Famous 17th Century Physicians

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 1 
William Harvey
(Physician)

William Harvey
4
Birthdate: April 1, 1578
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Folkestone, England
Died: June 3, 1657

The first to discover the entire process of human blood circulation, physician William Harvey was a Royal College of Physicians fellow. He also served as the personal physician of James I. He later worked at the Bartholomew’s Hospital but was replaced for being a staunch monarchist.

 2 
Hans Sloane
(Physician)

Hans Sloane
3
Birthdate: April 16, 1660
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Killyleagh, Northern Ireland
Died: January 11, 1753

British doctor Hans Sloane traveled to Jamaica as a personal physician of the 2nd duke of Albermarle and was soon engrossed in the natural species of the region. He documented his collections, and they eventually helped form the British Museum. He is also known as the inventor of drinking chocolate.

 3 
Francesco Redi
(Physician, naturalist, biologist and poet)

Francesco Redi
3
Birthdate: February 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: March 1, 1697

Called the founder of experimental biology and father of modern parasitology, Italian physician, biologist, naturalist and poet Francesco Redi did the first major experiment to challenge spontaneous generation. His book Esperienze intorno alla generazione degl'insetti includes most of his famous experiments, while his poem book Bacco in Toscana is counted among the finest works of 17th-century Italian poetry.   

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 4 
François Bernier
(Physician and traveller)

François Bernier
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1620
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Joué-Étiau, France
Died: September 22, 1688

 5 
Thomas Sydenham
(Physician)

Thomas Sydenham
4
Birthdate: September 10, 1624
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wynford Eagle
Died: December 29, 1689

Known as The English Hippocrates for authoring the medicine textbook Observationes Medicae, physician Thomas Sydenham is also remembered for his pathbreaking research on gout and scarlet fever. He also discovered St. Vitus’ dance, or Sydenham’s chore; believed in nosological classification of ailments; and popularized the use of quinine for treating malaria.

 6 
Henry Vaughan
(Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer)

Henry Vaughan
3
Birthdate: April 17, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brecknockshire
Died: April 23, 1695

Anglo-Welsh metaphysical poet Henry Vaughan was a major literary figure of the Commonwealth period and is best remembered for Silex Scintillans. While he initially studied law, the Civil War disrupted his studies and he was called back home to serve Sir Marmaduke Lloyd. He was also a practicing physician.

 7 
Robert Fludd
(Physician)

Robert Fludd
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1574
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bearsted, England
Died: September 8, 1637

Best remembered for his study of occult philosophy, Robert Fludd, the son of English diplomat Sir Thomas Fludd, was also a physician. However, he was criticized for being a medical professional who believed in magic and defended Rosicrucianism. His other interests included cosmology, astrology, and Freemasonry.

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 8 
Thomas Willis
(English Doctor)

Thomas Willis
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1621
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Great Bedwyn
Died: November 11, 1675

 9 
Herman Boerhaave
(Botanist, Physician)

Herman Boerhaave
2
Birthdate: December 31, 1668
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Voorhout, Netherlands
Died: September 23, 1738

 10 
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
(Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of mathematics, Entomologist)

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
2
Birthdate: January 28, 1608
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Naples
Died: December 31, 1679

While he matriculated in math and taught the subject later, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli also made pioneering discoveries as a physicist and physiologist. With works such as De Motu Animalium, he revolutionized the field of biomechanics, explaining muscular movements with the help of statics and dynamics.

Giovanni Battista Morgagni
2
Birthdate: February 25, 1682
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Forlì, Italy
Died: December 6, 1771

 12 
William Stukeley
(Physician)

William Stukeley
2
Birthdate: November 7, 1687
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Holbeach, England
Died: March 3, 1765

 13 
Engelbert Kaempfer
(Naturalist)

Engelbert Kaempfer
2
Birthdate: September 16, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lemgo, Germany
Died: November 2, 1716

Seventeenth-century German physician and traveler Engelbert Kaempfer had been on trade missions across the world, including places such as Russia, Iran, Java, and Japan. His written experiences about his stay in Japan became a valuable source of information on the flora and fauna of the country.

 14 
Claude Perrault
(Architect)

Claude Perrault
2
Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 9, 1688

French architect Claude Perrault is best known for his design of the Louvre’s eastern façade. Trained in math and medicine, he began his career as a physician. He was also part of the Academy of Sciences. Apart from designing the Colonnade, he had also designed the Paris Observatory.

