Famous American Neuroscientists

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 1 
John Lilly
(Physician, Neuroscientist, Psychoanalyst and Inventor of 'Isolation Tank')
John Lilly
3
Birthdate: January 6, 1915
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: September 30, 2001

Born to rich Catholic parents, John Lilly spent his childhood treating science as a hobby. While studying medicine, he performed gruelling medical experiments on himself. He later invented isolating floatation tanks, studied bottlenose dolphins, and researched on psychedelic drug-induced near-death experiences. He also explored yoga and human consciousness.

 2 
Eric Kandel
(Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Biochemist)
Eric Kandel
10
Birthdate: November 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna

Nobel Prize-winning neurobiologist Eric Kandel is known for his research on the role of synapses in memory and learning. An Austrian Jew, he left his country with his family and moved to the U.S. in the wake of anti-Semitism. A doctor, specializing in psychiatry, he later taught at Columbia University.

 3 
Antonio Damasio
(Neuroscientists)
Antonio Damasio
3
Birthdate: February 25, 1944
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
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 4 
Ricardo Rossello
(Politician)
Ricardo Rossello
13
Birthdate: March 7, 1979
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Juan, Puerto Rico
 5 
Karl Deisseroth
(Professor of Bioengineering and of Psychiatry)
Karl Deisseroth
2
Birthdate: November 18, 1971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
 6 
Michael Persinger
(Psychologist, Neuroscientist, Ufologist, University teacher)
Michael Persinger
2
Birthdate: June 26, 1945
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Jacksonville
 7 
John O'Keefe
(American-British Neuroscientist Known for Discovering 'Place Cells')
John O'Keefe
0
Birthdate: November 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

John O'Keefe is an American-British neuroscientist and psychologist. He is best known for his discovery of place cells in the hippocampus. Along with May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser, he won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2014. He is also the recipient of several other awards. He spent his entire academic career at the University College London.  

 8 
Martin Chalfie
(American Scientist)
Martin Chalfie
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1947
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
 9 
Paul Greengard
(American Neuroscientist)
Paul Greengard
4
Birthdate: December 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 13, 2019
 10 
Roderick MacKinnon
(American Biophysicist, Neuroscientist and Businessman)
Roderick MacKinnon
4
Birthdate: February 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Burlington, Massachusetts, United States
 11 
Michael Posner
(Psychologist, Neuroscientist)
Michael Posner
0
Birthdate: September 12, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
 12 
Nathaniel Kleitman
(American Physiologist Who is Regarded as the 'Father of Modern Sleep Research')
Nathaniel Kleitman
1
Birthdate: April 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chișinău, Moldova
Died: August 13, 1999

Nathaniel Kleitman was an American sleep researcher and physiologist. Referred to as the father of modern sleep research, Kleitman is best remembered for writing his 1939 book Sleep and Wakefulness. Nathaniel Kleitman is also remembered for his association with the University of Chicago, where he served as Professor Emeritus in Physiology.

 13 
Patricia Goldman-Rakic
(Professor)
Patricia Goldman-Rakic
1
Birthdate: April 22, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts
Died: July 31, 2003
 14 
Suzanne Corkin
(Neuroscientist)
Suzanne Corkin
1
Birthdate: May 18, 1937
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut
Died: May 24, 2016
 15 
Fred Gage
(American Neuroscientist Known for His Discovery of Stem Cells in the Adult Human Brain)
Fred Gage
1
Birthdate: October 8, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: United States

Fred Gage made waves in the scientific community with his research on neurons. He not only discovered stem cells in the human brain but also proved that environmental stimuli affects the growth of new cells. Some believe he is a descendant of legendary brain-injury survivor Phineas Gage.

 16 
Berta Scharrer
(Scientist)
Berta Scharrer
1
Birthdate: December 1, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 23, 1995
 17 
Manfred Sakel
(American Neurophysiologist and Psychiatrist Known for Developing Insulin Shock Therapy)
Manfred Sakel
1
Birthdate: June 6, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nadvirna, Ukraine
Died: December 2, 1957

Austrian-American neurophysiologist and psychiatrist Manfred Sakel is remembered for his pioneering use of the insulin shock therapy to treat patients of schizophrenia. Initially a researcher in Vienna, he fled to the US in the wake of the Nazi invasion. His brand of therapy was later replaced by electroconvulsive therapy.

 18 
Robert Galambos
(Neuroscientist)
Robert Galambos
0
Birthdate: April 20, 1914
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lorain, Ohio, United States
Died: June 18, 2010
 19 
Louis Sokoloff
(Neuroscientist)
Louis Sokoloff
2
Birthdate: October 14, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 30, 2015