William Morris Davis Biography
(American Geographer, Geologist. Meteorologist, and Geomorphologist)
Birthday: February 12, 1850 (Aquarius)
Born In: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
William Morris Davis was an American geographer, geologist, and meteorologist, who founded the science of geomorphology—the study of landforms. He is often referred to as the “Father of American Geography”. He began his career as a meteorologist with the national Observatory at Córdoba, Argentina, and in three years, acquired a position with Harvard University, where he continued his employment for the next 36 years. Quite early in his career, he became interested in the study of landforms. His publication ‘The Rivers and Valleys of Pennsylvania’ (1889) introduced the ‘Davisian system’ of landscape analysis, which became his most celebrated work in physical geography. In this publication, he suggested that the physical features of the land are the consequence of a long term, continual erosion and that this sequential change through time was made of a cycle of erosion, which according to him was crucial in understanding the present landscape and geological history. Post retirement, he became a visiting lecturer to several universities, dedicated many hours to writing and field studies, and conducted in-depth researches of coral reefs and coral islands; the learnings of which were published in ‘The Coral Reef Problem’ (1928). During his lifetime, he published more than 500 works on Geography.