Famous 17th Century Physicians

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 1 John Locke

John Locke
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Famous As: Father of Classical Liberalism
Birthdate: August 29, 1632
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: October 28, 1704
John Locke, also known as The Father of Liberalism, was a prominent Enlightenment Age philosopher. A qualified physician, Locke postulated the theory of mind, empiricism, and the idea of tabula rasa. His ideas influenced the social contract theory, the works of Kant and Rousseau, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence.

 2 Hans Sloane

Hans Sloane
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 16, 1660
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Killyleagh, Northern Ireland
Died: January 11, 1753

British doctor Hans Sloane traveled to Jamaica as a personal physician of the 2nd duke of Albermarle and was soon engrossed in the natural species of the region. He documented his collections, and they eventually helped form the British Museum. He is also known as the inventor of drinking chocolate.

 3 Francesco Redi

Francesco Redi
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Famous As: Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter, Entomologist, Parasitologist
Birthdate: February 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: April 22, 1698

Called the founder of experimental biology and father of modern parasitology, Italian physician, biologist, naturalist and poet Francesco Redi did the first major experiment to challenge spontaneous generation. His book Esperienze intorno alla generazione degl'insetti includes most of his famous experiments, while his poem book Bacco in Toscana is counted among the finest works of 17th-century Italian poetry.   

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 4 François Quesnay

François Quesnay
3
Famous As: Philosopher, Economist, Physician, Encyclopédistes
Birthdate: June 4, 1694
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Méré, Yvelines
Died: December 16, 1774

François Quesnay was a French economist and physician. He was a proponent of the Physiocratic school. He is best known for publishing the "Tableau économique" (Economic Table), in which he set forth the foundations of the ideas of the Physiocrats. He also wrote extensively on Chinese politics and society. He was married to a woman named Marianne Woodsen. 

 5 François Bernier

François Bernier
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Famous As: philosopher, physician
Birthdate: 1625 AD
Birthplace: Joué-Étiau
Died: September 22, 1688

 6 Robert Fludd

Robert Fludd
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 17, 1574
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bearsted, England
Died: September 8, 1637

Best remembered for his study of occult philosophy, Robert Fludd, the son of English diplomat Sir Thomas Fludd, was also a physician. However, he was criticized for being a medical professional who believed in magic and defended Rosicrucianism. His other interests included cosmology, astrology, and Freemasonry.

 7 Thomas Sydenham

Thomas Sydenham
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 10, 1624
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wynford Eagle
Died: December 29, 1689

Known as The English Hippocrates for authoring the medicine textbook Observationes Medicae, physician Thomas Sydenham is also remembered for his pathbreaking research on gout and scarlet fever. He also discovered St. Vitus’ dance, or Sydenham’s chore; believed in nosological classification of ailments; and popularized the use of quinine for treating malaria.

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 8 Henry Vaughan

Henry Vaughan
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Famous As: Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: April 17, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brecknockshire
Died: April 23, 1695

 9 Thomas Willis

Thomas Willis
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Famous As: English Doctor
Birthdate: January 27, 1621
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Great Bedwyn
Died: November 11, 1675

 10 Herman Boerhaave

Herman Boerhaave
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Famous As: Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist, University teacher, Chemist, Entomologist
Birthdate: December 31, 1668
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden
Died: September 23, 1738

 11 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
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Famous As: Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of mathematics, Entomologist
Birthdate: January 28, 1608
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Naples
Died: December 31, 1679

While he matriculated in math and taught the subject later, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli also made pioneering discoveries as a physicist and physiologist. With works such as De Motu Animalium, he revolutionized the field of biomechanics, explaining muscular movements with the help of statics and dynamics.

 12 Giovanni Battista Morgagni

Giovanni Battista Morgagni
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Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: February 25, 1682
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Forlì, Italy
Died: December 6, 1771

 13 William Stukeley

William Stukeley
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 7, 1687
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Holbeach, England
Died: March 3, 1765

 14 Engelbert Kaempfer

Engelbert Kaempfer
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 16, 1651
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lemgo, Germany
Died: November 2, 1716

Seventeenth-century German physician and traveler Engelbert Kaempfer had been on trade missions across the world, including places such as Russia, Iran, Java, and Japan. His written experiences about his stay in Japan became a valuable source of information on the flora and fauna of the country.

 15 Claude Perrault

Claude Perrault
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 9, 1688

French architect Claude Perrault is best known for his design of the Louvre’s eastern façade. Trained in math and medicine, he began his career as a physician. He was also part of the Academy of Sciences. Apart from designing the Colonnade, he had also designed the Paris Observatory.

