Famous 17th Century Architects

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 1 
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
(Sculptor, Architect)

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
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Birthdate: December 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: November 28, 1680
Son of sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, introduced the Baroque style of sculpture to the world. Known for his masterpieces such as Apollo and Daphne and David, he excelled in depicting the fine details of skin and hair in his marble creations. His commissioned creations include St. Peter's baldachin.

 2 

Sir Christopher Wren
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Birthdate: October 20, 1632
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: East Knoyle
Died: February 25, 1723

Architect Sir Christopher Wren had built over 50 churches in London, the most popular of them being the St. Paul’s Cathedral. He was a major force behind the formation of the Royal Society and was also knighted for his achievements. He was also a member of the English Parliament.

 3 
Robert Hooke
(Philosopher)

Robert Hooke
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Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Died: March 3, 1703

Scientist Robert Hooke, also called England's Leonardo, initially gained recognition as an architect, conducting surveys following the Great Fire of London. He also taught geometry and was part of the Royal Society. He assisted Robert Boyle and eventually developed his own microscope, thus becoming the first to visualize micro-organisms.

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 4 
El Greco
(Painter)

El Greco
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Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Greece
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

André Le Nôtre
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Paris

André Le Nôtre was a 17th-century French landscape architect. Born into a family of gardeners, he later became the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. He is credited with designing the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. His other works include the design of gardens and parks at Saint-Cloud, Chantilly, Fontainebleau, and Saint-Germain. 

 6 

Francesco Borromini
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bissone
Died: August 2, 1667

 7 

Nicholas Hawksmoor
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Birthdate: 1661 AD
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire
Died: March 25, 1736

Nicholas Hawksmoor was a major figure of the Baroque style of architecture in England. He collaborated with prominent architects of the time, such as Sir John Vanbrugh and Sir Christopher Wren, and also served as one of the chief architects of Westminster Abbey. His independent projects include six churches in London.

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 8 
John Vanbrugh
(Architect)

John Vanbrugh
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Birthdate: January 24, 1664
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: March 26, 1726

Apart from being a Baroque-style architect, John Vanbrugh was also a well-known dramatist of the Restoration era. His works include the iconic The Provoked Wife and The Relapse, or, Virtue in Danger. His most-loved designs include Lord Carlisle’s Castle Howard in Yorkshire. A staunch Whig, he was also part of the Kit-Cat Club.

 9 

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban
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Birthdate: May 1, 1633
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Léger-Vauban
Died: March 30, 1707

Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban was a French military engineer. Widely regarded as the greatest engineer of his generation, Vauban played a prominent role in Western military history. He worked under Louis XIV and his principles for fortifications were used for almost a century. He is credited with building major ports and projects including the Canal de la Bruche.

 10 
Andrea Pozzo
(Painter)

Andrea Pozzo
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Birthdate: November 30, 1642
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Trento, Italy
Died: August 31, 1709
Baroque painter, architect, and writer Andrea Pozzo is best remembered for his signature architectural illusionist painting, through which he created illusions of three-dimensional structures such as domes, on flat ceilings. His works adorned structures such as the St. Ignatius's Church. He was also a Jesuit brother.

 11 
Pietro da Cortona
(Former Baroque painter and architect)

Pietro da Cortona
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Birthdate: November 1, 1596
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cortona, Italy
Died: May 16, 1669

 12 
William Kent
(architect, painter, printmaker)

William Kent
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Birthdate: 1685 AD
Birthplace: Bridlington
Died: April 12, 1748

William Kent was a British architect, painter, landscape architect, and furniture designer. After beginning his career as a court painter, Kent went on to establish himself as a prominent architect and introduced Palladian architecture to England. The gardens created by Kent at Chiswick House are one of the earliest models of the English garden. 

 13 
Louis Le Vau
(architect, artist)

Louis Le Vau
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Birthdate: 1612 AD
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 11, 1670

French Baroque architect Louis Le Vau began his career designing hotels and homes for the rich; Château du Raincy being one of his early notable works. Appointed the first architect to the king, he later undertook his most memorable work, adding service wings to the Palace of Versailles and rebuilding its garden façade, helping to develop the French Classical style.

 14 
James Gibbs
(Architect)

James Gibbs
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Birthdate: December 23, 1682
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: August 5, 1754

James Gibbs, one of the most significant architects of his time, was trained in Rome and later merged the Italian and English styles of architecture. His best-known work includes the East Anglican St. Martin-in-the-Fields Church in London. While his works had elements of Baroque architecture, he was also influenced by Palladianism.

