If you ever had a vaccine shot or have used polythene or have taken in penicillin to get rid of that sore throat, thank the chemists from around the world, for had it not been for them, the world indeed wouldn’t have been the same that it is today. Chemistry is, by far, the most overlooked branch of science but has nonetheless contributed for much of our necessities and luxuries. And while talking about chemists, the contribution made by their American counterparts is noteworthy. Had it not been for Ira Remsen the world wouldn’t have been as sweet as it is today! Quite literally, for he is credited with the discovery of the first artificial sweetener, saccharin! Leo Hendrik Baekeland, a Belgian-American, is often known as the father of the plastic industry. The nylon that you frequently use today was a baby of the American chemist Wallace Carothers study. Imagine analytical chemistry without Izaak Kolthoff. This Dutch-American chemist was known for developing the cold process of rubber synthesis. Niacin, the new vitamin found in meat and yeast was a brainchild of American biochemist Conrad Arnold Elvejhem. These are just the handful of the numerous American chemists who have through their intensive study and experiments, made the world a better place to live in. The section below throws light on the life and works of some of the renowned American chemists.
Linus PaulingLinus Pauling

28 February 1901

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian

11 April 1899

Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg

19 April 1912

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek

31 July 1923

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion

23 January 1918

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland

14 November 1863

Irving LangmuirIrving Langmuir

31 January 1881

Harold UreyHarold Urey

29 April 1893

Peter DebyePeter Debye

24 March 1884

Elias James CoreyElias James Corey

12 July 1928

Willard Frank LibbyWillard Libby

17 December 1908

Continue Reading Below

Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann

18 July 1937

Wallace Hume Carothers Wallace Carothers

27 April 1896

Yuan T. LeeYuan T. Lee

19 November 1936

Thomas Robert CechThomas Cech

08 December 1947

Herbert C. BrownHerbert C. Brown

22 May 1912

Continue Reading Below

Henry TaubeHenry Taube

30 November 1915

William LipscombWilliam Lipscomb

09 December 1919

Robert Sanderson Mulliken Robert S. Mulliken

07 June 1896

Paul Flory Paul Flory

19 June 1910

James B. Sumner James B. Sumner

19 November 1887

Continue Reading Below

Donald J. CramDonald J. Cram

22 April 1919

Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs

06 June 1918

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch

21 January 1912

Continue Reading Below

Jerome KarleJerome Karle

18 June 1918

George A. OlahGeorge A. Olah

22 May 1927

Richard E. SmalleyRichard E. Smalley

06 June 1943

Robert Floyd Curl Jr.Robert Floyd Curl Jr.

23 August 1933

Charles J PedersenCharles J Pedersen

03 October 1904

Continue Reading Below

Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin

17 June 1925

Owsley StanleyOwsley Stanley

19 January 1935

Ahmed ZewailAhmed Zewail

26 February 1946

Kary MullisKary Mullis

28 December 1944

Erwin ChargaffErwin Chargaff

11 August 1905

Charles GoodyearCharles Goodyear

29 December 1800

Continue Reading Below

John PembertonJohn Pemberton

08 July 1831

Gilbert N. LewisGilbert N. Lewis

23 October 1875

Charles Martin HallCharles Martin Hall

06 December 1863

Sidney GottliebSidney Gottlieb

03 August 1918

Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa

19 November 1935

Roger Y. TsienRoger Y. Tsien

01 February 1952

Continue Reading Below

Stanley MillerStanley Miller

07 March 1930

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo

31 May 1819

Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards

03 December 1842

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid

14 January 1943

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman

14 December 1960

Peter AgrePeter Agre

30 January 1949

Continue Reading Below
George M. WhitesidesGeorge M. Whitesides

03 August 1939

Paul LauterburPaul Lauterbur

06 May 1929

Carl DjerassiCarl Djerassi

29 October 1923

Michael LevittMichael Levitt

09 May 1947

Robert H. GrubbsRobert H. Grubbs

27 February 1942

Roger D. KornbergRoger D. Kornberg

24 April 1947

Continue Reading Below
Herbert Henry DowHerbert Henry Dow

26 February 1866

Marshall Warren NirenbergMarshall Warren Nirenberg

10 April 1927

Richard SmalleyRichard Smalley

06 June 1943

James Bryant ConantJames Bryant Conant

26 March 1893

Karl Barry SharplessKarl Barry Sharpless

28 April 1941

Susan SolomonSusan Solomon

19 January 1956

Continue Reading Below

Ei-ichi NegishiEi-ichi Negishi

14 July 1935

Thomas A. SteitzThomas A. Steitz

23 August 1940

Harvey Washington WileyHarvey Washington Wiley

18 October 1844

Richard R. SchrockRichard R. Schrock

04 January 1945

Bruce AmesBruce Ames

16 December 1928

George Andrew OlahGeorge Andrew Olah

22 May 1927

Continue Reading Below

Roderick MacKinnonRoderick MacKinnon

19 February 1956

Richard F. HeckRichard F. Heck

15 August 1931

Charles J. PedersenCharles J. Pedersen

03 October 1904

Thomas Midgley, Jr.Thomas Midgley, Jr.

19 May 1889

William Standish KnowlesWilliam Standish Knowles

01 June 1917

Robert CurlRobert Curl

23 August 1933

Continue Reading Below

Raymond Davis Jr.Raymond Davis Jr.

14 October 1914

Wendell Meredith StanleyWendell Meredith Stanley

16 August 1904

Paul L. ModrichPaul L. Modrich