Capricorn Artists & Painters

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 1 
Jean-Michel Basquiat
(American Artist Who Became Popular During the 1980s as Part of the Neo-Expressionism Movement)
Jean-Michel Basquiat
16
Birthdate: December 22, 1960
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: August 12, 1988

Jean-Michel Basquiat was an American artist whose legacy has had an influence upon fashion, film, music, and literature. He serves as an inspiration to street artists as he started off as one, painting graffiti on buildings. After his death, at the age of 27, the value of his work has increased; in 2017, one of his paintings sold for a record $110.5 million.

 2 
Henri Matisse
(French Visual Artist Known for His Paintings: ‘Woman with a Hat’, 'The Dance', and 'Red Room’)
Henri Matisse
9
Birthdate: December 31, 1869
Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
Died: November 3, 1954

Henri Matisse was a French artist. Although he was known for his skills as a painter, Matisse was also a renowned sculptor, printmaker, and draughtsman. Along with Picasso, Matisse is regarded as one of the artists who contributed immensely to the revolutionary developments in visual arts. His works also influenced other painters who would adopt a technique called intense colorism.

 3 
Paul Cezanne
(French Artist and Post-Impressionist Painter)
Paul Cezanne
6
Birthdate: January 9, 1839
Birthplace: Aix-en-Provence, France
Died: October 22, 1906

French artist Paul Cézanne was a prominent Post-Impressionist painter and influenced much of the early-20th-century movement known as Cubism. Some of his notable works include The Card Players, The Bathers, and Pyramid of Skulls. He experimented with water colors and had created a host of still-life paintings.

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 4 
Louise Bourgeois
(Artist Best Known for Her Large-Scale Sculpture and Installation Art)
Louise Bourgeois
6
Birthdate: December 25, 1911
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 31, 2010

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist best remembered for her large-scale installation art and sculpture. Also a prolific printmaker and painter, Bourgeois explored a variety of themes, such as sexuality and death. In 1997, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. In 2009, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 5 
Khalil Gibran
5
Birthdate: January 6, 1883
Birthplace: Bsharri, Lebanon
Died: April 10, 1931

Lebanese author and poet Khalil Gibran is best remembered for his bestselling works The Prophet and Broken Wings. One of the leaders of the Mahjar movement of Arabic literature, he specialized in incorporating mythological and mystical symbols in his works and was inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche and William Blake.

 6 
Eiichiro Oda
(Japanese manga artist)
Eiichiro Oda
4
Birthdate: January 1, 1975
Birthplace: Kumamoto, Kumamoto Prefecture

Eiichiro Oda is a Japanese manga artist best known as the creator of the series One Piece. The series is both the best-selling manga and the best-selling comic series of all time. He decided to become a manga artist as a child and began working as an assistant manga artist as a teenager, quickly gaining fame and fortune. 

 7 
Thomas Kinkade
5
Birthdate: January 19, 1958
Birthplace: Sacramento, California, United States
Died: April 6, 2012

Painter Thomas Kinkade is remembered for his realistic and idyllic themes. He gained fame by selling printed copies of his art through the Thomas Kinkade Company. He called himself the "Painter of Light” and copyrighted the phrase, too. The movie Thomas Kinkade's Christmas Cottage was based on his life.

 8 
Heather McCartney
(Artist, Potter)
Heather McCartney
4
Birthdate: December 31, 1962
Birthplace: Tucson, Arizona, United States
 9 
John Singer Sargent
(American Expatriate Artist and One of the Leading Portrait Painters of His Generation)
John Singer Sargent
4
Birthdate: January 12, 1856
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 14, 1925

John Singer Sargent, an artist active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation." Prolific in his output, he created more than 2,000 watercolors and around 900 oil paintings. He also made numerous sketches and charcoal drawings. He painted with remarkable technical acumen and was internationally known for his expertise.   

 10 
Gustave Doré
(Artist Best Known for His Prolific Output of Wood-Engravings and Illustrated Texts)
Gustave Doré
5
Birthdate: January 6, 1832
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: January 23, 1883

Best known for his wood-engraving, Gustave Doré was a child prodigy who began his artwork at the tender age of 5. A master lithographer and caricaturist, he began his career with Journal pour Rire. He also worked on commissions from authors such as Cervantes, Milton, and Dante.