 15 
Santorio Santorio
(Physiologist)

Santorio Santorio
2
Birthdate: March 29, 1561
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Koper, Slovenia
Died: February 22, 1636

 16 

Bernardino Ramazzini
2
Birthdate: October 3, 1633
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Carpi, Italy
Died: November 5, 1714

Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente
2
Birthdate: May 20, 1533
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acquapendente, Italy
Died: May 21, 1619

 18 
Gaspard Bauhin
(Botanist)

Gaspard Bauhin
2
Birthdate: January 17, 1560
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: December 5, 1624

Born to a French physician in Switzerland, Gaspard Bauhin was a qualified physician himself and later made some of the most significant contributions to the classification of plants. Known for his Pinax theatri botanica, he also provided one of the initial descriptions of the ileocecal (or Bauhin’s) valve.

 19 
Thomas Bartholin
(Physician)

Thomas Bartholin
2
Birthdate: October 20, 1616
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Malmö Municipality, Sweden
Died: December 4, 1680

Thomas Bartholin was a Danish physician, theologian, and mathematician. He is best remembered for discovering the lymphatic system in human beings. Thomas Bartholin is also known as the first person to scientifically describe refrigeration anesthesia, which is widely used today, especially while performing major amputations of the limbs.    

 20 

Franciscus Sylvius
2
Birthdate: March 15, 1614
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: November 19, 1672

Franciscus Sylvius was a Dutch scientist and physician. He is credited with establishing the first academic chemical laboratory in 1669. He is also credited with founding the Iatrochemical School of Medicine. Many of Franciscus Sylvius' students like Reinier de Graaf, Jan Swammerdam, and Niels Stensen went on to become notable personalities in their respective fields.

 21 
Reinier de Graaf
(Physician)

Reinier de Graaf
1
Birthdate: July 30, 1641
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schiedam, Netherlands
Died: August 17, 1673

Reinier de Graaf was a Dutch physician, anatomist, and physiologist. He is credited with making important discoveries in reproductive biology. De Graaf, who specialized in iatrogenesis and iatrochemistry, was the first to develop a syringe. He did so to inject dye into the reproductive organs of the human body to understand their structure and function.

 22 
Andrea Cesalpino
(Physician)

Andrea Cesalpino
1
Birthdate: June 6, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: February 23, 1603

 23 

Michael Wigglesworth
1
Birthdate: October 18, 1631
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Yorkshire, England
Died: June 10, 1705

 24 
John Mayow
(Chemist)

John Mayow
1
Birthdate: May 24, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Looe, England
Died: September 30, 1679

John Mayow is said to have discovered oxygen as piritus nitroaereus about a century before the existence of Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier and Joseph Pristley. Though he initially studied law, he later switched to practicing medicine and is remembered for his contribution to pneumatic chemistry. He was named a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 25 

Johann Konrad Dippel
1
Birthdate: August 10, 1673
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mühltal, Germany
Died: April 25, 1734

Remembered as the “mad scientist,” Johann Konrad Dippel is considered by many as the person who had inspired Mary Shelley to write Frankenstein. He used the pseudonym Christianus Democritus to write various scientific texts and claimed his concoction Dippel's oil was the "elixir of life" that promised immortality.

 26 
Richard Mead
(Physician)

Richard Mead
1
Birthdate: August 11, 1673
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 16, 1754

Eighteenth-century English doctor Richard Mead is remembered for his study on transmissible diseases such as smallpox, scurvy, and measles. He also wrote on the treatment of snake venom victims. An avid reader, he owned a huge collection of books, too. A satirized version of his character appears in Tristram Shandy.

 27 
Zabdiel Boylston
(Physician)

Zabdiel Boylston
1
Birthdate: March 9, 1676
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 1, 1766

 28 
Gabriel Naudé
(Librarian)

Gabriel Naudé
1
Birthdate: February 2, 1600
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 10, 1653

 29 
Andreas Libavius
(Physician)

Andreas Libavius
1
Birthdate: 1555 AD
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: July 25, 1616

Andreas Libavius was a German professor and physician. He was a renaissance man known for practicing alchemy. He wrote a book called Alchemia, one of the first chemistry textbooks ever written. He taught history and poetry at the University of Jena and later became a physician at the Gymnasium in Rothenburg. He also founded the Gymnasium at Coburg. 

