Philosophy refers to the study of fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. British philosophy is the study of the traditions of the people belonging to the United Kingdom. Since the medieval times, Britain has had a number of philosophers who have in their own ways greatly contributed to the British society. Francis Bacon was one of the most influential philosophical advocates of the early modern period in British history. A pioneer in the scientific revolution, it was through his works that he popularized scientific inquiry and thus was called the father of empiricism. However, the discussion of the early modern period of British philosophy remains incomplete without the mention of the classic trio, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume. From the mid-19th century, the country witnessed the beginning of British idealism that remained influential until the early twentieth century. Key philosophers of this time include T.H. Green, F.H. Bradley, H. H. Joachim and so on. In the early 20th century, G.E Moore and Bertrand Russell pioneered analytical philosophy that till date dominates the British philosophy. Through this section, find in detail about the life and works of important British philosophers.
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748
Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635

Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
27 February 1944

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820
John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1328 AD
Philosopher, Theologian

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Mathematician, Philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law
George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685

William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

William of OckhamWilliam of Ockham
1287 AD

Sir Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909
Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher
Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998
Iris MurdochIris Murdoch
15 July 1919

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Philippa FootPhilippa Foot
03 October 1920
Philosopher, University teacher
Zygmunt BaumanZygmunt Bauman
19 November 1925

Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre
12 January 1929
Philosopher, Professor

Duns ScotusDuns Scotus
1265 AD
philosopher, theologian, writer, cleric,

Frank P. RamseyFrank P. Ramsey
22 February 1903
Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Terry EagletonTerry Eagleton
22 February 1943
Literary critic

Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson
09 May 1904
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,

A.J. AyerA.J. Ayer
29 October 1910
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
26 March 1911

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Derek ParfitDerek Parfit
11 December 1942

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,

Colin WilsonColin Wilson
26 June 1931
John AustinJohn Austin
03 March 1790
jurist, philosopher

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
13 April 1925
Michael OakeshottMichael Oakeshott
11 December 1901
Philosopher, Political scientist, University

George Edward MooreG. E. Moore
04 November 1873

H. L. A. HartH. L. A. Hart
18 July 1907
Harold LaskiHarold Laski
30 June 1893

Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle
19 August 1900
G. E. M. AnscombeG. E. M. Anscombe
18 March 1919

I. A. RichardsI. A. Richards
26 February 1893

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605

Antony FlewAntony Flew
11 February 1923
Philosopher, University teacher

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
A. C. GraylingA. C. Grayling
03 April 1949
Philosopher, University teacher

Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

Stephen ToulminStephen Toulmin
25 March 1922

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician
Bernard WilliamsBernard Williams
21 September 1929

Edward CarpenterEdward Carpenter
29 August 1844
Poet, Philosopher, Writer
Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929

Leszek KołakowskiLeszek Kołakowski
23 October 1927

George Henry LewesGeorge Henry Lewes
18 April 1817
Olaf StapledonOlaf Stapledon
10 May 1886

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678
Owen BarfieldOwen Barfield
09 November 1898
Philosopher, Writer

William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

Richard SwinburneRichard Swinburne
26 December 1934
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Edward B. TitchenerEdward B. Titchener
11 January 1867
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher

Quentin SkinnerQuentin Skinner
26 November 1940
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher
John WilsonJohn Wilson
1972 AD
Bandleader, Conductor, Jazz musician

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889

Robert GrossetesteRobert Grosseteste
1175 AD

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609
Religious Reformer
Ernest GellnerErnest Gellner
09 December 1925
John HickJohn Hick
20 January 1922
Paramedic, Philosopher, University teacher

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623

Michael DummettMichael Dummett
27 June 1925
Mary MidgleyMary Midgley
13 September 1919
Philosopher, Author, University teacher, Writer

Henry SidgwickHenry Sidgwick
31 May 1838

Simon BlackburnSimon Blackburn
12 July 1944
Philosopher, University teacher

Herbert ReadHerbert Read
04 December 1893
Art Historian

Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson
08 August 1694
philosopher, economist
Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723

Galen StrawsonGalen Strawson
1952 AD
philosopher, university teacher
I. J. GoodI. J. Good
09 December 1916
Mathematician, Cryptographer, Computer scientist,

John Cowper PowysJohn Cowper Powys
08 October 1872
Roy BhaskarRoy Bhaskar
15 May 1944
Author, Philosopher, University teacher
Simon CritchleySimon Critchley
27 February 1960
Philosopher, University teacher