 15 

Jules Hardouin-Mansart
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Birthdate: April 16, 1646
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 11, 1708

Seventeenth-century French Baroque architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart is best remembered for designing Versailles as the city planner of King Louis XIV. His great-uncle, François Mansart, who was one of the pioneers of classical French architecture. His other works include Place Vendôme and the Château de la Chaize in Odenas.

 16 
Claude Perrault
(Architect)

Claude Perrault
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Birthdate: September 25, 1613
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 9, 1688

French architect Claude Perrault is best known for his design of the Louvre’s eastern façade. Trained in math and medicine, he began his career as a physician. He was also part of the Academy of Sciences. Apart from designing the Colonnade, he had also designed the Paris Observatory.

 17 

Sedefkar Mehmed Agha
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Birthdate: 1540 AD
Birthplace: Elbasan, Albania
Died: 1617 AD

 18 
Balthasar Neumann
(Architect and military artillery engineer who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture)

Balthasar Neumann
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Birthdate: January 27, 1687
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cheb, Czechia
Died: August 19, 1753

Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
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Birthdate: July 20, 1656
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: April 5, 1723

The Baroque architecture of Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural-historian Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, who penned the influential book titled A Plan of Civil and Historical Architecture, greatly influenced the Habsburg Empire and shaped the architectural tastes of Austrian aristocracy for decades. Two of his major works include the Austrian National Library in Vienna, and the Holy Trinity Church in Salzburg.

 20 

François Mansart
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Birthdate: January 23, 1598
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 23, 1666

François Mansart was a French architect who introduced classicism into French Baroque architecture. Widely regarded as the most accomplished French architect of the 17th century, Mansart's works are celebrated for their high degree of elegance, subtlety, and refinement. François Mansart is also credited with popularizing the mansard roof, which creates an extra floor of habitable space in a building.

 21 

Bernardo Buontalenti
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Birthdate: December 15, 1531
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: June 6, 1608

 22 

Federico Zuccari
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Birthdate: 1539 AD
Birthplace: Sant'Angelo in Vado, Italy
Died: July 20, 1609

 23 

Ange-Jacques Gabriel
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Birthdate: October 23, 1698
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 4, 1782

One of the most significant architects of the 18th century, Ange-Jacques Gabriel built many major structures during the reign of Louis XV. Born to premier architect Jacques V, he later succeeded his father. His most notable works include the Place de la Concorde and the Petit Trianon at Versailles.

 24 
Guarino Guarini
(Architect)

Guarino Guarini
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Birthdate: January 17, 1624
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Modena, Italy
Died: March 6, 1683
A major influence on European Baroque architects, Guarino Guarini was not just a talented architect but also a mathematician and a priest. He had also penned books on architecture, astronomy, and mathematics, such as Euclides adauctus, and built buildings such as royal palaces, castles, churches, and chapels.

Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1622
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sevilla, Spain
Died: October 15, 1690

Spanish Baroque painter and the president of the Sevilla Academy, Juan de Nisa Valdés Leal is remembered for his masterpieces such as St. Andrew, Vanitas, and La Vírgen de los Plateros. Though initially characterized by his use of vibrant colors, he later dealt with macabre themes and violence.

 26 
Baha' al-din al-'Amili
(islamic Scholar)

Baha' al-din al-'Amili
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Birthdate: February 18, 1547
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Baalbek, Lebanon
Died: September 1, 1621

Baha' al-din al-'Amili was an Arab Iranian Shia philosopher, Islamic scholar, architect, astronomer, mathematician, and poet who flourished in Safavid Iran during the late 16th and early 17th century. Baha' al-din al-'Amili was one of the first astronomers in the Islamic world to advocate the possibility of the Earth's movement before the outspread of the Copernican theory.

 27 
Filippo Juvarra
(Architect)

Filippo Juvarra
2
Birthdate: March 7, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Messina, Italy
Died: January 31, 1736

 28 
Girard Desargues
(Mathematician)

Girard Desargues
1
Birthdate: February 21, 1591
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: August 31, 1661

One of the founders of projective geometry, French mathematician Girard Desargues began his career as an architect and an engineer, designing several private and public buildings in Paris and Lyon and also a project for lifting water. Eventually he became associated with a group of Parisian mathematicians and undertook researches on perspective and geometrical projections, publishing several papers on it.

 29 

Hendrick de Keyser
1
Birthdate: May 15, 1565
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: May 15, 1621

 30 
Pierre Puget
(Sculptor)

Pierre Puget
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Birthdate: October 16, 1620
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 2, 1694

Pierre Puget was a French Baroque architect, painter, sculptor, and engineer. His sculptures expressed drama, pathos, and emotion, making them unique and setting them apart from the academic and classical sculptures of French classicism. Pierre Puget is credited with helping Pietro da Cortona paint the ceilings of the Palazzo Pitti at Florence and the Palazzo Barberini in Rome.

