Philosophy refers to the study of fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. British philosophy is the study of the traditions of the people belonging to the United Kingdom. Since the medieval times, Britain has had a number of philosophers who have in their own ways greatly contributed to the British society. Francis Bacon was one of the most influential philosophical advocates of the early modern period in British history. A pioneer in the scientific revolution, it was through his works that he popularized scientific inquiry and thus was called the father of empiricism. However, the discussion of the early modern period of British philosophy remains incomplete without the mention of the classic trio, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume. From the mid-19th century, the country witnessed the beginning of British idealism that remained influential until the early twentieth century. Key philosophers of this time include T.H. Green, F.H. Bradley, H. H. Joachim and so on. In the early 20th century, G.E Moore and Bertrand Russell pioneered analytical philosophy that till date dominates the British philosophy. Through this section, find in detail about the life and works of important British philosophers.
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635

John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1328 AD
Philosopher, Theologian

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969
John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Mathematician, Philosopher

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

William of OckhamWilliam of Ockham
1287 AD
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher
Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Sir Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909
William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846
Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998

Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931
Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
27 February 1944

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Frank P. RamseyFrank P. Ramsey
22 February 1903
Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist
Zygmunt BaumanZygmunt Bauman
19 November 1925

Duns ScotusDuns Scotus
1265 AD
philosopher, theologian, writer, cleric,

Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson
09 May 1904
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre
12 January 1929
Philosopher, Professor
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Terry EagletonTerry Eagleton
22 February 1943
Literary critic

Derek ParfitDerek Parfit
11 December 1942

Philippa FootPhilippa Foot
03 October 1920
Philosopher, University teacher
Antony FlewAntony Flew
11 February 1923
Philosopher, University teacher

A. C. GraylingA. C. Grayling
03 April 1949
Philosopher, University teacher

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
26 March 1911

George Edward MooreG. E. Moore
04 November 1873

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605
Colin WilsonColin Wilson
26 June 1931

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician
E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Bernard WilliamsBernard Williams
21 September 1929

G. E. M. AnscombeG. E. M. Anscombe
18 March 1919
Michael OakeshottMichael Oakeshott
11 December 1901
Philosopher, Political scientist, University

I. A. RichardsI. A. Richards
26 February 1893
Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle
19 August 1900

H. L. A. HartH. L. A. Hart
18 July 1907

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,

Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, Political

Edward CarpenterEdward Carpenter
29 August 1844
Poet, Philosopher, Writer
Leszek KołakowskiLeszek Kołakowski
23 October 1927

George Henry LewesGeorge Henry Lewes
18 April 1817

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889
Philosopher, Historian, Archaeologist

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
13 April 1925
Linguist, Philosopher, Educationist, University
Olaf StapledonOlaf Stapledon
10 May 1886

Richard SwinburneRichard Swinburne
26 December 1934
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Henry SidgwickHenry Sidgwick
31 May 1838
Michael DummettMichael Dummett
27 June 1925
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher

Stephen ToulminStephen Toulmin
25 March 1922

Ernest GellnerErnest Gellner
09 December 1925
Quentin SkinnerQuentin Skinner
26 November 1940
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher

Robert GrossetesteRobert Grosseteste
1175 AD
Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

Kenneth E. BouldingKenneth E. Boulding
18 January 1910
Economist, University teacher, Philosopher,

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609
Religious Reformer
William Kingdon CliffordWilliam Kingdon Clifford
04 May 1845
John HickJohn Hick
20 January 1922
Paramedic, Philosopher, University teacher

Owen BarfieldOwen Barfield
09 November 1898
Philosopher, Writer

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623

Edward B. TitchenerEdward B. Titchener
11 January 1867
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher
Simon BlackburnSimon Blackburn
12 July 1944
Philosopher, University teacher

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678

Herbert ReadHerbert Read
04 December 1893
Art Historian

I. J. GoodI. J. Good
09 December 1916
Mathematician, Cryptographer, Computer scientist,
Mary MidgleyMary Midgley
13 September 1919
Philosopher, Author, University teacher, Writer

Simon CritchleySimon Critchley
27 February 1960
Philosopher, University teacher
Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson
20 June 1723
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Soldier,

John Cowper PowysJohn Cowper Powys
08 October 1872
Galen StrawsonGalen Strawson
1952 AD
philosopher, university teacher
T. H. GreenT. H. Green
07 April 1836