David Lloyd George Biography

(Former Chancellor of the Exchequer)

Birthday: January 17, 1863 (Capricorn)

Born In: Chorlton-on-Medlock

David Lloyd George was a British Liberal politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1916 to 1922. He became the Prime Minister in the midst of the First World War, assuming great responsibilities at a highly turbulent period. Prior to becoming the Prime Minister he had served as the Chancellor of the Exchequer in the administration of the Prime Minister H. H. Asquith and had aided the Prime Minister in implementing several progressive social welfare reforms. Once the British Empire entered the First World War, Lloyd George was named the Minister of Munitions in a new department created after a munitions shortage. As the minister of the new department he helped to resolve labour problems, rationalized the supply system and increased the production. Hailed a hero for his wartime efforts in this position, he was made the Secretary of State for War in 1916. By this time he was growing increasingly critical of the Asquith administration and replaced Asquith as the Prime Minister with the support of the Conservative and Labour leaders. He proved to be popular as the wartime Prime Minister and was as popular as ever even after the war. However, he became involved in a scandal involving the selling of knighthoods and peerages in 1922, which along with the Chanak crisis led to a decline in his popularity, forcing him to resign.
17
Quick Facts

British Celebrities Born In January

Died At Age: 82

Family:

Spouse/Ex-: Countess Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, Frances Lloyd George, Margaret Lloyd George

children: 1st Viscount Tenby, Desmond Donnelly, Gwilym Lloyd George, Mair Lloyd George, Megan Lloyd George, Olwen Lloyd George, Richard Lloyd George Lloyd George

Born Country: England

Quotes By David Lloyd George Prime Ministers

political ideology: Political party : (1890–1916 and 1924–1945) - Liberal, (1916–1924) - National Liberal

Died on: March 26, 1945

place of death: Tŷ Newydd

Cause of Death: Cancer

City: Manchester, England

Founder/Co-Founder: UBM plc

More Facts

education: Llanystumdwy National School

  • 1

    What was David Lloyd George known for?

    David Lloyd George was known for being a British statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1916 to 1922.

  • 2

    How did David Lloyd George contribute to World War I?

    David Lloyd George played a significant role in leading Britain through World War I as Prime Minister and was instrumental in the war effort.

  • 3

    What was David Lloyd George's stance on social reform?

    David Lloyd George was a proponent of social reform and introduced various progressive measures, such as the National Insurance Act and the People's Budget, during his time in office.

  • 4

    What was the impact of David Lloyd George's land reforms?

    David Lloyd George's land reforms aimed to address issues of land ownership in Britain and had a lasting impact on land redistribution and agricultural practices.

  • 5

    How did David Lloyd George contribute to the Treaty of Versailles?

    David Lloyd George was one of the key figures in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles after World War I, where he represented Britain's interests and advocated for a moderate approach towards Germany.

