Famous American Virologists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite American Virologists

 1 
Jonas Salk
(Medical researcher)

Jonas Salk
6
Birthdate: October 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: June 23, 1995

If the world is successful in its fight against polio, the credit goes to American virologist Jonas Salk who developed a vaccine for the disease. Described as a “miracle worker”, his concerns for humanity were reflected in the fact that he did not claim a patent for the vaccine. He founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, based in California.

 2 
Albert Sabin
(Medical Researcher)

Albert Sabin
7
Birthdate: August 26, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Białystok, Poland
Died: March 3, 1993

Polish-American medical researcher Albert Bruce Sabin is best-remembered for developing oral polio vaccine which is easier to give and more effective than earlier polio vaccine. His vaccine has remained instrumental in the ongoing effort of eradicating polio. Other vaccines developed by Sabin include the ones for encephalitis and dengue. He served as President of Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.

 3 
Hilary Koprowski
(Virologist, Immunologist)

Hilary Koprowski
6
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013

Hilary Koprowski was a Polish virologist and immunologist. He spent the majority of his career in USA and created an effective live polio vaccine. He also contributed significantly to the development of an improved rabies vaccine. He was the author or co-author of over 875 scientific papers. He was the recipient of many awards, including the Albert Sabin Gold Medal.

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 4 
Robert Gallo
(Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist)

Robert Gallo
10
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury

 5 
David Baltimore
(Virologist)

David Baltimore
5
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 6 
David Ho
(Researcher)

David Ho
5
Birthdate: November 3, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Taichung, Taiwan

 7 
Howard Martin Temin
(Geneticist and Virologist)

Howard Martin Temin
3
Birthdate: December 10, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 9, 1994

Virologist Howard Martin Temin won his Nobel Prize for co-discovering the enzyme reverse transcriptase. His initial research was in the area of animal cancers, as he was also a PhD in animal virology from Caltech. He spent almost his entire academic career teaching at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  

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 8 
Renato Dulbecco
(Virologist)

Renato Dulbecco
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Italy
Died: February 19, 2012

Renato Dulbecco was an Italian-American virologist whose work on oncoviruses earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1975. Over the course of his illustrious career, Renato Dulbecco also won other prestigious awards, such as the Marjory Stephenson Prize, Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, and Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology.  

 9 
John Franklin Enders
(The Father of Modern Vaccines)

John Franklin Enders
4
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Hartford, Connecticut
Died: September 8, 1985

 10 

Francis Peyton Rous
2
Birthdate: October 5, 1879
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: February 16, 1970

 11 
Nathan Wolfe
(Virologist and epidemiologist)

Nathan Wolfe
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan, United States

 12 

Thomas Huckle Weller
2
Birthdate: June 15, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: August 23, 2008

 13 

Thomas Francis, Jr.
1
Birthdate: July 15, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gas City, Indiana, United States
Died: October 1, 1969

Microbiologist Thomas Francis, Jr. is best remembered for identifying the influenza A and influenza B strains and creating a vaccine effective against both. He also contributed to the research on the treatment of pneumonia. His medical research won his many accolades and awards, such as the Medal of Freedom.

 14 
Frederick Chapman Robbins
(Virologist and Paediatrician)

Frederick Chapman Robbins
2
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Auburn, Alabama, United States
Died: August 4, 2003

 15 
Robert Huebner
(Physician)

Robert Huebner
1
Birthdate: February 23, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cheviot, Ohio, United States
Died: August 26, 1998

 16 
Thomas Milton Rivers
(Bacteriologist)

Thomas Milton Rivers
1
Birthdate: September 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Jonesboro, Georgia, United States
Died: May 12, 1962

 17 
Thomas C. Peebles
(Physician and virologist)

Thomas C. Peebles
1
Birthdate: June 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts
Died: July 8, 2010

 18 
Marguerite Vogt
(Biologist & Virologist)

Marguerite Vogt
1
Birthdate: February 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 6, 2007

 19 
Ludwig Gross
(Virologist)

Ludwig Gross
1
Birthdate: September 11, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: July 19, 1999

 20 
Harold Ginsberg
(Microbiologist)

Harold Ginsberg
0
Birthdate: May 27, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Daytona Beach, Florida, United States
Died: February 2, 2003

 21 
Irving Millman
(Virologist)

Irving Millman
0
Birthdate: May 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 17, 2012

 22 
Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.
(Virologist)

Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.
0
Birthdate: November 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Texas, United States
Died: August 19, 2001