Geneticists are the biologists who study genetics, the science of genes, heredity, and variation of organisms. Americans are among the forerunners in the science of genetics which received a massive boost upon the establishment of the Genetics Society of America (GSA). One of the most prominent geneticists to have ever lived, Thomas Hunt Morgan made vital discoveries elucidating the role that the chromosome plays in heredity and won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for his seminal works. One of Morgan’s long time collaborators, Alfred Henry Sturtevant is credited to have constructed the first genetic map of a chromosome. George Wells Beadle, a prominent scientist in the field of genetics, collaborated with Edward Lawrie Tatum to discover the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells. While genetics was a predominantly male-oriented field in the early 20th century, gutsy woman scientist Barbara McClintock made a name for herself by performing significant research in the development of maize cytogenetics. She produced the first genetic map for maize, linking regions of the chromosome to physical traits. More recently human geneticist Mary-Claire King gained fame for her work in identifying breast cancer genes. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous American geneticists.
Norman BorlaugNorman Borlaug
25 March 1914
Father of the Green Revolution
James WatsonJames Watson
06 April 1928
Molecular Biologist

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
16 June 1902

Thomas Hunt MorganThomas Hunt Morgan
25 September 1866

Hermann Joseph MullerHermann Joseph Muller
21 December 1890

Joshua LederbergJoshua Lederberg
23 May 1925
Harold E. VarmusHarold E. Varmus
18 December 1939

Baruch Samuel BlumbergBaruch Samuel Blumberg
28 July 1925
Physician, Geneticist

Joseph L. GoldsteinJoseph L. Goldstein
18 April 1940
Molecular Geneticist

Edward B. LewisEdward B. Lewis
20 May 1918
Howard Martin TeminHoward Martin Temin
10 December 1934
Geneticist and Virologist

Michael S. BrownMichael S. Brown
13 April 1941
George Wells BeadleGeorge Wells Beadle
22 October 1903

Alfred Day HersheyAlfred Day Hershey
04 December 1908
Nobel Prize Winner in Medicine

Marshall W. NirenbergMarshall W. Nirenberg
10 April 1927
Biochemist and Geneticist
George D. SnellGeorge D. Snell
19 December 1903

Philip Allen SharpPhilip Allen Sharp
06 June 1944
Geneticist, Molecular Biologist
Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
07 March 1849
Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener,

Massimo PigliucciMassimo Pigliucci
16 January 1964
Biologist, Philosopher, Geneticist, Writer,

Jack W. SzostakJack W. Szostak
09 November 1952
Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist,
Mario CapecchiMario Capecchi
06 October 1937

George R. PriceGeorge R. Price
06 October 1922
Mathematician, Geneticist
Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
15 April 1961
Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist,

Phillip Allen SharpPhillip Allen Sharp
06 June 1944

Phillip Allen SharpPhillip Allen Sharp
06 June 1944

Francisco J. AyalaFrancisco J. Ayala
12 March 1934
Biologist, Geneticist, Philosopher, University
Alfred HersheyAlfred Hershey
04 December 1908
American geneticist
Spencer WellsSpencer Wells
06 April 1969

Bruce BeutlerBruce Beutler
29 December 1957
American geneticist

George Davis SnellGeorge Davis Snell
19 December 1903
American geneticist

Mary Styles HarrisMary Styles Harris
26 June 1949