The United States is one of the most technologically advanced nations in the world; from the time it emerged as an independent nation, the United States has encouraged science and innovation. In fact, two of America’s founding fathers—Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson—were reputed scientists. Most scientists of the late 18th century, including Franklin and Jefferson were involved in the struggle to win American independence during the American Revolution and later engaged in nation building. The 19th century America saw the birth of great inventors like Robert Fulton, Samuel Morse, Eli Whitney, Cyrus McCormick, and Thomas Alva Edison, whose works in diverse fields contributed immensely to the nation’s growth and development. One of the biggest innovations by 19th century Americans was undoubtedly the designing and building of the world's first successful airplane by brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright. In the 20th century, Americans like Herman Hollerith and Robert Goddard made pioneering advances in telecommunications and space technology. American scientists have dominated the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine since World War II. The nation is also home to some of the most prominent scientists alive today. Read on to discover about the life and works of various famous American scientists.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein

14 March 1879

Edward SnowdenEdward Snowden

21 June 1983

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla

10 July 1856

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin

17 January 1706

Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson

26 August 1918

Larry PageLarry Page

26 March 1973

Neil deGrasse TysonNeil deGrasse Tyson

05 October 1958

Sergey BrinSergey Brin

21 August 1973

Richard FeynmanRichard Feynman

11 May 1918

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Carl SaganCarl Sagan

09 November 1934

Isaac AsimovIsaac Asimov

02 January 1920

John von NeumannJohn von Neumann

28 December 1903

Sally RideSally Ride

26 May 1951

Josef Allen HynekJ. Allen Hynek

01 May 1910

Grace HopperGrace Hopper

09 December 1906

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Dian FosseyDian Fossey

16 January 1932

James WatsonJames Watson

06 April 1928

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker

09 November 1731

Gabe NewellGabe Newell

03 November 1962

Jonas SalkJonas Salk

28 October 1914

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Terence TaoTerence Tao

17 July 1975

Norman BorlaugNorman Borlaug

25 March 1914

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson

27 May 1907

Linus PaulingLinus Pauling

28 February 1901

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi

29 September 1901

Kurt GödelKurt Gödel

28 April 1906

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Kip ThorneKip Thorne

01 June 1940

Zbigniew BrzezinskiZbigniew Brzezinski

28 March 1928

Tom LehrerTom Lehrer

09 April 1928

Alfred KinseyAlfred Kinsey

23 June 1894

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt

19 July 1814

Robert BallardRobert Ballard

30 June 1942

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William ShockleyWilliam Shockley

13 February 1910

Stephen Jay GouldStephen Jay Gould

10 September 1941

Edward TellerEdward Teller

15 January 1908

Jared DiamondJared Diamond

10 September 1937

Percy Lavon JulianPercy Lavon Julian

11 April 1899

Thomas KuhnThomas Kuhn

18 July 1922

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Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson

09 February 1960

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon

26 April 1785

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

E. O. WilsonE. O. Wilson

10 June 1929

Har Gobind KhoranaHar Gobind Khorana

09 January 1922

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Manjul BhargavaManjul Bhargava

08 August 1974

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock

16 June 1902

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis

05 March 1938

Steven ChuSteven Chu

28 February 1948

John BardeenJohn Bardeen

23 May 1908

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Louis AgassizLouis Agassiz

28 May 1807

Alan KayAlan Kay

17 May 1940

Aldo LeopoldAldo Leopold

11 January 1887

David BohmDavid Bohm

20 December 1917

Murray Gell-MannMurray Gell-Mann

15 September 1929

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Eugene Paul Eugene Wigner

17 November 1902

Steven WeinbergSteven Weinberg

03 May 1933

Hans BetheHans Bethe

02 July 1906

Glen T. SeaborgGlenn T. Seaborg

19 April 1912

John Wesely PowellJohn Wesley Powell

24 March 1834

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Judea PearlJudea Pearl

04 September 1936

Thomas Hunt MorganThomas Hunt Morgan

25 September 1866

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek

31 July 1923

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn

26 November 1948

Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson

19 December 1852

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Karl LandsteinerKarl Landsteiner

14 June 1868

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion

23 January 1918

David BaltimoreDavid Baltimore

07 March 1938

Ernst MayrErnst Mayr

05 July 1904

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon

11 December 1863

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland

14 November 1863

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Joseph HenryJoseph Henry

17 December 1797

Ivar GiaeverIvar Giaever

05 April 1929

Julian SchwingerJulian Schwinger

12 February 1918