Famous American Physiologists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jared Diamond

Jared Diamond
Famous As: Scientist & Author
Birthdate: September 10, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

 2 Jessica Meir

Jessica Meir
Famous As: NASA astronaut
Birthdate: July 15, 1977
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Caribou, Maine, United States

 3 Albert Szent-Györgyi

Albert Szent-Györgyi
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: October 22, 1986

Born in Budapest, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Albert Szent-Györgyi shot himself in the arm while serving in World War II, so that he could be sent back home, and then studied medicine. While he is remembered for first isolating vitamin C, unknown to many, he was also a skilled pianist.

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 4 David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: September 22, 2013

 5 David Julius

David Julius
Famous As: Physiologist and and Nobel Prize laureate known for his work on molecular mechanisms of pain
Birthdate: November 4, 1955
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States

 6 Walter Bradford Cannon

Walter Bradford Cannon
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 1, 1945

 7 Arthur Guyton

Arthur Guyton
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oxford, Mississippi, United States
Died: April 3, 2003
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 8 Brian Kobilka

Brian Kobilka
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: May 30, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Little Falls, Minnesota, United States

 9 Charles Best

Charles Best
Famous As: Co-discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: February 27, 1899
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: West Pembroke, Pembroke, Maine, United States
Died: March 31, 1978

Charles Best made history with his discovery of insulin, along with Sir Frederick Banting, thus paving the path for its use as a treatment for diabetes. He, however, failed to get the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, like Banting, as he didn’t receive his medical degree till 1925.

 10 E. Morton Jellinek

E. Morton Jellinek
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 22, 1963

 11 Nathaniel Kleitman

Nathaniel Kleitman
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moldova
Died: August 13, 1999

 12 Charles Brenton Huggins

Charles Brenton Huggins
Famous As: Physician & Physiologist
Birthdate: September 22, 1901
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Halifax Regional Municipality, Canada
Died: January 12, 1997

Canadian-American surgeon and urologist Charles Brenton Huggins is remembered for his pathbreaking research on how some hormones are related to cancer, which eventually won him the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. His studies paved the way for the cure of cancer, specifically prostate cancer and breast cancer.

 13 George H. Hitchings

George H. Hitchings
Famous As: Medical doctor
Birthdate: April 18, 1905
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hoquiam, Washington, United States
Died: February 27, 1998

 14 Lawrence Joseph Henderson

Lawrence Joseph Henderson
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lynn, Massachusetts, United States
Died: February 10, 1942

A Harvard alumnus, Lawrence Joseph Henderson was associated with the Harvard Medical School for almost four decades. His chief contribution as a biochemist was his proposal of the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation, which calculates the acid–base equilibria of substances. He also penned the iconic work The Fitness of the Environment.

 15 Jacques Loeb

Jacques Loeb
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 7, 1859
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mayen, Germany
Died: February 11, 1924

 16 Haldan Keffer Hartline

Haldan Keffer Hartline
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 22, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, US
Died: March 17, 1983

 17 Dickinson W. Richards

Dickinson W. Richards
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: City of Orange, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 23, 1973

 18 André Frédéric Cournand

André Frédéric Cournand
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 19, 1988

 19 Dennis Robert Hoagland

Dennis Robert Hoagland
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: April 2, 1884
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Golden, Colorado, United States
Died: 1949 AD

 20 Kenneth V. Thimann

Kenneth V. Thimann
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 5, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ashford, England
Died: January 15, 1997

British-American plant physiologist Kenneth V. Thimann is best remembered for isolating and identifying the plant hormone auxin. Associated with Harvard University for most of his initial career, he later joined the University of California. His best-known works include Phytohormones on plant hormones and The Life of Bacteria on microbiology.