Famous 19th Century American Poets

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 1 Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe.
19
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: January 19, 1809
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 7, 1849

American writer Edgar Allan Poe is regarded as the architect of modern short story, the inventor of the detective-fiction genre and a major contributor towards science fiction genre. The influential writer is recognised for his tales of mystery and macabre. His notable works include The Raven (poem), The Tell-Tale Heart and The Fall of the House of Usher (short stories).

 2 Emily Dickinson

Edgar Allan Poe.
14
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Amherst
Died: May 15, 1886
Victorian-era poet Emily Dickinson apparently wrote around 1800 poems, mostly revolving around themes such as death and immortality. However, she was a recluse, dressed up in white, and mostly interacted with people through correspondence. Her poems were mostly without titles and had short lines, slant rhyme, and unconventional punctuation.
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 3 Robert Frost

Edgar Allan Poe.
10
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 26, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Francisco, California
Died: January 29, 1963

Robert Frost was an American poet. An influential poet, Frost was honored with four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry, the only poet to receive four such awards. One of America's public literary figures, Robert Frost received the Congressional Gold Medal in 1960. His works influenced other poets like Robert Francis, James Wright, Edward Thomas, Richard Wilbur, and Seamus Heaney.

 4 Henry David Thoreau

Edgar Allan Poe.
5
Famous As: Writer and Philosopher
Birthdate: July 12, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Concord, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 6, 1862

Henry David Thoreau was an American philosopher, essayist, poet, and naturalist. He is credited with popularizing transcendentalism and simple living. His philosophy of civil disobedience, which was detailed in his essay of the same name, later influenced world-renowned personalities like Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King Jr., and Mahatma Gandhi.

 5 T. S. Eliot

Edgar Allan Poe.
5
Famous As: Poet, Essayist, Playwright
Birthdate: September 26, 1888
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Died: January 4, 1965
American-born British poet T. S. Eliot is best remembered for his poems The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, and Ash Wednesday, and his plays such as Murder in the Cathedral. He won the Nobel Prize for literature and became a prominent figure of Modernist poetry.  

 6 Walt Whitman

Edgar Allan Poe.
6
Famous As: Poet & humanist
Birthdate: May 31, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: West Hills, New York
Died: March 26, 1892

Walt Whitman was an American poet, journalist, and essayist. Also a humanist, Whitman played a crucial role in the shift between transcendentalism and realism. Often referred to as the father of free verse, Whitman is one of the most influential American poets of all time. Several decades after his death, Walt Whitman's poetry remains influential.

 7 Ralph Waldo Emerson

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: American Lecturer, Philosopher, Essayist & Poet
Birthdate: May 25, 1803
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 27, 1882

Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American philosopher who led the transcendentalist movement that developed in the eastern United States in the 1820s and 1830s. He is credited with popularizing individualism through his numerous lectures and essays. Emerson influenced many thinkers and writers that followed him; he mentored Henry David Thoreau, who went on to become a leading transcendentalist.

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 8 Ezra Pound

Edgar Allan Poe.
6
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 30, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hailey, Idaho, United States
Died: November 1, 1972
American poet Ezra Pound was a significant figure in the modernist poetry movement who developed imagism and gained fame with works such as Ripostes and The Cantos. He later promoted social credit theory. During World War II, he supported fascism, participating in radio broadcasts against the U.S. and Jews. 

 9 E. E. Cummings

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 14, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 3, 1962

 10 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Poet & Educator
Birthdate: February 27, 1807
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Portland, Maine, U.S.
Died: March 24, 1882

 11 Carl Sandburg

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Writer & Editor
Birthdate: January 6, 1878
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Galesburg, Illinois, United States
Died: July 22, 1967

Carl Sandburg had begun working since age 11 and been employed in various odd jobs, such as a truck driver, a harvester, and a brickyard hand, before being part of the Illinois Infantry. The two-time Pulitzer-winning poet and biographer late also won a Grammy for his recording of Lincoln Portrait.

 12 Edna St. Vincent Millay

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Poetess and Playwright
Birthdate: February 22, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Rockland
Died: October 19, 1950

 13 William Faulkner

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Writer, Nobel Laureate
Birthdate: September 25, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Albany, Mississippi, U.S
Died: July 6, 1962
Nobel Prize-winning Southern author William Faulkner is remembered for works The Sound and the Fury, A Rose for Emily, and As I Lay Dying. He immortalized Mississippi as the fictional "Yoknapatawpha County" in his works. He also won two Pulitzers, one each for A Fable and The Reivers.

 14 Dorothy Parker

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 22, 1893
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Long Branch, New Jersey, United States
Died: June 7, 1967

Poet and author Dorothy Parker rose to fame with her published works in The New Yorker. She later formed the Algonquin Round Table. She also wrote for Hollywood films such as A Star Is Born and earned two Academy Award nominations. However, her association with left-wing politics got her blacklisted.

 15 Sara Teasdale

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: August 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: January 29, 1933

 16 L. Frank Baum

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: May 15, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chittenango, New York, United States
Died: May 6, 1919

L. Frank Baum was an author remembered for writing children's books including The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, which inspired the 1902 Broadway musical and the 1939 live-action film of the same name. His works anticipated the invention of gadgets like TV that would be invented later. In 2013, Baum was made an inductee of the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.

