Henry Bessemer Biography
Birthday: January 19, 1813 (Capricorn)
Born In: Charlton, England
Henry Bessemer was famous English engineer and inventor whose contribution to steel making heralded a new era in the iron and steel industry. He developed an interest in creating new objects since an early age. His father who was himself an inventor had a major role to play in this regard. The financial conditions of his family forced him to quit studies and he learnt from his experiences while working with his father. With his innate knack to solve problems he invented many machines that had practical applications. His innovations include a movable stamp, sugarcane crushing machine, machine to manufacture bronze powder, and graphite to be used in pencils. Bessemer’s main contribution though was his invention of Bessemer process for steel-making. The furnace he had designed allowed oxygen to be blown over molten iron so that the impurities could be oxidised. It also had the provision to collect by-products obtained during the process. Bessemer never in the face of difficulties and when his design for the Bessemer converter was met with criticism he decided to produce iron himself. Eventually the furnace gained popularity and many ironmasters began to adopt his method for producing steel thus making the use of pig iron or cast iron became redundant in the construction industry. To know more about his life and works read on the following biography.