17th Century Musicians

Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Musicians, including Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel, Antonio Vivaldi, Claudio Monteverdi and Johann Pachelbel.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 31, 1685
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Eisenach, Germany
Died: July 28, 1750

Johann Sebastian Bach was an 18-th century German composer of the Baroque period. He redefined both church and secular music. He served as the court musician of Duke Johann Ernst and King Augustus III. He created more than 300 cantatas and vocal music such as Mass in B minor.

 2 Antonio Lucio Vivaldi

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 4, 1678
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: July 28, 1741

Italian Baroque composer, virtuoso violinist, and teacher, Antonio Lucio Vivaldi, is regarded as one of the greatest Baroque composers. He was extremely popular during his lifetime and composed many instrumental concertos and operas. He was also a Roman Catholic priest and worked at a home for abandoned children. Even though he died in 1741, his music continues to be popular.

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 3 Claudio Monteverdi

Johann Sebastian Bach.
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 15, 1567
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cremona
Died: November 29, 1643

Claudio Monteverdi was an Italian string player, composer, choirmaster, and priest. His pioneering work in the development of opera and his letters, which gives an insight into the life of Italian musicians from the era, makes him a significant historical figure. He is also considered an important transitional figure between the two important periods of music history, Renaissance and Baroque. 

 4 Henry Purcell

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 10, 1659
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Westminster
Died: November 21, 1695
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 5 Juana Inés de la Cruz

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Feminist, Composer
Birthdate: November 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tepetlixpa
Died: April 17, 1695

 6 Johann Pachelbel

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer, Organist and Teacher
Birthdate: September 1, 1653
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nuremberg
Died: March 9, 1706

Johann Pachelbel was a German composer, teacher, and organist who is credited with helping the south German organ schools achieve their peak. His contributions to the progression of the fugue and chorale prelude have established him as one of the most prominent composers of the middle Baroque era. During his lifetime, his music became a model for several German composers.

 7 Carlo Gesualdo

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 8, 1566
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venosa, Italy
Died: September 8, 1613
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 8 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor

Johann Sebastian Bach
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 9, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: May 5, 1705

Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.

 9 Domenico Scarlatti

Johann Sebastian Bach.
3
Famous As: Musical Composer
Birthdate: October 26, 1685
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Naples
Died: July 23, 1757

Italian Baroque composer Domenico Scarlatti was no stranger to music, being the son of famous composer Alessandro Scarlatti. From being the official composer for the queen of Poland, to teaching music to the princess of Spain and creating 555 keyboard sonatas, the legendary harpsichordist had an illustrious life.

 10 Jean-Baptiste Lully

Johann Sebastian Bach.
3
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 28, 1632
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: March 22, 1687

Born to Italian parents, Jean-Baptiste Lully grew up to be a legendary composer who ruled the French courts. He started his journey as a violinist in Louis XIV’s band and later came to be known for his tragic operas. He had also apparently invented the French overture.

 11 Arcangelo Corelli

Johann Sebastian Bach.
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: February 17, 1653
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Fusignano
Died: January 8, 1713

Italian composer and violinist Arcangelo Corelli is regarded as a pioneer of the concerto grosso and the sonata. Named after his father who died 5 months before his birth, Corelli rose to be a major figure of Baroque music and became a favorite of priests and the royalty.

 12 Jean-Philippe Rameau

Johann Sebastian Bach.
2
Famous As: Music composer and theorist
Birthdate: September 25, 1683
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dijon
Died: September 12, 1764

One of the greatest French opera composers and music theorists of all time, Jean-Philippe Rameau enriched the late Baroque period with his harpsichord pieces. His organist father wanted him to pursue law, but Rameau wasn’t academically bright and had poor grammar, which made Rameau travel to Italy to study music.

 13 Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 13, 1608
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz
Died: April 2, 1657

 14 Tomaso Albinoni

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: June 8, 1671
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: January 17, 1751

 15 Dieterich Buxtehude

Johann Sebastian Bach.
2
Famous As: Musical Composer and Organist
Birthdate: June 24, 1637
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bad Oldesloe
Died: May 9, 1707

While some scholars believe Dieterich Buxtehude was born in Denmark, others claim he was from Germany. The composer and organist was a significant figure of the Baroque period and had Johann Sebastian Bach as his student. As a church musician, he also composed for family events and festivals.

 16 Giuseppe Tartini

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: April 8, 1692
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Piran
Died: February 26, 1770

Italian violinist Giuseppe Tartini initially studied and also established himself as a skilled fencer. Arrested for marrying an acquaintance of the archbishop of Padua, he fled to a monastery in Assisi, where he got addicted to music, later inventing the difference tone and a theory of harmony.