 17 E. B. White

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 11, 1899
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mount Vernon, New York, United States
Died: October 1, 1985

 18 Francis Scott Key

Edgar Allan Poe.
9
Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: August 1, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Frederick County, Maryland, United States
Died: January 11, 1843

 19 Aldous Huxley

Edgar Allan Poe.
11
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: July 26, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Godalming
Died: November 22, 1963

English writer and philosopher Aldous Huxley wrote countless books, including novels, short stories, non-fiction, and poems. He is best remembered for his science-fiction novels Brave New World and Island. The seven-time Nobel Prize nominee was also a Companion of Literature of the Royal Society of Literature and a Vedanta believer.

 20 Gertrude Stein

Edgar Allan Poe.
9
Famous As: American novelist
Birthdate: February 3, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 27, 1946

Gertrude Stein was an American playwright, novelist, poet, and art collector. She is remembered for publishing works about lesbian sexuality, which was considered a taboo at that time. Over the years, Gertrude Stein has been the subject of several works of art. In the 2011 movie Midnight in Paris, Stein was portrayed by Kathy Bates.

 21 John Reed

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Journalist, Poet
Birthdate: October 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Portland, Oregon, United States
Died: October 17, 1920

 22 Stephen Crane

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Writer, Journalist, Poet, Baseball player, Novelist, Screenwriter
Birthdate: November 1, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Newark
Died: June 5, 1900

 23 Fanny Crosby

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 24, 1820
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brewster, New York, United States
Died: February 12, 1915

 24 Emma Lazarus

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Poet, Writer, Journalist
Birthdate: July 22, 1849
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 19, 1887

 25 James Weldon Johnson

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 17, 1871
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Jacksonville, Florida
Died: June 26, 1938

 26 Wallace Stevens

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 2, 1879
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reading
Died: August 2, 1955

 27 Horatio Alger

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: American writer
Birthdate: January 13, 1832
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Revere
Died: July 18, 1899

 28 Claude McKay

Edgar Allan Poe.
4
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 15, 1889
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clarendon Parish
Died: May 22, 1948

Claude McKay was a poet who played an influential role in the Harlem Renaissance. Remembered for his work If We Must Die, a poem written in response to mob attacks on African-American communities by white Americans, McKay was named the national poet of Jamaica in 1977. For his contribution to literature, he was posthumously honored with the Order of Jamaica.

 29 James Russell Lowell

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Poet, Diplomat, Essayist, Writer, Literary critic, Journalist
Birthdate: February 22, 1819
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cambridge
Died: August 12, 1891

 30 Ruth Benedict

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Anthropologist, Folklorist, University teacher, Poet, Sociologist, Biographer
Birthdate: June 5, 1887
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York City
Died: September 17, 1948

Ruth Benedict was an American folklorist and anthropologist. Benedict, who played an important role in the American Folklore Society, also served as the American Anthropological Association's president; the association gives away an annual prize named after Ruth Benedict. In 2005, she was made an inductee of the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 31 John Greenleaf Whittier

Edgar Allan Poe.
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 17, 1807
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 7, 1892

 32 Hart Crane

Edgar Allan Poe
4
Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: July 21, 1899
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Garrettsville
Died: April 27, 1932

 33 Hilda Doolittle

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: September 10, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 27, 1961

 34 Caresse Crosby

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Publisher, Writer, Socialite, Poet, Memoirist, Journalist
Birthdate: April 20, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 26, 1970

 35 Bret Harte

Edgar Allan Poe.
3
Famous As: Author & Poet
Birthdate: August 25, 1836
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Albany, New York, U.S.
Died: May 5, 1902

 36 Natalie Clifford Barney

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: October 31, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dayton, Ohio, United States
Died: February 2, 1972

 37 Clement Clarke Moore

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: July 15, 1779
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Died: July 10, 1863

 38 Joyce Kilmer

Edgar Allan Poe
9
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: December 6, 1886
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 30, 1918

 39 Ella Wheeler Wilcox

Edgar Allan Poe.
3
Famous As: Poet and Mystic Rosicrucian
Birthdate: November 5, 1850
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Janesville, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 30, 1919

 40 Sidney Lanier

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: February 3, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Macon, Georgia, United States
Died: September 7, 1881

 41 Adah Isaacs Menken

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: June 15, 1835
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: August 10, 1868

 42 Edmund Wilson

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Journalist, Poet, Playwright, Literary critic, Essayist, Social critic, Writer
Birthdate: May 8, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Red Bank
Died: June 12, 1972

 43 Melvin Tolson

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 6, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moberly, Missouri, United States
Died: August 29, 1966

 44 James Whitcomb Riley

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: October 7, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Greenfield, Indiana, United States
Died: July 22, 1916

 45 Archibald MacLeish

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Librarian, Poet, Playwright, Writer, University teacher, Poet lawyer, Lawyer
Birthdate: May 7, 1892
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Glencoe
Died: April 20, 1982

 46 Marianne Moore

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet, Writer
Birthdate: November 15, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kirkwood
Died: February 5, 1972

 47 Mark Van Doren

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet, Autobiographer, Literary critic, University teacher, Professor, Writer, Journalist
Birthdate: June 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vermilion County
Died: December 10, 1972

 48 Franz Werfel

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Writer, Poet, Playwright, Screenwriter, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: September 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Prague
Died: August 26, 1945

Franz Werfel worked in a shipping house and fought in World War I before making his mark as an Expressionist poet. His fame rests on the iconic novels The Song of Bernadette and The Forty Days of Musa Dagh, with the former being turned into a four-time Academy Award-winning film.

 49 Edgar Guest

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: August 20, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Birmingham, England
Died: August 5, 1959

 50 Amy Lowell

Edgar Allan Poe
3
Famous As: Poet, Writer, Socialite
Birthdate: February 9, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brookline
Died: May 12, 1925