19th century can be rightly called as the time of innovation, discovery and invention. The century gave us many prominent and celebrated individuals who changed the world thoroughly with their vision and dream. The period marks the dawn of technological advancement, a scientific revolution, electrification and great advancement in medicine and science. But most of this could not have been possible had it not been for the scientists of the era. And while talking about scientists, 19th century saw some of the most able scientists coming from the land of Brits. British scientists of the 19th century can be credited for some of the most important inventions that casted a huge impact on humanity and the way we live, even today. Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction that became the operating principle of transformers and all electric generators. James Marsh is credited for detecting arsenic poisoning through his Marsh test. Charles Babbage came up with the world’s first mechanical and general purpose programmable computer that changed the world completely. World’s first incandescent light by passing a current from a battery, was discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in the 19th century. Given below is the list of famous 19th century British scientists who transformed the world completely with their inventions and discoveries.