2 Robert E. Lee(Confederate General in the American Civil War)
A commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. He was a skilled tactician who served in the US Army for 32 years. Brilliant from a young age, he was a top graduate of the US Military Academy. In his later years, he became president of Washington College.
3 T. E. Lawrence(Archaeologist, Army officer, Diplomat)
4 William Tecumseh Sherman(Former Commanding General of the United States Army)
5 Stonewall Jackson(Military leader)
Stonewall Jackson was a commander of the Confederate States Army. He played a major role as a Confederate general in the American Civil War, winning several significant battles in the Eastern Theater of the war. Considered one of the most tactically sound commanders in the history of the US, Jackson was idolized by George Patton, Chesty Puller, and Alexander Vandegrift.
6 John J. Pershing(Military officer)
John J. Pershing was a senior United States Army officer who served as the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) in World War I. In his later years, he mentored generals who led the United States Army during World War II. He was promoted to General of the Armies rank, the highest possible rank in the United States Army.
7 Giuseppe Garibaldi(Revolutionary)
Italian general, patriot, and republican Giuseppe Garibaldi is remembered for the role he played in the Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland." A highly proficient military general, he also led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf of Victor Emmanuel II. He died in 1882.
8 Erich Ludendorff(General of German Army (1916-18))
German military leader Erich Ludendorff gained fame with the victories at Liège and Tannenberg during World War I. He promoted the theory that Marxists, Jews, and Freemasons were responsible for Germany’s defeat in the war. He later became a military theorist, writing books such as The Total War.
9 Nathan Bedford Forrest(Confederate general during American Civil War)
10 William Halsey Jr.(Military officer)
11 Marquis de Lafayette(Aristocrat and Military Leader)
Marquis de Lafayette was a French aristocrat and military officer, who is remembered for fighting in the American Revolutionary War, as the commander of American troops in several battles. After returning to France, he played key roles in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830. Considered a hero in both America and France, he advocated the end of slavery.
12 Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim(6th President of Finland (1944-46))
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim was a Finnish statesman and military leader who served as the leader of the White Guard during the Finnish Civil War of 1918. He also played a key role during World War II where he served as the Chief of Defense of Finland's defense forces. Thanks to his achievements, Mannerheim is regarded as Finland's greatest statesman.
13 Michel Ney(Military commander)
Michel Ney was a French military commander. One of the 18 Marshals of the Empire inaugurated by Napoléon Bonaparte, Michel Ney played important roles in the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolutionary Wars. Nicknamed the Bravest of the Brave by Napoleon himself, Ney was renowned for his valor in wars.
14 Sitting Bull(Warrior)
15 Archduke Franz Ferdinand(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)
17 David Farragut(Military officer)
18 Zachary Taylor(12th President of United States)
19 Edward Smith(Naval officer)
20 Billy Mitchell(Military General)
21 Raymond A. Spruance(Navy admiral during World War II)
22 George Armstrong Custer(Military officer)
George Armstrong Custer was a US Army officer. He played an important role as a cavalry commander in the American Indian Wars and the American Civil War. His death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, went on to become a well-known episode of the American Indian Wars.
23 Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell(Founder of the Scout Movement)
24 Kit Carson(Explorer & Soldier)
A frontiersman and a fur-trapper, Kit Carson played a major role in the US’s westward expansion. Mostly known for guiding explorer John C. Frémont, he was criticized for his contribution to the displacement of native Americans as an Indian agent. He became part of folk legend for his exploits as a fighter, too.
25 Louis-Philippe I of France(King of France)
26 Robert Gould Shaw(Military Personnel)
27 Matthew Ridgway(Military officer)
28 Rudolf Hess(Deputy Führer)
29 Hermann Goring(German Military Leader)
Hermann Goring was a German military and political leader. One of the most influential personalities in the Nazi Party, Göring oversaw the creation of the Gestapo. He also played a key role in the Holocaust, for which he was later convicted of crimes against humanity and crimes against peace.
30 John Graves Simcoe(First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada)
31 Richard E. Byrd(Naval officer)
American naval officer Richard E. Byrd is remembered for his pioneering expeditions to Antarctica, using airplanes. Though he was awarded a US Congressional Medal of Honor for completing the first flight over the North Pole, it was later revealed that he had returned when he was 150 miles away from the destination.
32 Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher(Prussian field marshal)
33 Theodore Roosevelt Jr.(Military Leader)
34 James Longstreet(United States Minister to the Ottoman Empire (1880-81))
35 Charles George Gordon(British soldier and Administrator)
36 William, German Crown Prince(Military commander)
37 Chief Seattle(Tribal chief)
38 Winfield Scott(Military Officer)
39 William Bligh(Military Leader)
40 Gerd von Rundstedt(Military Officer)
Gerd von Rundstedt was a Nazi field marshal during World War II. His army was part of the German campaigns in France and Russia. He was defeated at the Battle of Normandy. Following the war, he was charged with war crimes but was not tried due to old age.
41 Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener(Military officer)
Horatio Herbert Kitchener is remembered for his military acumen and for his large-scale organization of troops during World War I. He had served the Egyptian army and the British army in South Africa, and was the commander-in-chief in India. He died aboard the HMS Hampshire when the cruiser drowned.
42 Joshua Chamberlain(Educator & War Hero)
43 Philippe Pétain(Marshal of France)
44 Francisco Franco(Former Caudillo of Spain)
Francisco Franco overthrew the Second Spanish Republic by leading the Nationalist forces as their general during the Spanish Civil War. Subsequently, Franco ruled over Spain as a dictator from 1939 to 1975. He had such an impact as a dictator that the period between the Nationalist victory and Franco's death is known as Francoist Spain in the history of Spain.
45 Tadeusz Kościuszko(Statesman, Engineer)
Tadeusz Kościuszko was a Polish-Lithuanian statesman, military leader, and military engineer. Thanks to his participation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's fight against Prussia and Russia and his role in the American Revolutionary War, Tadeusz Kościuszko is widely regarded as a national hero in the United States, Poland, Belarus, and Lithuania.
46 Matthew C. Perry(Naval Officer)
47 Louis Botha(Politician)
48 Jan Smuts(2nd Prime Minister of South Africa)
Jan Smuts was a South African military leader, statesman, and philosopher. He played a key role in the formation of the Union of South Africa and helped shape its constitution. From 1919 to 1924 and again from 1939 to 1948, he served as the Union of South Africa's prime minister. He played a major role in establishing the United Nations.