Famous 19th Century British Leaders

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence.
5
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: August 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tremadog, Wales
Died: May 19, 1935
T. E. Lawrence was a British army officer who participated in the Arab Revolt, against the Ottoman regime, during World War I. Nicknamed Lawrence of Arabia, he inspired a movie of the same name. His treatise of his war experiences was published as Seven Pillars of Wisdom, his best-known work.

 2 Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli.
5
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

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 3 David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George.
4
Famous As: Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chorlton-on-Medlock
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.

 4 Edward Smith

Edward Smith.
6
Famous As: Naval officer
Birthdate: January 27, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England
Died: April 15, 1912

 5 Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet

Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet.
3
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: April 13, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cheltenham, England
Died: April 5, 1984

 6 Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain.
11
Famous As: Prime Minister of the U.K.
Birthdate: March 18, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: November 9, 1940

Neville Chamberlain was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, Chamberlain served as UK's prime minister from 1937 to 1940. Known for his signing of the Munich Agreement, which is also called the Munich Betrayal, Neville Chamberlain is regarded by many as one of the most controversial prime ministers of the UK.

 7 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne.
5
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 15, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 24, 1848

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, or Lord Melbourne, was a Whig and a close advisor of Queen Victoria. Apart from being the leader of the opposition, he had also been the British prime minister. However, he was known more for his love for theology and literature than his political exploits.

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 8 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
7
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: November 2, 1767
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 23, 1820

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn was the father of Queen Victoria. His army career took him to Canada and the West Indies, making him the first royal family member to stay in North America. He was also the governor of Gibraltar and played a major role in Canada’s development.

 9 Annie Besant

Annie Besant.
4
Famous As: Member of the London School Board
Birthdate: October 1, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Clapham
Died: September 20, 1933

Annie Besant was a British theosophist, socialist, writer, orator, educationist, women's rights activist, and philanthropist. Despite being British, Besant supported India's freedom movement and even joined the Indian National Congress. She is also credited with co-founding Banaras Hindu University. Besant also helped launch the Indian Home Rule movement to campaign for democracy in the country.

 10 Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell.
6
Famous As: Founder of the Scout Movement
Birthdate: February 22, 1857
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paddington
Died: January 8, 1941

 11 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis.
5
Famous As: Former Governor-General of India
Birthdate: December 31, 1738
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Grosvenor Square, London, United Kingdom
Died: October 5, 1805

 12 John French, 1st Earl of Ypres

John French, 1st Earl of Ypres.
4
Famous As: British Army Officer
Birthdate: September 28, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ripple, Kent
Died: May 22, 1925

 13 Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee.
6
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: January 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Putney
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 14 Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28, 1884

 15 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: October 18, 1865

 16 Stanley Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin.
4
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: August 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bewdley
Died: December 14, 1947

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative statesman. He served as prime minister of the United Kingdom on three occasions during the interwar period. Baldwin's second government, which was formed by him after winning the 1924 general election, saw tenures of office by important personalities like Winston Churchill, Neville Chamberlain, and Sir Austen Chamberlain.

 17 William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone.
6
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: May 19, 1898

William Ewart Gladstone was a British politician and statesman. During a career that spanned six decades, Gladstone served as prime minister of the UK for 12 years, which included four different terms. Often counted among Britain's greatest leaders, Gladstone has been portrayed in several films and television series, such as Parnell, The Prime Minister, Edward the Seventh, and Number 10.

 18 John Graves Simcoe

John Graves Simcoe.
4
Famous As: First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Birthdate: February 25, 1752
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cotterstock, Oundle, England
Died: October 26, 1806

 19 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
4
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: May 1, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 16, 1942

 20 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey.
4
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of United Kingdom
Birthdate: March 13, 1764
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fallodon, Northumberland, England
Died: July 17, 1845

 21 Charles George Gordon

Charles George Gordon.
4
Famous As: British soldier and Administrator
Birthdate: January 28, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: January 26, 1885

 22 William Bligh

William Bligh.
4
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: September 9, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Plymouth, United Kingdom
Died: September 7, 1817

 23 H. H. Asquith

H. H. Asquith.
4
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: September 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morley
Died: February 15, 1928

 24 Ramsay MacDonald

Ramsay MacDonald.
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lossiemouth
Died: November 9, 1937

 25 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe

John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe
3
Famous As: Royal Navy officer
Birthdate: December 5, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Southampton, England
Died: November 20, 1935

 26 Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
4
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 23, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire, England
Died: May 14, 1936

Known for his distinguish services during WWI, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, is especially hailed for his decisive victory over the Turks at Gaza, leading to the capture of Jerusalem. Later, he also captured Damascus and Aleppo, thus ending Ottoman power in Syria. Later appointed Special High Commissioner of Egypt, he governed the country firmly, until its independence in 1922.

