Jean Dausset Biography
Birthday: October 19, 1916 (Libra)
Born In: Toulouse, France
Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset was a French immunologist, who, along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell, jointly won the 1980 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. In his lifetime dedicated to research, his most significant contribution was the identification of human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and the genes that code for them. His research findings were considered to have had altered the existent understanding of human immune system. Jean Dausset pursued his studies in medicine from the University of Paris and served the French army during World War II, during when he was introduced to human blood transfusions. After the war, he began his career in research on exchange transfusion, understanding immune haemotology techniques and observing leuco-agglutination and thrombo-agglutination. His work was centered on the understanding the immunogenetics of blood cells. He was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his independent discovery of ‘genetically determined structures on the cell surface that regulate immunological reactions’. With the prize money he founded the Centre D’eute du Polymorphisme Humain. Jean Dausset was a member of prestigious professional societies like the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Académie des Sciences de l'Institut de France.