 17 François Couperin

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Composer, Organist, Musician, Viol player, Harpsichordist
Birthdate: November 10, 1668
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris
Died: September 11, 1733

 18 Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Luthier
Birthdate: August 21, 1698
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: October 17, 1744

 19 Marc-Antoine Charpentier

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1643 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 24, 1704

 20 Gregorio Allegri

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: 1582 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: February 7, 1652

 21 Alessandro Scarlatti

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Composer, Musician
Birthdate: May 2, 1660
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Palermo
Died: October 22, 1725

 22 Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 12, 1644
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Stráž pod Ralskem, Czechia
Died: May 3, 1704

 23 Girolamo Frescobaldi

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: September 13, 1583
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy
Died: March 1, 1643

 24 Barbara Strozzi

Johann Sebastian Bach
2
Famous As: Singer, Composer, Actor, Model
Birthdate: August 6, 1619
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Venice
Died: November 11, 1677

 25 Domenico Montagnana

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Luthier, Musical instrument maker
Birthdate: June 24, 1686
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lendinara
Died: March 6, 1750

 26 Jacopo Peri

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 20, 1561
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: August 12, 1633

 27 Francesco Cavalli

Johann Sebastian Bach.
1
Famous As: Composer, Organist
Birthdate: February 14, 1602
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Crema, Lombardy
Died: January 14, 1676

Seventeenth-century Italian composer Francesco Cavalli had taken up the surname of his Venetian patron Federico Cavalli. He was initially a soprano at the St. Mark's Basilica. While he mainly composed for operas, he also developed the early recitative-aria technique. Two of his most notable works were Erismena and L’Ormindo.

 28 Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: April 30, 1562
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Deventer, Netherlands
Died: October 16, 1621

 29 Benedetto Marcello

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: composer, poet, writer
Birthdate: August 9, 1686
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Venice
Died: July 24, 1739

 30 Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet De La Guerre

Johann Sebastian Bach.
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Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: March 17, 1665
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: June 27, 1729

Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet De La Guerre was a French musician, harpsichordist, and composer. Born into a family of musicians and master instrument-makers, she received her initial musical training from her father. She worked as a musician in the court of Louis XIV, the Sun King. Following her marriage to organist Marin de La Guerre, she taught and composed music. 

 31 Johann Joachim Quantz

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Composer, Musicologist, Music theorist, Musical instrument maker
Birthdate: January 30, 1697
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Scheden
Died: July 12, 1773

 32 Alessandro Stradella

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: July 3, 1643
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: February 25, 1682

 33 Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Noblemen
Birthdate: May 25, 1572
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kassel, Germany
Died: March 15, 1632

 34 Michelagnolo Galilei

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: December 18, 1575
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 3, 1631

 35 Johann Jakob Froberger

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: May 19, 1616
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: May 7, 1667

 36 Giacomo Carissimi

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: April 18, 1605
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Marino, Italy
Died: January 12, 1674

 37 Johann Ambrosius Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach
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Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: February 22, 1645
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Erfurt, Germany
Died: March 2, 1695

 38 Constantijn Huygens

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 4, 1596
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: March 28, 1687

 39 Hans Leo Hassler

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: October 26, 1564
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nürnberg, Germany
Died: June 8, 1612

 40 William Lawes

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1602 AD
Birthplace: Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
Died: September 24, 1645

 41 Samuel Scheidt

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: November 3, 1587
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Halle, Germany
Died: March 24, 1654

 42 Louis Couperin

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1626 AD
Birthplace: Chaumes-en-Brie, France
Died: August 29, 1661

 43 John Playford

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Bookseller
Birthdate: 1623 AD
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: November 30, 1686

 44 Pietro della Valle

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: April 2, 1586
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: April 21, 1652

 45 Cataldo Amodei

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer, Priests
Birthdate: May 6, 1649
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sciacca, Italy
Died: July 13, 1693

 46 Isabella Leonarda

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 6, 1620
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Novara, Italy
Died: February 25, 1704

 47 Giuseppe Torelli

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Violinist
Birthdate: April 22, 1658
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: February 8, 1709

 48 Thomas Tomkins

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: 1572 AD
Birthplace: Saint David’s, England
Died: June 9, 1656

 49 Nicholas Lanier

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: September 10, 1588
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1666

 50 Antonio Cesti

Johann Sebastian Bach
1
Famous As: Composer
Birthdate: August 5, 1623
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: October 14, 1669