Ferid Murad Biography
(American Pharmacologist, Physician and Co-Winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Birthday: September 14, 1936 (Virgo)
Born In: Whiting, Indiana
Ferid Murad is an American physician and pharmacologist who won a share of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery that nitric oxide (NO) acts as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system of mammals. His works, combined with the independent research of Robert F. Furchgott and Louis J. Ignarro paved the way for significant development in the field of cardiovascular medicine. The son of hardworking restaurant owners in Indiana, he grew up watching his less-educated parents toil hard to earn their livelihood. This in part inspired him to get professionally qualified when he was old enough. From a young age, he began helping his parents in running the business and learned the values of hard work and determination. His mother’s compassion for the underprivileged motivated the boy to become a doctor. A brilliant student, he completed his undergraduate degree in chemistry from the pre-med program at DePauw University and proceeded to the Case Western Reserve University for his MD and pharmacology Ph.D. He practiced as a physician while simultaneously embarking on an academic career. In the 1970s, he performed research that showed that nitroglycerin and several related heart drugs induce the formation of nitric oxide. Scientists Robert F. Furchgott and Louis J. Ignarro built upon Murad’s works which eventually led to significant discoveries that revolutionized the treatment of cardiovascular disorders.