19th century can be rightly called as the time of innovation, discovery and invention. The century gave us many prominent and celebrated individuals who changed the world thoroughly with their vision and dream. The period marks the dawn of technological advancement, a scientific revolution, electrification and great advancement in medicine and science. But most of this could not have been possible had it not been for the scientists of the era. And while talking about scientists, 19th century saw some of the most able scientists coming from the land of Brits. British scientists of the 19th century can be credited for some of the most important inventions that casted a huge impact on humanity and the way we live, even today. Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction that became the operating principle of transformers and all electric generators. James Marsh is credited for detecting arsenic poisoning through his Marsh test. Charles Babbage came up with the world’s first mechanical and general purpose programmable computer that changed the world completely. World’s first incandescent light by passing a current from a battery, was discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in the 19th century. Given below is the list of famous 19th century British scientists who transformed the world completely with their inventions and discoveries.
Charles DarwinCharles Darwin

12 February 1809

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace

10 December 1815

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll

27 January 1832

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming

06 August 1881

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford

30 August 1871

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson

18 December 1856

William HerschelWilliam Herschel

15 November 1738

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace

08 January 1823

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird

13 August 1888

Joseph ListerJoseph Lister

05 April 1827

G. H. HardyG. H. Hardy

07 February 1877

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George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

James ChadwickJames Chadwick

20 October 1891

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule

24 December 1818

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Chaim WeizmannChaim Weizmann

27 November 1874

Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley

23 November 1887

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

Marie StopesMarie Stopes

15 October 1880

Ronald RossRonald Ross

13 May 1857

Henry Fox TalbotHenry Fox Talbot

11 February 1800

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John TyndallJohn Tyndall

02 August 1820

John VennJohn Venn

04 August 1834

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin

26 June 1824

William RamsayWilliam Ramsay

02 October 1852

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Arthur CayleyArthur Cayley

16 August 1821

John CockcroftJohn Cockcroft

27 May 1897

Frederick SoddyFrederick Soddy

02 September 1877

Lor RayleighLord Rayleigh

12 November 1842

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Henry Hallett DaleHenry Hallett Dale

09 June 1875

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston

01 September 1877

Patrick BlackettPatrick Blackett

18 November 1897

Henry FauldsHenry Faulds

01 June 1843

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Norman HaworthNorman Haworth

19 March 1883

Archibald HillArchibald Hill

26 September 1886

Edward Victor AppletonEdward Victor Appleton

06 September 1892

Edward Arthur MilneEdward Arthur Milne

14 February 1896

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J.B.S. HaldaneJ.B.S. Haldane

05 November 1892

Arthur Harden Arthur Harden

12 October 1865

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber

23 February 1879

Robert Robinson Robert Robinson

13 September 1886

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James Clerk MaxwellJames Clerk Maxwell

Ronald FisherRonald Fisher

17 February 1890

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume

06 June 1829

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson

27 March 1857

J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane

05 November 1892

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Joseph SwanJoseph Swan

31 October 1828

Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside

18 May 1850

Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron RothschildWalter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild

08 February 1868

John Edensor LittlewoodJohn Edensor Littlewood

09 June 1885

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville

26 December 1780

William CrookesWilliam Crookes

17 June 1832

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Charles WheatstoneCharles Wheatstone

06 February 1802

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll

29 November 1843

Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes

02 October 1854

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood

22 February 1889

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker

30 June 1817

Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount CherwellFrederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell

05 April 1886

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Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray

13 July 1863

Charles RothschildCharles Rothschild

09 May 1877

Cyril BurtCyril Burt

03 March 1883

William Worrall MayoWilliam Worrall Mayo

31 May 1819

James DewarJames Dewar

20 September 1842

Alexander ParkesAlexander Parkes

29 December 1813

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Edward Adrian WilsonEdward Adrian Wilson

23 July 1872

John Ambrose FlemingJohn Ambrose Fleming

29 November 1849

Osborne ReynoldsOsborne Reynolds

23 August 1842