Famous 19th Century Revolutionaries

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Revolutionaries, including B. R. Ambedkar, Leon Trotsky, Chiang Kai-shek, Jose Rizal and Pancho Villa.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Queen of Jhansi State
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Varanasi
Died: June 18, 1858

 2 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk

Rani Lakshmibai.
11
Famous As: Founder of the Republic of Turkey,
Birthdate: May 19, 1881
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Thessaloniki
Died: November 10, 1938
Kemal Atatürk, known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey, was its first president. He unified Turkey into a secular country and invested in education and women’s rights. He also popularized the Latin-based Turkish alphabet and made minorities speak Turkish in public. His policies are known as “Kemalism.” 
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 3 Pancho Villa

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: General
Birthdate: June 5, 1878
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Durango
Died: July 20, 1923
Military leader Pancho Villa was a significant figure of the Mexican Revolution. He supported the ouster of dictator Porfirio Diaz and later fought to remove Victoriano Huerta from power. He also allied with Emiliano Zapata and fought against Venustiano Carranza. He remains immortalized in many films and novels.

 4 Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Rani Lakshmibai.
6
Famous As: Indian teacher
Birthdate: July 23, 1856
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ratnagiri, British India (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Died: August 1, 1920
Indian nationalist and freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak, also known as Lokmanya Tilak, promoted the concept of Swaraj, or self-rule. He was part of the freedom-fighter trio know as Lal Bal Pal, along with fellow Indian National Congress members Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal.

 5 Josip Broz Tito

Rani Lakshmibai.
9
Birthdate: May 7, 1892
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kumrovec
Died: May 4, 1980
Josip Broz Tito served as the prime minister of Yugoslavia from 1944 to 1963 and as its president from 1953 to 1980. He was also the Marshal of Yugoslavia. During World War II, he led the Partisans. He was also one of the main figures behind the Non-Aligned Movement.

 6 Jose Rizal

Rani Lakshmibai.
9
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Calamba, Laguna
Died: December 30, 1896

Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath and nationalist. An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal turned towards writing and inspired the Philippine Revolution through his writings. The revolution eventually led to Philippine independence and Rizal became a national hero. His life has inspired several biographical films and TV series.

 7 Emiliano Zapata

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Mexican Political figure
Birthdate: August 8, 1879
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Anenecuilco, Mexico
Died: April 10, 1919
Emiliano Zapata was a key figure in the Mexican Revolution of 1910–1920 and led the agrarian movement known as Zapatismo. As the leader of the Liberation Army of the South, he contributed to the fall of Mexican dictator Porfirio Díaz and later fought against Venustiano Carranza.
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 8 Rosa Luxemburg

Rani Lakshmibai.
8
Famous As: Marxist Theorist
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamos'c'
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution

 9 Mangal Pandey

Rani Lakshmibai.
5
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 19, 1827
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nagwa
Died: April 8, 1857
Indian soldier Mangal Pandey was a significant figure in the Indian rebellion of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, or First War of Independence. Pandey was a sepoy of the British East India Company’s 34th BNI Regiment. His life inspired the Bollywood movie Mangal Pandey: The Rising

 10 Lala Lajpat Rai

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Freedom Fighter
Birthdate: January 28, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dhudike, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

 11 Benito Juarez

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Lawyer, Politician
Birthdate: March 21, 1806
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Pablo Guelatao, Mexico
Died: July 18, 1872

Benito Juarez was a Mexican lawyer and politician. He served as the 26th president of Mexico from 1858 to 1872, becoming the first president of Mexico who was of indigenous origin. He died of a heart attack in 1872. To date,  he is revered as "a preeminent symbol of Mexican nationalism and resistance to foreign intervention." 

 12 Éamon de Valera

Rani Lakshmibai.
6
Famous As: Former President of Ireland
Birthdate: October 14, 1882
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 29, 1975

Irish statesman Éamon de Valera served as the 3rd President of Ireland from 1959 to 1973. An influential political leader in 20th-century Ireland, he played a key role in introducing the Constitution of Ireland. Prior to becoming the president, he served as Taoiseach on three different occasions. He was an austere, stern, and unbending figure.

 13 Birsa Munda

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British Rule
Birthdate: November 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulihatu, Khunti, India
Died: June 9, 1900

 14 Jose Marti

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 28, 1853
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: May 19, 1895

Son of Spanish immigrants, Jose Marti spent his childhood in a strife-torn Cuba and attended high school on financial aid. Marti’s poems, essays, and articles were laced with his patriotic vigor to free Cuba from the Spanish rule. He died battling on the field at Dos Ríos.

 15 Chiang Kai-shek

Rani Lakshmibai.
17
Famous As: President of the Republic of China
Birthdate: October 31, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Xikou
Died: April 5, 1975

Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese revolutionary who led the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and later on in Taiwan until his death. He is credited with successfully leading the Northern Expedition against the Beiyang government, achieving Chinese unification. He was involved in a civil war with Communist Party of China, which he lost in 1949 and retreated to Taiwan.

