Lillian Moller Gilbreth Biography
Birthday: May 24, 1878 (Gemini)
Born In: Oakland, California, United States
Lillian Gilbreth was an American psychologist and industrial engineer hailed to be the first true industrial/organizational psychologist. A well-educated woman, she was among the first working female engineers to hold a Ph.D. Considered to be the mother of modern management, she along with her husband Frank pioneered several industrial management study techniques and made major contributions to fields such as motion study and human factors. As the parents of 12 children, the couple applied their scientific management principles to the running of their large household. Gilbreth was born into a large family in Oakland, California, and grew up to be an intelligent and ambitious girl. After graduating from the University of California in 1900 with a bachelor's degree in English literature she proceeded to complete her master’s degree and also earned her Ph.D. Following her marriage and the birth of her numerous children, she began applying the principles of scientific management to household tasks in order to complete the chores in a more efficient and time-saving manner. In addition to being a busy mother, she helped companies such as Johnson & Johnson and Macy's with their management departments. She also worked along with her husband in the management consulting firm of Gilbreth, Inc., which performed time and motion study.