 27 Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener.
4
Famous As: Field Marshal
Birthdate: June 24, 1850
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ballylongford, Ireland
Died: June 5, 1916

Horatio Herbert Kitchener is remembered for his military acumen and for his large-scale organization of troops during World War I. He had served the Egyptian army and the British army in South Africa, and was the commander-in-chief in India. He died aboard the HMS Hampshire when the cruiser drowned.

 28 Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig.
4
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: January 29, 1928

 29 James Connolly

James Connolly.
3
Famous As: Socialist Leader
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12, 1916

 30 Jan Smuts

Jan Smuts
8
Famous As: Botanist, Officer, Lawyer
Birthdate: May 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Malmesbury, Western Cape
Died: September 11, 1950

Jan Smuts was a South African military leader, statesman, and philosopher. He played a key role in the formation of the Union of South Africa and helped shape its constitution. From 1919 to 1924 and again from 1939 to 1948, he served as the Union of South Africa's prime minister. He played a major role in establishing the United Nations.

 31 Nancy Astor

Nancy Astor.
3
Famous As: First Woman MP in the House of Commons
Birthdate: May 19, 1879
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Danville, Virginia, United States
Died: May 2, 1964

 32 Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden.
23
Famous As: Prime Minister of UK
Birthdate: June 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Windlestone Hall, England
Died: January 14, 1977
Conservative politician Anthony Eden was the prime minister of England from 1955 to 1957. He had also served as the youngest British Army brigade-major during World War I. He earned a lot of criticism for his handling of the Suez Canal issue during his tenure as the prime minister.

 33 William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1748
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 29, 1811

 34 Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood

Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
3
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: September 9, 1882
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 23, 1947

 35 Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.
3
Famous As: Duke of York and Albany
Birthdate: August 16, 1763
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St. James's Palace, London
Died: January 5, 1827

 36 Charles Stewart Parnell

Charles Stewart Parnell.
3
Famous As: Leader of the Irish Home Rule League
Birthdate: June 27, 1846
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: County Wicklow
Died: October 6, 1891

 37 Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law.
3
Famous As: Unknown Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 16, 1858
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rexton
Died: October 30, 1923

 38 Constance Markievicz

Constance Markievicz
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: July 15, 1927

 39 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
3
Famous As: Foreign Secretary
Birthdate: February 3, 1830
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
Died: August 22, 1903

 40 Lord Acton

Lord Acton.
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naples
Died: June 19, 1902

Lord Acton was an English Catholic historian, writer, and politician. Born to a prominent family in Naples, he was the son of a British baronet. He studied at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he developed a deep love of historical research. After building a career as a historian and writer, he ventured into politics as well. 

 41 Thomas Babington Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 25, 1800
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Leicestershire, England
Died: December 28, 1859

A prominent Whig and essayist Thomas Babington Macaulay is best remembered for his 5-volume History of England. Though a qualified lawyer, he never took it up as a career. As part of his administrative work in India later, he introduced English as the chief medium of instruction in schools.

 42 Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
3
Famous As: Marshal
Birthdate: February 24, 1774
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, London, England
Died: July 8, 1850

 43 Prince Louis of Battenberg

Prince Louis of Battenberg
7
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: May 24, 1854
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: September 11, 1921

 44 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald

Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1775
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died: October 31, 1860

 45 Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase.
3
Famous As: Former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County
Died: June 19, 1811

 46 Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann.
3
Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: November 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Motal
Died: November 9, 1952

Born in Russia, biochemist Chaim Weizmann was a World Zionist Organization leader and later also became the first president of Israel. He had a major role in the Balfour Declaration. Remembered for his research on industrial fermentation, gasoline, and rubber, he also helped establish the Weizmann Institute.

 47 Hugh Dowding

Hugh Dowding
3
Famous As: Air Chief Marshal
Birthdate: April 24, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moffat, Scotland
Died: February 15, 1970

 48 Lord Randolph Churchill

Lord Randolph Churchill
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 13, 1849
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 24, 1895

 49 Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis

Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis
3
Famous As: Governor General
Birthdate: December 10, 1891
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 16, 1969

 50 Lord John Russell

Lord John Russell.
3
Famous As: Prime Minister of Great Britain
Birthdate: August 18, 1792
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mayfair, Middlesex, England
Died: May 28, 1878