Famous American Physiologists

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 1 
Jared Diamond
(Scientist & Author)
Jared Diamond
6
Birthdate: September 10, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
 2 
Jessica Meir
(NASA astronaut)
Jessica Meir
4
Birthdate: July 15, 1977
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Caribou, Maine, United States
 3 
Albert Szent-Györgyi
(Physiologist)
Albert Szent-Györgyi
4
Birthdate: September 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: October 22, 1986

Born in Budapest, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Albert Szent-Györgyi shot himself in the arm while serving in World War II, so that he could be sent back home, and then studied medicine. While he is remembered for first isolating vitamin C, unknown to many, he was also a skilled pianist.

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 4 
David H. Hubel
(Neurophysiologist)
David H. Hubel
3
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: September 22, 2013
 5 
David Julius
(Physiologist and and Nobel Prize laureate known for his work on molecular mechanisms of pain)
David Julius
3
Birthdate: November 4, 1955
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
 6 
Walter Bradford Cannon
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 1, 1945
 7 
Charles Best
(Co-discoverer of Insulin)
Charles Best
3
Birthdate: February 27, 1899
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: West Pembroke, Pembroke, Maine, United States
Died: March 31, 1978

Charles Best made history with his discovery of insulin, along with Sir Frederick Banting, thus paving the path for its use as a treatment for diabetes. He, however, failed to get the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, like Banting, as he didn’t receive his medical degree till 1925.

 8 
Brian Kobilka
(Physiologist)
Brian Kobilka
3
Birthdate: May 30, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Little Falls, Minnesota, United States
 9 
Arthur Guyton
(Physiologist)
Arthur Guyton
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oxford, Mississippi, United States
Died: April 3, 2003
 10 
E. Morton Jellinek
(Physiologist)
E. Morton Jellinek
3
Birthdate: August 15, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 22, 1963
 11 
Nathaniel Kleitman
(Physiologist)
Nathaniel Kleitman
4
Birthdate: April 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moldova
Died: August 13, 1999
 12 
Charles Brenton Huggins
(Physician & Physiologist)
Charles Brenton Huggins
2
Birthdate: September 22, 1901
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada
Died: January 12, 1997

Canadian-American surgeon and urologist Charles Brenton Huggins is remembered for his pathbreaking research on how some hormones are related to cancer, which eventually won him the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. His studies paved the way for the cure of cancer, specifically prostate cancer and breast cancer.

 13 
Lawrence Joseph Henderson
(American Physiologist Who Discovered the Chemical Means by Which Acid–Base Equilibria Are Maintained in Nature)
Lawrence Joseph Henderson
1
Birthdate: June 3, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lynn, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 10, 1942

A Harvard alumnus, Lawrence Joseph Henderson was associated with the Harvard Medical School for almost four decades. His chief contribution as a biochemist was his proposal of the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation, which calculates the acid–base equilibria of substances. He also penned the iconic work The Fitness of the Environment.

 14 
George H. Hitchings
(Medical doctor)
George H. Hitchings
2
Birthdate: April 18, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hoquiam, Washington, United States
Died: February 27, 1998
 15 
Jacques Loeb
( American Physiologist and Biologist)
Jacques Loeb
1
Birthdate: April 7, 1859
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mayen, Germany
Died: February 11, 1924
 16 
Haldan Keffer Hartline
1
Birthdate: December 22, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, US
Died: March 17, 1983
 17 
Dickinson W. Richards
1
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: City of Orange, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 23, 1973
 18 
André Frédéric Cournand
(French-American Physician Who Won Nobel Prize in Medicine for Developing Cardiac Catheterization)
André Frédéric Cournand
1
Birthdate: September 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 19, 1988

André Frédéric Cournand was a French-American physiologist and physician. He is best remembered for winning the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for developing cardiac catheterization. André Frédéric Cournand received the prize along with Dickinson W. Richards and Werner Forssmann in 1956.

 19 
Manfred Sakel
(American Neurophysiologist and Psychiatrist Known for Developing Insulin Shock Therapy)
Manfred Sakel
1
Birthdate: June 6, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nadvirna, Ukraine
Died: December 2, 1957

Austrian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist Manfred Sakel is remembered for his pioneering use of the insulin shock therapy to treat patients of schizophrenia. Initially a researcher in Vienna, he fled to the US in the wake of the Nazi invasion. His brand of therapy was later replaced by electroconvulsive therapy.

 20 
Kenneth V. Thimann
0
Birthdate: August 5, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ashford, England
Died: January 15, 1997

British-American plant physiologist Kenneth V. Thimann is best remembered for isolating and identifying the plant hormone auxin. Associated with Harvard University for most of his initial career, he later joined the University of California. His best-known works include Phytohormones on plant hormones and The Life of Bacteria on microbiology.

 21 
Dennis Robert Hoagland
0
Birthdate: April 2, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Golden, Colorado, United States
Died: 1949 AD