 30 

Johann Joachim Becher
1
Birthdate: May 6, 1635
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Speyer, Germany
Died: September 30, 1682

Johann Joachim Becher was a German physician, alchemist, scholar, and adventurer. He is remembered for his development of the phlogiston theory of combustion. He also played a role in the advancement of Austrian cameralism. A brilliant man, he was appointed professor of medicine at the University of Mainz. He also served as the physician to the elector of Bavaria.  

 31 
Prospero Alpini
(Scientist)

Prospero Alpini
1
Birthdate: November 23, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marostica, Italy
Died: February 6, 1617

 32 
John Bastwick
(Physician)

John Bastwick
1
Birthdate: 1593 AD
Birthplace: Writtle, England
Died: 1654 AD

 33 

Paul Fleming
1
Birthdate: October 5, 1609
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hartenstein, Germany
Died: April 2, 1640

Seventeenth-century lyrical poet Paul Fleming was also a skilled physician. A disciple of Martin Opitz, he composed love poems and religious hymns. He was also the first German to make use of the sonnet form effectively. He had also been a merchant in Russia and Iran for several years.

 34 

Alexander Monro
1
Birthdate: September 19, 1697
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 10, 1767

The son of surgeon John Munro, Alexander Monro followed in his father’s footsteps and became a leading surgeon and anatomist of his day. He, his son, and then his grandson held the Edinburgh University Chair of Anatomy for a collective 126 years. He was also named a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 35 

William Cheselden
1
Birthdate: October 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Somerby, England
Died: April 10, 1752

 36 
Rasmus Bartholin
(Physician)

Rasmus Bartholin
1
Birthdate: August 13, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Roskilde, Denmark
Died: November 4, 1698

Rasmus Bartholin was a Danish grammarian and physician. He is best remembered for his discovery of the double refraction of a ray of light by Iceland spar. Rasmus Bartholin is also remembered for his association with the University of Copenhagen where he served as a professor of Geometry and Medicine. 

 37 
John Bulwer
(Physician)

John Bulwer
1
Birthdate: May 16, 1606
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 16, 1656

 38 

Richard Blackmore
1
Birthdate: January 22, 1654
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Corsham, England
Died: October 9, 1729

 39 
Robert Sibbald
(Physician)

Robert Sibbald
1
Birthdate: April 15, 1641
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 9, 1722

Robert Sibbald was a Scottish antiquary and physician best known for his study of whales. Sibbald was the first person to give a scientific description of the blue whale, which was originally named after him. Robert Sibbald is also remembered for his association with the University of Edinburgh where he served as the first professor of medicine, starting from 1685.

 40 
Edward Tyson
(Scientist)

Edward Tyson
1
Birthdate: January 20, 1651
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: August 1, 1708

Diego de Torres Villarroel
1
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

 42 

Matthias de L'Obel
1
Birthdate: 1538 AD
Birthplace: Lille, France
Died: March 3, 1616

 43 

Théophraste Renaudot
1
Birthdate: 1538 AD, 1586
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Loudun, France
Died: October 25, 1653

 44 
Antoine de Jussieu
(Plant biologist)

Antoine de Jussieu
1
Birthdate: July 6, 1686
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: April 22, 1758

Étienne François Geoffroy
1
Birthdate: February 13, 1672
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 6, 1731

Étienne François Geoffroy, also known as Geoffroy the Elder, initially wished to be an apothecary but later deviated to medicine. He is best remembered for his tables of "affinities" that showcased fixed attraction between various chemical bodies. He also dismissed the idea of the philosopher’s stone as a myth.

 46 

Giovanni Maria Lancisi
6
Birthdate: October 26, 1654
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 20, 1720

 47 
Jared Eliot
(Physician)

Jared Eliot
0
Birthdate: November 7, 1685
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Guilford, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 22, 1763

 48 

Guillaume de Baillou
0
Birthdate: 1538 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 1616 AD

 49 
Lorenzo Bellini
(Physician)

Lorenzo Bellini
0
Birthdate: September 3, 1643
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 8, 1704

Peter Chamberlen the elder
0
Birthdate: 1560 AD
Birthplace: England
Died: 1631 AD