Ever wondered how could have one known about the world and its going-ons had it not been for a few curious minds who constantly strove to explain the mysteries of the world and everything else enveloping it? Was there any other way we could have known about gravity or relativity or even radioactivity had it not been for Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein or Marie Curie? All thanks to a physicist's insatiable quest for knowledge and curiosity, today we know and understand the world and its workings better than ever. Not just the erudite, but entire humanity owes its wisdom about natural science to such evolved minds who revolutionized the world with their findings. America has been home to a plethora of physicists who have made colossal contributions to the world of physics. Let us explore the biographies, timelines, trivia and facts of such famous American physicists. All said, get prepared to drop your jaws!
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879
Physicist
Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla
10 July 1856
Inventor, Father of Radio

Richard FeynmanRichard Feynman
11 May 1918
Physicist

Carl SaganCarl Sagan
09 November 1934
Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Writer

J. Robert OppenheimerJ. Robert Oppenheimer
22 April 1904
 

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951
Physicist, Astronaut
Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi
29 September 1901
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Edward TellerEdward Teller
15 January 1908
 

Vannevar BushVannevar Bush
11 March 1890
Engineer
Kip ThorneKip Thorne
01 June 1940
Physicist

William ShockleyWilliam Shockley
13 February 1910
Physicist
Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard
05 October 1882
Physicist

Thomas KuhnThomas Kuhn
18 July 1922
Physicist

John BardeenJohn Bardeen
23 May 1908
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Philip Warren AndersonPhilip Warren Anderson
13 December 1923
Physicist

David BohmDavid Bohm
20 December 1917
Scientist
Murray Gell-MannMurray Gell-Mann
15 September 1929
Physicist

John Archibald WheelerJohn Archibald Wheeler
09 July 1911
Physicist

Steven ChuSteven Chu
28 February 1948
Former United States Secretary of Energy

Steven WeinbergSteven Weinberg
03 May 1933
 
Hans BetheHans Bethe
02 July 1906
Physicist

Eugene Paul Eugene Wigner
17 November 1902
Physicist & Mathematician
Luis Walter AlvarezLuis Walter Alvarez
13 June 1911
Physicist

Julian SchwingerJulian Schwinger
12 February 1918
Physicist

Robert Andrews MillikanRobert Andrews Millikan
22 March 1868
Physicist
Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson
19 December 1852
Physicist

Tsung-Dao LeeTsung-Dao Lee
24 November 1926
Physicist
Walter Houser BrattainWalter Houser Brattain
10 February 1902
Physicist

Ernest LawrenceErnest Lawrence
08 August 1901
Physicist

Arthur ComptonArthur Compton
10 September 1892
Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics
Isidor Isaac Rabi Isidor Isaac Rabi
29 July 1898
Physicist

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Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863
Astronomer
Franklin DiazFranklin Chang Díaz
05 April 1950
Former NASA Astronaut

Charles Hard TownesCharles H. Townes
28 July 1915
Physicist

Leó SzilárdLeó Szilárd
11 February 1898
Physicist

Sheldon Lee GlashowSheldon Lee Glashow
05 December 1932
Physicist
Leon M. LedermanLeon M. Lederman
15 July 1922
Physicist
Ivar GiaeverIvar Giaever
05 April 1929
Physicist

Arno Allan PenziasArno Allan Penzias
26 April 1933
Physicists

Walter GilbertWalter Gilbert
21 March 1932
Biochemist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist

Robert HofstadterRobert Hofstadter
05 February 1915
Physicist
Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè
30 January 1905
Physicist

Robert Woodrow WilsonRobert Woodrow Wilson
10 January 1936
Physicist

John Robert SchriefferJohn Robert Schrieffer
31 May 1931
Physicist

Nicolaas BloembergenNicolaas Bloembergen
11 March 1920
Physicist

Edward Mills Purcell Edward Mills Purcell
30 August 1912
Physicist
Kenneth Geddes WilsonKenneth G. Wilson
08 June 1936
Physicist

