If you ever had a vaccine shot or have used polythene or have taken in penicillin to get rid of that sore throat, thank the chemists from around the world, for had it not been for them, the world indeed wouldn’t have been the same that it is today. Chemistry is, by far, the most overlooked branch of science but has nonetheless contributed for much of our necessities and luxuries. And while talking about chemists, the contribution made by their American counterparts is noteworthy. Had it not been for Ira Remsen the world wouldn’t have been as sweet as it is today! Quite literally, for he is credited with the discovery of the first artificial sweetener, saccharin! Leo Hendrik Baekeland, a Belgian-American, is often known as the father of the plastic industry. The nylon that you frequently use today was a baby of the American chemist Wallace Carothers study. Imagine analytical chemistry without Izaak Kolthoff. This Dutch-American chemist was known for developing the cold process of rubber synthesis. Niacin, the new vitamin found in meat and yeast was a brainchild of American biochemist Conrad Arnold Elvejhem. These are just the handful of the numerous American chemists who have through their intensive study and experiments, made the world a better place to live in. The section below throws light on the life and works of some of the renowned American chemists.
Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
28 February 1901
Chemist, Biochemist
Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923
Chemist

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland
14 November 1863
Chemist & Inventor

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian
11 April 1899
Chemist

Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg
19 April 1912
Chemist

Irving LangmuirIrving Langmuir
31 January 1881
Chemist
Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Peter DebyePeter Debye
24 March 1884
American-Dutch chemist

Harold UreyHarold Urey
29 April 1893
Chemist
Roald HoffmannRoald Hoffmann
18 July 1937
Theoretical Chemist

Robert Burn WoodworthRobert Burns Woodward
10 April 1917
Organic Chemist
Elias James CoreyElias James Corey
12 July 1928
Organic Chemist

Willard Frank LibbyWillard Libby
17 December 1908
Physical Chemist

Wallace Hume Carothers Wallace Carothers
27 April 1896
Inventor of Neoprene & Nylon

Yuan T. LeeYuan T. Lee
19 November 1936
Chemist

Arnold Orville BeckmanArnold Orville Beckman
10 April 1900
Chemist
Thomas Robert CechThomas Cech
08 December 1947
Chemist

Herbert C. BrownHerbert C. Brown
22 May 1912
Chemist

Dudley Robert HerschbachDudley R. Herschbach
18 June 1932
Chemist

Robert Sanderson Mulliken Robert S. Mulliken
07 June 1896
Chemist, Physicist
Henry TaubeHenry Taube
30 November 1915
Chemist

James B. Sumner James B. Sumner
19 November 1887
Chemist
Paul Flory Paul Flory
19 June 1910
Chemist

William LipscombWilliam Lipscomb
09 December 1919
Chemist

Donald J. CramDonald J. Cram
22 April 1919
Chemist
Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs
06 June 1918
Biochemist

Edward Calvin KendallEdward Calvin Kendall
08 March 1886
Biochemist
Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912
Biochemist

Theodore William RichardsTheodore William Richards
31 January 1868
Chemist

Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield
15 July 1921
Biochemist
Jerome KarleJerome Karle
18 June 1918
Physical Chemist

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Frank Sherwood RowlandFrank Sherwood Rowland
28 June 1927
Atmospheric Chemist
George A. OlahGeorge A. Olah
22 May 1927
Chemist

Richard E. SmalleyRichard E. Smalley
06 June 1943
Father of Nanotechnology

Robert Floyd Curl Jr.Robert Floyd Curl Jr.
23 August 1933
Chemist

Charles J PedersenCharles J Pedersen
03 October 1904
Organic Chemist
RettaRetta
12 April 1970
Stand-up Comedian
Kary MullisKary Mullis
28 December 1944
Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist

Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin
17 June 1925
Biochemist, Pharmacologist, Chemist

Jerry BussJerry Buss
27 January 1933
Businessman

Owsley StanleyOwsley Stanley
19 January 1935
Chemist, Engineer, Audio engineer
Michael LevittMichael Levitt
09 May 1947
Physicist, Biologist, Bioinformatician, Chemist,

