When it comes to science and technology, the United States is undoubtedly one of the hubs of scientific research and discoveries. Biochemistry, the study of the structure, composition, and chemical reactions of substances in living systems, emerged as a specific scientific discipline around the early 19th century. John Jacob Abel, an influential American biochemist and pharmacologist, is credited to have founded and chaired the first department of pharmacology in the United States at the University of Michigan in the late 19th century. Max Henius who co-founded the American Academy of Brewing in Chicago, was an expert in the fermentation processes. In a male-dominated field, biochemist Gerty Theresa Cori became the first American woman to win a Nobel Prize in science and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Another prominent biochemist was Lafayette Benedict Mendel who studied nutrition and conducted vital research on Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan. Coming to contemporary times, T. Colin Campbell is well known for his studies on nutrition and was one of the lead scientists of the China–Oxford–Cornell study on diet and disease. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous American biochemists.
Isaac AsimovIsaac Asimov
02 January 1920
Writer, Professor
Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
28 February 1901
Chemist, Biochemist

Har Gobind KhoranaHar Gobind Khorana
09 January 1922
 

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960
Astronaut, Biochemist

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896
Biochemist
Erwin ChargaffErwin Chargaff
11 August 1905
Biochemist

Paul BergPaul Berg
30 June 1926
Biochemist

Melvin Ellis CalvinMelvin Calvin
08 April 1911
Biochemist
Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921
Medical Physicist

Walter GilbertWalter Gilbert
21 March 1932
Biochemist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist
Arthur Kornberg Arthur Kornberg
03 March 1918
Biochemist

Carl Ferdinand CoriCarl Ferdinand Cori
05 December 1896
Biochemist

Stanley B. PrusinerStanley B. Prusiner
28 May 1942
Neurologist and Biochemist

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife

Alfred G. GilmanAlfred G. Gilman
01 July 1941
Pharmacologist, Biochemist
Joseph L. GoldsteinJoseph L. Goldstein
18 April 1940
Molecular Geneticist

Paul D. BoyerPaul D. Boyer
31 July 1918
Biochemist

Edmond H. FischerEdmond H. Fischer
06 April 1920
Biochemist

Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs
06 June 1918
Biochemist
Robert W HolleyRobert W. Holley
28 January 1922
Biochemist

Edward Calvin KendallEdward Calvin Kendall
08 March 1886
Biochemist
Robert F. Furchgott Robert F. Furchgott
04 June 1916
Biochemist

Edward Lawrie TatumEdward Lawrie Tatum
14 December 1909
Biochemist

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912
Biochemist
Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield
15 July 1921
Biochemist

Martin Rodbell Martin Rodbell
01 December 1925
Biochemist
Vincent du VigneaudVincent du Vigneaud
18 May 1901
Biochemist

Stanford Moore Stanford Moore
04 September 1913
Biochemist

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.Earl W. Sutherland Jr.
19 November 1915
Biochemist and Pharmacologist
William Howard SteinWilliam Howard Stein
25 June 1911
Biochemist

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Christian Boehmer AnfinsenChristian Anfinsen
26 March 1916
Biochemist
Kary B. MullisKary B. Mullis
28 December 1944
Biochemist

Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899
Co-discoverer of Insulin

Lafayette MendelLafayette Mendel
05 February 1872
Biochemist

Marshall W. NirenbergMarshall W. Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Biochemist and Geneticist
Kary MullisKary Mullis
28 December 1944
Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist
Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin
17 June 1925
Biochemist, Pharmacologist, Chemist

Jennifer DoudnaJennifer Doudna
19 February 1964
Biochemist

Eric KandelEric Kandel
07 November 1929
Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist,

Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa
19 November 1935
Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer
Duane GishDuane Gish
17 February 1921
biochemist

Roger Y. TsienRoger Y. Tsien
01 February 1952
Biochemist

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943
Biochemist

Elias ZerhouniElias Zerhouni
12 April 1951
Scientist

Bruce AlbertsBruce Alberts
14 April 1938
Biochemist
Robert LefkowitzRobert Lefkowitz
15 April 1943
Physician

Roger D. KornbergRoger D. Kornberg
24 April 1947
biochemist, chemist, university teacher
Marshall Warren NirenbergMarshall Warren Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Biochemist

Wendell Meredith StanleyWendell Meredith Stanley
16 August 1904
Biochemist

Bruce AmesBruce Ames
16 December 1928
Biochemist, University teacher, Chemist
Christian B. AnfinsenChristian B. Anfinsen
26 March 1916
American biochemist

Thomas C. SüdhofThomas C. Südhof
22 December 1955
Biochemist
Phoebus LevenePhoebus Levene
25 February 1869
Biochemist

Arieh WarshelArieh Warshel
20 November 1940
Biochemist

Thomas A. SteitzThomas A. Steitz
23 August 1940
Biochemist

James RothmanJames Rothman
03 November 1950
Biochemist

Fritz Albert LipmannFritz Albert Lipmann
12 June 1899
American-German biochemist
Paul L. ModrichPaul L. Modrich
13 June 1946
Biochemist

Daniel E. Koshland Jr.Daniel E. Koshland Jr.
30 March 1920
Biochemist

Mildred CohnMildred Cohn
12 July 1913
Biochemist

John Howard NorthropJohn Howard Northrop
05 July 1891
Biochemist
Lawrence Joseph HendersonLawrence Joseph Henderson
03 June 1878
Physiologist

Edward Adelbert DoisyEdward Adelbert Doisy
13 November 1893
American biochemist
Florence B. SeibertFlorence B. Seibert
06 October 1897
Biochemist

John Jacob AbelJohn Jacob Abel
19 May 1857
Biochemist

Heinz Fraenkel-ConratHeinz Fraenkel-Conrat
29 July 1910
Biochemist
Karl August FolkersKarl August Folkers
01 September 1906
Biochemist

David S. McKayDavid S. McKay
25 September 1936
Astrobiology
Paul M. DotyPaul M. Doty
01 June 1920
Professor

John Woodland HastingsJohn Woodland Hastings
24 March 1927
Biochemist

Edwin Joseph CohnEdwin Joseph Cohn
17 December 1892
Scientist
Maurice M. RapportMaurice M. Rapport
23 September 1919
Biochemist

Stanley CohenStanley Cohen
17 November 1922
biochemist, university teacher
Rudolf SchoenheimerRudolf Schoenheimer
10 May 1898
Biochemist

Irwin D. MandelIrwin D. Mandel
09 April 1922
Biochemist

Alexander Theodore ShulginAlexander Theodore Shulgin
17 June 1925
Biochemist

Ray W. FullerRay W. Fuller
16 December 1935
Biochemist