Samuel Chao Chung TingSamuel C. C. Ting
07 January 1936
Physicist
Abraham PaisAbraham Pais
19 May 1918
Physicist

Jack SteinbergerJack Steinberger
25 May 1921
Physicist

Leon N CooperLeon Cooper
28 February 1930
Physicist
Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
28 June 1906
Physicist

Arthur Leonard Schawlow Arthur Leonard Schawlow
05 May 1921
Physicist
Robert B. LaughlinRobert B. Laughlin
01 November 1950
Physicist

Percy Williams BridgmanPercy Williams Bridgman
21 April 1882
Physicist

Carl David AndersonCarl David Anderson
03 September 1905
Physicist

Chen Ning YangChen Ning Yang
01 October 1922
Physicist

Burton RichterBurton Richter
22 March 1931
Physicist
William Alfred FowlerWilliam Alfred Fowler
09 August 1911
Nuclear Physicist and Astrophysicist

Frederick ReinesFrederick Reines
16 March 1918
Physicist

Donald A. GlaserDonald A. Glaser
21 September 1926
Physicist & Molecular Biologist

Clinton DavissonClinton Davisson
22 October 1881
Physicist
William Daniel PhillipsWilliam Daniel Phillips
05 November 1948
Physicist

John Hasbrouck Van VleckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck
13 March 1899
Physicist, Mathematician
Allan McLeod Cormack Allan McLeod Cormack
23 February 1924
Physicist

James CroninJames Cronin
29 September 1931
Physicist

Victor Francis HessVictor Francis Hess
24 June 1883
Discoverer of Cosmic Rays
Willis Eugene Lamb Jr.Willis Lamb
12 July 1913
Physicist

Edwin Mattison McMillanEdwin McMillan
18 September 1907
Physicist
Robert Sanderson Mulliken Robert S. Mulliken
07 June 1896
Chemist, Physicist

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
10 January 1898
Scientist

Owen ChamberlainOwen Chamberlain
10 July 1920
Physicist
Martin Lewis PerlMartin Lewis Perl
24 June 1927
Physicist

Russell Alan HulseRussell Alan Hulse
28 November 1950
Physicist
Val Logsdon FitchVal Logsdon Fitch
10 March 1923
Physicist

Polykarp Kusch Polykarp Kusch
26 January 1911
Physicist

Melvin SchwartzMelvin Schwartz
02 November 1932
Physicist

Robert Coleman RichardsonRobert Coleman Richardson
26 June 1937
Physicist
James RainwaterJames Rainwater
09 December 1917
Physicist
Ben Roy MottelsonBen Roy Mottelson
09 July 1926
Physicist

Clifford ShullClifford Shull
23 September 1915
Physicist

Norman Foster Ramsey Jr.Norman Foster Ramsey Jr.
27 August 1915
Physicist

Hans Georg DehmeltHans Georg Dehmelt
09 September 1922
Physicist
William P. MurphyWilliam P. Murphy
06 February 1892
Physician

Douglas D. OsheroffDouglas D. Osheroff
01 August 1945
Physicist

Daniel Chee TsuiDaniel Chee Tsui
28 February 1939
Physicist

David Morris LeeDavid Morris Lee
20 January 1931
Physicist

Freeman DysonFreeman Dyson
15 December 1923
Mathematician, Theoretical physicist, Nuclear
Alicia NashAlicia Nash
01 January 1933
Physicist

Michael LevittMichael Levitt
09 May 1947
Physicist, Biologist, Bioinformatician, Chemist,
Michio KakuMichio Kaku
24 January 1947
Theoretical physicist, Science writer, Popularizer

Francis CollinsFrancis Collins
14 April 1950
Geneticist
Brian GreeneBrian Greene
09 February 1963
Physicist, Writer, Professor, Author, Actor,
Bernhard Caesar EinsteinBernhard Caesar Einstein
10 July 1930
Physicist, Engineer