 11 
Charles Addams
(Draughtsperson, Illustrator, Artist, Painter, Writer)
Charles Addams
4
Birthdate: January 7, 1912
Birthplace: Westfield
Died: September 29, 1988

Mostly known as a cartoonist for The New Yorker, Charles Addams was known for including dark humor in his works. Also known by his pseudonym, Chas Addams, he gained fame for his cartoons about a family of ghosts, which later inspired The Addams Family series of the 1960s.

 12 
Berthe Morisot
5
Birthdate: January 14, 1841
Birthplace: Bourges, France
Died: March 2, 1895
 13 
Naoki Urasawa
4
Birthdate: January 2, 1960
Birthplace: Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan

Award-winning Japanese manga artist Naoki Urasawa is best known for his thriller Monster and the sci-fi 20th Century Boys. Fans love his intricate and psychologically complicated plots. He also teaches at the Nagoya Zokei University and is a skilled rock musician who once performed as Bob Lennon.

 14 
Albert Bierstadt
4
Birthdate: January 7, 1830
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: February 18, 1902

Landscape painter Albert Bierstadt immortalized the natural attractions of the American West, such as the Rocky Mountains, in his works. One of the finest painters of the Hudson River school, he specialized in paintings that showcased bright lighting, or luminism, and created over 500 paintings throughout his career.

 15 
Lili Elbe
(Danish Painter)
Lili Elbe
4
Birthdate: December 28, 1882
Birthplace: Vejle, Denmark
Died: September 13, 1931
Danish painter Lili Elbe, a transgender woman, became one of the first to undergo a sex reassignment surgery. She passed away after a failed uterus transplant surgery. Her autobiography, Man into Woman: An Authentic Record of a Change of Sex, was released posthumously. She inspired the novel The Danish Girl.
 16 
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
(Spanish Baroque Painter, Best Known for His Religious Works)
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
5
Birthdate: January 1, 1617
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: April 3, 1682

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo was a Spanish Baroque painter. He is most famous for his religious works. He also produced numerous paintings of contemporary women and children, especially of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars. He had many followers and pupils and was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art). 

 17 
Frank Caliendo
(Comedian)
Frank Caliendo
3
Birthdate: January 19, 1974
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
 18 
Sandra Knight
(Actress)
Sandra Knight
4
Birthdate: January 1, 1940
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
 19 
Takeshi Kitano
(Comedian)
Takeshi Kitano
4
Birthdate: January 18, 1947
Birthplace: Adachi, Tokyo, Japan

Takeshi Kitano is a Japanese comedian, TV presenter, author, actor, and filmmaker. He gained international fame in the 1970s as one half of the comedy duo Two Beat. He later pursued a solo act and became one of the top comedians in Japan. He then ventured into acting and direction as well. He won the Golden Lion award in 1997.   

 20 
Lawrence Alma-Tadema
(One of the Most Popular Victorian Painters of 19th Century)
Lawrence Alma-Tadema
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1836
Birthplace: Dronrijp, Netherlands
Died: June 25, 1912

Lawrence Alma-Tadema was a Dutch classical subject painter whose painting about luxury and decadence of the Roman Empire became very well known. Regarded a prominent Victorian painter, he was successful, admired, famous and highly paid during his lifetime. However, his popularity waned after his death and saw a resurgence only in the second half of the 20th century.

 21 
Eva Hesse
(Former Sculptor known for her pioneering work in materials such as latex, fiberglass, and plastics)
Eva Hesse
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1936
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: May 29, 1970

Born in Germany, Eva Hesse moved with her family to England, and then to the U.S., in a bid to escape the Nazi regime. Her death due to brain tumor at age 34 cut short her dynamic career. A sculptor and painter, she experimented with media such latex, metal, and mesh.

 22 
Joseph Cornell
(Film director, Sculptor, Painter)
Joseph Cornell
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1903
Birthplace: Nyack
Died: December 29, 1972

Joseph Cornell was an American filmmaker and visual artist. He is best remembered as a pioneer and exponent of assemblage. Joseph Cornell is also known for his experimental films like Rose Hobart which were inspired by Surrealism.