 16 Andres Bonifacio

Rani Lakshmibai.
9
Famous As: Filipino Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897
Andrés Bonifacio, or the “Father of the Philippine Revolution,” established the Katipunan, the Philippine independence movement against the Spanish colonial reign. He also worked with La Liga Filipina. He is considered the first president of the Philippines though he was never officially the president. He was eventually executed for treason. 

 17 Louis Riel

Rani Lakshmibai.
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Red River Colony, Rupert's Land, British North America
Died: November 16, 1885

Louis Riel was a Canadian politician. He is credited with founding the province of Manitoba. He holds a significant place in the history of the Métis people as he served as their political leader in pre-Manitoba Northwest Territories. Louis Riel is regarded as a folk hero by the Métis and other Canadian minorities for his efforts to defend their rights.

 18 Chief Joseph

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Nez Perce leader
Birthdate: March 3, 1840
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wallowa River
Died: September 21, 1904

Chief Joseph, a leader of the Nez Percé tribe of Native Americans, had initially agreed to the U.S. demand of them moving into a reservation in Idaho. However, fearing retaliation after his men killed a few whites, he attempted an escape to Canada, leading his people through an arduous trek.

 19 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Rani Lakshmibai.
13
Famous As: Indian scholar
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Died: February 22, 1958

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian independence activist, Islamic theologian, and scholar. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, serving as a senior leader of the Congress. His contribution to the Indian education system is recognized across India by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day

 20 Mikhail Bakunin

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 30, 1814
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Russia
Died: July 1, 1876

Mikhail Bakunin was a Russian socialist and anarchist. He is credited with founding an anarchist school of thought called collectivist anarchism. Regarded as one of the most influential personalities of anarchism, Mikhail Bakunin has had a major influence on thinkers like Peter Kropotkin, Herbert Marcuse, Errico Malatesta, Neil Postman, E. P. Thompson, and A. S. Neill.    

 21 Apolinario Mabini

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary leader
Birthdate: July 23, 1864
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Talaga, Philippines
Died: May 13, 1903

 22 Red Cloud

Rani Lakshmibai.
5
Birthdate: 1822 AD
Birthplace: near North Platte, Nebraska
Died: December 10, 1909

One of the most significant leaders of the Oglala Lakota tribe of the Sioux group of Native Americans, Red Cloud is remembered for his fearless resistance to the American plan of accessing the goldfields in Montana. He attached workers along the Bozeman Trail and eventually forced the U.S. to withdraw.

 23 Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: September 11, 1877
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Minsk, Belarus
Died: July 20, 1926

Bolshevik revolutionary Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, also known as Iron Felix, was born into a Polish noble family. Though Lenin considered him a hero, he often disagreed with Lenin’s views. He had been the director of Cheka. He died of a heart attack after finishing a 2-hour speech.

 24 Hong Xiuquan

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 1, 1814
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hua County, Guangdong, Qing China
Died: June 1, 1864

Hong Xiuquan was a Hakka Chinese revolutionary best remembered for leading the Taiping Rebellion against the much-feared and powerful Qing Dynasty. Credited with establishing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Hong Xiuquan later served as an inspiration to the Communists under Mao Zedong. In 1959, China established a small museum to honor his legacy.  

 25 Denmark Vesey

Rani Lakshmibai
7
Famous As: Carpenters
Birthdate: 1767 AD
Birthplace: Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Died: July 2, 1822

Sold as a slave in childhood, Denmark Vesey adopted the surname of his master. He later purchased his freedom with the money he had won in a lottery. Earning a living as a carpenter, he simultaneously launched a slave rebellion and planned a coup but was eventually hanged to death.

 26 Tantia Tope

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: 1814 AD
Birthplace: Yeola, Nashik District, India
Died: April 18, 1859

 27 Manuela Sáenz

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: December 27, 1797
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Quito
Died: November 23, 1856

Manuela Sáenz was an Ecuadorian revolutionary who supported women's rights. She received the Order of the Sun, honoring her services in the revolution. Today, she is widely regarded as a feminist symbol of the 19th century. In 2007, the Ecuadorian government honored her with the rank of General.

 28 Usman dan Fodio

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: December 15, 1754
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gobir, Nigeria
Died: April 20, 1817

 29 Begum Hazrat Mahal

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah
Birthdate: 1820 AD
Birthplace: Faizabad
Died: April 7, 1879

Also known as Begum of Awadh, Begum Hazrat Mahal was the second wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. She is remembered for rebelling against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Following her husband’s exile, she took over affairs in the state of Awadh. However, she was forced by the British to abandon Awadh.

 30 Osceola

Rani Lakshmibai
5
Famous As: Seminole leader
Birthdate: 1804 AD
Birthplace: Talisi, Mississippi Territory, US
Died: January 30, 1838

Osceola led the Seminole tribe of Native Americans in their resistance against the U.S. attempt of moving them out of Florida and into the land west of Mississippi. He was eventually deceived by a fake truce attempt, captured, and transported to Fort Moultrie, where he passed away.

