John Franklin Enders Biography
(American Biomedical Scientist Regarded as 'Father of Modern Vaccines')
Birthday: February 10, 1897 (Aquarius)
Born In: West Hartford, Connecticut
The Father of modern vaccines, John Franklin Enders was an America virologist and microbiologist who casted an important influence on the field of science through his revolutionary research and discoveries. A leader in modern virology, Enders is credited for cultivating the polio-virus in tissue cultures of human cells which led to the development of an attenuated live vaccine for polio. However, this isn’t all that Enders achieved in his career. Enders isolated the measles virus and in turn developed the measles vaccine that successfully put an end to the disease. Interestingly, upon reading the achievements, one tends to believe that Enders tryst with science started early. However, it is quite amazing to find out that Enders did not opt for science until quite late in his life. He was in fact enrolled for a literature course at Harvard when he befriended some medical students who rekindled Enders’ interest in biology and medicine. He then decided to enter as a candidate for the Ph.D. degree in bacteriology and immunology. Upon receiving his doctorate degree, Enders started his research program. In 1953, he jointly received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for culturing the poliovirus. Later in his career, he isolated measles virus and developed measles vaccine as well.