 31 
Jacob van Campen
(Architect)

Jacob van Campen
1
Birthdate: February 2, 1596
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: May 9, 1657

 32 
Carlo Fontana
(Architect)

Carlo Fontana
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Birthdate: April 22, 1638
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Novazzano, Switzerland
Died: February 5, 1714

Carlo Fontana was an Italian architect who worked closely with popular architects like Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, working as a draughtsman for their architectural plans. He then started working independently and went on to design the Santa Maria sopra Minerva's Casanate library, the ribbed hemispherical dome for Montefiascone's duomo, and the casino in the Vatican.

 33 
Ludovico Cigoli
(Artist and poet)

Ludovico Cigoli
1
Birthdate: September 21, 1559
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cigoli, Italy
Died: June 8, 1613

 34 
Thomas Archer
(Architect)

Thomas Archer
1
Birthdate: 1668 AD
Birthplace: Umberslade Hall, United Kingdom
Died: May 22, 1743

 35 

Dominikus Zimmermann
1
Birthdate: June 30, 1685
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wessobrunn, Germany
Died: November 16, 1766

Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann
1
Birthdate: May 3, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Herford, Germany
Died: January 17, 1736

Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt
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Birthdate: November 14, 1668
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: November 16, 1745

Baroque architect Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt was also a military engineer and influenced 18th-century European architecture to a great extent. Known for his unique architectural decoration, he designed some of the most impactful buildings of his era, such as the Belvedere in Vienna, the Schönborn Castle, and the Mirabell Palace.

Nicodemus Tessin the Younger
1
Birthdate: May 23, 1654
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nyköping, Sweden
Died: April 10, 1728

 39 
Germain Boffrand
(Architect)

Germain Boffrand
1
Birthdate: May 16, 1667
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: March 19, 1754

Germain Boffrand is remembered as one of the pioneers of the Régence style, also known as a precursor to the Rococo style. He initially studied sculpture but later joined the workshop of architect Jules Hardouin Mansart. His major creations were for Nantes and Paris. He also penned Livre d’architecture.

 40 

Baldassare Longhena
1
Birthdate: 1598 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: February 18, 1682

 41 
Pieter Post
(Architect)

Pieter Post
1
Birthdate: May 1, 1608
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: May 8, 1669

 42 
Giacomo Torelli
(Stage designer)

Giacomo Torelli
1
Birthdate: September 1, 1608
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Fano, Italy
Died: June 17, 1678

 43 
Daniel Marot
(Architect)

Daniel Marot
1
Birthdate: 1661 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 4, 1752

Daniel Marot was a Dutch furniture designer, architect, and engraver. He is credited with designing the interiors of Het Loo Palace which was built by the House of Orange-Nassau. Daniel Marot is also credited with popularizing ornamented ceilings in the Netherlands.

Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond
1
Birthdate: 1679 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: March 10, 1719

French architect Jean-Baptiste Alexandre Le Blond is best known for designing the Russian city of St. Petersburg. Born to a painter father, he later studied gardening techniques from André Le Nôtre. He is also remembered as a talented landscape designer who designed the gardens for Peter I (the Great)’s palace.

 45 
Nicola Sabbatini
(Architect)

Nicola Sabbatini
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Birthdate: 1574 AD
Birthplace: Pesaro, Italy
Died: December 25, 1654

 46 

Jacques Lemercier
1
Birthdate: 1585 AD
Birthplace: Pontoise, France
Died: January 13, 1654

Jacques Lemercier was a French engineer and architect. Along with François Mansart and Louis Le Vau, Jacques Lemercier helped develop the French Classical style and introduced classicism to French Baroque architecture. During the late-1630s, he was made the chief architect, a position that came with the responsibility of overseeing all the royal building enterprises.

 47 

Salomon de Brosse
1
Birthdate: 1571 AD
Birthplace: Verneuil, France
Died: December 9, 1626

Salomon de Brosse was a French architect who worked during the early 17th-century. An influential personality, De Brosse's works had a major influence on the works of another important architect, François Mansart. Counted among the most important architects of his generation, Salomon De Brosse was commissioned to design ambitious projects, such as the Luxembourg Palace in Paris.

Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer
1
Birthdate: September 1, 1689
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: December 18, 1751

 49 
Alonso Cano
(Artist)

Alonso Cano
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Birthdate: March 19, 1601
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: September 3, 1667

Remembered as the Spanish Michelangelo for his artistic diversity, Alonso Cano excelled as a painter, sculptor, and architect. Apart from being the court painter of Philip IV, he had also been the first royal architect. His paintings have strong streaks of tenebrism, or a focus on darkness.

 50 

Thomas de Keyser
1
Birthdate: 1596 AD
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: 1667 AD