Famous 19th Century British Leaders

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 T. E. Lawrence

T. E. Lawrence
Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: August 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tremadog, Wales
Died: May 19, 1935
T. E. Lawrence was a British army officer who participated in the Arab Revolt, against the Ottoman regime, during World War I. Nicknamed Lawrence of Arabia, he inspired a movie of the same name. His treatise of his war experiences was published as Seven Pillars of Wisdom, his best-known work.

 2 Clement Attlee

Clement Attlee
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: January 3, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Putney
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 3 Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1834)
Birthdate: May 1, 1769
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 14, 1852
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the British prime minister twice. He also served as the governor of Seringapatam and Mysore, and won the Battle of Assaye. He led the Hundred Days War and along with the Prussian army, won the Battle of Waterloo, defeating Napoleon.
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 4 Edward Smith

Edward Smith
Famous As: Naval officer
Birthdate: January 27, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England
Died: April 15, 1912

 5 Benjamin Disraeli

Benjamin Disraeli
Famous As: British Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

 6 Annie Besant

Annie Besant
Famous As: Member of the London School Board
Birthdate: October 1, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Clapham
Died: September 20, 1933

Annie Besant was a British theosophist, socialist, writer, orator, educationist, women's rights activist, and philanthropist. Despite being British, Besant supported India's freedom movement and even joined the Indian National Congress. She is also credited with co-founding Banaras Hindu University. Besant also helped launch the Indian Home Rule movement to campaign for democracy in the country.

 7 Robert Peel

Robert Peel
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1841-1846)
Birthdate: February 5, 1788
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bury, Lancashire, England
Died: July 2, 1850

Statesman Robert Peel had been the prime minister of the U.K twice. He was also a two-time home secretary. He established the Metropolitan Police Service and also introduced the Tamworth Manifesto, thus co-founding the modern Conservative Party. He died of injuries after a horse he was riding fell on him.

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 8 Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet

Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: April 13, 1892
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cheltenham, England
Died: April 5, 1984

 9 Neville Chamberlain

Neville Chamberlain
Famous As: Prime Minister of the U.K.
Birthdate: March 18, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Birmingham
Died: November 9, 1940

Neville Chamberlain was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, Chamberlain served as UK's prime minister from 1937 to 1940. Known for his signing of the Munich Agreement, which is also called the Munich Betrayal, Neville Chamberlain is regarded by many as one of the most controversial prime ministers of the UK.

 10 Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Famous As: Founder of the Scout Movement
Birthdate: February 22, 1857
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paddington
Died: January 8, 1941

 11 Stanley Baldwin

Stanley Baldwin
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: August 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bewdley
Died: December 14, 1947

Stanley Baldwin was a British Conservative statesman. He served as prime minister of the United Kingdom on three occasions during the interwar period. Baldwin's second government, which was formed by him after winning the 1924 general election, saw tenures of office by important personalities like Winston Churchill, Neville Chamberlain, and Sir Austen Chamberlain.

 12 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died: October 18, 1865

 13 John Graves Simcoe

John Graves Simcoe
Famous As: First Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Birthdate: February 25, 1752
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cotterstock, Oundle, England
Died: October 26, 1806

 14 William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: May 19, 1898

William Ewart Gladstone was a British politician and statesman. During a career that spanned six decades, Gladstone served as prime minister of the UK for 12 years, which included four different terms. Often counted among Britain's greatest leaders, Gladstone has been portrayed in several films and television series, such as Parnell, The Prime Minister, Edward the Seventh, and Number 10.

 15 John French, 1st Earl of Ypres

John French, 1st Earl of Ypres
Famous As: British Army Officer
Birthdate: September 28, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ripple, Kent
Died: May 22, 1925

 16 Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28, 1884

 17 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of United Kingdom
Birthdate: March 13, 1764
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fallodon, Northumberland, England
Died: July 17, 1845

 18 Charles George Gordon

Charles George Gordon
Famous As: British soldier and Administrator
Birthdate: January 28, 1833
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: January 26, 1885

 19 H. H. Asquith

H. H. Asquith
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: September 12, 1852
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Morley
Died: February 15, 1928

H. H. Asquith was an English politician and statesman best remembered for serving as the prime minister of the UK from 1908 to 1916. He was the last PM to command a majority government from the Liberal Party. Great Britain entered the First World War under his prime ministership, a move which is often criticized by modern-day critics and scholars.

 20 William Bligh

William Bligh
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: September 9, 1754
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Plymouth, United Kingdom
Died: September 7, 1817

 21 Prince Louis of Battenberg

Prince Louis of Battenberg
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: May 24, 1854
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: September 11, 1921

 22 Ramsay MacDonald

Ramsay MacDonald
Famous As: Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: October 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lossiemouth
Died: November 9, 1937

 23 Jan Smuts

Jan Smuts
Famous As: Botanist, Officer, Lawyer
Birthdate: May 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Malmesbury, Western Cape
Died: September 11, 1950

Jan Smuts was a South African military leader, statesman, and philosopher. He played a key role in the formation of the Union of South Africa and helped shape its constitution. From 1919 to 1924 and again from 1939 to 1948, he served as the Union of South Africa's prime minister. He played a major role in establishing the United Nations.