Childhood & Early Life
He was born as David George in England on 17 January 1863. His parents were William George, a teacher, and his wife Elizabeth. His father suffered from poor health and died when David was a young child.
His mother took the children and moved in with her brother, Richard Lloyd. His uncle had tremendous influence on the boy as he was growing up and David later on added his uncle's surname to become “David Lloyd George".
He studied to become a lawyer and passed his final examination in 1884.
david-lloyd-george-14010.jpg
Continue Reading Below
Career
David Lloyd George set up his own legal practice and became a successful lawyer. He also became politically active during the late 1880s and entered the Parliament in 1890, winning a by-election at Caernarvon Boroughs.
His law practice thrived and in 1897 he merged his successful firm with that of Arthur Rhys Roberts under the name of Lloyd George, Roberts and Co.
He was appointed as President of the Board of Trade in 1905 by the Liberal Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
Upon Campbell-Bannerman’s death in 1908, H.H. Asquith became the Prime Minister and Lloyd George was named Chancellor of the Exchequer in the government of H. H. Asquith.
As the Chancellor of the Exchequer he aided the Prime Minister in creating the 1909 budget which was called the ‘People’s Budget’ since it provided for new welfare programmes that would be financed by imposing increased taxes on land, high incomes, luxuries, liquor and tobacco.
When the Shell Crisis of 1915 took place, the nation was dismayed at the news that the army was running short of arms and munitions. Lloyd George was made Minister of Munitions in a new department created after a munitions shortage. In this office he was successful in bringing up the production of munitions and earned much acclaim for this success.
By the mid 1910s the citizens were growing increasingly dissatisfied with the administration of H.H. Asquith who in spite of being a good leader in peacetime failed to be a good wartime Prime Minister.
Asquith was forced to resign from his post in 1916 and Lloyd George became the Prime Minister on 6 December 1916. Assuming such a powerful office in turbulent times, Lloyd George proved to be a capable wartime leader.
He set up a War Policy Committee with himself, Curzon, Milner, Law and Smuts (with Maurice Hankey as secretary), to discuss war strategies. He also set up a Manpower Committee with several of the same members.
Continue Reading Below
The War Cabinet was very successful and the members made major political, military, economic and diplomatic decisions after thorough discussions. Rationing for meat, sugar and fats was imposed and the new system worked smoothly.
By the time the war moved towards a close, Lloyd George was at the height of his popularity. He passed several crucial legislations towards the end of the war, the most notable ones being Representation of the People Act 1918, the Education Act 1918, the Housing and Town Planning Act 1919, and Workmen’s Compensation (Silicosis) Act of 1918, all aimed towards the social welfare of people.
Even though he had been a much-loved Prime Minister for most of his tenure, he became embroiled in several controversies in 1922 which led to a drastic decline in his popularity, and forced him to resign. Although he remained active in politics even after stepping down as the Prime Minister, he didn’t enjoy the same success again.
david-lloyd-george-106141.jpg
Recommended Lists:
Major Works
His becoming the Minister of Munitions in 1915 was a significant step in his political career. In this position he helped to increase the munitions output and thus boosted the national morale which was at a low point following the Shell Crisis of 1915.
As the Prime Minister he earned much respect and admiration for the welfare schemes he implemented towards the end of the war. He was instrumental in the passing of several acts including the Representation of the People Act 1918, Parliament (Qualification of Women) Act 1918, Education Act 1918, and Housing and Town Planning Act 1919 which were aimed at rebuilding the war-ravaged nation through social welfare schemes.
Awards & Achievements
He is the recipient of several decorations including Grand Cordon of Legion of Honour (France), Grand Cordon of Order of Leopold (Belgium), and Grand Cordon of Order of St Maurice and St Lazarus (Italy).
david-lloyd-george-106143.jpg
Personal Life & Legacy
David Lloyd George was very handsome and charming as a young man. He was involved in numerous love affairs before he finally tied the knot with Margaret Owen in 1888. The couple had five children and their marriage lasted till his wife’s death in 1941.
He married again in 1943 at the age of 80. His new wife was his longtime mistress Frances Stevenson whom he had first met in 1910.
He died of cancer on 26 March 1945, at the age of 82.
Facts About David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George was known for his love of storytelling and often entertained friends and colleagues with his vivid and engaging tales.

He was an avid gardener and took great pride in tending to his garden at his home in Wales.

Lloyd George had a passion for music and was known to play the violin in his spare time.

He had a deep appreciation for the arts and was a patron of several artists and writers during his lifetime.

Despite his busy political career, Lloyd George valued spending time with his family and often took them on holidays to enjoy the outdoors together.

See the events in life of David Lloyd George in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- David Lloyd George Biography
Author
- Editors, TheFamousPeople.com
Website
- TheFamousPeople.com
URL
https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/david-lloyd-george-1177.php

People Also Viewed

Boris Johnson Biography
Boris Johnson
(British)
 
David Cameron Biography
David Cameron
(British)
 
Tony Blair Biography
Tony Blair
(British)
 
Keir Starmer Biography
Keir Starmer
(British)
 
Theresa May Biography
Theresa May
(British)
 
Michael Portillo Biography
Michael Portillo
(British)
 
Sadiq Khan Biography
Sadiq Khan
(British)