Capricorn Leaders

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 1 
Alexander Hamilton
(American Revolutionary and Founding Father of the United States)
Alexander Hamilton
110
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Birthplace: Charlestown, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

 2 
Martin Luther King Jr.
(African-American Civil Rights Movement Leader Who Used Civil Disobedience to Combat Racism)
Martin Luther King Jr.
12
Birthdate: January 15, 1929
Birthplace: Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Died: April 4, 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

 3 
Robert E. Lee
(Confederate General in the American Civil War)
Robert E. Lee
61
Birthdate: January 19, 1807
Birthplace: Stratford, Virginia, United States
Died: October 12, 1870

A commander of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, Robert E. Lee commanded the Army of Northern Virginia. He was a skilled tactician who served in the US Army for 32 years. Brilliant from a young age, he was a top graduate of the US Military Academy. In his later years, he became president of Washington College.

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 4 
Clement Attlee
(Former British Prime Minister)
Clement Attlee
8
Birthdate: January 3, 1883
Birthplace: Putney
Died: October 8, 1967

Clement Attlee was a British politician. As the Prime Minister of the UK, Attlee organized the granting of independence to Pakistan and India. in 1947. He also oversaw the independence of Ceylon and Burma. Regarded as one of the greatest prime ministers of the UK, Clement Attlee has been the subject of several plays and TV series. 

 5 
Benjamin Franklin
(One of the Founding Fathers of the United States)
Benjamin Franklin
32
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 6 
Akihito
(125th Emperor of Japan)
Akihito
18
Birthdate: December 23, 1933
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan

Akihito served as the 125th emperor of Japan after succeeding his father to the Chrysanthemum Throne. As emperor, he played a crucial role in inspiring people in 2011 when Japan was struck by two major disasters: Fukushima I nuclear crisis and Great East Japan Earthquake. Akihito abdicated the throne in 2019, becoming the first emperor to do so since 1817.

 7 
Marc Antony
(Roman General)
Marc Antony
12
Birthdate: January 14, 0083
Birthplace: Rome
Died: August 1, 0030

Mark Antony was a Roman politician who played a key role in transforming the Roman Republic into the autocratic Roman Empire. Marc Antony is best remembered as one of Julius Caesar's generals during Caesar's Civil War. One of the most important figures in the history of Rome, Mark Antony has been the subject of several artistic portrayals since his death.

 8 
Cicero
(One of Rome's Greatest Orators of Politics and Prose Stylists)
Cicero
15
Birthdate: January 3, 0106
Birthplace: Arpino, Italy
Died: December 7, 0043
Roman statesman, lawyer, and scholar Cicero was one of the greatest 1st-century BC prose writers and orators. He influenced Latin literature immensely and introduced Greek philosophy to the Romans. He was declared an enemy of the state, following his opposition to Mark Antony after Julius Caesar’s death, and was executed.
 9 
Rand Paul
(United States Senator from Kentucky (Since 2011))
Rand Paul
54
Birthdate: January 7, 1963
Birthplace: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States

The son of former U.S. Representative Ron Paul, Rand Paul is currently the junior US Senator from Kentucky. Also a physician, he started practising ophthalmology in 1993 and has his own clinic. After recovering from the coronavirus disease, he started volunteering at a hospital. As a politician, he has focused on criminal justice reform.

 10 
George Marshall
(United States Secretary of Defense (1950-51))
George Marshall
4
Birthdate: December 31, 1880
Birthplace: Uniontown, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: October 16, 1959

George Marshall was an American statesman and soldier who played a key role in the Allied victory during the Second World War. Marshall served as the third US Secretary of Defense from 1950 to 1951. As Secretary of State, George Marshall advocated economic recovery programs to aid post-war European countries, for which he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize.

 11 
Joseph Smith Jr.
(Religious Leader and Founder of 'Mormonism' and the Latter Day Saint Movement)
Joseph Smith Jr.
4
Birthdate: December 23, 1805
Birthplace: Sharon, Vermont, United States
Died: May 27, 1844

Religious leader Joseph Smith Jr. is known as the founder of the Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. He also published the Book of Mormon. He established his communities in Ohio and Missouri and eventually founded the city Nauvoo in Illinois, which became the center of his spiritual activities.

 12 
Lyudmila Putina
(Ex-Wife of Russian President Vladimir Putin)
Lyudmila Putina
7
Birthdate: January 6, 1958
Birthplace: Kaliningrad, Russia
Lyudmila Putina was married to Russian president and former prime minister Vladimir Putin from 1983 to 2013. Their divorce was publicly announced on national TV, during the intermission of a ballet performance. She has been associated with programs developing the Russian language and was previously a flight attendant for Aeroflot.
 13 
Barry Morris Goldwater
(Former United States Senator)
Barry Morris Goldwater
14
Birthdate: January 2, 1909
Birthplace: Phoenix
Died: May 29, 1998

Entrepreneur Barry Morris Goldwater was a five-term Arizona senator. He represented the Republican Party in the 1964 presidential election, which he lost by a landslide margin to Lyndon B Johnson. He impacted the conservative and libertarian movements. He was a skilled photographer and loved collecting kachina dolls.

