Throughout history, there have been many American women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great American female scientists such as Sally Ride, Grace Hopper, Rachel Carson, Lynn Margulis, Barbara McClintock.
Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
(Mathematician)

26 August 1918

American

Sally RideSally Ride
(Physicist, Astronaut)

26 May 1951

American

Dian FosseyDian Fossey
(Zoologist, Conservationist)

16 January 1932

Rwandan,American

Grace HopperGrace Hopper
(Computer Scientist)

09 December 1906

American

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
(Marine biologist)

27 May 1907

American

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
(Astronaut, Biochemist)

09 February 1960

American

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
(Scientist)

16 June 1902

American

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
(Author)

05 March 1938

American

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
(Astronomer)

04 July 1868

American

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
(Chemist)

31 July 1923

American

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
(American-Australian researcher)

26 November 1948

Australian,American

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
(Biochemist, Pharmacologist)

23 January 1918

American

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Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
(Astronomer)

11 December 1863

American

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
(Astronomer)

01 August 1818

American

Gerty CoriGerty Cori
(Biochemist)

15 August 1896

American

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
(Medical Physicist)

19 July 1921

American

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
(Physicist)

28 June 1906

American

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
(Scientist)

10 January 1898

American

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Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
(Biologist & Virologist)

13 February 1913

American

Nina GrayNina Gray
(Entrepreneur)

23 August 1974

American

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
(Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife)

18 August 1982

American

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
(Astronomer, University teacher)

10 May 1900

British,American

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
(Computer scientist, University teacher)

07 November 1939

American

Lisa RandallLisa Randall
(Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical physicist)

18 June 1962

American

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Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
(computer scientist, engineer)

27 August 1968

American

Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
(Writer, Computer scientist)

16 February 1953

American

Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
(computer scientist, engineer, inventor)

10 January 1938

American

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller

American

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(Astronaut, Chemist)

14 January 1943

American

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
(astronomer)

02 January 1974

American

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Anita BorgAnita Borg
(Computer scientist)

17 January 1949

American

Betty HolbertonBetty Holberton
(Computer scientist, Programmer)

07 March 1917

American

Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)

03 December 1842

American

Ingrid DaubechiesIngrid Daubechies
(Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher)

17 August 1954

Belgian,American

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer)

14 December 1960

American

Alice HamiltonAlice Hamilton
(Toxicologist, Pathologist, University teacher, Physician)

27 February 1869

American

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Julia RobinsonJulia Robinson
(Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher, Scientist)

08 December 1919

American

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
(Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician)

15 April 1961

American

Linda B. BuckLinda B. Buck
(American biologist)

29 January 1947

American

Dina KatabiDina Katabi

American

Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
(scientist and inventor)

1943 AD

American

Susan SolomonSusan Solomon
(chemist)

19 January 1956

American

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Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
(Astronaut, Biologist)

14 October 1978

American

Evelyn Boyd GranvilleEvelyn Boyd Granville
(American mathematician)

01 May 1924

American

Christine Ladd-FranklinChristine Ladd-Franklin

American

Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
(Limnologist, Botanist)

26 November 1907

American

Clelia Duel MosherClelia Duel Mosher
(Women)

16 December 1863

American

Mary Styles HarrisMary Styles Harris
(Scientist)

26 June 1949

American

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Frances AllenFrances Allen
(Computer scientist, teacher, computational scientist, university teacher)

04 August 1932

American