Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, was an English statesman, lawyer, and philosopher considered an influential figure in the scientific revolution. An eloquent writer, he wrote extensively on topics ranging from law and religion to contemporary politics and ethics. The son of Sir Nicholas Bacon and Anne, a scholar, he grew up in an environment that valued education and intellectual discussions. He was educated at the University of Cambridge. He qualified as a lawyer and pursued a legal career for some time before venturing into politics. Over the years, he became known as a liberal-minded reformer who opposed feudal privileges and dictatorial powers. He was also against religious persecution. He had close ties with the royalty and went on to become the first Queen's Counsel designate. He was eventually appointed attorney general during the reign of James I and continued to rise in stature in the coming years. Despite having a successful career and a position of power in society, he was plagued by financial woes. He fell into deep debt and was charged with several cases of corruption, following which his high-profile career ended in disgrace. As a philosopher, he left behind a rich legacy in scientific, juridical, religious, and literary works.