Philosophy refers to the study of fundamental nature of knowledge, reason, mind, language and traditions. British philosophy is the study of the traditions of the people belonging to the United Kingdom. Since the medieval times, Britain has had a number of philosophers who have in their own ways greatly contributed to the British society. Francis Bacon was one of the most influential philosophical advocates of the early modern period in British history. A pioneer in the scientific revolution, it was through his works that he popularized scientific inquiry and thus was called the father of empiricism. However, the discussion of the early modern period of British philosophy remains incomplete without the mention of the classic trio, John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume. From the mid-19th century, the country witnessed the beginning of British idealism that remained influential until the early twentieth century. Key philosophers of this time include T.H. Green, F.H. Bradley, H. H. Joachim and so on. In the early 20th century, G.E Moore and Bertrand Russell pioneered analytical philosophy that till date dominates the British philosophy. Through this section, find in detail about the life and works of important British philosophers.
C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis
29 November 1898
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561

Alan WattsAlan Watts
06 January 1915
Philosopher, Writer & Speaker

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632
Father of Classical Liberalism

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell
18 May 1872

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
12 January 1729
John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill
20 May 1806
British Philosopher and Civil Servant.

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Karl PopperKarl Popper
28 July 1902

Mary WollstonecraftMary Wollstonecraft
27 April 1759
Jeremy BenthamJeremy Bentham
15 February 1748

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer
27 April 1820

Roger ScrutonRoger Scruton
27 February 1944

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527
Mathematician, Philosopher
George BooleGeorge Boole
02 November 1815
Mathematician, Philosopher and Logician

John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe
1328 AD
Philosopher, Theologian

Alain de BottonAlain de Botton
20 December 1969

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685
Joseph PriestleyJoseph Priestley
24 March 1733
Discoverer of Oxygen

Sir Isaiah BerlinIsaiah Berlin
06 June 1909
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Roger BaconRoger Bacon
1214 AD

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead
15 February 1861
Mathematician, Philosopher
William GodwinWilliam Godwin
03 March 1756

William of OckhamWilliam of Ockham
1287 AD
F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley
30 January 1846

Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
21 October 1772

Cometan Cometan
01 July 1998
Iris MurdochIris Murdoch
15 July 1919

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Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,
Zygmunt BaumanZygmunt Bauman
19 November 1925

Alasdair MacIntyreAlasdair MacIntyre
12 January 1929
Philosopher, Professor

Philippa FootPhilippa Foot
03 October 1920
Philosopher, University teacher

Gregory BatesonGregory Bateson
09 May 1904
Anthropologist, Philosopher, Sociologist,
A. C. GraylingA. C. Grayling
03 April 1949
Philosopher, University teacher
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Duns ScotusDuns Scotus
1265 AD
philosopher, theologian, writer, cleric,

Terry EagletonTerry Eagleton
22 February 1943
Literary critic

Derek ParfitDerek Parfit
11 December 1942
Michael OakeshottMichael Oakeshott
11 December 1901
Philosopher, Political scientist, University

Colin WilsonColin Wilson
26 June 1931

Antony FlewAntony Flew
11 February 1923
Philosopher, University teacher

George Edward MooreG. E. Moore
04 November 1873

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605
E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,
J. L. AustinJ. L. Austin
26 March 1911

Harold LaskiHarold Laski
30 June 1893

G. E. M. AnscombeG. E. M. Anscombe
18 March 1919
E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician

Bernard WilliamsBernard Williams
21 September 1929
Edward CarpenterEdward Carpenter
29 August 1844
Poet, Philosopher, Writer

I. A. RichardsI. A. Richards
26 February 1893

Kenneth E. BouldingKenneth E. Boulding
18 January 1910
Economist, University teacher, Philosopher,

Leszek KołakowskiLeszek Kołakowski
23 October 1927

Gilbert RyleGilbert Ryle
19 August 1900
H. L. A. HartH. L. A. Hart
18 July 1907

George Henry LewesGeorge Henry Lewes
18 April 1817

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889

Olaf StapledonOlaf Stapledon
10 May 1886
Richard SwinburneRichard Swinburne
26 December 1934
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher

Michael HallidayMichael Halliday
13 April 1925
Linguist, Philosopher, Educationist, University
Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929

William WhewellWilliam Whewell
24 May 1794
Economist, Physicist, Historian, Philosopher,

Edward B. TitchenerEdward B. Titchener
11 January 1867
Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher
Richard Haldane, 1st Viscount HaldaneRichard Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane
30 July 1856

Quentin SkinnerQuentin Skinner
26 November 1940
Philosopher, Historian, University teacher
William PaleyWilliam Paley
14 July 1743
Philosopher, Theologian, University teacher

Stephen ToulminStephen Toulmin
25 March 1922

Owen BarfieldOwen Barfield
09 November 1898
Philosopher, Writer
Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction

Robert GrossetesteRobert Grosseteste
1175 AD
I. J. GoodI. J. Good
09 December 1916
Mathematician, Cryptographer, Computer scientist,

Michael DummettMichael Dummett
27 June 1925

John HickJohn Hick
20 January 1922
Paramedic, Philosopher, University teacher

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609
Religious Reformer
Henry SidgwickHenry Sidgwick
31 May 1838
Ernest GellnerErnest Gellner
09 December 1925

Richard PriceRichard Price
23 February 1723

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678
Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

Herbert ReadHerbert Read
04 December 1893
Art Historian

Simon BlackburnSimon Blackburn
12 July 1944
Philosopher, University teacher

Frank P. RamseyFrank P. Ramsey
22 February 1903
Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist

William Kingdon CliffordWilliam Kingdon Clifford
04 May 1845
William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623

Mary MidgleyMary Midgley
13 September 1919
Philosopher, Author, University teacher, Writer
John Cowper PowysJohn Cowper Powys
08 October 1872

Simon CritchleySimon Critchley
27 February 1960
Philosopher, University teacher
Galen StrawsonGalen Strawson
1952 AD
philosopher, university teacher
John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626