Famous People From United States
20th Century American Scientists19th Century American ScientistsAmerican Male ScientistsAmerican Women ScientistsMathematiciansAstronomersPhysicistsAstrophysicistsBiologistsBiophysicistsBotanistsGeneticistsImmunologistsMedical ScientistsMicrobiologistsMolecular BiologistsOrnithologistsPaleontologistsPharmacologistsPhysiologistsVirologistsZoologistsChemistsBiochemistsOrganic ChemistsPhysical ChemistsComputer ScientistsGeologistsMeteorologists
The United States is one of the most technologically advanced nations in the world; from the time it emerged as an independent nation, the United States has encouraged science and innovation. In fact, two of America’s founding fathers—Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson—were reputed scientists. Most scientists of the late 18th century, including Franklin and Jefferson were involved in the struggle to win American independence during the American Revolution and later engaged in nation building. The 19th century America saw the birth of great inventors like Robert Fulton, Samuel Morse, Eli Whitney, Cyrus McCormick, and Thomas Alva Edison, whose works in diverse fields contributed immensely to the nation’s growth and development. One of the biggest innovations by 19th century Americans was undoubtedly the designing and building of the world's first successful airplane by brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright. In the 20th century, Americans like Herman Hollerith and Robert Goddard made pioneering advances in telecommunications and space technology. American scientists have dominated the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine since World War II. The nation is also home to some of the most prominent scientists alive today. Read on to discover about the life and works of various famous American scientists.