 24 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe

John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe
Famous As: Royal Navy officer
Birthdate: December 5, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Southampton, England
Died: November 20, 1935

 25 Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: April 23, 1861
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire, England
Died: May 14, 1936

Known for his distinguish services during WWI, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, is especially hailed for his decisive victory over the Turks at Gaza, leading to the capture of Jerusalem. Later, he also captured Damascus and Aleppo, thus ending Ottoman power in Syria. Later appointed Special High Commissioner of Egypt, he governed the country firmly, until its independence in 1922.

 26 Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
Famous As: Field Marshal
Birthdate: June 24, 1850
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ballylongford, Ireland
Died: June 5, 1916

Horatio Herbert Kitchener is remembered for his military acumen and for his large-scale organization of troops during World War I. He had served the Egyptian army and the British army in South Africa, and was the commander-in-chief in India. He died aboard the HMS Hampshire when the cruiser drowned.

 27 Nancy Astor

Nancy Astor
Famous As: First Woman MP in the House of Commons
Birthdate: May 19, 1879
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Danville, Virginia, United States
Died: May 2, 1964

 28 James Connolly

James Connolly
Famous As: Socialist Leader
Birthdate: June 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cowgate
Died: May 12, 1916

 29 Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: January 29, 1928

 30 William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1748
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 29, 1811

 31 Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood

Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood
Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: September 9, 1882
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 23, 1947

 32 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 15, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 24, 1848

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, or Lord Melbourne, was a Whig and a close advisor of Queen Victoria. Apart from being the leader of the opposition, he had also been the British prime minister. However, he was known more for his love for theology and literature than his political exploits.

 33 Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany

Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Famous As: Duke of York and Albany
Birthdate: August 16, 1763
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London, England
Died: January 5, 1827

 34 Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law
Famous As: Unknown Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 16, 1858
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rexton
Died: October 30, 1923

 35 Charles Stewart Parnell

Charles Stewart Parnell
Famous As: Leader of the Irish Home Rule League
Birthdate: June 27, 1846
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: County Wicklow
Died: October 6, 1891

 36 Constance Markievicz

Constance Markievicz
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: July 15, 1927

 37 Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: November 2, 1767
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 23, 1820

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn was the father of Queen Victoria. His army career took him to Canada and the West Indies, making him the first royal family member to stay in North America. He was also the governor of Gibraltar and played a major role in Canada’s development.

 38 David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George
Famous As: Former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chorlton-on-Medlock
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.

 39 George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston

George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Famous As: Former Viceroy of India
Birthdate: January 11, 1859
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kedleston, Derbyshire, England
Died: March 20, 1925

 40 Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann
Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: November 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Motal
Died: November 9, 1952

Born in Russia, biochemist Chaim Weizmann was a World Zionist Organization leader and later also became the first president of Israel. He had a major role in the Balfour Declaration. Remembered for his research on industrial fermentation, gasoline, and rubber, he also helped establish the Weizmann Institute.

 41 Thomas Babington Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 25, 1800
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Leicestershire, England
Died: December 28, 1859

A prominent Whig and essayist Thomas Babington Macaulay is best remembered for his 5-volume History of England. Though a qualified lawyer, he never took it up as a career. As part of his administrative work in India later, he introduced English as the chief medium of instruction in schools.

 42 Lord Acton

Lord Acton
Birthdate: January 10, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naples
Died: June 19, 1902

Lord Acton was an English Catholic historian, writer, and politician. Born to a prominent family in Naples, he was the son of a British baronet. He studied at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he developed a deep love of historical research. After building a career as a historian and writer, he ventured into politics as well. 

 43 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: May 1, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 16, 1942

 44 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald

Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 14, 1775
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Died: October 31, 1860

One of the best-known seamen from Britain, Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald had also been an MP. He is also remembered for his conflict with Admiral James Gambier. Though expelled from the Parliament for spreading a death hoax about Napoleon I along with his uncle, he was later proved to be innocent.

 45 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
Famous As: Former Governor-General of India
Birthdate: December 31, 1738
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Grosvenor Square, London, United Kingdom
Died: October 5, 1805

 46 Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge

Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
Famous As: Marshal
Birthdate: February 24, 1774
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, London, England
Died: July 8, 1850

 47 Samuel Chase

Samuel Chase
Famous As: Former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Birthdate: April 17, 1741
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Somerset County
Died: June 19, 1811

Samuel Chase was one of the founding fathers of the USA. From 1796 to 1811, he served as the Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence.

 48 Hugh Dowding

Hugh Dowding
Famous As: Air Chief Marshal
Birthdate: April 24, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moffat, Scotland
Died: February 15, 1970

A RAF officer, Hugh Dowding is best remembered for his exploits in the Battle of Britain during World War II, in which he defended the UK against the German air attacks. He later earned the Knight Grand Cross and was also awarded a baronetcy. Interestingly, he was part of the Fairy Investigation Society.

 49 Lord Randolph Churchill

Lord Randolph Churchill
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 13, 1849
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 24, 1895

 50 Reginald Dyer

Reginald Dyer
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: October 9, 1864
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Murree, Punjab, British India (present-day Pakistan)
Died: July 24, 1927