Intellectuals and academicians undoubtedly play a great role in shaping up a society or a country. One of the reasons why nations like the United States, Canada and Australia have developed by leaps and bounds over the years is the great contribution made by their intellectuals. Great Britain also boasts of many such eminent individuals who have played a vital role in the development of the nation. These individuals have been addressing various issues plaguing the society since time immemorial through their work. Yesteryear economist and philosopher Adam Smith, as well as philosopher Alan Watts are two of the many famous British intellectuals and academicians. Many of these individuals have also helped establish academies to encourage budding talents for their achievements in fields like art, sports and science. The lives of these eminent people continue to be a great source of inspiration for many even today. Take a look at the biographies of some of the most famous British academicians and intellectuals. Learn everything about their life stories, timelines and few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
Novelist

Florence NightingaleFlorence Nightingale
12 May 1820
Statistician

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888
Archaeologist

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934
Anthropologist
Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872
Philosopher

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561
Philosopher

John Maynard KeynesJohn Maynard Keynes
05 June 1883
Economist

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588
Philosopher
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Gerald DurrellGerald Durrell
07 January 1925
Naturalist, Conservationist
Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759
Writer

William TyndaleWilliam Tyndale
1494 AD
Theologian

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748
Philosopher
Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
Statesman

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902
Philosopher
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635
Philosopher

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912
 
Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766
Political Economist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820
Philosopher
Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973
Anthropologist

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685
philosopher

Howard CarterHoward Carter
09 May 1874
Archaeologist

David RicardoDavid Ricardo
18 April 1772
Economist
Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist
John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1328 AD
Philosopher, Theologian

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Mathematician, Philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen
Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969
Author

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John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588
Politician, Theologian

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher

Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD
Philosopher
Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890
Statistician

Richard Francis BurtonRichard Francis Burton
19 March 1821
Translator
Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon
08 April 1737
Historian

Alfred Marshall Alfred Marshall
26 July 1842
Economist

William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756
Journalist
Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603
Theologian
David HarveyDavid Harvey
31 October 1935
Professor of Anthropology & Geography

Charles WesleyCharles Wesley
18 December 1707
Poet

Max MüllerMax Müller
06 December 1823
Scholar, Philologist

John BowlbyJohn Bowlby
26 February 1907
Psychologist

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797
Lawyer
Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910
Economist

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey
07 August 1903
Paleoanthropologist and Archaeologist

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Edward de BonoEdward de Bono
19 May 1933
Author, Consultant
William BeveridgeWilliam Beveridge
05 March 1879
Economist

Sir James A. MirrleesJames Mirrlees
05 July 1936
Economist

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779
Lexicographer

Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
08 May 1899
Economist
Richard StoneRichard Stone
30 August 1913
Economist

James MeadeJames Meade
23 June 1907
Economist
John ColetJohn Colet
31 December 1467
Renaissance Humanist

Roy HarrodRoy Harrod
13 February 1900
Economist

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846
Philosopher
William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793
Mathematician, Geologist

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 
Roger TomlinsonRoger Tomlinson
17 November 1933
Father of GIS

Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772
Poet

John HicksJohn R Hicks
08 April 1904
Economist

Rowan Douglas WilliamsRowan Douglas Williams
14 June 1950
Theologian
Sir Clive William John GrangerSir Clive William John Granger
04 September 1934
Academic
Alan John Percival TaylorAlan John Percival Taylor
25 March 1906
Historian

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998
Philosopher

Anthony BluntAnthony Blunt
26 September 1907
Art historian, University teacher

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
04 August 1792
Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, Playwright,
John Henry NewmanJohn Henry Newman
21 February 1801
Theologian

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

Terry JonesTerry Jones
01 February 1942
Actor

Alex SalmondAlex Salmond
31 December 1954
Economist, Politician

Steve BackshallSteve Backshall
21 April 1973
Naturalist
Susie DentSusie Dent
21 September 1967
Lexicographer, Linguist

David IrvingDavid Irving
24 March 1938
Essayist, Journalist, Historian, Writer,
William HagueWilliam Hague
26 March 1961
Politician, Historian, Judoka, Biographer

George OsborneGeorge Osborne
23 May 1971
Politician, Economist

Niall FergusonNiall Ferguson
18 April 1964
Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University
William Rees-MoggWilliam Rees-Mogg
14 July 1928
Journalist, Writer, Economist

Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931
Mathematician, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher,
Lord Frederick WindsorLord Frederick Windsor
06 April 1979
Financial analyst

Lucy WorsleyLucy Worsley
18 December 1973
Historian

Gregg WallaceGregg Wallace
17 October 1964
TV Presenters

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
17 February 1944
philosopher, political scientist, writer,
Simon Baron-CohenSimon Baron-Cohen
15 August 1958
Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist,

Bettany HughesBettany Hughes
1968 AD
historian
Emma Georgina RothschildEmma Georgina Rothschild
16 May 1948
Economic historian, Historian, University teacher,

Simon Russell BealeSimon Russell Beale
12 January 1961
Actor
Benjamin ZephaniahBenjamin Zephaniah
15 April 1958
Actor, Poet, Writer, Singer

Suzannah LipscombSuzannah Lipscomb
07 December 1978
historian
Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay
25 October 1800
Historian