Karl MarxKarl Marx
(Economist, Philosopher)

05 May 1818

German,French,British,Prussian

AristotleAristotle
(Philosopher, Teacher of Alexander the Great)

0384 BC

Greek

William WallaceWilliam Wallace
(Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto Ruler of Scotland)

1270 AD

Scottish

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin
(Russian Revolutionary & Head of Communist Party)

22 April 1870

Russian

Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
(Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel Scientist, Physicist)

15 February 1564

Italian

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
(Founder and first leader of the Red Army)

07 November 1879

Russian,Ukrainian,Russian

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
(Philosopher and Philologist)

15 October 1844

German

PlatoPlato
(Philosopher)

0428 BC

Greek

Noam ChomskyNoam Chomsky
(Linguist)

07 December 1928

American

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
(Novelist)

29 November 1898

Irish,British

John LockeJohn Locke
(Father of Classical Liberalism)

29 August 1632

British

Carl JungCarl Jung
(Psychiatrist)

26 July 1875

Swiss

Continue Reading Below

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
(Philosopher)

22 April 1724

German

Niccolò MachiavelliNiccolò Machiavelli
(Political Philosopher)

03 May 1469

Italian

PythagorasPythagoras
(Philosopher and Mathematician)

0570 BC

Greek

Sam HarrisSam Harris
(Philosopher, Author)

09 April 1967

American

Pope John Paul IIPope John Paul II
(The 264th Pope (Bishop of Rome))

18 May 1920

Polish

Adam SmithAdam Smith
(Economist and Philosopher)

16 June 1723

Scottish

Continue Reading Below

VoltaireVoltaire
(Writer)

21 November 1694

French

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy

09 September 1828

Russian

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus

19 February 1473

Polish

William JamesWilliam James
(Philosopher, Psychologist)

11 January 1842

American

Jean-Jacques RousseauJean-Jacques Rousseau
(Philosopher, Writer, & Composer)

28 June 1712

Swiss,French

ConfuciusConfucius
(Renowned Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher)

28 September 0551

Chinese

Continue Reading Below

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky
(Russian novelist)

11 November 1821

Russian

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
(Philosopher)

18 May 1872

British,Welsh

Alan WattsAlan Watts
(Philosopher, Writer & Speaker)

06 January 1915

British,American

Michel FoucaultMichel Foucault
(French philosopher)

15 October 1926

French

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
(Philosopher)

22 January 1561

British

Thomas AquinasThomas Aquinas
(Philosophers, Theologian)

28 January 1225

Italian

Continue Reading Below

CiceroCicero
(Philosopher, Political Theorist)

03 January 0106

Italian,Ancient Roman

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
(Philosopher)

07 November 1913

Algerian,French

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau
(Writer and Philosopher)

12 July 1817

American

Jean-Paul SartreJean-Paul Sartre
(Philosopher)

21 June 1905

French

ChanakyaChanakya
(Philosopher)

0371 BC

Indian

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
(Philosopher)

05 April 1588

British

Continue Reading Below

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping

22 August 1904

Chinese

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
(British Philosopher and Civil Servant.)

20 May 1806

British

David HumeDavid Hume
(Philosopher & Historian)

26 April 1711

Scottish

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal
(Poet & Philosopher)

09 November 1877

Pakistani

Jean PiagetJean Piaget

09 August 1896

Swiss

AvicennaAvicenna
(Persian Plymath)

0980 AD

Continue Reading Below

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(Confident, Ambitious)

05 September 1888

Indian

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(Philosopher, Philosophy Historian)

27 August 1770

German

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein
(Philosopher)

26 April 1889

Austrian

Amartya SenAmartya Sen
(Economist & Philosopher)

03 November 1933

Indian

Terence McKennaTerence McKenna
(Philosopher, Psychonaut, Ethnobotanist, Author)

16 November 1946

American

John DeweyJohn Dewey
(Philosopher)

20 October 1859

American

Continue Reading Below

ZoroasterZoroaster
(Founder of Zoroastrianism)

Iranian

Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
(Advaita Philosopher)

0788 AD

Indian

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
(Philosopher)

22 February 1788

German

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
(French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Philosopher)

19 June 1623

French

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
(Dutch philosopher)

24 November 1632

Dutch

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
(Philosopher)

15 February 1748

British

Continue Reading Below
Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
(German Philosopher)

26 September 1889

German

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
(Philosopher)

28 November 1820

German

Sun TzuSun Tzu
(Ancient Military General, Strategist & Philosopher)

0544 BC

Chinese

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
(Public Speaker & Philosopher)

12 May 1895

Indian

Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
(Philosopher)

18 January 1689

French

Karl PopperKarl Popper
(Philosopher)

28 July 1902

British

Continue Reading Below
Pliny the ElderPliny the Elder
(Philosopher)

0023 AD

Ancient Roman

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
(Statesman)

12 January 1729

Irish,British

Jacques DerridaJacques Derrida
(Philosopher)

15 July 1930

Algerian,French

HeraclitusHeraclitus
(Philosopher)

0535 BC

Greek

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
(Philosopher)

28 July 1635

British

William PennWilliam Penn
(Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania)

14 October 1644

British

Continue Reading Below

DemocritusDemocritus
(Philosopher)

0460 BC

Greek

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
(Philosopher)

27 April 1820

British

EratosthenesEratosthenes
(Mathematician)

Greek

EpicurusEpicurus
(Greek Philosopher)

31 January 0341

Greek

MaimonidesMaimonides
(Philosopher)

30 March 1135

Egyptian

Ibn KhaldunIbn Khaldun
(Historiographer)

27 May 1332

Egyptian,Tunisian

Continue Reading Below

Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan
(Philosopher)

21 July 1911

Canadian

Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner
(Philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist)

25 February 1861

Croatian

PlutarchPlutarch
(Philosopher, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, & Middle Platonist)

0045 AD

Greek,Ancient Roman

PetrarchPetrarch
(Poet & Philosopher)

20 July 1304

Italian

Albert SchweitzerAlbert Schweitzer
(Philosopher, Theologian)

14 January 1875

French

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(Social Reformer, Philosopher)

26 September 1820

Indian

Continue Reading Below

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

French

GalenGalen
(Physician)

0130 AD

Greek

Umberto EcoUmberto Eco
(Italian Semiotician, Philosopher)

05 January 1932

Italian

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel
(Mathematician, Philosopher)

28 April 1906

American

Peter SingerPeter Singer
(Philosopher)

06 July 1946

Australian

John RawlsJohn Rawls
(American Philosopher)

21 February 1921

American

AverroesAverroes
(Philosopher)

14 April 1126

Spanish

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
(Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher)

10 November 1759

German

XenophonXenophon

0430 BC

Greek

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
(Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law)

25 January 1627

Irish,British

Omar KhayyamOmar Khayyam
(Mathematician)

18 May 1048

Iranian,Persian

Michel de MontaigneMichel de Montaigne
(Philosopher)

28 February 1533

French

Daniel DennettDaniel Dennett

28 March 1942

American

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin

15 July 1892

German

Ethan AllenEthan Allen
(Revolutionary War Hero)

21 January 1738

American

Paulo FreirePaulo Freire
(Educator and Philosopher)

19 September 1921

Brazilian

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle
(Philosopher)

04 December 1795

Scottish

Roland BarthesRoland Barthes
(French Literary Theorist & Philosopher)

12 November 1915

French

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
(Discoverer of Oxygen)

24 March 1733

British

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
(Author)

20 December 1969

Swiss,British

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin
(Philosopher & Activist)

09 December 1842

Russian