When it comes to science and technology, the United States is undoubtedly one of the hubs of scientific research and discoveries. Biochemistry, the study of the structure, composition, and chemical reactions of substances in living systems, emerged as a specific scientific discipline around the early 19th century. John Jacob Abel, an influential American biochemist and pharmacologist, is credited to have founded and chaired the first department of pharmacology in the United States at the University of Michigan in the late 19th century. Max Henius who co-founded the American Academy of Brewing in Chicago, was an expert in the fermentation processes. In a male-dominated field, biochemist Gerty Theresa Cori became the first American woman to win a Nobel Prize in science and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Another prominent biochemist was Lafayette Benedict Mendel who studied nutrition and conducted vital research on Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan. Coming to contemporary times, T. Colin Campbell is well known for his studies on nutrition and was one of the lead scientists of the China–Oxford–Cornell study on diet and disease. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous American biochemists.
Isaac AsimovIsaac Asimov
02 January 1920
Writer, Professor
Linus PaulingLinus Pauling
28 February 1901
Chemist, Biochemist

Har Gobind KhoranaHar Gobind Khorana
09 January 1922

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960
Astronaut, Biochemist

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896
Melvin Ellis CalvinMelvin Calvin
08 April 1911

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921
Medical Physicist

Paul BergPaul Berg
30 June 1926

Arthur Kornberg Arthur Kornberg
03 March 1918
Walter GilbertWalter Gilbert
21 March 1932
Biochemist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist

Stanley B. PrusinerStanley B. Prusiner
28 May 1942
Neurologist and Biochemist
Joseph L. GoldsteinJoseph L. Goldstein
18 April 1940
Molecular Geneticist

Carl Ferdinand CoriCarl Ferdinand Cori
05 December 1896

Alfred G. GilmanAlfred G. Gilman
01 July 1941
Pharmacologist, Biochemist
Paul D. BoyerPaul D. Boyer
31 July 1918

Robert W HolleyRobert W. Holley
28 January 1922
Robert F. Furchgott Robert F. Furchgott
04 June 1916

Edward Calvin KendallEdward Calvin Kendall
08 March 1886

Edwin G. KrebsEdwin G. Krebs
06 June 1918
Edward Lawrie TatumEdward Lawrie Tatum
14 December 1909

Edmond H. FischerEdmond H. Fischer
06 April 1920
Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912

Martin Rodbell Martin Rodbell
01 December 1925

Robert Bruce Merrifield Robert Bruce Merrifield
15 July 1921

Vincent du VigneaudVincent du Vigneaud
18 May 1901
Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.Earl W. Sutherland Jr.
19 November 1915
Biochemist and Pharmacologist
Stanford Moore Stanford Moore
04 September 1913

William Howard SteinWilliam Howard Stein
25 June 1911

Christian Boehmer AnfinsenChristian Anfinsen
26 March 1916

Lafayette MendelLafayette Mendel
05 February 1872
Charles BestCharles Best
27 February 1899
Co-discoverer of Insulin

Marshall W. NirenbergMarshall W. Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Biochemist and Geneticist

Kary B. MullisKary B. Mullis
28 December 1944

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife

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Alexander ShulginAlexander Shulgin
17 June 1925
Biochemist, Pharmacologist, Chemist
Kary MullisKary Mullis
28 December 1944
Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist

Eric KandelEric Kandel
07 November 1929
Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist,
Rashad KhalifaRashad Khalifa
19 November 1935
Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer

Erwin ChargaffErwin Chargaff
11 August 1905
Biochemist, Chemist, Writer

Roger Y. TsienRoger Y. Tsien
01 February 1952
Duane GishDuane Gish
17 February 1921

Marshall Warren NirenbergMarshall Warren Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Roger D. KornbergRoger D. Kornberg
24 April 1947
biochemist, chemist, university teacher

Bruce AmesBruce Ames
16 December 1928
Biochemist, University teacher, Chemist

Thomas A. SteitzThomas A. Steitz
23 August 1940

Christian B. AnfinsenChristian B. Anfinsen
26 March 1916
American biochemist

Fritz Albert LipmannFritz Albert Lipmann
12 June 1899
American-German biochemist
Wendell Meredith StanleyWendell Meredith Stanley
16 August 1904

Edward Adelbert DoisyEdward Adelbert Doisy
13 November 1893
American biochemist

John Howard NorthropJohn Howard Northrop
05 July 1891

Stanley CohenStanley Cohen
17 November 1922
biochemist, university teacher