Sidney GottliebSidney Gottlieb
03 August 1918
Chemist, Psychiatrist

Charles GoodyearCharles Goodyear
29 December 1800
Inventor, Chemist, Engineer

Auguste PiccardAuguste Piccard
28 January 1884
Chemist

John PembertonJohn Pemberton
08 July 1831
Pharmacist, Inventor, Chemist
Éleuthère Irénée du PontÉleuthère Irénée du Pont
24 June 1771
Chemist

Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa
19 November 1935
Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer
Carl DjerassiCarl Djerassi
29 October 1923
Chemist, Writer, University teacher, Science

Albert C. BarnesAlbert C. Barnes
02 January 1872
Chemist

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer
Roger Y. TsienRoger Y. Tsien
01 February 1952
Biochemist

George M. WhitesidesGeorge M. Whitesides
03 August 1939
Chemist, University teacher
Harvey Washington WileyHarvey Washington Wiley
18 October 1844
American chemist

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor

James B. ConantJames B. Conant
26 March 1893
Chemist

Crawford LongCrawford Long
01 November 1815
Surgeon

Paul LauterburPaul Lauterbur
06 May 1929
Chemist
Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
03 December 1842
Chemist, University teacher, Economist

Peter AgrePeter Agre
30 January 1949
Chemist, Molecular biologist, Professor

Charles J. PedersenCharles J. Pedersen
03 October 1904
Chemist

Martin KarplusMartin Karplus
15 March 1930
Chemist
Marshall Warren NirenbergMarshall Warren Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Biochemist

Fraser StoddartFraser Stoddart
24 May 1942
Chemist
Stanley MillerStanley Miller
07 March 1930
Chemist, Biologist, University teacher

Herbert Henry DowHerbert Henry Dow
26 February 1866
Industrialist

Richard SmalleyRichard Smalley
06 June 1943
Chemist, Professor, Scientist
George SartonGeorge Sarton
31 August 1884
Chemist

Roger D. KornbergRoger D. Kornberg
24 April 1947
biochemist, chemist, university teacher
Robert H. GrubbsRobert H. Grubbs
27 February 1942
Chemist, Autobiographer, University teacher

Wendell Meredith StanleyWendell Meredith Stanley
16 August 1904
Biochemist

Bruce AmesBruce Ames
16 December 1928
Biochemist, University teacher, Chemist
Richard R. SchrockRichard R. Schrock
04 January 1945
Chemist

Karl Barry SharplessKarl Barry Sharpless
28 April 1941
Chemist, University teacher
Raymond Davis Jr.Raymond Davis Jr.
14 October 1914
Chemist

Roderick MacKinnonRoderick MacKinnon
19 February 1956
Professor, Chemist

Susan SolomonSusan Solomon
19 January 1956
chemist

Richard F. HeckRichard F. Heck
15 August 1931
Chemist
Thomas Midgley, Jr.Thomas Midgley, Jr.
19 May 1889
 
Alan MacDiarmidAlan MacDiarmid
14 April 1927
Chemist

Roger AdamsRoger Adams
02 January 1889
Chemist

George BrechtGeorge Brecht
27 August 1926
Artist

Jean PiccardJean Piccard
28 January 1884
Chemist
F. Albert CottonF. Albert Cotton
09 April 1930
Chemist

Alexander ImichAlexander Imich
04 February 1903
Chemist

William Standish KnowlesWilliam Standish Knowles
01 June 1917
Chemist

Russell W. PetersonRussell W. Peterson
03 October 1916
Politician

Edward W. MorleyEdward W. Morley
29 January 1838
Scientist
Vincent SchaeferVincent Schaefer
04 July 1906
Chemist

Lawrence Joseph HendersonLawrence Joseph Henderson
03 June 1878
Physiologist
Marina OswaldMarina Oswald
17 July 1941
Pharmacist

Edward BancroftEdward Bancroft
20 January 1745
Physician
John Howard NorthropJohn Howard Northrop
05 July 1891
Biochemist
Lejaren HillerLejaren Hiller
23 February 1924
Composer