 16 Bernardino Ramazzini

Bernardino Ramazzini
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 3, 1633
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Carpi, Italy
Died: November 5, 1714

 17 Santorio Santorio

Santorio Santorio
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1561
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Koper, Slovenia
Died: February 22, 1636

 18 Gaspard Bauhin

Gaspard Bauhin
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 17, 1560
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Basel, Switzerland
Died: December 5, 1624

 19 Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente

Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: May 20, 1533
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acquapendente, Italy
Died: May 21, 1619

 20 Thomas Bartholin

Thomas Bartholin
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 20, 1616
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Malmö Municipality, Sweden
Died: December 4, 1680

 21 Franciscus Sylvius

Franciscus Sylvius
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 15, 1614
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: November 19, 1672

 22 Reinier de Graaf

Reinier de Graaf
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 30, 1641
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schiedam, Netherlands
Died: August 17, 1673

 23 Andrea Cesalpino

Andrea Cesalpino
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 6, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: February 23, 1603

 24 Michael Wigglesworth

Michael Wigglesworth
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Famous As: Minister
Birthdate: October 18, 1631
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Yorkshire, England
Died: June 10, 1705

 25 John Mayow

John Mayow
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 24, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Looe, England
Died: September 30, 1679

 26 Richard Mead

Richard Mead
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 11, 1673
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 16, 1754

Eighteenth-century English doctor Richard Mead is remembered for his study on transmissible diseases such as smallpox, scurvy, and measles. He also wrote on the treatment of snake venom victims. An avid reader, he owned a huge collection of books, too. A satirized version of his character appears in Tristram Shandy.

 27 Zabdiel Boylston

Zabdiel Boylston
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 9, 1676
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brookline, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 1, 1766

 28 Gabriel Naudé

Gabriel Naudé
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Famous As: Librarian
Birthdate: February 2, 1600
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 10, 1653

 29 Andreas Libavius

Andreas Libavius
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1555 AD
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: July 25, 1616

Andreas Libavius was a German professor and physician. He was a renaissance man known for practicing alchemy. He wrote a book called Alchemia, one of the first chemistry textbooks ever written. He taught history and poetry at the University of Jena and later became a physician at the Gymnasium in Rothenburg. He also founded the Gymnasium at Coburg. 

 30 Johann Joachim Becher

Johann Joachim Becher
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 6, 1635
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Speyer, Germany
Died: September 30, 1682

Johann Joachim Becher was a German physician, alchemist, scholar, and adventurer. He is remembered for his development of the phlogiston theory of combustion. He also played a role in the advancement of Austrian cameralism. A brilliant man, he was appointed professor of medicine at the University of Mainz. He also served as the physician to the elector of Bavaria.  

 31 Prospero Alpini

Prospero Alpini
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: November 23, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marostica, Italy
Died: February 6, 1617

 32 Johann Konrad Dippel

Johann Konrad Dippel
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: August 10, 1673
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mühltal, Germany
Died: April 25, 1734

Remembered as the “mad scientist,” Johann Konrad Dippel is considered by many as the person who had inspired Mary Shelley to write Frankenstein. He used the pseudonym Christianus Democritus to write various scientific texts and claimed his concoction Dippel's oil was the "elixir of life" that promised immortality.

 33 John Bastwick

John Bastwick
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1593 AD
Birthplace: Writtle, England
Died: 1654 AD

 34 Paul Fleming

Paul Fleming
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 5, 1609
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hartenstein, Germany
Died: April 2, 1640

Seventeenth-century lyrical poet Paul Fleming was also a skilled physician. A disciple of Martin Opitz, he composed love poems and religious hymns. He was also the first German to make use of the sonnet form effectively. He had also been a merchant in Russia and Iran for several years.

 35 John Bulwer

John Bulwer
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 16, 1606
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 16, 1656

 36 Richard Blackmore

Richard Blackmore
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Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 22, 1654
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Corsham, England
Died: October 9, 1729

 37 Alexander Monro

Alexander Monro
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: September 19, 1697
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 10, 1767

The son of surgeon John Munro, Alexander Monro followed in his father’s footsteps and became a leading surgeon and anatomist of his day. He, his son, and then his grandson held the Edinburgh University Chair of Anatomy for a collective 126 years. He was also named a Fellow of The Royal Society.

 38 William Cheselden

William Cheselden
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Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: October 19, 1688
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Somerby, England
Died: April 10, 1752

 39 Rasmus Bartholin

Rasmus Bartholin
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 13, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Roskilde, Denmark
Died: November 4, 1698

 40 Robert Sibbald

Robert Sibbald
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 15, 1641
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 9, 1722

 41 Edward Tyson

Edward Tyson
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 20, 1651
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: August 1, 1708

 42 Diego de Torres Villarroel

Diego de Torres Villarroel
1
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: June 17, 1693
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: June 19, 1770

 43 Matthias de L'Obel

Matthias de L'Obel
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1538 AD
Birthplace: Lille, France
Died: March 3, 1616

 44 Théophraste Renaudot

Théophraste Renaudot
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 30, 1586
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Loudun, France
Died: October 25, 1653

 45 Antoine de Jussieu

Antoine de Jussieu
1
Famous As: Plant biologist
Birthdate: July 6, 1686
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: April 22, 1758

 46 Étienne François Geoffroy

Étienne François Geoffroy
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 13, 1672
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 6, 1731

Étienne François Geoffroy, also known as Geoffroy the Elder, initially wished to be an apothecary but later deviated to medicine. He is best remembered for his tables of "affinities" that showcased fixed attraction between various chemical bodies. He also dismissed the idea of the philosopher’s stone as a myth.

 47 Giovanni Maria Lancisi

Giovanni Maria Lancisi
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 26, 1654
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 20, 1720

 48 Jared Eliot

Jared Eliot
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 7, 1685
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Guilford, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 22, 1763

 49 Guillaume de Baillou

Guillaume de Baillou
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1538 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 1616 AD

 50 Lorenzo Bellini

Lorenzo Bellini
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 3, 1643
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 8, 1704