 31 Sybil Ludington

Rani Lakshmibai
5
Famous As: American Revolutionary
Birthdate: April 5, 1761
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kent, New York
Died: February 26, 1839

Born to a militia officer, Sybil Ludington later made history with her fearless resistance to the British during the American Revolutionary War. Most of her statues today find her perched on a horse, in a tribute to her night-long horseback ride to inform American soldiers of an impending British attack.

 32 Augusto César Sandino

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Nicaraguan revolutionary Leader
Birthdate: May 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Niquinohomo
Died: February 21, 1934

Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. From 1927 to 1933, Sandino led a rebellion against the United States occupation of Nicaragua, due to which he was lauded as a hero throughout Latin America. Although the US government labeled him a bandit, Sandino went on to become a symbol of resistance and is revered as a national hero in Nicaragua.

 33 Surya Sen

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: March 22, 1894
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chittagong
Died: January 12, 1934

 34 James Wilkinson

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: March 24, 1757
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: December 28, 1825

James Wilkinson served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and also revealed Aaron Burr’s conspiracy to the U.S. government. While he worked against the Spanish people as part of the U.S. army, he was later revealed to be a Spanish spy, also known as Number Thirteen.

 35 Robert Emmet

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary Leader
Birthdate: March 4, 1778
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 20, 1803

 36 Nana Saheb

Rani Lakshmibai.
2
Famous As: Peshwa of the Maratha Empire
Birthdate: May 19, 1824
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bithoor
Died: 1859 AD

 37 Aleksandr Ulyanov

Rani Lakshmibai
5
Famous As: revolutionary
Birthdate: March 31, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod
Died: May 8, 1887

Russian revolutionary Aleksandr Ulyanov was the elder brother of Vladimir Lenin, who founded the Soviet Union. Though initially not interested in politics, he later became involved in St. Petersburg student politics and was part of a plot to kill Alexander III. He was hanged along with four of his comrades.

 38 Juan Seguín

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: October 27, 1806
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Texas, United States
Died: August 27, 1890

Tejano revolutionary Juan Seguín was a significant part of the revolution for the independence of Texas. The son of one of the drafters of the Mexican constitution, he grew up to become the mayor of San Antonio and also led the Republic of Texas as an elected senator.

 39 Buenaventura Durruti

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Anarcho-syndicalist, Anarchist, Trade unionist
Birthdate: July 14, 1896
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: León
Died: November 20, 1936

 40 Vasil Levski

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: July 18, 1837
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Karlovo, Bulgaria
Died: February 18, 1873

 41 Julius Martov

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 24, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: April 4, 1923

 42 Karađorđe

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 16, 1768
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Viševac, Serbia
Died: July 26, 1817

 43 Louise Michel

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Journalist
Birthdate: May 29, 1830
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vroncourt-la-Côte, France
Died: January 9, 1905

A significant figure of the Paris Commune, Louise Michel was born as an illegitimate child of a maid. She had initially been trained to be a teacher but later began developing an interest in revolutionary socialist ideas. She was also once sent behind bars for inciting riots.

 44 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Rani Lakshmibai.
3
Famous As: Political and Spiritual Leader
Birthdate: February 6, 1890
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Utmanzai, Charsadda
Died: January 20, 1988

Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist who opposed the British rule in India. A spiritual and political leader, Khan called for Hindu-Muslim unity in India and opposed the partition of India. Khan is still revered by many in India and Pakistan for his pacifist ideology. Many places in India are named in his honor.

 45 Jean-Pierre Boyer

Rani Lakshmibai
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 15, 1776
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Died: July 9, 1850

 46 Louis Auguste Blanqui

Rani Lakshmibai
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: February 8, 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Puget-Theniers, France
Died: January 1, 1881

Louis Auguste Blanqui was a French socialist who gave rise to Blanquism, a form of radicalism. While he initially studied both medicine and law, he later stepped into politics. He had been imprisoned for more than three decades and died of a stroke after a political speech at age 75.

 47 Gaetano Bresci

Rani Lakshmibai
2
Famous As: Anarchist
Birthdate: November 10, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Coiano, Italy
Died: May 22, 1901

 48 Sergey Nechayev

Rani Lakshmibai
2
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ivanovo, Russia
Died: December 3, 1882

 49 Hristo Botev

Rani Lakshmibai.
2
Famous As: Bulgarian Revolutionary
Birthdate: January 6, 1848
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kalofer
Died: June 1, 1876

Hristo Botev was a Bulgarian poet and revolutionary. Widely regarded as a national hero by Bulgarians, Botev was thought to be ahead of his peers in his aesthetic, philosophical, and political views. An influential and important figure in the history of Bulgaria, Botev has several monuments, schools, football clubs, and stadiums named after him.

 50 Ugo Foscolo

Rani Lakshmibai
2
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 6, 1778
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zakynthos, Greece
Died: September 10, 1827