19th century can be rightly called as the time of innovation, discovery and invention. The century gave us many prominent and celebrated individuals who changed the world thoroughly with their vision and dream. The period marks the dawn of technological advancement, a scientific revolution, electrification and great advancement in medicine and science. But most of this could not have been possible had it not been for the scientists of the era. And while talking about scientists, 19th century saw some of the most able scientists coming from the land of Brits. British scientists of the 19th century can be credited for some of the most important inventions that casted a huge impact on humanity and the way we live, even today. Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction that became the operating principle of transformers and all electric generators. James Marsh is credited for detecting arsenic poisoning through his Marsh test. Charles Babbage came up with the world’s first mechanical and general purpose programmable computer that changed the world completely. World’s first incandescent light by passing a current from a battery, was discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in the 19th century. Given below is the list of famous 19th century British scientists who transformed the world completely with their inventions and discoveries.
Charles DarwinCharles Darwin
12 February 1809
Naturalist, Geologist
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815
Countess of Lovelace

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872
Philosopher

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll
27 January 1832
Author, Mathematician and Photographer

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming
06 August 1881
Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford
30 August 1871
Physicist, Chemist
J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson
18 December 1856
Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird
13 August 1888
Engineer

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy
07 February 1877
Mathematician
Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister
05 April 1827
Surgeon and Scientist
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Thomas Henry HuxleyThomas Henry Huxley
04 May 1825
Biologist
James ChadwickJames Chadwick
20 October 1891
Discoverer of Neutron

Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann
27 November 1874
Former President of Israel
Ronald RossRonald Ross
13 May 1857
Medical doctor

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882
Astronomer

James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule
24 December 1818
Physicist
Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley
23 November 1887
Physicist

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists
John TyndallJohn Tyndall
02 August 1820
Physicist

John VennJohn Venn
04 August 1834
Mathematician

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin
26 June 1824
Mathematician, Physicist

Henry Fox TalbotHenry Fox Talbot
11 February 1800
Inventor
Sir George Stokes, 1st BaronetSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet
13 August 1819
Mathematician
William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg
02 July 1862
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

William RamsayWilliam Ramsay
02 October 1852
Chemist

John CockcroftJohn Cockcroft
27 May 1897
Physicist

Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley
16 August 1821
Mathematician
George Paget ThomsonGeorge Paget Thomson
03 May 1892
Physicist

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Charles Scott SherringtonCharles Scott Sherrington
27 November 1857
Neurophysiologist

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy
02 September 1877
Radiochemist

Patrick BlackettPatrick Blackett
18 November 1897
Physicist

Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale
09 June 1875
Physiologist & Pharmacologist
Frederick Gowland HopkinsFrederick Gowland Hopkins
20 June 1861
English biochemist

Lor RayleighLord Rayleigh
12 November 1842
Discoverer of Argon
Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston
01 September 1877
Chemist & Physicist

Archibald HillArchibald Hill
26 September 1886
Physiologist

Edward Victor AppletonEdward Victor Appleton
06 September 1892
Physicist
Charles Thomson Rees WilsonCharles Thomson Rees Wilson
14 February 1869
Physicist

Henry FauldsHenry Faulds
01 June 1843
Scientist
Charles Glover BarklaCharles Glover Barkla
07 June 1877
Physicist

Norman HaworthNorman Haworth
19 March 1883
Chemist

 Owen Willans RichardsonOwen Willans Richardson
26 April 1879
Physicist

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne
14 February 1896
Astrophysicist

John James Rickard MacleodJohn James Rickard Macleod
06 September 1876
Biochemist & Physiologist
J.B.S. HaldaneJ.B.S. Haldane
05 November 1892
Geneticist

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden
12 October 1865
Biochemist

Ronald George Wreyford NorrishRonald George Wreyford Norrish
09 November 1897
Chemist

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879
Botanist
Robert Robinson Robert Robinson
13 September 1886
Scientist

Sir William Lawrence BraggSir William Lawrence Bragg
31 March 1890
Nobel Laureate in Physics
James Clerk MaxwellJames Clerk Maxwell
 

Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890
Mathematician, Geneticist, Statistician

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume
06 June 1829
Botanist, Ornithologist, Civil servant
Joseph SwanJoseph Swan
31 October 1828
Chemist, Physicist, Inventor

J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane
05 November 1892
Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside
18 May 1850
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Telegraphy

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron RothschildWalter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
08 February 1868
Biologist, Banker, Politician, Zoologist,

Charles WheatstoneCharles Wheatstone
06 February 1802
Cryptographer, Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer,
John Edensor LittlewoodJohn Edensor Littlewood
09 June 1885
Mathematician, University teacher

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889
Philosopher, Historian, Archaeologist

William CrookesWilliam Crookes
17 June 1832
Chemist, Physicist, Psychic

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
29 November 1843
Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction
Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
02 October 1854
Urban planner, Sociologist
Alastair DennistonAlastair Denniston
01 December 1881
Field hockey player, Cryptographer, Mathematician

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
30 June 1817
Botanist, Explorer, Pteridologist, Bryologist

Charles RothschildCharles Rothschild
09 May 1877
Banker, Entomologist

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo
31 May 1819
Chemist, Politician, Gynaecologist, Editor
Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount CherwellFrederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell
05 April 1886
Physicist, Politician, University teacher

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
13 July 1863
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist

Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes
29 December 1813
Inventor, Chemist, Engineer

John Ambrose FlemingJohn Ambrose Fleming
29 November 1849
Inventor, Physicist, Engineer, University teacher

John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher
James DewarJames Dewar
20 September 1842
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor

John Lubbock, 1st Baron AveburyJohn Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury
30 April 1834
Anthropologist, Politician, Archaeologist,
George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845
Mathematician, Astronomer

Cyril BurtCyril Burt
03 March 1883
Psychologist, University teacher, Geneticist

James Joseph SylvesterJames Joseph Sylvester
03 September 1814
Mathematician, Actuary, University teacher
George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

Lewis Fry RichardsonLewis Fry Richardson
11 October 1881
Paramedic, Cartographer, Mathematician,
Oliver LodgeOliver Lodge
12 June 1851
Physicist, Engineer

Osborne ReynoldsOsborne Reynolds
23 August 1842
Physicist, Civil engineer, Engineer

William John Macquorn RankineWilliam John Macquorn Rankine
05 July 1820
Engineer, Physicist, Civil engineer, University

Edward Adrian WilsonEdward Adrian Wilson
23 July 1872
Explorer, Ornithologist, Painter, Scientist
Francis Ysidro EdgeworthFrancis Ysidro Edgeworth
08 February 1845
Economist, Statistician, Lawyer, Mathematician

John Scott HaldaneJohn Scott Haldane
03 May 1860
Inventor, Physiologist
Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
 

Arthur HolmesArthur Holmes
14 January 1890
Geophysicist, Geologist
Charles Howard HintonCharles Howard Hinton
1853 AD
Mathematician, writer, science fiction writer

Charles Galton DarwinCharles Galton Darwin
18 December 1887
Physicist, University teacher
Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
16 August 1848
Botanist