Discoverers

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 1 
Hiram Bingham III
(Academic, explorer and politician)
Hiram Bingham III
3
Birthdate: November 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Honolulu
Died: June 6, 1956

Best known for his research on the Machu Picchu in the Peruvian Andes, American archaeologist Hiram Bingham III had learned mountaineering from his missionary father. Though not a professional archaeologist, he ventured into exploration after gaining an interest in South America while teaching South American history at Yale.

 2 
Ibn an-Nafīs
(Polymath)
Ibn an-Nafīs
3
Birthdate: 1213 AD
Birthplace: Damascus, Syria
Died: December 17, 1288
 3 
Saint Kevin
5
Birthdate: 0498 AD
Birthplace: Ireland
Died: June 3, 0618
 4 
Hans Egede
(Former missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland, founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk)
Hans Egede
3
Birthdate: January 31, 1686
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Harstad, Norway
Died: November 5, 1758
 5 
Paul Hermann Müller
3
Birthdate: January 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Olten, Solothurn, Switzerland
Died: October 12, 1965

Paul Hermann Müller was a Swiss chemist known for his discovery of insecticidal qualities and the use of DDT in the control of vector diseases. He received the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for this work. He began his career as a research chemist and later became the Deputy Director of Scientific Research on Substances for Plant Protection. 

 6 
Percivall Pott
3
Birthdate: January 6, 1714
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 22, 1788
 7 
Hormuzd Rassam
(Archaeologist)
Hormuzd Rassam
2
Birthdate: 1826 AD
Birthplace: Mosul, Iraq
Died: September 16, 1910
 8 
Bernard Courtois
(French Chemist Known for First Isolating 'Iodine')
Bernard Courtois
2
Birthdate: February 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: September 27, 1838

Bernard Courtois was a French chemist. He is credited with isolating iodine and morphine. Interested in chemistry from a young age, he learned how to make potassium nitrate for gunpowder for the French Revolution. He later found work at the École Polytechnique in Paris. Later in life, he went into manufacturing high-quality iodine and its salts. 

 9 
Shiga Kiyoshi
(Physician)
Shiga Kiyoshi
2
Birthdate: February 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Miyagi, Japan
Died: January 25, 1957
 10 
Kazimierz Fajans
(American Physical Chemist Who Discovered the Chemical Element 'Protactinium')
Kazimierz Fajans
2
Birthdate: May 27, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: May 18, 1975

Kasimir Fajans was a physical chemist of Polish-Jewish origin. He was a pioneer in the science of radioactivity. He is credited with the discovery of the chemical element protactinium. He began his career working under physicist Ernest Rutherford. He later researched radioactivity and nuclear reactions. He became the head of the Institute of Physical Chemistry in 1932.  

 11 
Aurel Stodola
(Engineer)
Aurel Stodola
1
Birthdate: May 10, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Liptovský Mikuláš
Died: December 25, 1942
 12 
Karl Mauch
(Explorer)
Karl Mauch
1
Birthdate: May 7, 1837
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kernen, Germany
Died: April 4, 1875
 13 
Fausto Elhuyar
1
Birthdate: October 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Logroño, Spain
Died: February 6, 1833
 14 
Yrjö Väisälä
(Astronomer)
Yrjö Väisälä
1
Birthdate: September 6, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kontiolahti, Finland
Died: July 21, 1971
Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac
1
Birthdate: April 24, 1817
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Geneva, Switzerland
Died: April 15, 1894

While he initially aspired to become a mining engineer, Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac later worked at a porcelain factory and eventually became a professor of chemistry and mineralogy. He is remembered for his research on atomic weights and rare earth elements. He discovered ytterbium and co-discovered gadolinium, too.

 16 
Carl Humann
(Engineer)
Carl Humann
1
Birthdate: January 4, 1839
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: April 12, 1896

Carl Humann, one of the 19th century self-made archaeologists who never studied archaeology nor did any advanced degree in the field, rose to prominence after he discovered the Pergamon Altar that is counted among the finest examples of Hellenistic sculpture. His excavation of the ancient Greek city of Pergamum also brought to light much about Hellenistic city planning.

 17 
Joe Farman
(Geophysicist)
Joe Farman
1
Birthdate: August 7, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: May 11, 2013
 18 
Anders Gustav Ekeberg
0
Birthdate: January 16, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: February 11, 1813

Swedish analytical chemist Anders Gustav Ekeberg is primarily known for his discovery of tantalum in 1802. He first studied at and later taught at the University of Uppsala. He was also a member of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 2018, Tantalum-Niobium International Study Center started an award in his name to acknowledge work in the field of tantalum research. 

 19 
Louis-Nicolas Ménard
(Man of Letters)
Louis-Nicolas Ménard
0
Birthdate: October 19, 1822
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 9, 1901
 20 
Merrill Wallace Chase
(Immunologist)
Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004
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