 23 
Barbara Hepworth
(English Artist and Sculptor Whose Work Exemplifies Modernism)
Barbara Hepworth
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1903
Birthplace: Wakefield, England, United Kingdom
Died: May 20, 1975
English sculptor Barbara Hepworth, CBE and DBE, was a prominent figure in Modern Art. A Royal College of Art alumna, she used bronze, marble, and wood to create masterpieces such as Single Form and Family of Man, which adorn various venues. She died in a fire at her studio.
 24 
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
(Swiss Artist, Textile Designer, and Sculptor Whose Multimedia Works Bridged the Gap Between Fine and Applied Arts)
Sophie Taeuber-Arp
4
Birthdate: January 19, 1889
Birthplace: Davos, Switzerland
Died: January 13, 1943

Swiss-French artist Sophie Taeuber-Arp initially studied textile design and later began creating multimedia art called Duo-Collages, along with her husband, German-French abstract artist Jean Arp. Apart from teaching at an art and craft school, the Dadaist had also used dance, painting, and sculpture to showcase her artistic talent.

 25 
David Alfaro Siqueiros
(Painter, University teacher, Military personnel)
David Alfaro Siqueiros
4
Birthdate: December 29, 1896
Birthplace: Chihuahua
Died: January 6, 1974

Mexican painter David Alfaro Siqueiros co-founded the modern Mexican school of mural painting. An activist, too, he fought as part of Venustiano Carranza forces during the Mexican Revolution. The Lenin Peace Prize winner has adorned many universities, schools, and government buildings in Mexico with his murals.

 26 
Su Shi
(Poet, Writer, Painter)
Su Shi
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1037
Birthplace: Meishan
Died: August 24, 1101

Su Shi was a Chinese writer, calligrapher, poet, painter, gastronome, pharmacologist, and politician who lived during the Song dynasty. He played a major role in the political affairs of the Song dynasty. He is credited with producing some of the best-known poems, prose, and essays and is considered one of the most decorated personalities in classical Chinese literature.

 27 
Arthur Ransome
3
Birthdate: January 18, 1884
Birthplace: Leeds, England
Died: June 3, 1967
 28 
Vissarion
(Painter)
Vissarion
4
Birthdate: January 14, 1961
Birthplace: Krasnodar

Russian mystic and cult leader Vissarion is best remembered for launching the Church of the Last Testament. Born Sergey (or Sergei) Torop, he was once accused by Russian intelligence agencies of harming his followers physically and psychologically. While he believes to be the reincarnated Christ, he continues to run his Siberia-based cult.   

 29 
Augustus John
(Painter, Etcher)
Augustus John
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1878
Birthplace: Tenby
Died: October 31, 1961
 30 
Jerry Robinson
(Comic book artist)
Jerry Robinson
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1922
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: December 7, 2011
 31 
Utagawa Kuniyoshi
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1798
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: April 14, 1861

Nineteenth-century Japanese painter and printmaker Utagawa Kuniyoshi was one of the major figures behind the ukiyo-e style of woodwork. Born to a silk-dyer, he had started as a print designer. While he initially specialized in warrior prints, he later also worked on landscapes, such as the series Famous Sights of Edo.

 32 
Natasha Law
(Painter)
Natasha Law
4
Birthdate: January 1, 1970
Birthplace: London, England
 33 
Kiki Smith
(Sculptor, Painter, Artist)
Kiki Smith
3
Birthdate: January 18, 1954
Birthplace: Nuremberg

Kiki Smith is a German American artist who lives and works in New York State. Smith's work focuses on themes like regeneration, sex, and birth. An influential artist, Smith's work also discusses subjects like gender and AIDS. Over the years, she has won several prestigious awards, such as the Nelson A. Rockefeller Award and Women in the Arts Award.

 34 
Boris Vallejo
(Painter)
Boris Vallejo
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1941
Birthplace: Lima
 35 
Yves Tanguy
(Painter)
Yves Tanguy
3
Birthdate: January 5, 1900
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 15, 1955
 36 
Félix Vallotton
(Former artist and painter known for his paintings of nudes and interiors and in particular for his distinctive woodcuts)
Félix Vallotton
3
Birthdate: December 28, 1865
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: December 29, 1925

Born in Switzerland, Félix Vallotton later moved to Paris to study art and grew to be one of the prominent members of the Les Nabis. Renowned for his woodcuts, he mostly focused on nudes and interiors. Politically conscious, he often infused political themes in his art, such as The Demonstration.

