Famous American Geneticists

Geneticists are the biologists who study genetics, the science of genes, heredity, and variation of organisms. Americans are among the forerunners in the science of genetics which received a massive boost upon the establishment of the Genetics Society of America (GSA). One of the most prominent geneticists to have ever lived, Thomas Hunt Morgan made vital discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity and won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for his seminal works. One of Morgan’s long time collaborators, Alfred Henry Sturtevant is credited to have constructed the first genetic map of a chromosome. George Wells Beadle, a prominent scientist in the field of genetics, collaborated with Edward Lawrie Tatum to discover the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells. While genetics was a predominantly male-oriented field in the early 20th century, gutsy woman scientist Barbara McClintock made a name for herself by performing significant research in the development of maize cytogenetics. She produced the first genetic map for maize, linking regions of the chromosome to physical traits. More recently human geneticist Mary-Claire King gained fame for her work in identifying breast cancer genes. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous American geneticists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Nettie Stevens

Nettie Stevens
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: July 7, 1861
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cavendish, Vermont, United States
Died: May 4, 1912

 2 Thomas Hunt Morgan

Thomas Hunt Morgan
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: September 25, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lexington
Died: December 4, 1945
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 3 Francis Collins

Francis Collins
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 14, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Staunton, Virginia, U.S.

 4 Jeffrey C. Hall

Jeffrey C. Hall
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: May 3, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

 5 Massimo Pigliucci

Massimo Pigliucci
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Famous As: Biologist, Philosopher, Geneticist, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: January 16, 1964
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Monrovia

 6 Spencer Wells

Spencer Wells
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 6, 1969
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Marietta

 7 Mary Styles Harris

Mary Styles Harris
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nashville, Tennessee, United States
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 8 James Watson

James Watson
4
Famous As: Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: April 6, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

 9 Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: September 2, 1992

 10 Norman Borlaug

Norman Borlaug
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Famous As: Father of the Green Revolution
Birthdate: March 25, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cresco, Iowa
Died: September 12, 2009

 11 Luther Burbank

Luther Burbank
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Famous As: Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener, Academic, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: March 7, 1849
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santa Rosa
Died: April 11, 1926

 12 George R. Price

George R. Price
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Famous As: Mathematician, Geneticist
Birthdate: October 6, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: United States of America
Died: January 6, 1975

 13 Joshua Lederberg

Joshua Lederberg
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: May 23, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Montclair, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 2, 2008

 14 Hermann Joseph Muller

Hermann Joseph Muller
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: December 21, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: April 4, 1967

 15 Carol W. Greider

Carol W. Greider
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Famous As: Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician
Birthdate: April 15, 1961
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Davis

 16 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oceanside, New York, US

 17 Michael Rosbash

Michael Rosbash
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: March 7, 1944
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kansas City, Missouri

 18 Michael W. Young

Michael W. Young
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: March 28, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States

 19 Jack W. Szostak

Jack W. Szostak
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Famous As: Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician, Professor
Birthdate: November 9, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London

Nobel Prize-winning Canadian-American biochemist and geneticist Jack W. Szostak revolutionized medical science with his research on the manipulation of genes. The Cornell alumnus is credited with creating the first yeast artificial chromosome. He has also taught at the Harvard Medical School. In spite of being Polish, he doesn’t speak the language.

 20 Sewall Wright

Sewall Wright
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: December 21, 1889
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Melrose, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 3, 1988

 21 Marshall W. Nirenberg

Marshall W. Nirenberg
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Famous As: Biochemist and Geneticist
Birthdate: April 10, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States
Died: January 15, 2010

 22 Philip Allen Sharp

Philip Allen Sharp
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Famous As: Geneticist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: June 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Falmouth, Kentucky

 23 Alfred Day Hershey

Alfred Day Hershey
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Famous As: Nobel Prize Winner in Medicine
Birthdate: December 4, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Owosso, Michigan
Died: May 22, 1997

 24 Howard Martin Temin

Howard Martin Temin
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Famous As: Geneticist and Virologist
Birthdate: December 10, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 9, 1994

 25 Andrew Fire

Andrew Fire
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: April 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Palo Alto, California, United States

 26 Seymour Benzer

Seymour Benzer
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bensonhurst, New York, United States
Died: November 30, 2007

 27 Bruce Beutler

Bruce Beutler
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Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

 28 Susan Lindquist

Susan Lindquist
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: June 5, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: October 27, 2016

 29 Baruch Samuel Blumberg

Baruch Samuel Blumberg
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 28, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: April 5, 2011

 30 Joseph L. Goldstein

Joseph L. Goldstein
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Famous As: Molecular Geneticist
Birthdate: April 18, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kingstree, South Carolina, United States

 31 Matthew Meselson

Matthew Meselson
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: May 24, 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Denver, Colorado, United States

 32 Alfred Sturtevant

Alfred Sturtevant
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: November 21, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jacksonville, Illinois, United States
Died: April 5, 1970

 33 Edward B. Lewis

Edward B. Lewis
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: May 20, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
Died: July 21, 2004

 34 Walter Sutton

Walter Sutton
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 5, 1877
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utica, New York, United States
Died: November 10, 1916

 35 Edmund Beecher Wilson

Edmund Beecher Wilson
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: October 19, 1856
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Geneva, Illinois, United States
Died: March 3, 1939

 36 George Wells Beadle

George Wells Beadle
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: October 22, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wahoo, Nebraska, United States
Died: June 9, 1989

 37 Michael S. Brown

Michael S. Brown
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States

 38 G. Ledyard Stebbins

G. Ledyard Stebbins
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 6, 1906
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lawrence, New York, United States
Died: January 19, 2000

 39 Janet Rowley

Janet Rowley
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 5, 1925
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: December 17, 2013

 40 Calvin Bridges

Calvin Bridges
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 11, 1889
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Schuyler Falls, New York, United States
Died: December 27, 1938

 41 Victor A. McKusick

Victor A. McKusick
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Famous As: Internist
Birthdate: October 21, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parkman, Maine, United States
Died: July 22, 2008

 42 Maclyn McCarty

Maclyn McCarty
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: June 9, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: South Bend, Indiana, United States
Died: January 2, 2005

 43 George D. Snell

George D. Snell
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: December 19, 1903
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: December 19, 1903, Bradford, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 6, 1996

 44 Evelyn M. Witkin

Evelyn M. Witkin
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: March 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

 45 Charles Yanofsky

Charles Yanofsky
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 17, 1925
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: NeNew York, New York, United States
Died: March 16, 2018

 46 James V. Neel

James V. Neel
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: March 22, 1915
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamilton, Ohio, United States
Died: February 1, 2000

 47 Franklin W. Stahl

Franklin W. Stahl
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: October 8, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts

 48 Fred Gage

Fred Gage
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: October 8, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: United Sttes

 49 Theophilus Painter

Theophilus Painter
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Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: August 22, 1889
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Salem, Virginia, United States
Died: October 5, 1969

 50 Alfred G. Knudson

Alfred G. Knudson
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 9, 1922
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Died: July 10, 2016