 14 
Michael Flynn
(24th United States National Security Advisor (Jan 2017 - Feb 2017))
Michael Flynn
32
Birthdate: December 24, 1958
Birthplace: Fort Meade, Maryland, United States

Michael Flynn is a retired US Army lieutenant general who played a key role in dismantling insurgent networks in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. He also helped shape the US counterterrorism strategy in the wars. He also played a major role in the 2016 US presidential election, serving as Donald Trump's senior advisor throughout the latter's presidential campaign.

 15 
Paul Revere
(American Military Officer & Silversmith Who Warned Boston-Area Residents that the British Were Coming During His Midnight Ride)
Paul Revere
11
Birthdate: January 1, 1735
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1818
Paul Revere was a silversmith from Boston and a Patriot in the American Revolution who is remembered for alerting his fellow Patriots, during a midnight ride, about the approaching British forces prior to the battles of Lexington and Concord. He remains immortalized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem Paul Revere's Ride.
 16 
Millard Fillmore
(13th President of the United States (1850 - 1853))
Millard Fillmore
12
Birthdate: January 7, 1800
Birthplace: Moravia, New York, United States
Died: March 8, 1874
Millard Fillmore was the U.S. president from 1850 to 1853, succeeding Zachary Taylor after his death. The last Whig U.S. president, Fillmore had previously been a representative from New York’s 32nd District and the U.S. vice president. He played a crucial role in the passage of the Compromise of 1850.
 17 
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(Former Prime Minister of India)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
44
Birthdate: December 25, 1924
Birthplace: Gwalior
Died: August 16, 2018

Atal Bihari Vajpayee served as the 10th Prime Minister of India and was the first prime minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. The BJP politician had been a journalist and an RSS member. He was a noted poet, too. During his tenure as prime minister, he carried out Pokhran II nuclear tests in 1998 and declared India as a country with nuclear weapons capability.

 18 
Michel Ney
(French Military Commander and Marshal of the Empire)
Michel Ney
7
Birthdate: January 10, 1769
Birthplace: Saarlouis, Germany
Died: December 7, 1815

Michel Ney was a French military commander. One of the 18 Marshals of the Empire inaugurated by Napoléon Bonaparte, Michel Ney played important roles in the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolutionary Wars. Nicknamed the Bravest of the Brave by Napoleon himself, Ney was renowned for his valor in wars. 

 19 
Gamal Abdel Nasser
(Political Leader of Egypt)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
17
Birthdate: January 15, 1918
Birthplace: Bacos, Egypt
Died: September 28, 1970

Gamal Abdel Nasser was an Egyptian politician. He was the second president of Egypt, serving from 1954 to 1970. Before becoming the president, Nasser played a crucial role in the Egyptian revolution of 1952, in which he led a group of army to overthrow King Farouk. Nasser remains an iconic figure, not just in Egypt, but the entire Arab world.

 20 
Lorenzo de' Medici
10
Birthdate: January 1, 1449
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 8, 1492

Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman. Nicknamed Lorenzo the Magnificent, de' Medici was the most enthusiastic and powerful patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. He is credited with providing sponsorships to artists like Michelangelo and Botticelli, thereby contributing indirectly to the development of art in the Republic of Florence. His life and work inspired a couple of TV series.

 21 
Woodrow Wilson
(28th President of the United States (1913 - 1921))
Woodrow Wilson
66
Birthdate: December 28, 1856
Birthplace: Staunton, Virginia, United States
Died: February 3, 1924

From presidential cabin of Princeton University to presidential office of the White House, Woodrow Wilson ushered a series of progressive reforms that changed the American politics forever. The 28th President of USA, Woodrow Wilson introduced several ground-breaking policies including the Federal Reserve Act. He played a key role in founding the first intergovernmental organisation—the League of Nations—for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 22 
Richard Nixon
(President of the United States (1969-74))
Richard Nixon
91
Birthdate: January 9, 1913
Birthplace: Yorba Linda, California, United States
Died: April 22, 1994

Richard Nixon is the only American president in the history so far to resign from the office. His name is synonymous with the infamous Watergate scandal which led to his resignation. But his regime saw several positives too, such as end to the U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, improvement in the relationship with Soviet Union and China, and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.

