Intellectuals and academicians undoubtedly play a great role in shaping up a society or a country. One of the reasons why nations like the United States, Canada and Australia have developed by leaps and bounds over the years is the great contribution made by their intellectuals. Great Britain also boasts of many such eminent individuals who have played a vital role in the development of the nation. These individuals have been addressing various issues plaguing the society since time immemorial through their work. Yesteryear economist and philosopher Adam Smith, as well as philosopher Alan Watts are two of the many famous British intellectuals and academicians. Many of these individuals have also helped establish academies to encourage budding talents for their achievements in fields like art, sports and science. The lives of these eminent people continue to be a great source of inspiration for many even today. Take a look at the biographies of some of the most famous British academicians and intellectuals. Learn everything about their life stories, timelines and few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
Novelist

Florence NightingaleFlorence Nightingale
12 May 1820
Statistician

T. E. LawrenceT. E. Lawrence
16 August 1888
Archaeologist

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Jane GoodallJane Goodall
03 April 1934
Anthropologist
Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872
Philosopher

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561
Philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588
Philosopher

John Maynard KeynesJohn Maynard Keynes
05 June 1883
Economist
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759
Writer
Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748
Philosopher

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635
Philosopher

William TyndaleWilliam Tyndale
1494 AD
Theologian
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
Statesman
Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902
Philosopher

Gerald DurrellGerald Durrell
07 January 1925
Naturalist, Conservationist

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820
Philosopher
Thomas Robert MalthusThomas Robert Malthus
13 February 1766
Political Economist

Enoch PowellEnoch Powell
16 June 1912
 
Alice RobertsAlice Roberts
19 May 1973
Anthropologist

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace
08 January 1823
Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969
Author
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685
philosopher

Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD
Philosopher

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher
Richard Francis BurtonRichard Francis Burton
19 March 1821
Translator

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Alfred Marshall Alfred Marshall
26 July 1842
Economist

William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756
Journalist

Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
21 December 1603
Theologian

David HarveyDavid Harvey
31 October 1935
Professor of Anthropology & Geography
Max MüllerMax Müller
06 December 1823
Scholar, Philologist

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists
Charles WesleyCharles Wesley
18 December 1707
Poet

Louis LeakeyLouis Leakey
07 August 1903
Paleoanthropologist and Archaeologist

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
14 November 1797
Lawyer
Edward de BonoEdward de Bono
19 May 1933
Author, Consultant

Ronald CoaseRonald Coase
29 December 1910
Economist
William BeveridgeWilliam Beveridge
05 March 1879
Economist

Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
18 January 1779
Lexicographer

Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
08 May 1899
Economist

Sir James A. MirrleesJames Mirrlees
05 July 1936
Economist

John ColetJohn Colet
31 December 1467
Renaissance Humanist

Roy HarrodRoy Harrod
13 February 1900
Economist

James MeadeJames Meade
23 June 1907
Economist

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846
Philosopher
Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Roger TomlinsonRoger Tomlinson
17 November 1933
Father of GIS
William HopkinsWilliam Hopkins
02 February 1793
Mathematician, Geologist

John HicksJohn R Hicks
08 April 1904
Economist

Sir Richard StoneSir Richard Stone
30 August 1913
Economist
Sir Clive William John GrangerSir Clive William John Granger
04 September 1934
British economist

Rowan Douglas WilliamsRowan Douglas Williams
14 June 1950
Theologian
Alan John Percival TaylorAlan John Percival Taylor
25 March 1906
Historian

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998
Philosopher

Percy Bysshe ShelleyPercy Bysshe Shelley
04 August 1792
Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, Playwright,
Cecil RhodesCecil Rhodes
05 July 1853
Entrepreneur, Politician, Economist

Terry JonesTerry Jones
01 February 1942
Actor, Comedian, Film director, Screenwriter,
Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton
29 May 1874
Journalist, Poet, Novelist, Autobiographer,

Susie DentSusie Dent
21 September 1967
Lexicographer, Linguist

Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge
21 October 1772
Poet, Philosopher, Theologian, Writer, Literary
William Rees-MoggWilliam Rees-Mogg
14 July 1928
Journalist, Writer, Economist
Steve BackshallSteve Backshall
21 April 1973
Naturalist

Bettany HughesBettany Hughes
1968 AD
historian

David IrvingDavid Irving
24 March 1938
Essayist, Journalist, Historian, Writer,

Niall FergusonNiall Ferguson
18 April 1964
Writer, Economic historian, Historian, University
George OsborneGeorge Osborne
23 May 1971
Politician, Economist

William HagueWilliam Hague
26 March 1961
Politician, Historian, Judoka, Biographer

Howard CarterHoward Carter
09 May 1874
British archaeologist

John WinthropJohn Winthrop
12 January 1588
Politician, Theologian

Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931
Mathematician, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher,
Simon Baron-CohenSimon Baron-Cohen
15 August 1958
Psychologist, University teacher, Psychiatrist,

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Writer,
John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1320 AD
Philosopher

Gregg WallaceGregg Wallace
17 October 1964
TV Presenters

David RicardoDavid Ricardo
18 April 1772
Economist
Lord Frederick WindsorLord Frederick Windsor
06 April 1979
Financial analyst

Stefan ZweigStefan Zweig
28 November 1881
Writer, Translator, Journalist, Playwright, Poet,
Benjamin ZephaniahBenjamin Zephaniah
15 April 1958
Actor, Poet, Writer, Singer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
17 February 1944
philosopher, political scientist, writer,

Suzannah LipscombSuzannah Lipscomb
07 December 1978
historian
Simon Russell BealeSimon Russell Beale
12 January 1961
Actor

Ronald FisherRonald Fisher
17 February 1890
Mathematician, Geneticist, Statistician
Alex SalmondAlex Salmond
31 December 1954
Economist, Politician

Anthony BluntAnthony Blunt
26 September 1907
Art historian, University teacher
George WhitefieldGeorge Whitefield
16 December 1714
Minister, Theologian

James LovelockJames Lovelock
26 July 1919
Biologist, Chemist, University teacher,
Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury
1033 AD
Philosopher