Jules Bordet Biography
(Microbiologist and Immunologist)
Birthday: June 13, 1870 (Gemini)
Born In: Soignies
Jules Bordet was a Belgian microbiologist and immunologist who won the 1919 Nobel Prize in Medicine "for his discoveries relating to immunity". Bordet began his career at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. During his time at the Pasteur Institute, he conducted research on the destruction of bacteria and red corpuscles in blood serum. His initial studies showed that antimicrobic sera contained two active substances, one that existed before immunization (known as alexine) and the other a specific antibody created by vaccination. After his stint in Paris, he moved to Brussels where he established the Pasteur Institute. In 1898, he discovered haemolytic sera and found that red blood cells from one animal species that are injected into another species are destroyed through a process (hemolysis) analogous to bacteriolysis. In 1906, Bordet made the revolutionary discovery of the bacterial genus Bordetella pertussis which was responsible for whooping cough. Following his discovery, Bordet took up the chair of the Professor of Bacteriology at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1907. Other than bacteriology, Bordet carried out extensive work on immunology as well. Over the years, he was awarded with several honors and awards and became a member of numerous reputed and highly-esteemed academies and societies.