 11, 1611
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sedan, France
Died: July 27, 1675

 38 Michiel de Ruyter

Michiel de Ruyter.
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: March 24, 1607
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vlissingen, Netherlands
Died: April 29, 1676

Michiel de Ruyter was a Dutch admiral best remembered for his achievements during the Anglo-Dutch Wars. An important member of the Dutch Navy during his time, De Ruyter is widely considered one of the most talented admirals of all time. Regarded as a Dutch folk hero, Michiel de Ruyter's life and career inspired the 2015 Dutch film, Michiel de Ruyter.

 39 Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 17, 1711

 40 Metacom

Famous As: Tribal Leader
Birthdate: 1638 AD
Birthplace: Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 12, 1676

 41 George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore

George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1580 AD
Birthplace: Kiplin, England
Died: April 15, 1632

 42 Edward Braddock

Edward Braddock
Famous As: military personnel
Birthdate: December 31, 1695
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Perthshire
Died: July 13, 1755

 43 Ishida Mitsunari

Ishida Mitsunari
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: 1559 AD
Birthplace: Ōmi Province
Died: November 6, 1600

 44 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine

Charles III, Duke of Lorraine
Famous As: Duke of Lorraine
Birthdate: February 18, 1543
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Palace of the Dukes of Lorraine, Nancy, France
Died: May 14, 1608

 45 Edward Coke

Edward Coke
Famous As: Barrister
Birthdate: February 1, 1552
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mileham, Breckland, Norfolk, England
Died: September 3, 1634

 46 Massasoit

Famous As: Native Leader
Birthdate: 1581 AD
Birthplace: Mount Hope, Bristol, Rhode Island, United States
Died: 1661 AD

 47 Thomas Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax.
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: January 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Denton Hall, Wharfedale
Died: November 12, 1671

 48 Maurice, Prince of Orange

Maurice, Prince of Orange
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: November 14, 1567
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: April 23, 1625

 49 Feodor III of Russia

Feodor III of Russia
Birthdate: June 9, 1661
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow
Died: May 7, 1682

 50 Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex

Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: January 11, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: September 14, 1646