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 1 Wilhelm Rontgen

Wilhelm Rontgen.
Famous As: Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics
Birthdate: March 27, 1845
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lennep, Rhine Province, Germany
Died: February 10, 1923

Wilhelm Rontgen was a German physicist and mechanical engineer. He is best remembered for producing and detecting X-rays for which he was honored with the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. His discovery of X-rays remains one of the greatest achievements in the field of medical science.

 2 Henry the Navigator

Henry the Navigator.
Famous As: Portuguese Political figure
Birthdate: March 4, 1394
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Porto, Portugal
Died: November 13, 1460
Henry the Navigator was a central figure in the 15th-century European maritime expansion and maritime discoveries. He is credited with the early development of Portuguese maritime trade and exploration. He is also credited with developing a new and much lighter ship called the caravel, which changed the way sailors sailed at that time. 

 3 Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable

Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable.
Famous As: Pioneer
Birthdate: 1745 AD
Birthplace: Saint-Marc, Haiti
Died: August 28, 1818

Jean-Baptist-Point Du Sable is considered the first permanent non-Indigenous settler of the area that would later become known as Chicago, Illinois. He was of African descent and married to a Native American woman. He established a prosperous trading settlement and traded around the Great Lakes and in the Illinois Country. He is recognized as the "Founder of Chicago." 

 4 Hiram Bingham III

Hiram Bingham III.
Famous As: Academic, explorer and politician
Birthdate: November 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: June 6, 1956

Best known for his research on the Machu Picchu in the Peruvian Andes, American archaeologist Hiram Bingham III had learned mountaineering from his missionary father. Though not a professional archaeologist, he ventured into exploration after gaining an interest in South America while teaching South American history at Yale.

 5 Ibn an-Nafīs

Ibn an-Nafīs.
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1213 AD
Birthplace: Damascus, Syria
Died: December 17, 1288

 6 Saint Kevin

Saint Kevin
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0498 AD
Birthplace: Ireland
Died: June 3, 0618

 7 Rodney Brooks

Rodney Brooks
Famous As: Roboticist
Birthdate: December 30, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Adelaide, Australia
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 8 Hans Egede

Hans Egede
Famous As: Missionary, explorer, translator
Birthdate: January 31, 1686
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Harstad
Died: November 5, 1758

 9 Dmitri Ivanovsky

Dmitri Ivanovsky
Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: October 28, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gdov, Russia
Died: June 20, 1920

 10 Paul Hermann Müller

Paul Hermann Müller.
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Olten, Solothurn, Switzerland
Died: October 12, 1965

Paul Hermann Müller was a Swiss chemist known for his discovery of insecticidal qualities and the use of DDT in the control of vector diseases. He received the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for this work. He began his career as a research chemist and later became the Deputy Director of Scientific Research on Substances for Plant Protection. 

 11 Percivall Pott

Percivall Pott
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: January 6, 1714
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 22, 1788

 12 Hormuzd Rassam

Hormuzd Rassam
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: 1826 AD
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: September 16, 1910

 13 Norman Lockyer

Norman Lockyer
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: May 17, 1836
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rugby, Warwickshire, England
Died: August 16, 1920

 14 Christian Friedrich Schönbein

Christian Friedrich Schönbein
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 18, 1799
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Metzingen, Germany
Died: August 29, 1868

 15 Bernard Courtois

Bernard Courtois
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: September 27, 1838

Bernard Courtois was a French chemist. He is credited with isolating iodine and morphine. Interested in chemistry from a young age, he learned how to make potassium nitrate for gunpowder for the French Revolution. He later found work at the École Polytechnique in Paris. Later in life, he went into manufacturing high-quality iodine and its salts. 

 16 Shiga Kiyoshi

Shiga Kiyoshi
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Miyagi, Japan
Died: January 25, 1957

 17 Anselme Payen

Anselme Payen
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 6, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 12, 1871

French chemist Anselme Payen is known for co-discovering the first enzyme diastase, and for discovering the carbohydrate cellulose. He broke the Dutch monopoly for borax by developing a method to synthesize borax from soda and boric acid; developed a method to determine nitrogen and methods for refining sugar; and invented a decolorimeter.

 18 Kasimir Fajans

Kasimir Fajans
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 27, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Congress Poland
Died: May 18, 1975

 19 Aurel Stodola

Aurel Stodola.
Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: May 10, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Liptovský Mikuláš
Died: December 25, 1942

 20 Karl Mauch

Karl Mauch
Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: May 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kernen, Germany
Died: April 4, 1875

 21 Fausto Elhuyar

Fausto Elhuyar
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Logroño, Spain
Died: February 6, 1833

 22 Yrjö Väisälä

Yrjö Väisälä
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: September 6, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kontiolahti, Finland
Died: July 21, 1971

 23 Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac

Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 24, 1817
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: April 15, 1894

 24 Joe Farman

Joe Farman
Famous As: Geophysicist
Birthdate: August 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 11, 2013

 25 Carl Humann

Carl Humann
Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: January 4, 1839
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: April 12, 1896

 26 Anders Gustav Ekeberg

Anders Gustav Ekeberg
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 16, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1813

 27 Louis-Nicolas Ménard

Louis-Nicolas Ménard
Famous As: Man of Letters
Birthdate: October 19, 1822
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 9, 1901

 28 Merrill Wallace Chase

Merrill Wallace Chase
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004
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