Philosophy refers to the study of fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. British philosophy is the study of the traditions of the people belonging to the United Kingdom. Since the medieval times, Britain has had a number of philosophers who have in their own ways greatly contributed to the British society. Francis Bacon was one of the most influential philosophical advocates of the early modern period in British history. A pioneer in the scientific revolution, it was through his works that he popularized scientific inquiry and thus was called the father of empiricism. However, the discussion of the early modern period of British philosophy remains incomplete without the mention of the classic trio, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume. From the mid-19th century, the country witnessed the beginning of British idealism that remained influential until the early twentieth century. Key philosophers of this time include T.H. Green, F.H. Bradley, H. H. Joachim and so on. In the early 20th century, G.E Moore and Bertrand Russell pioneered analytical philosophy that till date dominates the British philosophy. Through this section, find in detail about the life and works of important British philosophers.
John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
Novelist

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872
Philosopher

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561
Philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588
Philosopher
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635
Philosopher

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759
Writer

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748
Philosopher
Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
Statesman

Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902
Philosopher
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820
Philosopher

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen
Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969
Author

George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685
philosopher
Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD
Philosopher

William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756
Journalist
F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846
Philosopher

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998
Philosopher

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton
29 May 1874
Journalist, Poet, Novelist, Autobiographer,

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan
17 October 1817
Judge, Philosopher, Knight, Lawyer
Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge
21 October 1772
Poet, Philosopher, Theologian, Writer, Literary
Roger PenroseRoger Penrose
08 August 1931
Mathematician, Physicist, Writer, Philosopher,

John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1320 AD
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Writer,

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
17 February 1944
philosopher, political scientist, writer,
Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury
1033 AD
Philosopher

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Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher,

Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson
09 May 1904
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Duns ScotusDuns Scotus
1265 AD
philosopher, theologian, writer, cleric,

Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle
19 August 1900
Philosopher
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre
12 January 1929
Philosopher, Professor
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

A. C. GraylingA. C. Grayling
03 April 1949
Philosopher, University teacher

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,
Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
13 April 1925
Linguist, Philosopher, Educationist, University

Antony FlewAntony Flew
11 February 1923
Philosopher, University teacher
Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605
Philosopher, Writer

Philippa FootPhilippa Foot
03 October 1920
Philosopher, University teacher

AlcuinAlcuin
0735 AD
poet

Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount AllenbyEdmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby
23 April 1861
Politician, Diplomat, Officer, Philosopher

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political
Michael OakeshottMichael Oakeshott
11 December 1901
Philosopher, Political scientist, University

J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
26 March 1911
Philosopher, Educationist, Linguist, University

Bernard WilliamsBernard Williams
21 September 1929
Philosopher, University teacher

I. A. RichardsI. A. Richards
26 February 1893
Literary critic, Philosopher, Writer
Derek ParfitDerek Parfit
11 December 1942
Philosopher

G. E. M. AnscombeG. E. M. Anscombe
18 March 1919
 
E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

H. L. A. HartH. L. A. Hart
18 July 1907
Jurist, University teacher, Philosopher
Edward B. TitchenerEdward B. Titchener
11 January 1867
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889
Philosopher, Historian, Archaeologist
Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, Political

William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

Edward CarpenterEdward Carpenter
29 August 1844
Poet, Philosopher, Writer
Frank P. RamseyFrank P. Ramsey
22 February 1903
Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist

Richard SwinburneRichard Swinburne
26 December 1934
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Kenneth E. BouldingKenneth E. Boulding
18 January 1910
Economist, University teacher, Philosopher,

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction

Owen BarfieldOwen Barfield
09 November 1898
Philosopher, Writer

Michael DummettMichael Dummett
27 June 1925
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623
Diplomat, Politician, Writer
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Mary MidgleyMary Midgley
13 September 1919
Philosopher, Author, University teacher, Writer

William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623
Economist, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Quentin SkinnerQuentin Skinner
26 November 1940
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher
Thomas Hill GreenThomas Hill Green
07 April 1836
Philosopher

Stephen ToulminStephen Toulmin
25 March 1922
Philosopher, University teacher, Philosophy

Ernest GellnerErnest Gellner
09 December 1925
Philosopher, Anthropologist, Professor,

Herbert ReadHerbert Read
04 December 1893
Art historian, Poet, Writer, Philosopher,

I. J. GoodI. J. Good
09 December 1916
Mathematician, Cryptographer, Computer scientist,
John HickJohn Hick
20 January 1922
Paramedic, Philosopher, University teacher

Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson
20 June 1723
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Soldier,
Colin McGinnColin McGinn
10 March 1950
Philosopher, University teacher

Simon BlackburnSimon Blackburn
12 July 1944
Philosopher, University teacher

Simon CritchleySimon Critchley
27 February 1960
Philosopher, University teacher
Galen StrawsonGalen Strawson
1952 AD
philosopher, university teacher

Frederick CoplestonFrederick Copleston
10 April 1907
Philosopher, Historian, Writer, Cleric, Catholic
Peter GeachPeter Geach
29 March 1916
Philosopher, University teacher, Philosophy

Roy BhaskarRoy Bhaskar
15 May 1944
Author, Philosopher, University teacher

Dugald StewartDugald Stewart
 

Frances WrightFrances Wright
06 September 1795
Writer, Philosopher
John of SalisburyJohn of Salisbury
1120 AD
philosopher, theologian, bishop, political

J. J. C. SmartJ. J. C. Smart
16 September 1920
Philosopher, University teacher
Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

John Desmond BernalJohn Desmond Bernal
10 May 1901
Physicist, Philosopher, Inventor, University
Anthony CollinsAnthony Collins
21 June 1676
Philosopher

A.J. AyerA.J. Ayer
29 October 1910
 
John WilsonJohn Wilson
1972 AD
Bandleader, Conductor, Jazz musician