Philosophy refers to the study of fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. British philosophy is the study of the traditions of the people belonging to the United Kingdom. Since the medieval times, Britain has had a number of philosophers who have in their own ways greatly contributed to the British society. Francis Bacon was one of the most influential philosophical advocates of the early modern period in British history. A pioneer in the scientific revolution, it was through his works that he popularized scientific inquiry and thus was called the father of empiricism. However, the discussion of the early modern period of British philosophy remains incomplete without the mention of the classic trio, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume. From the mid-19th century, the country witnessed the beginning of British idealism that remained influential until the early twentieth century. Key philosophers of this time include T.H. Green, F.H. Bradley, H. H. Joachim and so on. In the early 20th century, G.E Moore and Bertrand Russell pioneered analytical philosophy that till date dominates the British philosophy. Through this section, find in detail about the life and works of important British philosophers.
Karl MarxKarl Marx

05 May 1818

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis

29 November 1898

John LockeJohn Locke

29 August 1632

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

Alan WattsAlan Watts

06 January 1915

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon

22 January 1561

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes

05 April 1588

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill

20 May 1806

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft

27 April 1759

Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham

15 February 1748

Karl PopperKarl Popper

28 July 1902

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke

12 January 1729

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Robert HookeRobert Hooke

28 July 1635

William PennWilliam Penn

14 October 1644

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer

27 April 1820

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle

25 January 1627

Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley

24 March 1733

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton

20 December 1969

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George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley

12 March 1685

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

William GodwinWilliam Godwin

03 March 1756

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley

30 January 1846

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Roger PenroseRoger Penrose

08 August 1931

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton

29 May 1874

Samuel Taylor ColeridgeSamuel Taylor Coleridge

21 October 1772

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe

1320 AD

John DeeJohn Dee

13 July 1527

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Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton

17 February 1944

Anselm of CanterburyAnselm of Canterbury

1033 AD

Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin

06 June 1909

Duns ScotusDuns Scotus

1265 AD

Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre

12 January 1929

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson

27 March 1857

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Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson

09 May 1904

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau

12 June 1802

Philippa FootPhilippa Foot

03 October 1920

Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain

09 September 1855

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr

28 June 1892

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne

19 October 1605

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J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin

26 March 1911

Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount AllenbyEdmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

23 April 1861

Bernard WilliamsBernard Williams

21 September 1929

Derek ParfitDerek Parfit

11 December 1942

Antony FlewAntony Flew

11 February 1923

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday

13 April 1925

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H. L. A. HartH. L. A. Hart

18 July 1907

AlcuinAlcuin

0735 AD

A. C. GraylingA. C. Grayling

03 April 1949

I. A. RichardsI. A. Richards

26 February 1893

G. E. M. AnscombeG. E. M. Anscombe

18 March 1919

Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle

19 August 1900

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Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

1623 AD

Michael OakeshottMichael Oakeshott

11 December 1901

Frank P. RamseyFrank P. Ramsey

22 February 1903

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher

16 August 1911

William WhewellWilliam Whewell

24 May 1794

Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf

01 May 1929

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William PaleyWilliam Paley

14 July 1743

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood

22 February 1889

Edward B. TitchenerEdward B. Titchener

11 January 1867

Edward CarpenterEdward Carpenter

29 August 1844

Richard SwinburneRichard Swinburne

26 December 1934

Ernest GellnerErnest Gellner

09 December 1925

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Quentin SkinnerQuentin Skinner

26 November 1940

David BrewsterDavid Brewster

11 December 1781

Michael DummettMichael Dummett

27 June 1925

John HickJohn Hick

20 January 1922

Stephen ToulminStephen Toulmin

25 March 1922

Mary MidgleyMary Midgley

13 September 1919

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William PettyWilliam Petty

26 May 1623

Thomas Hill GreenThomas Hill Green

07 April 1836

Simon BlackburnSimon Blackburn

12 July 1944

Adam FergusonAdam Ferguson

20 June 1723

Owen BarfieldOwen Barfield

09 November 1898

Herbert ReadHerbert Read

04 December 1893

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Kenneth E. BouldingKenneth E. Boulding

18 January 1910

Simon CritchleySimon Critchley

27 February 1960

I. J. GoodI. J. Good

09 December 1916