Find out more about the greatest 19th Century German Scientists, including Albert Einstein, Max Planck, Alfred Wegener, Robert Koch and David Hilbert.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879
Physicist
Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777
Mathematician, Physicist

Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858
Physicist

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862
Mathematician

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868
Chemist

Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843
Physician
Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen
27 March 1845
Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882
Mathematician
Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880
Philosopher

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882
Physicist
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826
Mathematician

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880
Researcher

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857
Physicist
Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879
Chemist

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832
Philosopher

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854
Scientist

Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862
Physicist
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821
Physicist and Physician

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883
Physiologist & Physician
Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864
 

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824
Physicist

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804
Mathematician
Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805
Mathematician

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815
Mathematician
Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
09 November 1885
Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist

Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld
05 December 1868
Physicist

Emil Adolf von BehringEmil Adolf von Behring
15 March 1854
German physiologist
Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein
25 April 1849
Mathematician

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Carl Bosch Carl Bosch
27 August 1874
Chemist & Engineer
Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann
07 December 1810
Physiologist

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831
Mathematician

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen
30 March 1811
Chemist

Max von Laue or Max bMax von Laue
09 October 1879
Physicist
Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer
31 October 1835
Chemist
Wilhelm OstwaldWilhelm Ostwald
02 September 1853
Chemist

Karl Ferdinand BraunKarl Ferdinand Braun
06 June 1850
German Physicist & Inventor

Walther NernstWalther Nernst
25 June 1864
Physicist and Chemist

James FranckJames Franck
26 August 1882
Physicist
Johannes StarkJohannes Stark
15 April 1874
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Hermann Emil FischerHermann Emil Fischer
09 October 1852
Chemist

Hermann StaudingerHermann Staudinger
23 March 1881
Chemist

Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen
05 May 1833
Geographer, Traveler, Scientist

Wilhelm WeberWilhelm Weber
24 October 1804
Physicst
Johannes Peter MüllerJohannes Peter Müller
14 July 1801
Physiologist

Wilhelm WienWilhelm Wien
13 January 1864
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Otto SternOtto Stern
17 February 1888
Physicist

Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland
04 June 1877
Father of Biochemistry

Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler
26 November 1898
Chemist
Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz
22 July 1887
Physicists

Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner
20 May 1860
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Walter GerlachWalter Gerlach
01 August 1889
Physicist

Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896
Mathematician

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel
16 September 1853
Biochemist

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer
27 July 1881
Chemist

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825
Botanist and Geographer
Georg WittigGeorg Wittig
16 June 1897
Organic Chemist

Walther BotheWalther Bothe
08 January 1891
Physicist

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884
Physician and Biochemist

Hugo von MohlHugo von Mohl
08 April 1805
Botanist
Otto DielsOtto Diels
23 January 1876
Chemist

Otto WallachOtto Wallach
27 March 1847
Chemist
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius
11 October 1884
Chemist

Max VolmerMax Volmer
03 May 1885
Chemist

Paul WaldenPaul Walden
26 July 1863
Chemist
Otto Wilhelm von StruveOtto Wilhelm von Struve
07 May 1819
Astronomer

Charles PfizerCharles Pfizer
22 March 1824
Chemist, Entrepreneur
Emanuel LaskerEmanuel Lasker
24 December 1868
Chess player

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848
Philosopher

Kurt TankKurt Tank
24 February 1898
Aerospace engineer, Engineer, Scientist,
Johann Friedrich BlumenbachJohann Friedrich Blumenbach
11 May 1752
Physician

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
09 October 1873
Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University
August KekuléAugust Kekulé
07 September 1829
Chemist

Moritz SchlickMoritz Schlick
14 April 1882
Philosopher

Justus von LiebigJustus von Liebig
12 May 1803
Scientist

Peter G. L. DirichletPeter G. L. Dirichlet
13 February 1805
 
Charles Proteus SteinmetzCharles Proteus Steinmetz
09 April 1865
Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer,
Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr
21 June 1870
Chemist

Friedrich RatzelFriedrich Ratzel
30 August 1844
Biologist, Geopolitician, Geographer, Zoologist,

Eugen FischerEugen Fischer
05 July 1874
Anthropologist, Physician, Racial hygienist,

August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
 
Johann Wolfgang DöbereinerJohann Wolfgang Döbereiner
13 December 1780
Chemist

Leopold KroneckerLeopold Kronecker
07 December 1823
Mathematician, University teacher

Rudolf ClausiusRudolf Clausius
02 January 1822
Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician,

Hans GeigerHans Geiger
30 September 1882
Physicist, Inventor, Professor

Carl von LindeCarl von Linde
11 June 1842
Scientist
Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
06 March 1787
Physicist, Astronomer, Chemist

George de HevesyGeorge de Hevesy
01 August 1885
Chemist
Gustav FechnerGustav Fechner
19 April 1801
Physicist, Psychologist, Statistician, University

Ludwig PrandtlLudwig Prandtl
04 February 1875
Physicist, Mechanical engineer, University teacher
Richard CourantRichard Courant
08 January 1888
Mathematician, University teacher
Julius Lothar MeyerJulius Lothar Meyer
19 August 1830
Chemist