 37 
Maurice Utrillo
3
Birthdate: December 26, 1883
Birthplace: Montmartre, Paris, France
Died: November 5, 1955
 38 
Herb Gardner
(Cartoonist)
Herb Gardner
3
Birthdate: December 28, 1934
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: September 25, 2003
 39 
Gao Xingjian
(Chinese-born French Naturalized Playwright and Novelist Who Won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2000)
Gao Xingjian
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1940
Birthplace: Ganzhou, China

Gao Xingjian is a Chinese-born émigré and French naturalized playwright, novelist, critic, photographer, film director, translator, and painter. He is best known for winning the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 2000. Gao Xingjian has also received other major awards, including the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement. 

 40 
Parmigianino
(Painter)
Parmigianino
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1503
Birthplace: Parma, Italy
Died: August 24, 1540
 41 
August Macke
(German Expressionist Painter Known for His Colorful Landscape Paintings)
August Macke
3
Birthdate: January 3, 1887
Birthplace: Meschede, Germany
Died: September 26, 1914

A leader of the Expressionist group The Blue Rider, German artist August Macke had initially drawn inspiration from his amateur artist father’s paintings. His works, such as Three Girls in a Barque, focused on human subjects and mingled German and French traditions. He was killed while fighting in World War I.

 42 
Kelly Dorji
(Actor, Model)
Kelly Dorji
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1971
Birthplace: Thimphu, Bhutan

Kelly Dorji is a Bhutanese actor, artist, and model known for his work in the Indian film industry. After starting his career as a model, Dorji went on to appear in popular films. Dorji is renowned for performing his own stunts in films. Kelly Dorji has also played a major role in increasing the popularity of Bhutanese films in Bhutan.

 43 
Henri Fantin-Latour
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1836
Birthplace: Grenoble, France
Died: August 25, 1904
 44 
Giovanni Boldini
(Former Painter known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting)
Giovanni Boldini
3
Birthdate: December 31, 1842
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy
Died: January 11, 1931
 45 
Arthur Danto
(Art critic)
Arthur Danto
3
Birthdate: January 1, 1924
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: October 25, 2013
 46 
Max Bill
(Architect, Painter, Sculptor, Graphic designer, Artist, University teacher)
Max Bill
3
Birthdate: December 22, 1908
Birthplace: Winterthur
Died: December 9, 1994

Known for his advertisement designs and abstract art, Swiss graphic designer and artist Max Bill was initially trained as a silversmith. He later also taught art in Switzerland and Germany. He not only established the Ulm School of Design, but also designed its building and its academic programs.

 47 
Brion Gysin
(Painter, Writer Known for His Discovery of the Cut-up Technique)
Brion Gysin
3
Birthdate: January 19, 1916
Birthplace: Taplow, England
Died: July 13, 1986

Brion Gysin was a Canadian painter, sound poet, writer, and performance artist. Gysin was also known as an inventor of experimental devices; he is credited with inventing the Dreamachine, a stroboscopic flicker device. Brion Gysin's ideas went on to inspire the artists of the Beat Generation and other prominent personalities like Mick Jagger, David Bowie, Laurie Anderson, and Keith Haring. 

 48 
Marilyn Manson
(Lead Singer of the 'Marilyn Manson' Band)
Marilyn Manson
0
Birthdate: January 5, 1969
Birthplace: Canton, Ohio, United States

Singer Marilyn Manson, whose name is a juxtaposition of the names of actress, Marilyn Monroe, and serial murderer, Charles Manson, is considered a controversial figure because of the anti-Christian messages in his songs. He leans towards the social Darwinist theory. Mechanical Animals is his most successful album to date. He has also dabbled in acting and has done some movies.

 49 
Edward Gordon Craig
(Actor, Director, Illustrator, Scenographer, Painter)
Edward Gordon Craig
3
Birthdate: January 16, 1872
Birthplace: Stevenage
Died: July 29, 1966

An illegitimate child of architect Edward Godwin and actor Ellen Terry, Edward Gordon Craig later grew up to be one of the pillars of modernist English theater. While he began his career acting at the Lyceum Theatre, he later switched to set designing. The Art of the Theatre remains his best-known written work.

 50 
Ad Reinhardt
(Abstract Painter)
Ad Reinhardt
3
Birthdate: December 24, 1913
Birthplace: Buffalo
Died: August 30, 1967