Discoverers

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 1 Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable

Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable
4
Famous As: Pioneer
Birthdate: 1745 AD
Birthplace: Saint-Marc, Haiti
Died: August 28, 1818

Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable is considered the first permanent non-Indigenous settler of the area that would later become known as Chicago, Illinois. He was of African descent and married to a Native American woman. He established a prosperous trading settlement and traded around the Great Lakes and in the Illinois Country. He is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago." 

 2 Hiram Bingham III

Hiram Bingham III
3
Famous As: Academic, explorer and politician
Birthdate: November 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: June 6, 1956

Best known for his research on the Machu Picchu in the Peruvian Andes, American archaeologist Hiram Bingham III had learned mountaineering from his missionary father. Though not a professional archaeologist, he ventured into exploration after gaining an interest in South America while teaching South American history at Yale.

 3 Ibn an-Nafīs

Ibn an-Nafīs
3
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1213 AD
Birthplace: Damascus, Syria
Died: December 17, 1288

 4 Saint Kevin

Saint Kevin
5
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0498 AD
Birthplace: Ireland
Died: June 3, 0618

 5 Rodney Brooks

Rodney Brooks
3
Famous As: Roboticist
Birthdate: December 30, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Adelaide, Australia

Australian-American roboticist Rodney Brooks is known for popularizing the concept of behavioral robotics and making autonomous robots. The Stanford alumnus has also been associated with Carnegie Mellon University and MIT. Allen and Baxter remain two of his most popular intelligent robots. He also designed Cog, a robot meant to learn through interaction.

 6 Hans Egede

Hans Egede
3
Famous As: Former missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland, founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk
Birthdate: January 31, 1686
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Harstad, Norway
Died: November 5, 1758

 7 Dmitri Ivanovsky

Dmitri Ivanovsky
5
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: October 28, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gdov, Russia
Died: June 20, 1920

Best remembered for his co-discovery of viruses during his research on the mosaic disease in tobacco, Russian botanist Dmitri Ivanovsky is regarded as one of the pioneers of virology. Interestingly, following his discovery, he didn’t focus on virology much and taught plant anatomy and physiology instead.

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 8 Paul Hermann Müller

Paul Hermann Müller
3
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Olten, Solothurn, Switzerland
Died: October 12, 1965

Paul Hermann Müller was a Swiss chemist known for his discovery of insecticidal qualities and the use of DDT in the control of vector diseases. He received the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for this work. He began his career as a research chemist and later became the Deputy Director of Scientific Research on Substances for Plant Protection. 

 9 Percivall Pott

Percivall Pott
3
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: January 6, 1714
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 22, 1788

 10 Hormuzd Rassam

Hormuzd Rassam
2
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: 1826 AD
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: September 16, 1910

 11 Norman Lockyer

Norman Lockyer
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: May 17, 1836
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rugby, Warwickshire, England
Died: August 16, 1920

British astronomer Norman Lockyer is known for his discovery of the gas helium, along with French astronomer Pierre Janssen, though both worked independently. A talented author, too, he established the periodical Nature and remained associated with it till death. He was knighted for his achievements.

 12 Christian Friedrich Schönbein

Christian Friedrich Schönbein
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 18, 1799
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Metzingen, Germany
Died: August 29, 1868

German chemist Christian Friedrich Schönbein is best remembered for his discovery of ozone and the fuel cell. He also discovered guncotton, or nitrocellulose, as a result of a kitchen accident. He was an apprentice at a chemical firm at 13 and grew up to teach at the at the University of Basel.

 13 Bernard Courtois

Bernard Courtois
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: September 27, 1838

Bernard Courtois was a French chemist. He is credited with isolating iodine and morphine. Interested in chemistry from a young age, he learned how to make potassium nitrate for gunpowder for the French Revolution. He later found work at the École Polytechnique in Paris. Later in life, he went into manufacturing high-quality iodine and its salts. 

 14 Anselme Payen

Anselme Payen
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 6, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 12, 1871

French chemist Anselme Payen is known for co-discovering the first enzyme diastase, and for discovering the carbohydrate cellulose. He broke the Dutch monopoly for borax by developing a method to synthesize borax from soda and boric acid; developed a method to determine nitrogen and methods for refining sugar; and invented a decolorimeter.

 15 Shiga Kiyoshi

Shiga Kiyoshi
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Miyagi, Japan
Died: January 25, 1957

 16 Kasimir Fajans

Kasimir Fajans
2
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 27, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Congress Poland
Died: May 18, 1975

Kasimir Fajans was a physical chemist of Polish-Jewish origin. He was a pioneer in the science of radioactivity. He is credited with the discovery of the chemical element protactinium. He began his career working under physicist Ernest Rutherford. He later researched radioactivity and nuclear reactions. He became the head of the Institute of Physical Chemistry in 1932.  

 17 Aurel Stodola

Aurel Stodola
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Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: May 10, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Liptovský Mikuláš
Died: December 25, 1942

 18 Karl Mauch

Karl Mauch
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: May 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kernen, Germany
Died: April 4, 1875

 19 Fausto Elhuyar

Fausto Elhuyar
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Logroño, Spain
Died: February 6, 1833

 20 Yrjö Väisälä

Yrjö Väisälä
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: September 6, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kontiolahti, Finland
Died: July 21, 1971

 21 Carl Humann

Carl Humann
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Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: January 4, 1839
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: April 12, 1896

Carl Humann, one of the 19th century self-made archaeologists who never studied archaeology nor did any advanced degree in the field, rose to prominence after he discovered the Pergamon Altar that is counted among the finest examples of Hellenistic sculpture. His excavation of the ancient Greek city of Pergamum also brought to light much about Hellenistic city planning.

 22 Joe Farman

Joe Farman
1
Famous As: Geophysicist
Birthdate: August 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 11, 2013

 23 Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac

Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac
1
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 24, 1817
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: April 15, 1894

While he initially aspired to become a mining engineer, Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac later worked at a porcelain factory and eventually became a professor of chemistry and mineralogy. He is remembered for his research on atomic weights and rare earth elements. He discovered ytterbium and co-discovered gadolinium, too.

 24 Anders Gustav Ekeberg

Anders Gustav Ekeberg
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 16, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1813

Swedish analytical chemist Anders Gustav Ekeberg is primarily known for his discovery of tantalum in 1802. He first studied at and later taught at the University of Uppsala. He was also a member of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 2018, Tantalum-Niobium International Study Center started an award in his name to acknowledge work in the field of tantalum research. 

 25 Louis-Nicolas Ménard

Louis-Nicolas Ménard
0
Famous As: Man of Letters
Birthdate: October 19, 1822
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 9, 1901

 26 Merrill Wallace Chase

Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004
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