 23 
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(Founder of Pakistan, 1st Governor-General of Pakistan (1947-48))
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
102
Birthdate: December 25, 1876
Birthplace: Karachi, Pakistan
Died: September 11, 1948
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan’s Father of the Nation, was an All-India Muslim League leader who led to the formation of Pakistan in 1947. Educated in England, Jinnah was a barrister and had worked at the Bombay High Court. He had helped pass the 1916 Lucknow Pact, too.
 24 
Elijah Cummings
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives From Maryland's 7th District)
Elijah Cummings
13
Birthdate: January 18, 1951
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Died: October 17, 2017

Elijah Cummings was an important and influential American politician and advocate of civil rights. Such was his impact on American politics that after his death, he became the first black lawmaker to be honored with a state funeral at the United States Capitol. His official funeral was attended by personalities like Barack Obama, Bill Clinton, Joe Biden, and Hillary Clinton.

 25 
Hermann Goring
(German Military Leader)
Hermann Goring
21
Birthdate: January 12, 1893
Birthplace: Rosenheim, Germany
Died: October 15, 1946

Hermann Goring was a German military and political leader. One of the most influential personalities in the Nazi Party, Göring oversaw the creation of the Gestapo. He also played a key role in the Holocaust, for which he was later convicted of crimes against humanity and crimes against peace.

 26 
David Lloyd George
(Former Chancellor of the Exchequer)
David Lloyd George
5
Birthdate: January 17, 1863
Birthplace: Chorlton-on-Medlock
Died: March 26, 1945
David Lloyd George, or the 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, was the British prime minister from 1916 to 1922 and the first Welsh to hold the position. Though he was a Liberal, he was initially supported by the Conservatives. He was a key figure in the Paris Peace Conference.
 27 
Anwar Sadat
(Former President of Egypt)
Anwar Sadat
12
Birthdate: December 25, 1918
Birthplace: Mit Abu al-Kum
Died: October 6, 1981
Anwar Sadat served as the president and prime minister of Egypt till his assassination in 1981. He was part of the Free Officers, a group that overthrew King Farouk. He became the first Muslim Nobel laureate, after winning the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty.
 28 
Hideki Tojo
(27th Prime Minister of Japan)
Hideki Tojo
12
Birthdate: December 30, 1884
Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948

Hideki Tojo headed the Imperial Japanese Army and was the Japanese minister of war, apart from being Japan’s prime minister from 1941 to 1944. His tenure witnessed the attack on Pearl Harbor. After Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, Tojo was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death.

 29 
Ibn Saud
(King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53))
Ibn Saud
10
Birthdate: January 15, 1875
Birthplace: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Died: November 9, 1953

Ibn Saud, or King Abdulaziz, was the founder and first monarch of Saudi Arabia. He oversaw the discovery of petroleum and the subsequent oil production in his country. He annexed the kingdoms of central and northern Arabia and ruled for over 20 years. He sired countless children, including 45 sons.

 30 
Katie Porter
(Politician)
Katie Porter
9
Birthdate: January 3, 1974
Birthplace: Fort Dodge, Iowa, U.S.

Currently a member of the House of Representative from the 45th Congressional District in Orange County, California, American politician Katie Porter practiced law before taking up teaching as her full time profession. Eventually she won the 2018 election to the House and is now a member of the House Natural Resources Committee and deputy chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.

 31 
Rory Stewart
(Political Leader)
Rory Stewart
4
Birthdate: January 3, 1973
Birthplace: British Hong Kong

The son of a soldier and intelligence officer, Rory Stewart was educated at Eton and Oxford and was also a tutor to princes William and Harry. Apart from being a diplomat and MP later, he also traveled across several countries on foot and wrote about this remarkable journey in a bestselling book.

 32 
Kit Carson
(Explorer & Soldier)
Kit Carson
7
Birthdate: December 24, 1809
Birthplace: Madison County
Died: May 23, 1868

A frontiersman and a fur-trapper, Kit Carson played a major role in the US’s westward expansion. Mostly known for guiding explorer John C. Frémont, he was criticized for his contribution to the displacement of native Americans as an Indian agent. He became part of folk legend for his exploits as a fighter, too.

 33 
Konrad Adenauer
(Former Chancellor of Germany)
Konrad Adenauer
6
Birthdate: January 5, 1876
Birthplace: Cologne
Died: April 19, 1967

German politician, Konrad Adenauer, served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 to 1963. He was also the co-founder and the first leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He played a key role in leading his country from the ruins of World War II to becoming a  prosperous nation.

