Robert Robinson Biography
(British Organic Chemist Who Received Nobel Prize for His Research on Anthocyanins and Alkaloids)
Birthday: September 13, 1886 (Virgo)
Born In: Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England
Sir Robert Robinson was a British scientist who received the Nobel Prize and Knighthood for his work on the structure and synthesis of natural elements which included plant pigments and alkaloids. He was an authority on chemistry, synthesis, electronic theory and other scientific subjects. He was able to synthesize many flavones and anthocyanins from his initial study of plant pigments. He focused his research on alkaloids and their complex structures which occurred naturally and had biological and chemical effects on all living things. His studies on the chemical reactions that occur in plants to form alkaloids helped him discover the structures of morphine and strychnine in 1925 and 1946 respectively. His research led to the synthesis of penicillin and many other drugs which are used to fight malaria. He was also one of the proponents of the theory of electrons in organic chemistry which was related to the structure of organic molecules. He helped in creating many new dyes which are used in the textile industry. He was an inventor as well and invented an automatic lint cutting machine in his younger days. He received an Order of Merit for his research work in the field of organic chemistry.