 34 
Billy Mitchell
(Military General)
Billy Mitchell
9
Birthdate: December 29, 1879
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: February 19, 1936
 35 
John A. Macdonald
(The First Prime Minister of Canada (1878 - 1891))
John A. Macdonald
7
Birthdate: January 11, 1815
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: June 6, 1891

John A. Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. A dominant figure in Canadian politics for half a century, he was a lawyer by profession before venturing into politics. As a politician, he was influential in building Canada’s new government. To date, he remains one of the highest-rated prime ministers in Canadian history. 

 36 
Alexander Acosta
7
Birthdate: January 16, 1969
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, U.S.
 37 
Jeff Flake
(Political Leaders)
Jeff Flake
8
Birthdate: December 31, 1962
Birthplace: Snowflake, Arizona, USA
 38 
Stepan Bandera
(Political leader)
Stepan Bandera
4
Birthdate: January 1, 1909
Birthplace: Galicia
Died: October 15, 1959
 39 
John Bercow
(Former Speaker of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom)
John Bercow
10
Birthdate: January 19, 1963
Birthplace: Edgware, London, England
Conservative politician John Bercow served as the Speaker of the House of Commons from 2009 to 2019 and was also an MP from Buckingham from 1997 to 2019. He became the first MP to be elected as the Speaker without having served as the Deputy Speaker, since Selwyn Lloyd. 
 40 
William Ewart Gladstone
(Prime Minister)
William Ewart Gladstone
9
Birthdate: December 29, 1809
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: May 19, 1898

William Ewart Gladstone was a British politician and statesman. During a career that spanned six decades, Gladstone served as prime minister of the UK for 12 years, which included four different terms. Often counted among Britain's greatest leaders, Gladstone has been portrayed in several films and television series, such as Parnell, The Prime Minister, Edward the Seventh, and Number 10.

 41 
Charles Edward Stuart
(Military Leader)
Charles Edward Stuart
13
Birthdate: December 31, 1720
Birthplace: Palazzo Muti, Rome
Died: January 31, 1788
Charles Edward Stuart, also known as "The Young Pretender” and “Bonnie Prince Charlie,” was the son of Prince James, and the grandson of James II. He is best remembered for his role in the 1745 Jacobite Uprising, and his subsequent failure, which became the subject of many folk songs.
 42 
Daniel Webster
(Former United States Senator)
Daniel Webster
4
Birthdate: January 18, 1782
Birthplace: Salisbury, New Hampshire, United States
Died: October 24, 1852
 43 
Gabrielle Carteris
7
Birthdate: January 2, 1961
Birthplace: Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
 44 
Omar al-Bashir
(Former President of Sudan)
Omar al-Bashir
6
Birthdate: January 1, 1944
Birthplace: Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

Omar al-Bashir is a Sudanese politician who served as the seventh president of Sudan. A former military officer, he is the founder of the National Congress Party that remained the dominant political party in the country until 2019. He was deposed in a coup d'état the same year and subsequently arrested and convicted on multiple corruption charges.

 45 
Andrew Johnson
(17th President of the United States)
Andrew Johnson
38
Birthdate: December 29, 1808
Birthplace: Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
Died: July 31, 1875

The 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency while serving as the vice president when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Born in poverty, Andrew Johnson did not attend school. However, he worked his way up to become a prominent politician—an inspiring story indeed!

 46 
Jean Chrétien
(20th Prime Minister of Canada (1993 - 2003))
Jean Chrétien
5
Birthdate: January 11, 1934
Birthplace: Shawinigan, Canada
Jean Chrétien was the Canadian prime minister from 1993 to 2003. He has previously served in cabinet posts such as the minister of justice and the minister of finance. He has led the Liberal Party of Canada and helped in the passage of the Clarity Act.
 47 
Arun Jaitley
(Minister of Finance (2014-2019))
Arun Jaitley
15
Birthdate: December 28, 1952
Birthplace: Delhi, India
Died: August 24, 2019

BJP member Arun Jaitley had led ministries such as finance, defense, and law and justice. The Indian politician was a skilled lawyer and had been part of cases such as the 2002 Pepsi vs. Coca-Cola case in the Supreme Court. He was awarded a Padma Vibhushan posthumously.

 48 
Alessandra Mussolini
(Member of the European Parliament (2004 - 2008, 2014 - 2019))
Alessandra Mussolini
9
Birthdate: December 30, 1962
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Alessandra Mussolini is an Italian former politician and former actress. The granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, she is a former member of the Chamber of Deputies and the Italian Senate. She was the leader of the national conservative political party Social Action as well. Prior to joining politics, she was a model and actress in the 1970s and 1980s.  

 49 
James Longstreet
(United States Minister to the Ottoman Empire (1880-81))
James Longstreet
4
Birthdate: January 8, 1821
Birthplace: Edgefield, South Carolina, United States
Died: January 2, 1904
 50 
Wesley Clark
(General)
Wesley Clark
5
Birthdate: December 23, 1944
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States